Newspaper Page Text
RANCH AND RANGE-
Vol 3, No. 50. THE CORRECT WAY TO SPRAY. v* - '-£ In Walla Walla valley the people are just now .mighty busy spraying their orchards, and are doing the work in a manner that justifies the belief that every commercial orchard will pass through the season free from pests and produce bountifully of clean, wholesome fruits. The method followed by the principal or chardists of this valley in spraying may be sum marized as follows: The first spraying is applied before the bloom opens, and just as near to blooming as possible before opening, but not after. The compound is the lime, sulphur and salt mixture. It is not necessary to have it hot to spray, although it passes through the nozzles more readily when hot in the barrels. The next spraying is for codlin moth, which which should be applied after the bloom has shed its fruit and well formed, say the size of buckshot. The mixture is the Paris green im pregnated in the Bordeaux mixture. It is easily made and mixed. The Paris doesen't mix well with everything.C* but better with the Bordeaux mixture than anything else. There ought to be three applications of this com pound about ten days apart. Then if the s:ale is found, spray again with the lime, sulphur and salt, even though it will be at a loss of some of the tender foliage and fruit. Better let the spray take the foliage than the scale, as the codlin moth is one of the most serious and diffi cult insects to fight successfully. Dr. Blaloek suggests that the farmers use traps, and also chickens ancThogs, particularly the hogs. There should be enough hogs in the orchard to con sume every apple that falls, and thereby con sume the worms. About half the apples that fall have the worm in them when they first fall. _ _ _ ■■■■•' A visit to Dr. Blalock's farm gave an oppor tunity to witness the operation of spraying. He keeps eighteen pumps at work, and prepares the solution in immense vats that are so arranged as to permit of perfect mixing, and the wagons can drive right alongside, and the solution runs into barrels by force of gravity. The capacity „ of his mixing "tanks is sufficiently large to also 'supply a number of his neighbors. The doctor thinks that it would be advantageous for the orchardists in each community to club together and erect one mixing-tank where the solution for all the orchards could be prepared ;mich . better and at less cost than where each made up the compound. The Sumner co-operative creamery will commence operations about April 1. It is be ing put in by the farmers of that neighbor hood, who seem to feel that the profit of the conduct of the creamery might just as well be given to the producers. The.officers are A. L. Meeker, president; W. E. Daniels, secretary, and .T. T. McCarty, treasurer. Samuel Burr, Wil liam M. Mammon and Mr. Goodall, together with the officers constitute the board. The ca parity of the plant will probably be 10,000 pounds of milk per day. Proprietor McKinstri, of the Queen City creamery, has leased the Orilla skimming sta tion. SEATTLE and SPOKANE, WASH., MARCH 26, 1898. WHAT IS HE SMILING AT? We will give a great big dollar to the boy or girl under 21 who can best explain what this mischevious little young ster is smiling at. Each contestant must send us in with the guess 25 cents for three month's subscription to Range and Range. Get your next neighbor to subscribe. At the meeting of the Northwest Fruit Grow ers' Association recently held in Portland, F-A. Huntley, the horticulturist of the University of Idaho, presented the editor of this paper with a photograph of his 2^-year-old boy "Clarence." The picture impressed us as having much attractiveness, and we decided to reproduce it in an engraving, which is herewith presented. Clarence, we understand, is a rare experiment station product, inasmuch as he was born at the Arkansas vauey experiment station in Colorado, where Mr. Huntley had charge previous to his taking hold of the Puyallup station in this state. O. Osborn, located seven miles from Walla Walla, reports an interesting experiment with alfalfa last season. It was impossible to allow the third crop to cure properly because of lack of sun. Mr. Osborn put a layer of straw on the ground as a foundation for the stack. Then on top a layer two-thirds larger than the straw, of alfalfa, following with another layer of straw and so on alternately until the stack was fin ished. Thus, from a quantity of alfalfa that originally amounted to 40 tons, he had a stack amounting to 75 tons. He then fed this hay to the dairy cows during the winter, and the result was that his cows did fully as well as though they were on grass, and the test of the milk averaged 4 per cent. This is certainly a novel experiment. We have had many very profitable discussions on alfalfa during the past winter, and are glad to add this to the number. Attention Farmers! S^ J* Boe^„. Has always an hand a full stock of choice Utah AFLFALFA SEED • • A- y. ; Well cleaned and free from noxious weeds.^at the lowest market price. Write me before placing your order. Will save you mon«*r also a full and complete line of all kinds of field and garden seeds. . Address . . -: , ■ - . E. J. Bowen, Seedman, Seattle, Wash, POINTERS THAT MAKE THE BEES PAY. Many colonies will be reduced down very weak from coming through the winter. It is very desirable to save every colony that is in a healthy condition and that have good queens. We can very materially help out such colonies by giving them some attention at the right time and in the right manner. A weak colony will always do better in a small space, and this can be arranged by fitting a board down in the hive, one on each side of just the number of combs the bees can occupy, thus contracting the space with these division boards. Weak colonies may thus be tucked up in small quarters, and surrounded thoroughly with warm protection, so as to confine as much heat as possible, and in this shape, with good food at their disposal, it is surprising to see how rap idly they will build up and need more territory to accommodate their increase of business. Strong colonies may be drawn up to strength en weak ones, and this is very frequently done at almost all seasons of the year. It is done by taking a frame of brood , of bees, or brood with out the bees, from a strong colony and giving it to a weak one. It has been found,' however, that to do this in early spring proves more of a detriment generally than to allow the strong ones to keep what they have. In building up in spring a strong colony will rear more brood alone than both colonies if the brood is divided, the one being a weak colony. It is only by good management that we can pet weak colonies built up strong by the time the honey season is on, for if they are not strong at this time it will be at the expense of the honey crop that they will reach their fullest capacity. A good, fertile queen is capable of producing enough bees in a very short period to make an immense colony of bees, but she is altogether governed in this by the number of bees in the hive, and she lays only the number of eggs that the bees are capable of taking care of. She oc cupies just the amount of brood combs that the bees cover well, and in this she does not venture too close to the outside line, and as the number of bees increase and more space on the combs is occupied, she extends her territory in laying eggs. A queen bee is capable of laying 3,000 eggs in a single day under the most favorable cir cumstances, so that if 35,000 bees are a good colony, she could produce it in twelve or fifteen days, if it were not the case that she is governed by being thus limited. $1.00 Per Year.