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THE FARMER AND THE HEN.
First and last 1 have been asked a hundred times what breed of hens is best for the farmer, and invariably to that bare question, the answer has been, "1 don't know." Then m several in stances the retort has come, "Well, 1 supposed you knew something about fowls." Suppose 1 should ask one of these farmers what kind of a horse it is best for me to keep? Without knowing whether 1 wanted a dray horse, trotting horse, carriage horse, saddle horse; whether my taste was for bay, white, black, what would he answer? To the former inquiry this can be safely said: Got the fowl you fancy most. There are men who breed from a half dozen to forty varieties, and I have never known one of them who did not have a pref erence; and what more natural than that those they like the best should receive extra favors? Further, this advice can be given: Keep only one variety. Get the kind you like best, and then eat or sell every other hen on the premises. Crosses le mongrelism, and mongrelism is an abomination. I know a farmer who in early winter bought 300 pullets from a general poul try house, lie picked out those which had the mat kin Si the Barred Plymouth Hock, and now he imagines he is stocked up with that va riety. But he isn't. Many of the hens are not more than half-breeds, others considerably less. There are all sorts of combs, and some of them even have feathers on their shanks. The Barred Plymouth Hock has strong characteris tics, which often are transmitted to some extent long after the blood is vitiated. For these pul lets he paid $75. For that amount of money he got a good many fowls, but if he had pur chased thoroughbreds instead, while the num ber of his flock would have been cut down to say 75, he would literally have had a rock on which to build, whereas he is now building on sand. Now I know what some of you.will say as well as though 1 heard it. "Oh, he is a fancier and wants to sell stock." Let us not get it into our heads that a man cannot open his mouth unless he has an axe to grind. The farmers of lowa ought to realize every year $5,000,000 more than they do from poultry. If you are alive to the facts you will admit the soundness of that proposition, notwithstanding its source. Then, Mr. Farmer^ here is another place where y.~. .1 tame. A stock dealer could not buy your best steer much under the market price, could he? I know he could not. Why? Because yon know something about steers. -If you keep poultry you want to know something about i. ... too. You should have the Poultry Standard, a book that costs a dollar, and in which is described the various points of the different varieties of fowls. Some of the long evenings stuu) up on the breed you keep. Learn the points of disqualification and of merit. Your wife and children will become interested, and possibly that smart boy or girl of yours, who in arithmetic can figure all around the old man, will be an apt poultry student. Take a good poultry paper as a companion to your farming paper, it will not be long before you can see further than the end of your nose when you look at a hen. If a scrub you will know.it, and if she is worth and will bring from $1 to $10 you will know that also. Is there one reason why a farmer should not breed as' good fowls as a fancier? No. He has land for them to forage on, and can care for them as well, if he only will. Permit me to say this to you: The demand for high scoring birds cannot be met. If you had a thousand of them today and it was absolutely known you had them, they would go in a month; and they RANCH AND RANGE. Barred Plymouth Rocks, PH_e winners. First prize winners at four shews this season, under four of Americaa most noted judges. Eggs $3.00 per IS, $5 per 30. Express prepaid. Chas. C. Johns. 618 South N street, Tacoma, Wn. would go nl prices that would cheer you up over your luck with cholera hogs and low price corn. Fowls actually worth these high prices have been sold to the poultry dealers at from 4 to 5 cents a pound, because the farmer was no judge of product. To bring about this result, however, requires know-how and attention. You clean the sta bles of your horses and cattle every day; you possibly clean your hen house once in six months. You water your cattle; you never think of watering your fowls. You have corn, wheat, oats, buckwheat, millet, vegetables—in fact everything with which to properly feed your fowls right at hand, and often a mill in which the grain may be ground, and frequently their portion is only whole corn. If you were a hen would you give down if treated like this? You know very well that two times two never equals five nor three. There is mighty little blind chance involved in bringing about suc cess with poultry, or with anything else. To reap well you must sow well. I knew a farmer who would swear at his. hired man in Dutch if he