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Ranch and Range ISSUED EVERY SATI'HUAY. In the Interests of the Farmers, Horticulturists, and Stockmen Of Washington' Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Utah' British Columbia. published BY THE RANCH AND RANGE COMPANY. Editorial Offices, - - Z • Seattle, Wash. business offices: Seattle, ... 315-316 Pioneer building. Spokane, - - Suite F Hypotheek bank building. SUBSCRIPTION, IN ADVANCE, - $1,00 PER YEAR. Address all communications to Ranch and Range, 315-316 Pioneer building, Seattle, Washington. A well known cattle breeder, while in the East not long since, saw shipped out from a breeding farm to a man in Oregon a Shorthorn bull, which by the time it reached its destina tion, cost the purchaser in the neighborhood of $300. Now it is a fact that, just as good ani mals could have been purchased from a local Shorthorn breeder for from $65 to $75, as it was far from being an animal of the best type. The Eastern Shorthorn breeder was a scoun drel, the buyer was a sucker. It is worthy of encouragement for anyone to import better blood, to raise the standard of our stock, but before such an outlay is made, thorough inves tigation should be made of the standing of the breeder and the pedigree of the animal. It is a fact that too many of the Eastern breeders think that they can fill orders from the Pacific coast with their culls and we will never be the wiser. When you desire good stock get the very best your money can buy, but before you send half-way across the contient look around home and see if just what you want cannot be obtained in your own community. One of the most active of those in attend ance at the recent meeting of woolgrowers at The Dalles was Hon. John Minto, who has been a resident of Oregon since 1844, and bears the honor of having just introduced sheep into the great Northwestern country. For more than a half century he has been one of the most active and progressive citizens we have had, and his record has been one long, contin ued period of usefulness. He stands today as the most vigorous champion of the sheep men's rights we have, and the forcible and successful fight he has made for the rights of the flocks to graze upon the forest reserves of our moun tain ranges is a notable instance of a latter-day achievement. Such pioneers as Mr. Minto have made a noble fight as the vanguard on the frontier of the hosts that have followed and are yet to come. His work is of the enduring type, and we of the younger generation take off our hats to this worthy pioneer. We have referred a number of times to the extensive experiments that are being carried on by the Northern Pacific Railway company in Washington state, and its endeavors to broaden the scope of our agricultural interests by prov ing the value of new plants and grasses for the ranches and range. As a matter of fact, this company is prosecuting its efforts in a more practical way than is being done by the state experiment stations, not, perhaps, because it is more active, but because it is operating in the districts where more good can be accomplished. The State experiment station has a corps of efficient officers, but its services are not pro ducing the benefits that should be given to the people, because it is confined to a remote cor ner of the state, while our most fertile valleys are entirely neglected. This is not as it should be, and the people are beginning to realize it, RANCH AND RANGE. and after awhile they will awake to a sense of protest and finally of action that will result in putting the experiment station people in a position to make their efforts of value to every part of the state. The work that the state should be doing is now being carried on by the Northern Pacific company, which corpora tion takes an extremely business-like view of things, believing that by helping the country to develop, it helps itself. When the season of 1898 is over and the results of the experi ments are given out, we will know a great deal more about the capabilities of production of the districts where they are being carried on. Its a good work and is worthy of commendation and earnest co-operation on the part of every one interested in the growth of our state. The Farmers' Voice, of Chicago, one of the best farm journals in the union, has concluded an organization under the name of the "Farm ers' Voice Educational Tours Association." As its title implies, it embodies a movement which, at a moderate cost, will enable agriculturists and people of moderate means to enjoy the lux ury of a trip to the principal cities of Europe. Possibly some of our readers may find in this organization just the opportunity they have long been awaiting to make a tour of the old world. That the trip will be a pleasant and profit able one, well worth the investment, which totals up to only $279, goes without saying. Upon his recent trip East the editor had the pleasure of meeting W. H. Burke, the editor of the armers' Voice, and his assistant, Miller Pur vis, and the outline of the plan given at that time gives us full confidence in the practicabil ity of the tours. Ranch and Range has been furnished with a number of descriptive pamph lets explaining the details of management to be followed by the association, and we will gladly mail them to anyone sufficiently inter ested to write for them. A correspondent asks the standing of the Settle Brokerage company. 