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(Christmas is Coming....
Here's something that should interest all those contemplating
. Christmas Tree celebrations. Better send your orders early and
• avoid the rush that always comes later in the month.
Christmas Tree Candles 6 cents per box. .I ■ if y -, v have not already received it, better send for our
If sent by mail, postage 9 cents per box extra. V 7 Big 66 page Price Li st -which quotes a great many sensi-
Christmas Candy 6 cents per pound. jjfc ble and apro priate Christmas gifts. It will help you
Fresh Mixed Nuts 12 cents per pound. JO make good selections.
Finest London Layer Raisins 10 cents per pound. f
COOPER * I<JB}VY,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL GROCERS,
104 andlO6 First Aye. South. P. 0. BOX 115. Seattle, Washington.
TIME TO CUT ALFALFA.
Report of the State Experiment Station at Logan, Utah.
The value of a crop on a given piece of land, for the pur
pose of feeding animals for work, fat or general gain, will
depend on three factors. First, the composition of the hay;
second, on how digestible the substances present in the hay
are and third, on how many pounds of each constituent
the'field has produced. The constituents of a fodder crop
are not of equal feeding value: as has been seen in previous
sections, nitrogen-free extract is more valuable than crude
fibre and the albuminoids are more valuable than any other
constituent of a fodder crop. Yet, if the albuminoids are
not readily digestible, or may not easily be taken into the
auimal system, a large quantity of albuminoids in the food
may be of little value. Again, though the farmer has
raised an excellent fodder, both as regards composition and
digestibility, if the amount of it is small he would more
profitably have raised a crop which, though poorer in com
position and digestibility, would have yielded proportion
ally more food. Therefore, in discussing the time at which
lucern should be cut, we must consider these three factors.
First, let us consider the yield of hay. The three crops
discussed from the preceding tables increased in dry matter
to the end of the experimental period. The heaviest gains
were made, by the first crop, the week the flower buds were
coming out. In the second crop the greatest gains were
mide just as the buds were unfolding. It is very probable
that if the first cutting of the second crop had been made a
week earlier, it would have been found that the maximum
daily gain occurred during the week of the budding. In the
third crop the highest gain came a week before the budding.
From the time of budding, through early bloom, medium
bloom and first full flower, the crop made steady gains.
In the first crop the increase in dry matter for each week
during the earlier flowering periods was about one-tenth of
1 ATTENTION FARMERS! £&£& |
ft HAS ALWAYS ON HAND A FULL STOCK OF CHOICE UTAH gj
•^ _______ ___ j___. __ _ _ Well clean^( } and f ree y<^
111 tm* a t mm* a SEED s:^ssl
■*t>> *ore placin ff your order. Will save you LJ^
\Jh ■■ I 1 ■ ■■ money. Carry also a full and complete 3^
1-'^ M A. w^^L^H .^^Lrf t^L %^Bk. line of all kinds of Field and Garden fp.
j<i ■■ MBh bHHHbI ■■I bI b"M ■a'al ■■§ ■■ aval seeds. >^
§ Address: E. J. BOWEN, SEEDMAN, Seattle, Washington. S
RANCH AND RANGE.
the total weight of the preceding week; and by waiting to
the week of first full flower the gain above the weight of
the crop at budding amounted to one-fourth. In the second
crop the grains were not marked: cutting the second crop
during the first week of full flower doubled the quantity of
the dry matter as found in the crop of budding. The gains
of dry matter practically ceased at late flower. As far, then,
as the total quantity of dry matter is concerned, lucern would
besrt be cut at late flower.
Let us now consider the composition of the plant at its
various stages of growth. The nitrogen-free extract and
the crude fibre both increased in absolute amounts to the
end of the experimental season. Proportionally, the crude
fibre made the most rapid gains. During the period from
budding to the first week of full flower, the per cent, of
crude fibre in the first crop increased from 28.07 to 36.77
per cent., yet the absolute amount of nitrogen-free extract
was not diminished. At budding time most of the nitrogen
of the first and second crops was in the non-albuminoid
sinte, but as the flowers appeared, there was a rapid con
version of non-albuminoids into albuminoids. At the end
of the first week of full flower, in the first crop, the maxi
mum amount of albuminoids was reached; after that time
the amount underwent a steady decrease. In the second
crop there was no increase of albuminoids after the early
bloom; the losses during the following period were, how
ever, very slight. As the albuminoids, according to our
present knowledge, stand far above the non-albuminoids in
food value, lucern should be cut, in order to obtain the
maximum quantity of albuminoids, not before early bloom
and not later than the earlier periods of full flower. It must
be remembered that, as the cron passes from early flower to
full flower, food substances besides the albuminoids are taken
up. As far. then, as the composition of the plant is con
cerned, the first, period of full flower is better than any other
for cnttine lucern. The data of the total dry matter and
the absolute composition point to the week of first full flower
as the best time for cutting the lucern.