Newspaper Page Text
The United States Department of
Agricultural division of pomology, has
just issued bulletin No. 6, entitled "A
Catalogue of Fruits," recommended for
cultivation in the various parts of the
United States," by the American Pomo
logical Society, revised by a commit
tee of the society, which was composed
as follows: T. T. Lyon (chairman),
L. H. Bailey, Henry L. Layman, Louis
A. Berckmans and C. L. Watrus. This
is the long looked for catalogue which
was to contain a complete revision of
the very much confused nomeclature of
That a committee composed of men
so prominent in the pomological world
would get out a good catalogue goes
without saying. They have done their
work well. All progressive fruitgrow
ers and nursery men will hail with de
light this revised catalogue. It will
settle forever the much abused synony
my and nomenclature of our fruits.
The Department of Horticulture of
the Washington Agricultural Experi
ment station will hereafter adopt the
new nomenclature and we wish at this
time to point out a few of the changes
that have been made in the new cata
logue. Many varieties of fruit are at
present sailing under several syno
Rule 1. in the American Pomologi
cal Society's rules for naming fruits,
says: "The originator or introducer
(in the order named) has the prior
right to bestow a name upon a new or
Rule 11. "The society reserves Jie
right, in case of long, inappropriate or
otherwise objectionable names, to
shorten, modify or wholly change the
same when they shall occur in its dis
cussions or reports; and also to recom
mend such changes for general adop
Rule 111. "The name of the fruit
should, preferably, express, as far as
practicable by a single word, a charac
teristic of the variety, the name of the
originator, or the place of its origin.
Under no ordinary circumstances
should more than a single word be em
Rule IV. "Should the question of pri
ority arise between different names for
the same variety of fruit, other cir
cumstances being equal, the name first
publicly bestowed will be given prece
Working under these rules the com
mittee on revision of catalogue have
gone to the root of matters and have,
as far as possible, given the original
and correct name, and in many cases
these have been abbreviated in accord
ance with the rules of the society.
Wherever possible one word only has
been used in naming fruits. The
meaningless word "pippin" in connec
tion with so many of our apples has
been left out almost entirely. The ugly
French word "beurre" which has so
long stood sentinel over a column of
pears is relegated to oblivion. Old
Eastern fruits that were brought West
and rechristened are now given their
It will seem a little strange at first
to drop such names as "Royal Ann"
and "Black Republican" and use the
original and proper names "Napoleon"
and "Lewelling." But if a number of
progressive fruitgrowers and nursery
men will sustain the American Pomolo
gical Society in this matter we will
soon forget the nicknames these fruits
It is not in the province of this short
article to go through the whole list
of fruits and point out the changes;
those who want the catalogue can get
it by applying to the Department of
Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
A few of the principal changes are
Apples—"Mammoth Black Twig" is
now "Arkansas;" "Kentucky Red" is
now "Bradford;" "American Golden
(Continued on page 14)
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