2013 First avenue. We made a statement of 'the standing of this firm in our issue of January Bth in response to the inonirv of one of our subscribers, who stated that he had received a circular letter so liciting consignments of produce from them. At that time we called upon them, but the re-„ plies given by the man in charge were not sat isfactory, and although he claimed that there was $5,000 capital in the business, the evidence of it was not produced. Friday last a repre sentative visited them again. The same mem ber of the firm as* before made claims of good standing and financial backing, but they offered no credentials nor bank references. Under the circumstances we must report to inquirers that no consignments should be sent to the Seattle Brokerage company without the cash or a good guarantee that it will be forthcoming upon de livery of goods. Such a precaution will prevent any possibility of loss. There has not for years been such a dearth of good stallions in the Northwest as we find upon the opening of the present breeding sea son. It was hoped that the gradual revival and good outlook for the horse business would re sult in the importation of fresh blood, but so far we have heard of none coming in. Hereto fore the different communities have depended upon people who made a special business of importing pure bred sires, but it looks as though the farmers themselves will have to take the matter up, and club in together in order to secure creditable breeding animals. Some of the principal stock raising counties of the state cannot show a single pure bred stal lion, where ten years ago fifteen or twenty were kept. The depression in the price of horses has, of course, been responsible for this,, but the rising demand promises better returns to those who are prepared to supply the market with desirable animals. The commissioners of Lewis county are of a decidedly economical turn of mind, judging from the fact that they have limited the fruit inspectors recently appointed to a term of twenty-five days' actual service during the year, paying therefor $2 per day. We do not see how Mr. H. M. Ingraham, who fills that position, can render very effective service during that short period. Whatever is worth doing at all is worth doing well, and the importance of proper inspection and thorough watchfulness over the horticultural interests of every district in the state cannot be overestimated. In Massachusetts, efforts are being made to pass a law requiring every horseshoer to pass an examination and take out a license—-paying, of course, $5 for it. In New York state, it is proposed to establish a State Bureau of Steam Engineering,- so that all who handle steam en gines may have some proper person to pay a li cense to. No wonder farmers are opposing the principle of such license boards. If it keeps on, a farmer will need a special license to milk a cow. another to feed his horse, and another to eat baked beans for his. dinner.—Rural New Yorker. , A new and simple method of distinguishing between butter and oleomargarine is thus de tailed by a German chemist: The two fats are dissolved in ether and drops of the clear solu tions are allowed to fall on glass plates, when the residue of the oleo, after the evaporation of the ether, will be found in the form of a disk with shamlv serrated (saw-teeth) edges, while the residue from the butter shows a wavy edge without distinct serrations. The addition of alcohol to the ether will make this distinction the more marked. Among the many stockmen that the editor had the pleasure of meeting at The Dalles con vention of woolgrowers was Frank Brown, man ager of the Ladd stock farm, Yandell, Or. Mr. Brown is giving to the Northwest the benefit of the most progressive ideas in breeding of fine animals, for he has in charge some of the best strains of stock to be found anywhere on the Pacific coast. In addition to the Cotswold and Southdown breeds of sheep, he has a well de veloped herd of Shorthorn cattle and Percher on horses. The Percheron stallion on this farm is credited with being the finest individual spec imen in the North Pacific. We still have on hand a number of copies of Farmers' Bulletin No. 29 on the "Sowing of Milk and Other Products," which we will mail free of charge to anyone writing for same. You do not have to be a subscriber to get these bulletins. State Dairy Commissioner McDonald is aid ing very materially in the work of preparation for the next annual state fair. He not only has charge of the department, but is taking a per sonal interest in securing valuable premiums of cash, farm implements, etc., to be added to the regular prizes offered out of the state fair fund.