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THE HILLS OF YAKIMA.
The Yakima Republic in its iasue of two weeks ago con
tained a good article showing that the apparently sterile
hills of the Yakima valley are really capable of being made
quite productive, and cites a number of instances where
farming is being successfully carried on at tributary high
We extract the following from the article:
"There has been a practical demonstration this week of
the soundness of our argument. On Saturday a contract was
entered into by eleven Hollanders and two Frenchman,
whereby government land there will be immediately settled
upon and improved.
"The thirteen heads of families agreed to put into a pool
$25 each, which money is to be used in boring an artesian
well just this side of the Tucker Leach ranch, near the Co
lumbia river. The Spratt & Haines well-boring apparatus
has been leased for the work, and the drilling will be kept
up night and day until water is struck.
"The colonists left on Monday for their new home, which
is about 25 miles from this city. They number fully 60
people. There are forty-four younger and older children in
the party, all being married but two. This little nucleus of
a colony will no doubt soon be heard from as growing and
thriving second to no other community in the county."
The Republic, however, han overlooked bringing out the
fact that the brown hills of Central Washington have, for a
third of a century, furnished pasturage for hundreds of
thousands of livestock. The immense range area within and
tributary to Yakima county give an income in surplus cattle,
horses, sheep and wool that makes up a very large part of
the circulating medium of its people. Were it not for those
"precipitous hills" stockraising would by no means have th^
importance it does, and it is doubtful if the immense and
constantly increasing quantity of hay would find such a
ready winter consumption right on the farms. We note that
alfalfa in Yakima valley is now selling for $s@s6 in the
stack for sheep and cattle feeding. In such a district, where
there are raised three to four crops of alfalfa and six, seven
and even ten tons per acre secured (this latter amount hav
ing been harvested on the Roselawn farm, at Parker, this
year, according to the letter of R. D. Read, published in our
columns two weeks ago) it will be seen that such a brisk
demand means much to the producers. Those hills are not
waste land, and the respect of all citizens of this state for
them will increase when their full value becomes known.
AT ITS OLD TRICKS.
This section is at its old trick of growing wheat to the neg
iecL of the side industries of agriculture. It is again importing
eggs, butter, poultry, meats and pork products by the car
load, and paying distant states for them with the gold washed
from its placers and taken from its veins. This practice is
responsible for the draining away of practically all the gold
and silver the West has taken from its mountains for the past
half century. Will it ever end?
When hard times came knocking at the door in 1893-4, the
Pacific Northwest quit the evil practice. Spokane not only
ceased bringing in eggs, but shipped eggs in carload lots to
the Montana mining camps. Imports of poultry, butter and
pork products practically ceased, and the people were de
lighted with the change from the gross, corn-fed pork of the
Mississippi valley to the sweeter and more wholesome wheat
fed product of the Palouse.
In that way the country tided over the hard times, and this
section, by reason of its superior resources, was the first por
tion of the United States to come out into the sunshine of
better times. Now we are off again on the wrong road.
It is hard to induce the American people to weigh things in
true balances. Five or six million dollars have been brought
out of the Klondike country the past year, and the whole
nation is carried away with the glamour of gold. Yet this
yellow dust from Alaska is not a tithe of the value of the egg
product of the United tSates in a single year. The census
returns show that the United States, in 1890, produced 819,
--722,»16 dozen eggs. At 10 cents a dozen, these would have a
market value of more than $81,000,000, or $20,000,000 more
than California's gold yield in its years of greatest production.
In the same year the United States produced 1,024,2^,468
pounds of butter. At 20 cents per pound, this would have a
value of more than $204,000,000. In other words, the value
of the butter product of the United States alone was greater
in 1890 than the entire yield of the world's gold mines.
The safe and easy way to get Klondike gold is to grow food
products from the fertile soil of the Pacific Northwest, and
exchange it for the miner's money.—Spokane Review.
RANCH AND RANGE.
I frequently see inquiries in your paper about how to treat
horses that have been injured by barbed wire. In the past
two years there have been several colts and matured horses
in this part of the country badly cut, some across the breast
more than a foot in length—so bad that the cut would be
four or five inches wide and evidently from two to three
inches deep. It would seem as if the only successful treat
ment for cuts of this kind would be to stitch the separated
parts together, but this was not done. Other horses were
cut in the back part of the fore pastern, two to three inches
wide, and others on the back of the knee. Many of these
injuries were inflicted in the heat of summer, during fly
time. The treatment for all the above cuts was this: As
soon as discovered, and in some instances after months of
treatment with liniments, salves, etc., without a healthy
healing, the cuts were washed with castile soap, then they
were sprayed with a weak solution of carbolic acid, and
then I dusted on fresh air-slacked lime, all that would ad
here. I treated cuts in this way daily. Cuts treated in this
way do not require wrapping up or covering in any way.
All have healed without leaving any rough callous or en
largement—only a slight scar or mark. I think this treat
ment would be good where horses get their hind pasterns
burned or cut by a stake-rope or otherwise.
There is a constant complaint being made about the injury
done to cattle hides by having the very best parts of the skin
burned by the branding iron—the iron being used largely on
the side, hip or shoulder. In order to avoid this and still
have a first-class brand put the brand on the jaw. The hair
is shorter there and it will always show plainer; besides
this is not a valuable part of the hide —at least, so harness
makers inform me. For years I have branded my horses
and cattle on the jaws. The branding iron should be made
with a sharp edge where it leaves its print. Iron should be
made open; that is, it should not close all round like a letter
O or like the letter P, for the inclosed part is liable to scald
or blister and make a bad brand. —W. C. Myer, Jackson Co.,
Ore., in Breeder's Gazette.
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