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RANCH AND RANGE.
Vol. 3, No. 50.
The Prospect for Western Washington Farmers in 1898.
The season at present is almost ideal for farm
work. The great bulk of our products of last
lall are now disposed of, and at reasonable
prices, the great Alaska demand Having been,
and still being of great benefit to us. Tne mild
season enables us to get our land in cultivation,
early, enabling us to have a cnance to harvest
early. l_et us not forget, the first and last in
the market generally ootain the best prices; lor
such there is almost a certainty tor demand.
Our last crop prices compare well with those
of a tew former years. Totatoes have averaged
about $9 per ton; baled hay, $10; onions,
$40 a ton; milk, 10c a gallon, and best of all,
there has been a demand for it, and still is.
Alaska is being carried "by storm." Thou
sands are going in, weekly adding to the thou
sands already there. Those will have to be sup
plied. Vegetables are in demand and will be in
great demand, and out evaporators can put up,
and will put up, Targe quantities. 1-very kind
of garden produce will be required and our
Condensed Milk company must keep up the
How essential, therefore, for us producers to
deliver the very best quality, so that our pat
rons can see and supply the best article, thereby
giving their goods tnat reputation desirable to
establish a preference, and thus add to our cer
tainty of a market.
Let our creameries have the milk of right
quality and delivered in good condition, so as
to effectually compete with the "oleo" going
up in original packages, for unless our dairy
products are superior to. the "tallow fat" and
''dead horse" products we cannot expect to sell
at higher prices. The "oleo" people will try
and compensate for lack of quality by excel
lence in packing and "fine clothes," but our
fellow citizens can tell, even in Alaska, a good
cheese .branded "full cream," Wash., from a
"skim deck" or filled, and 1 want them to be
able to instantly select our "Washington Dairy
butter" from "tallow jack."
If our legislature (national) could only, be
induced to pass a law coloring "oleo" black (if
black is a color), as the United States courts
have held in Minnesota, that the state law can
compel "oleo" to be colored "pink," what a
great benefit it would be to our Washington
Our canneries should put up our fruits and
berries, our evaporators should put up our
garden products, including onions, cabbage and
potatoes; our dairies the best of butter, cheese
and cream, and we should be zealous in giving
them the best our soils can produce. .
Let us try for a "great stake" on our farms
and do all we can to assist ourselves, our prod
ucts, counties and beloved state.
It is worthy of our best efforts.
Vice-Pres. State Dairymens' Association.
Christopher, King Co., Wash., March, 1898.
PRESIDENT HILL, THE STOCKMAN.
James J. Hill, the man who, by the sheer
force of his own efforts, has become recog
nized as one of the greatest railroad magnates
of the world, takes deep interest in the right
development of the agricultural resources along
the line of road controlled by him, which
SEATTLE and SPOKANE, WASH., MARCH 19, 1898.
reaches far over three thousand miles across
the continent. At the recent stock breeders'
convention at St. Paul, Mr. Hill delivered the
following address in his capacity of fellow
breeder and demonstrated his right to be
classed with the most scientific and practical
breeders ot the day. We regret that lack of
space forbids the publication of his speech in
full. A very interesting interchange of ques
tions and replies occurred after his speech, in
which Mr. Hill was the center of attraction.
Among other salient points dwelt upon by-Mr.
Hill, he spoke particularly upon the subject of
the breeder feeding and preparing his stock for
the market. Mr. Hill said: .
"A farmer feeding his wheat to stock can get
1 cent per pound for his wheat and $10 per ton
for his hay. That is much more than the av
erage farmer sells his product for. The farm
ers in Minnesota ship their steers to other states
where they are fed for beef and sent to Chi
cago or Omaha and killed. The same beef
comes back and is distributed throughout the
Northwest. The farmer pays the freight on
the difference in the price of his dressed beef
and at the same time sells his steers at a lower
figure because they are not ready for killing.
