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RAISING STOCK FOR THE DAIRY.
BY C. R. TOWLE.
This subject is in season at all times of the year, as under
present conditions dairying is largely being carried on the
As a usual thing farmers should raise enough heifers for
the supply of their own dairies. There are some advan
tages in this over the practice of purchasing cows for the
purpose as needed. It should be found cheaper and more
The farmer should be careful in the selection and breed
ing of his stock, so as to get the best for the use to which
they are to be put. If he is making butter he wants a
breed or kind best adapted for this purpose. He should
constantly work with this end in view. Always keep a
purebred male of satisfactory ancestry, and then if not able
to at once invest in full blood cows, grade up from the best
ones on the farm. In this way good progress can be made,
and perseveringly continued in will result in a fine working
Select the most promising heifer calves for raising, at
any time of year. It will require a little better manage
ment for the best success in cold weather than in warm,
but the condition in either case should be made as favora
ble as possible. The calves should be kept dry, warm and
comfortable at all seasons of the year. This is very import
ant where the best results are expected. As usually, after
a few days or weeks old, skimmed milk is made use of, it
will be found profitable to feed this until several months
old —six or more. It should be fed at the temperature it
comes from the cow and not in too large quantities at first.
A little gruel made from wheat middlings or oil meal added
to the milk will help make up for the fat removed. After
the calf gets old enough to eat ground oats, or oats and
bran, the gruel can be omitted, as they should do equally
well on the other and it will require less labor. After the
first few weeks they will eat a little hay and care should
be taken to have a supply of fine early cut for the pur
Last winter I saw an exceedingly fine pen of calves from
three to six months old that were fed on skim-milk, corn
ensilage and second crop clover hay. They had no grain
only what was in the ensilage.
Winter or spring calves will do finely when kept in a
comfortable stable or pen well into the summer and prop
erly cared for. Calves dropped in early autumn can be
very easily raised, usually more so than in cold weather.
If fed milk through the winter and otherwise well cared
for they will be large and thrifty the following spring, and
ready for the pasture when grass gets a good start.
The idea should be to keep the calf in vigorous health
and growing thrifty from the first, until it is ready to
take its place in the dairy. For this purpose it should be
furnished with food suitable for growth and development,
for the dairy, but not for beef. The right kind of food
will do this and not injure the animal either. Heifers that
are to become milkers at two years old need extra care
all along, and particularly during the preceding months
when they are preparing for maternity, and should at the
same time be kept steadily increasing in growth and de
One of the most successful dairymen of Vermont, whose
herd of 27 Jersey cows and heifers averaged in 1896 nearly
7000 pounds of milk, practices this method of keeping the
calves growing steadily from the first by liberal feeding
and the best care. As a result the two-year-old heifers in
milk average in yield with the cows. This method of feed
ing and care is continued with the cows with the best of
results, as will be seen. One cow about 20 years old in 1896
gave nearly 12,000 pounds of milk, so it will be seen that
liberal feeding does not necessarily shorten a cow's life
of usefulness, and a Jersey at that.
NOTES ON ABORTION.
Next to milk fever, perhaps the worst thing the dairy
man has to contend with is abortion in the herd. While
now and again we are told of the cures which each dairy
man thinks he has found, the veterinary surgeons of high
repute and long practice can give no certain cure, or ex-
RANCHE AND RANGE.
RIUERTON HERD OF JERSEYS
Headed by SCRIBE, 22373. a son of DIPLOMA, 16219, sire of 31 tested
cows, including Merry Maiden, winner of sweepstakes award for best indi
vidual cow overall breeds at World's Fair, Chicago, 1893. Dam, Beauty of
Cloverdale, 18,608: graud-dam of Brown Bessie, 74997, winner of 30 and 90
--day tests at World's Fair, and who gave more milk than any other cow in
the Jersey herd.
A few desirable bull calves for sale. Write for pedigrees and prices.
DILWORTH BROS., Spokane, Wash.
FRANK J. MERZ
Empire Hand Separators, Babcock Testers, Glassware,
BUTTER AND CHEESE COLORS, ETC.
417 Main Street - Seattle, Wash.
51^ THE LITTLE BUTTERMAKER i^
By a Danish buttermaker of fifteen years experience.
Contains matters of interest and instruction to every buttermaker,
farmer and creameryman. Accurate directions how to make and market
fine butter. The co-operative creamery, the home dairy, and dairy indus
try abroad, and much other matter of interest and instruction.
CHAS. WII^IAMS, 108 South Monroe street, Spokane, Wash.
plain always how it is caused. Various causes will bring
it about, such as blows, slips, falls, diseases of the ab
dominal organs, musty fodder, stalls too much inclined,
overfeeding for milk at the expense of the system, drink
ing putrid water, the fungous growth on corn, wheat and
ergoted grasses, and above all, the abortive discharges of
other animals. We have, so far, been able to confine it to
our young heifers with their first calves. As soon as the
animal shows signs that she is going to abort she should
be isolated from the herd at once; if there be much strain
ing, give one ounce of laudanum to relieve her. After the
calf has come away she should be thoroughly disinfected,
her body and stable surroundings most rigorously cleaned
with some disinfectant. We have used Harlow's Chloro for
this purpose, and find it a good thing. The cow should then
be treated to an injection of corrosive sublimate in the pro
portion of 1 to 1000 of water for six successive days and
kept away from the herd for six or eight weeks, or at least
until there is no sign of any discharge from her. She should
by no means be allowed to go to bull again for at least
three months, no matter how great she may be in heat,
for it takes nature some time to make strong those weak
ened parts, and if put back too soon she will lose her calf
again. When abortion has made its appearance in the
herd, doses of chlorate of potash, one-half ounce daily,
are helpful. If run down by scant feed, early breeding or
too heavy milking, it would be well to give something in
the shape of a tonic. Sulphate of iron, gentian and ginger
have proved helpful. When abortion is found to be cer
tain, help should be given if necessary, the same as in a
natural birth. I have had heifers calve at five or six
months with their first calf, and they have come to their
milk and it has been found necessary to milk them reg
ularly right along.—Cor. R. N. Y.
The Oregon. Agricultural Experiment Station has issued
a bulletin, numbered 46, furnishing to the public the re
sults of U. P. Hendrick's experiments with several plants
commonly thought to be poisonous to livestock. In the
spring of 1896 a farmer of i^inn County, Or., says the bul
letin, sent a quantity of larkspur roots, saying that he was
sure that his cattle had died from eating them. A cow
at the station was made to eat the roots sent, and no ill
effects followed, again proving the harmless nature of the
roots of larkspur.
Another lot of roots received later at the station, which
were reported to be very poisonous to cattle, were tested
and found to be cicuta vagans greene —a plant of the parsnip
family. Small pieces of these were fed to two animals, and
both died soon afterward. Following the experiment, sev
eral plants belonging to the parsnip family, closely related
to the cicuta and generally found growing with it, were fed
and found to be harmless. This and other tests of the
cicuta forced the conclusion that the latter was the plant
that poisoned cattle.
The cicuta found is described as a tall, smooth, coarse
growing plant; stems round and hollow; branch from the
PLANT THAT DEAL DEATH.