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Ranche and Range.
OI,I> SKKIKS, VOL. 3, NO. -I."). I
NKW SKKIKS, VOJj. 1, NO. 12. f
KITTITAS FARHERS' INSTITUTE.
Proceedings of the Three Days' Session Held at Ellens
B. P. Read read the following paper, entitled:
KITTITAS VAIJ.KY TKN YKARS IIKNCK.
What will the Kittitas valley be ten years from today
—did you ever pause and consider? Did you ever try
to look forward and see and picture out the future of
our mountain home? I have; and as we can only
judge the future from the past, it seems to me I can
see, ten years from today, fair Kittitas with her good
roads, her large barns, her substantial farm houses,
her abundant meadows, over which graze herds of
well-bred cattle; Kllensburg, her metropolis, a well
built, well-to-do, prosperous town, without any at
tempt at a foolish boom, and long since having dis
pelled the idea of laying the rest of the valley out in
town lots. A large irrigating canal encircles the valley
along the base of the hills, and the sage-brush flats are
transformed into well regulated farms. Many orchards
dot the valley here atid there, protected by the stately
poplar. Upon closer observation we notice that the
winter apple is the chief fruit grown. Ellensburg has
long since given up her delusive idea of becoming a
great city, as she is not geographically situated for
that purpose, but is now a thrifty, solid* town of some
ten thousand inhabitants, all that can be supported by
such a community.
There are now but a few leading creameries, and the
fame of their product is not only well known at home,
but has gone abroad. Under the educating influence
of good dairy literature, the practical experience of
their managers, coupled with the scientific demonstra
tion and experiments of our great agricultural educat
ors, they have reached a perfection in their products
which command a price unequalled. The venerable
patriarch of Jersey breeding still holds the lead in his
chosen line, but the battle of breeds is now on, and he
has a formidable rival for honors in a fine growing
herd of Holsteins which have been installed here
within the last few years.
We now have another line of railroad crossing our
valley from east to west and passing over to the Sound
by a very practical route recently discovered, connect
ing with the Great Northern and Columbia Valley rail
roads on the east, which follows the great river whose
name it bears from Portland on the south to the Ca
nadian Pacific on the north. By these increased trans
portation facilities we find that the rates produced by
NORTH YAKIMA, WASH., JUNK 24, 1897.
competition are much lower than those we were ever
able to obtain by all our railroad legislation in times
Owing to a sudden awakening to the fact of their
scarcity, through the discontinuance of breeding for
some years, horses are in strong demand, and giving
very satisfactory returns to the breeders of extra good
animals. We also have a condensed milk factory,
which is yielding good prices to milk producers, but
the strict conditions imposed as to cleanliness, care of
milk, etc., bar many farmers from being patrons.
Our packing house is being recognized as a producer
of higher grade products than those of the Sound, and
Kittitas hams and bacon are in great demand.
Our large flouring mills are running full capacity,
day and night. We now have a good foundry in ac
tive operation, and can get many things at home which
we formerly had to send to the Sound for.
The abundance of coal taken out by an approved
method in some recently opened mines iti the adja
cent foothills makes this great fuel most plentiful and
cheap, and there is much talk of some large manufac
tories about to be established here.
By the large amount of water supplied by our new
irrigating canal, the southeast part of the valley, long
the most neglected, bids fair to become the most pro
By experiment in years past it has been demonstrat
ed that the winter apple grown here is unequalled for
firmness and keeping qualities, and is also the most
profitable fruit crop that can be grown. There are
now hundreds of acres of young orchards almost ready
Our State Normal School, the pride of the valley, is
now an educational institution of high rank, whose
good name affords it a large enrollment of scholars, net
only from adjacent states, but from many far remote.
The general purpose cow of former days is supplant
ed by the special purpose cow of today. The beef
breeders have quit the milk business, and the milker
has long since abandoned the beefy cow. Many tracts
of laud formerly given up as rock bars, by toil and in
dustry have been cleared of their rocks and are now
valuable meadows. Alkali flats, by sub-earth drains
and the application of fertilizers to the surface, are now
heavy producing fields. In fact most all available
lands, under our great system of irrigation, are now in
a high state of cultivation. The idea now prevailing
is not how many acres have we producing, but how
much can we make an acre produce? The large
$1 PKR YEAR'
Continued on Page Four.