failed to care for the fowls as regularly and carefully as he did the other stock. The hen house was cleaned every morning and sprinkled with road dust. Water was carried to the hens as regularly as to the favorite driving horse. The fowls were fed morning and —this man was a two-meal-a-day man—and the food was varied. This farmer said to me: "My hens pay me a net 100 per cent; in other lines I make less than 10 per cent." This man wasn't a chicken crank, either. He was a level-headed all-round farmer, who worked for the money there was in it. You anti-hen farmers of lowa, it is high time you faced the other way. —Met L. Saley, in Wallace's Farmer. IfprPIVP it litrtYf* mul increasing number of orders I CCCIVC a. Id.l gL^ from mv advertisement of poultry In Ranch and Range. S. M. SHIPLEY CHICKEN-RAISING ON A MAMMOTH SCALE. Nothing is done on a small scale on Dr. Bla lock's farm, and any crop that does not fill at least one train load is regarded as being too in significant to be worth mentioning. The latest specialty that he is taking up is chickens, and together with Mr. A. M. Mortenson as manager, he has started in to have a flock of 10,000 or more by the end of the season. Now we have had occasion to chronicle several experiments in chicken raising where the promoters made plans to operate on an extensive scale, and also to pronounce the obituary service over these same schemes, which would generally have a piping existence of a few weeks and then pass away. But in this instance we believe that the favorable location and climate and good man agement will permit us to say next fall that this time it is a success. Already the big incubator of 600 eggs capacity is turning out large and successful hatches. The first hatch was a re markable test. Out of .103 hatched, 101 have lived, the two dying because of accident, and they are all a splendid lot of healthy, thriving chicks. A splendid market for fowls and eggs exists near by, and even in the Walla Walla valley, which is a great farming district, there are times when poultry products are scarce. Purebred Poultry... I have now for sale Eggs of the follow ing standard breeds: Partridge Cochin $1.00 per 13. Rose Comb Wyandottes 75 cents per 13. Black Mjnorcas 50c per 13, or three settings $1.00. The above are all pure-bred stock of finest strains, and guarantee all fowls true to name. A. M. Cale, North Yakima, Wn. Large size, Beautiful Plumage, Prolific Layers, Perfect Shape Result of 12 years' experience. W. & Bar, Hocks. W. and S. L. Wyandottes, li. I*. and Buff Leghorns, B. Minorca*, Lt. Brahmas, B. S. Hamburg, $2 each, *■"> trio; Kggs $lper 13, $20 per 30; 12 It) Imp. Ducks, eggs $2 per 11. Grand View Poultry Ranch, - Box 10, Kelsey, Ohio. . . . EGOS . . . White 6™ and LIGHT yandottes *" BRAHMAS. $1.50 per 13, $2.50 per 36, A few choice cockerels left—cheap J. R. Walthews, 200 Burke Bldg. Seattle, Wash. ______________________________________ . I have only .. . A -few hens is the way the average farm er will answer when asked to subscribe for the PACIFIC POULTRYMAN. WE DON'T CARE If you only have a dozen, you should have the PACIFIC POULTRYMAN. It is only 50 CENTS A YEAR. PACIFIC POULTRYMAN, Tacoma, Wash. White Plymouth Rocks Exclusively Took all prizes but one In their class at Spokane Poultry Show, '97. Eggs, $2.00 per setting; 3 settings, $5.00. Hazlewood Dairy Co, Spokane, Wn Prize winners Buy your Eggs from Wanamaker and raise them; 16 birds at Tacoma show. Hews judge. Won 11 prizes. Golden Wyandottes, $2.00 for 13. B. B. R. Games, $2.00 for 13. B. Minorcas, S. C. B. Leghorns, $1 for 13. Two eggs extra if you mention this pa per. A. H. WANAMAKER, Coupeville. Island Co.. Wash. Eggs for hatching from Standard Poul try. Barred Plymouth Eggs at $2 per 13; Rose-Comb Buff Leghorns, at $2.:. per 13; Rose-Comb Black Minorcas, at $3.50 ncr 13. Chickens for sale after Sept. Ist. J. J. STAGE & SON, Spokane, Wash. I Breed .... Single-Comb Brown Leghorns exclusive ly. These are the greatest egg-producers to be found. Eggs, $1.00 per 13; two set tings, $1.75. Address A. M. Ferrill, Red mond, Wash. ..-•aii^-i'c Whitest White DLUWII-) Wyandottes. • Scored 959% points for 10 birds and won the CAPITAL SWEEPSTAKES PRIZE— THE $150 WETZEL TROPHY—at the GREAT SPOKANE SHOW, Jan., 1898, Felch, judge. My pens this year will con tain a 94 1 and two 95-point males and fe males, scoring from 93 to 96 1/.. Eggs, $2.50 per 13. Black fiinorcas (Northrup's Strain.) I won all Ist and 2nd in the Minorcas Agent for LEE'S LICE KILLER, % gal. E. D. Brown, Box 1683 C. Spokane, Wash. D. H. Dwight, Breeder of Essex Strain Barred Plymouth Rocks GREAT WINTER LAYERS. The cock that heads my first pen scored 94 as a cockerel, by Felch, that being the highest score yet given to a B. P. R. cock erel in the Northwest. It pays to get the best. Correspondence solicited. Eggs $2 per setting. 1905 Pacific Avenue, Spokane, Wn. 11