Newspaper Page Text
THE STORY OF ALFALFA. By Lute Wilcox. Alfalfa is the greatest forage plant the world has ever known, and it should be grown by every farmer who keeps a cow or owns a horse. It is known scientifically as medicago sativa, its botanical name. In the Spanish language it is alfalfa, while the French, Swiss, German and Canadian people call it lucerne. It is a legu minous perennial, and properly belongs to the pea-vine family. It is often miscalled a grass. Its term of existence has not been authentically established, but it will last the average age of man, and instead of depleting the soil it has a way, through its root nodules, of constantly re plenishing the soil with the nitrogenous fertil izing elements of the atmosphere. The writer once met a venerable padre of Old Mexico, who said his alfalfa patch had been planted over two hundred years, and had never TYPICAL SCENE IN THE PALOUSE: Half a million bushels of wheat awaiting shipment at Pullman, Wash. been re-seeded during that time, and had.yield ed four crops of hay regularly every year. The history of this most wonderful plant is some what shrouded in mystery, but the Grecian his torians tell us that it was brought to Greece from Media, in Asia, during the reign of Darius, about 500 years before Christ. Its culture ex tended to Pome, thence to the south, of France, where it has been a favorite forage plant. It grows wild with great luxuriance on the pampas of Buenos Ay res. it was brought into Mexico by the early Spanish conquerors, and from thence found its way, about the middle of the present century, to the Pacific coast country, now Southern California. Attention Farmers! s Jt,^ *f°r e w_, h . lias always an hand a full stock of choice Utah AFLFALFA SEED Well cleaned and free from noxious weeds.'at the lowest market price. Write me before placing your order. : Will save you money, also a full and complete line of all kinds of Held and garden seeds. Address E. J. Bowen, Seedman, Seattle, Wash. RANCH AND RANGE. It did not reach Colorado, where its growth has attained a state of perfection, until 1862, when a small quantity of seed was brought from Mexico by Major Downing, who planted it in a dooryard in Denver, - and from whence it spread until* today it covers many thousands of acres in the Kooky Mountain region, and ex tends out on the great plains as far east as "the Father of-Waters." Its progress eastward has been noted as far as New York, and even in New England I have seen very good patches of it. There is a good deal of misapprehension afloat regarding this or that kind of soil being unsuited to alfalfa culture. As a matter of fact the soil itself cuts but very little figure in the success of the crop, so long as contaminating in fluences do not come in to work injury to it. Any soil, when properly prepared, will do, so long as it has a porous sub-stratum for proper drainage, and so that there is no accumulation of surface water to injure the crown and root of the plant. Corn land is just the thing for alfalfa soil that is of a friable character answers every need of the plant. And carefully seeded, protected and cared for in a common sense way, failure will scarcely result, and win ter killing need not be feared, as the plant is much more hardy than red clover. Bench land is preferable to bottom land, and sandy loam is more desirable than clay, though some clay soils answer well for alfalfa, but the plants require longer time in becoming established. Where there is a loamy soil, "old land" is best upon which to sow alfalfa, and should be Now is the time to use Reliable Seeds.. Per pound Lots of 50 to 100 pounds Timothy 5^ 05 Red clover 11 10 Mammoth clover 12 iij£ Crimson clover 10 09 Rye Grain x _44 01^ Rye Seed 10 ooJ£ White clover 18 16 Alsike 12 11 Red top 11 10 Orchard grass 18 17 Alfalfa 11 10 ..■•'•■■. ■• ■. -- .."*■" • r ■■•.-. - *■"■ .-. , ..,.._ .-.'■ :•' ..-■■.• .:.■■•■. - Our seeds are tested and every precaution taken to obtajn the very best. They are not warranted In any particular. We carry only one quality and that is the best. You will find it pays to buy that kind. Cooper & Levy, Wholesale and Retail Grocers, Seattle, : Washington. 10^-106 First aye. South. ... EGGS ... White™' and UGHT yandottes *" BRAHMAS. 9 1.50 per 13, $2.50 per 36, A few choice cockerels left—cheap J. R. Walthews, 200 Burke Bldg. Seattle, Wash. ■''''' . ' ' " . • Tascherau & Hamilton, Hay, Grain, Produce and General Commission Dealers, Agents for Frazer's Yakima Butter. _ 1."/.'. Cor. Lincoln and Railroad. Tel. 427 Spokane, Wash. : Prize winners Buy your Eggrs from Wanamaker and raise them; 16 birds at Tacoma show. Hews Judge. - Won 11.prizes. s Golden Wyandottes, $2.00 for 13. B. B. R. Games, $2.00 for 13. B. Minorcas, S. C. B. Leghorns, $1 for 13. Two eggs extra if you mention this pa per. A. H. WANAMAKER, Coupeville, Island Co., Wash.