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OUR RANGE PASTURES.
One of the most important questions before the rangeman of the Northern New West is the proper division of the range pasturage. It was a subject quite fully discussed at the recent Denver convention, and the general expression of opinion showed a sentiment in favor of ced ing these lands to the states and permitting them to dispose of them as they saw fit. The value of these lands is regarded as worth a cent an acre to cattle men; sheep men will give as high as five cents per acre. In Wyoming, for example, it takes forty acres to support a steer. The lowa Experiment Station reports show that 800 pounds of sheep will consume the grass that will support a thousand pounds of steer, or, in other words, sheep consume twenty-five per cent more grass than cattle of equal weight. We presume, however, that when the cession takes place, as it will sooner or later, the cattle men will conclude that the lands are worth more than one cent an acre; two cents, possi bly three. At one cent an acre the cost o£ grass to keep a steer to four years old would be $1.60; at two cents an acre twice that amount. When ranchmen can sell their weaned calves at from $18 to $23, there is big money in that kind of farming. We suspect, however, that the men who are selling the calves figured that with four years' keeping, the percentage of loss, and the cost of buildings and herding added, they would not get as much for the matured steer as they had for the calf, and we think they are quite right, and are doing a wise thing in selling their calves at the above figures. Government Crop Report. The consolidated returns of the different crop reports from the agencies of the depart ment of agriculture, made up to March 1, show the wheat reserves in- farmers' hands on that date to have been the equivalent of 22.9 per cent of last year's crop, or about 121,000,000 bushels. This is 33,000,000 bushels in excess of the farm reserves reported one year ago, but the result of the special wheat investigation made by the department last fall would indi cate that the crop of 1896 was larger than the department had reason to believe at the time. The proportion of the crop of 1897, shipped beyond county lines, is 50.7 per cent. J The corn in farmers' hands, it is estimated, aggregates* 783,000,000 bushels, or 41.1 per cent of last year's crop, as against 1,164,000 bushels, or 51 per cent, on hand March 1, 1897, and 1,072,000,000 bushels, or 49 per cent, on March 1, 1896. • Of oats there are reported to be about 272, --000.000 bushels, or 38.9 per cent, still in farm ers' hands, as compared with 313,000.009 bush els, or 44.2 per cent, on March 1, 1897. Mixing Eggs. Mr. Simon Tobias, in Poultry Farmer, from experience, has concluded eggs from Mediter ranean and those of the Asiatic breeds do not hatch satisfactorily together when put into an incubator mixed. The heavy brown eggs drew them oisture from the white shell eggs and therefore the white-shell eggs did not hatch. 7-2. Mr. Tobias stated that he would like to hear from others on this subject. The writer has known of two parties who put Plymouth Rock eggs and Leghorn eggs in an incubator; the Plymouth rock eggs hatched well, the Leghorn eggs were fertile, but only hatched a few chicks, and when the Leghorn's eggs were tried in an incubator alone, they hatched well, showing that the subject is worth considering. RANCH AND RANGE. KLONDIKE OUTFITS The Biggest Stock The Best Goods and the Lowest Prices J. REDELSHEIMER <& CO., We have Everything in the Clothing Line. First aye. and Columbia st., Seattle, Wash. Red Clover Alfalfa Alsike Clover Garden Seed Portland Seed Co., 169=171 Second st., Portland, Or. Write for catalogue and prices on grass seed. ____ Flower Vegetable and Grass Most CO-tplete stock of . Bedding and house SEEDS PLANTS Send for catatlogue to get a floral Garden Free ■TVnRW^WJW Woodland Seed & Floral Co. 916 Second Avenue Seattle, Wash. We are F^ W"^ F\ f rue j 0 name Headquarters for __^ 1""^ |"^ J^J In order to give all customers the best prices we Issue no catalogue. Give us a trial. Woodland Park and Floral Co. . ■ - ■ - 806 Second Aye., Seattle. SINGLE COMB BROWN LEGHORNS. My stock in the hands of myself and customers have won a majority of premiums at Seattle and Tacoma for three years. My Single Comb Brown Leghorn hen "Nina Bell," score 943,, and cock "Empire Prince," score 92}. direct from yards of originator of "Empire Strain," who won many first and second prizes at the 1897 Boston and New York shows; the greatest In the world. Barred Plymouth Rocks I breed for fancy and utility, and won my share of prizes at recent Tacoma show, viz: First on cock third on hen, and second on cockerel breeding pen, • _._._.— _-, T „ „ , ,„ _ r A ,.. YOUNQ BREEDING STOCK AND EGOS FOR SALE—One sitting $2, two sittings $4. Single Comb Brown Leghorn Cockerels $2.50 to * $5. Barred Plymouth Rock cockerels $3.50 -___- _'''__'•_' S. M. SHIPLEY, 434-435 Pioeeer Block, Seattle, Washington. It beats the Klondike .... — • When yon can store Butter Eggs bud Cheese with the Seattle Automatic Refrigerating Company, and get .50 per cent in advance in price in ninety days. Try it when you have goods to store. Ground Bone * Crilll-wCrfij Send for Prices Frye, Bruhn & Co., Seattle, Wn. This Canner, which was exhibited by Mrs. W. E. Wands at the Portland meet ing of the N. W. P. G. Association, not only saves a great deal of labor In canning fruit, but also retains the flavor and form of the fruit. By using it Corn, Beans, Peas and Succotash may be canned with perfect safety, so that we may enjoy the products of our gardens the year 'round. TESTIMONIALS — I have found the Acme Steam Canner to do all that is claimed for it in the way of preserving fruits and vegetable. I have by experi menting found how convenient and eco nomical it Is in the preparation of the dally meals. It furnishes the best way of cooking brown bread, fruit cake, puddings, meat pies, dumplings and custards. I have cooked a whole dinner in it, having meat, vegetables and dessert In as many as eight The Acme Steam Canner different vessels, with no mingling of fla vors whatever. MRS. J. B. WALDO. McCleary, Oregon. The Acme Steam Canner I obtained from you more than meets my expecta tions. Twice the amount of fruit can be put up in a given time without worry, and with absolute certainty of success. In Oregon with our abundant fruit supply, and where every family puts up a large quantity for winter use, I am convinced that the canner will become a household necessity, and that the original cost will be saved In one year's use MRS. (Gov.) WM. P. LORD, Salem, Oregon. Pacific Coast Territory for Sale. J. A. VAN EATON. : J. A. VAN EATON, General Agt., Salem, Oregon. 1