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Ranche and Range.
NEwfKiuKs;vo[::i;No:2s.( Seattle, wash., September 23, 1897.
A LIVESTOCK DISCUSSION.
Desiring to secure some definite information regarding
this subject a RANCHE AND RANGE representative ap
proached Mr. Charles Bruhn, of the firm of Frye & Bruhn,
with whom every ranger in the Northwest has knowledge.
"If you are not too busy, RANCHE AND RANGE would
like to get some information from you, Mr. Bruhn." "Cer
tainly, sir, take all the time you want."
"How many head of beeves are consumed in the Sound
markets weekly?" "Seattle is now using about 300 per week,
with good, brisk, growing business; Tacoma about 200;
Whatcom, 50; Snohomish, 15; Everett, 35; Olympia, 30; Port
Townsend, 40; Grays Harbor country, 60; and other smaller
towns take altogether about 100 more. Well, to estimate it
roughly there must be a total of 900 head used in Western
Washington per week."
"Where does it come from principally?" "Everywhere.
From the little farms and from the big ones, and, of course,
very largely from the ranges of the Eastern part of this
state, Idaho, Oregon and Montana. Mr. A. J. Splawn, who
is now acting as our representative in the purchasing of
cattle on the ranges, has just lately bought 800 head in Okan
ogan county. Half of these will be used right away, and the
rest taken to the Yakima valley to feed."
"Will your company follow its usual custom of winter
feeding the coming season?" "Yes, we will probably do so
more extensively than ever before. Mr. Frye has been in the
Yakima valley lately and contracted for 3,000 tons of alfalfa
at prices ranging from $3 to $4 per ton, to be fed in the field
by the grower. We will winter 1,000 head at least, and more
if we can buy them at satisfactiry prices."
"Judging from this fact you are evidently convinced that
winter feeding on alfalfa pays." "Yes, it does. Its a great
feed and we have never found any other to equal it."
"How much alfalfa does it take per day to make a steer
fatten up?" "About 35 pounds, if good feed racks are pro
vided. But there are some of the farmers who still hang on
to the old-style method of throwing the hay on the ground
to get trampled on and wasted. When this is the system
followed it takes 50 pounds at least to the steer. Now, you
can see that when there is being fed 100 or 200 head that a
loss of 15 pounds per day means that there is being a lot of
money wasted. Feed racks are cheaply made, and when well
put together last a long time."
"Do you think stall feeding would give any advantage?"
"Most assuredly. The more comfortable you make a beef
animal the more flesh it will lay on. Why it is that the
Eastern Washington farmers do not adopt this system more
generally it is hard to understand. There are a few such
men as James Gleed, on the Natchez, who put a number of
choice stall-fed animals on the market every year, and they
always make money on them."
"State what the gain would be, Mr. Bruhn." "A beef ani
mal properly housed and fed will gain 200 pounds in four
months. It will command a price of V^c per pound over an
animal that has to stand unsheltered on the lee side of a
willow clump all through the extremes of winter. It is pos
sible to create a quality of meat by stall-feeding with alfalfa
and a balance of chop feed that is particularly choice. This
stall-feeding question is something that those situated in
districts where alfalfa can be raised, should look into every
closely. The difference in favor of it over the present method
would soon pay for good sheds. The markets are growing
right along and those who prepare for it will find that it will
give quite an increase in their income."
"As to sheep. How many are required to supply the de
mand of the principal Western Washington markets?" "Se
attle takes daily 175; Tacoma, 80; other Sound points, 50;
Vancouver, Victoria and other centers in British Columbia,
100. We will fatten 2,500 head on alfalfa in Yakima county
"How about hogs." "It Is simply impossible to make an
estimate of the number now being used. We only know that
we are not going to be able to get them in sufficient number
to anywhere near fill our requirements. It has been necessary
to make during the past year several trainload shipments of
hogs from the East, besides making heavy drafts on the big
Eastern packing houses for all sorts of prepared swine pro
ducts. Pickled pork, hams, bacon, lard, etc., is coming in in
large lots and we see no possible chance of being able to
get enough from our Northwest farms to lessen these im
portations the coming season. We think that for the coming
season this firm can secure in this and tributary states 5,000
or 6,000 hogs, while we need 25,000 or 30,000.
"Do you think that the demand for meats will be increased
much within the near future?" "There will be a steady
growth of consumption owing to increase of population. The
Alaska rush is making a big improvement. In conclusion,
let me say that the farmer who engages in stockraising and
feeding will make as much money at it as anything he can
turn his attention to. The districts, such as Yakima, Kitti
tas, Okanogan and Wenatchee, where cheap feeds abound,
are particularly adapted to turning out the right kind of
market cattle and sheep. The development of the dairy in
dustry will help solve the question of hog supply."
We clip the following from the first issue of the Klondike
News, published at Dawson City. The 9th we published
an interesting article on "Ranching on the* Yukon," descrip
tive of the agricultural possibilities of the far north, but ac
cording to this item horses will never become as plentiful on
the ranges there as in Washington:
"Cornelius Edwards reports the loss of a horse last Tues
day night. The animal had been accustomed to forage on
the hills when off duty, and never wandered far. This once,
however, he strayed off into the bottom lands of the Klon
dike, where the mosquitoes and gad-flies are the thickest.
Before he could regain the hills he succumbed from loss of
blood—his veins being actually sucked dry by the jes^s..
Mr. Edwards was in town last night, endeavoring t*pJrMt*
other arrangements whereby he might get supplies to his
We herewith give the specifications that are required for
all horses purchased for the United States cavalry^,..,,,--,, „
Must be a gelding under 8 years old, of hardy 3wdP;»ifflftts
weigh between 950 and 1,150 pounds, and stand beween 15%
and 16 hands high; must be absolutely free from blemish
whatever, free of gaits and well broken. In short, as near
perfect as trained human judgment can discover.
The horse is first pronounced upon by the civilian and
veterinary; then undergoes a rigid inspection of gaits and
action by the quartermaster.
The average price paid by the government for horses of
this type is from $65 to $100. Although the ranges of the
Northwest are swarming with horses, they are of the broncho
breed as a rule, and do not fill the requirements. In fact in
the counties of Eastern Washington, where the census shows
thousands of horses, it is impossible for the government
buyer to ever get more than half a dozen on a visit and he
3 obliged frequently to make the circuit of all Eastern Wash
ington for a carload. There is always money to be made in
the raising of such horses, and the demand is increasing
right along. - 6
rtSt talk* wii h the Prominent merchants of the Sound
cities, who are the principal outfitters for all Alaska-bound
X?Sf B; W S ?*!? that they expect to have an immense de
mand for dried apples. Here is a chance for applegrowers
who are in a position tO evaporate their fruit to make ar
™ m, e. nß to J Pose of the same in a profitable manner
Orchardists wishing further information regarding the mat
ter may address Miller Freeman, secretary of the Northwest
Fruit-Growers' Association, Seattle, and their applications
for orders will be promptly laid before Sound merchants
Dried pears will also be in good demand. Prunes, plums
etc., for the Alaska trade, must be pitted. Those writing
should give particulars regarding their facilities for drying
about how large a quantity of dried fruit they could supply
$1 PER YEAR.