I have tried since 1883 to get the farmer to di
versify his farming. I feel encouraged after
all these years that my efforts were not entirely
in vain. When I commenced to distribute cat
tle in 1883, I do not think there was a milch
cow in the whole Red River valley district. The
estimate of our agent at Minot showed last
year that 40,000 more cattle had been shipped
from that district than from all the country
between Minot and the Pacific. Some years
ago I bought some prize-winning pigs in Eng
land, and brought them to this country, and I
discovered that we had just as fine stock in this
country. - -
"The successful farmer feeds as much of the
product of the farm on the ground as possible.
I sent a man to Northern England and Scot
land some time ago, and he brought back some
of the hardy beef-making Shorthorn cattle
of that country. There they had, to a great
extent, stopped milking the better class of
cows, thus adding to the price of the stock.
"I found the "Scotch Shorthorns excellent
milkers. I have had Shorthorn cows who gave
thirty quarts of milk a day. One cow in par
ticular I fed for seven months on grass, with a
little bran mixed in, and she gave twenty-eight
quarts of milk daily for seven months. We can
raise as good cattle here as any place in the
For Better Paris Green.
One of the grossest frauds being practiced on
the farmers of the Northwest states is the palm
ing off by the druggists to them of adulterated
spraying ingredients. We have touched upon
this matter before, and mean to keep up the
protest until this condition of things will be
change and our subscribers can get what they
Nothing shows more closely the degree to
which this adulteration is carried on than the
report of the Oregon Experiment Station in
Bulletin No. 4, on analyses of eighteen sam
ples of Paris green obtained last year from va
rious sources in Oregon. Nearly one-half of
these were adulterated. The common adulter
ants are gypsum and sodium sulphate (Glauber
salts). 'Ilie effect of the adulterants on the
appearance of the Taris green is to render the
color lighter. With a microscope capable of
magnifying 200 diameters it is comparatively
easy to detect the admixture of these materials.
There is no easy and sure chemical test which
can be applied by everyone tor detecting adul
terations of Tans green. The following method
will often give some idea as to the purity of the
article: VVith the point of a knife place a small
pile of the Tans green on a piece of glass held
slanting; tap the glass lightly with tne knife
and the pile will move across the glass leaving
a streak on the glass, if the Tans green is
pure this path will be a bright green, other
wise it will be more or less white.
Many evaporating establishments are now
projected in cities and towns throughout the
Pacific Northwest. While it is well to have
these built, the wise fruit grower will not de
pend upon them, but will have an evaporatoi
of his own. No prune grower, in particular,
can depend upon realizing a reasonable return
for his crop unless he is prepared to dry the
fruit himself. When he is so prepared, he can
either cure his crop at home, or sell the fruit
fresh, as seems best at the time, provided there
be then a market for the fresh fruit. When a
prune grower is'obliged to hire some one else
to dry his fruit he is very likely to have a
troublous time of it, and to find that there
is very little profit in his crop. If he can sell
his fresh prunes outright to some person or
company engaged in the business of drying, the
returns' may be more satisfactory. —Oregon
From W. D. Hoard,
In a letter to the editor of Ranch and Range
W. D. Hoard, of Hoard's Dairyman, writes:,
"I need not say to you that the National
Dairy.Union, of which I have the honor to be
president, is very grateful for the donation
your state association raised, at your meet
ing, of $30 for its treasury. The fight that
we have been carrying on without salary
and paying our own expenses is, I think,
warrant enough for the dairymen all over
the United States to give us strong, hearty
encouragement and helping hand. It would
be a very pleasing thing to me if another year
I could meet with your association. If some
arrangement could be made whereby the trip
could be taken without expense, I have no
doubt, if my health remains good, but what I
would be glad to embrace the opportunity.
"W. D.. HOARD."
The farmers in the neighborhood of Sumner
are organizing a co-operative creamery. We
understand that the capital stock is $2,000.
A letter has been received by the council of
Spokane, from the Brown Paper Manufactur
ing company, of Fort Madison, la., stating that
they are of the impression that Washington
straw would make excellent paper, and it is
stated that conditions are good for starting a
paper factory there.
$1.00 Per Year.