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Ranch and Range ISflt'KD KVKRY SATURDAY. In the interests of the Farmers. Horticulturists, and Stockmen of Washington' Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Utah' British Columbia. published BY thk HANI II AND RANGE COMPANY. Editorial Offices, .... Seattle, Wash. BUSINESS OFFICKS: Seattle, - - - 315-316 Pioneer building. Spokane, - - Suite F Hypotheek bank building. SUBSCRIPTION, IN ADVANCE, - $1,00 PER YEAR. Address all communications to Ranch and Range, 315-316 Pioneer building, Seattle, Washington. "i'lity per cent of the mercantile houses and 90 per cent oi the saloons in l'ortland would be compelled to close up if the pure food law ot Oregon was eniorced. The pure iood law is impractical and cannot be eniorced, and when the next session oi the legislature convenes, l snail advocate its removal irom the statute books, and suggest that tne pure iood depart ment oi the dairy and food commissioners oi lice be done away with and the duties ol that position be coniined to restricting encroach ments on the dairymen's interests." Tins was tne startling declaration of lion. W. W. Baker, state food and dairy commissioner lor Oregon, who presumably weighed his words well when expressing this opinion to the editor of I.anch and iiange when at The .Dalles last month. Continuing, Mr. Baker said that he would be at the Walla walla convention, and in an address he would deliver, express his views more fully on the question, but during its session he was confined to his home by illness. With ail due deference to Mr. Baker, we just rise to remark that he is off the track completely. What an astounding statement that the American people have become so strongly subjected to fraud and adulteration in every article of household use that they dare not raise their protest nor demand the right to have what they pay their money for! . Taking it for granted that Mr. Ba ker has a sincerity of purpose behind his views, and the writer certainly believes he has, it still makes no less serious his position entitling him to the censure of every liberty-loving American. Mr. Baker says that it is impossible to enforce the pure food law of Oregon state without bank rupting the city of Portland. We deny that this would be the result. It would drive from her midst a class who by the most illlgitimate methods are preying upon the commonwealth and amassing wealth by extortion irom every humble home. It is just as much possible to make the manufacturers of spices, baking pow ders and all kinds of canned and glass goods put only pure articles on the market as it is that pure butter shall not have as a competitor any substitute, to be sold to the consumer as butter. Portland would be a better city, and her com mercial relations would have a far healthier tone if the frauds were compelled to close up their places of business. But as long as the law permits their existence they will continue grow ing in strength and influence. We do not know what proportion of the people of Oregon up hold the peculiar and highly original view of Mr. Baker, but we would certainly feel as though our civilization was on the down grade if they should abolish the laws upholding pure food. We are equally as confident that when the next session of the legislature of the state of Washington meets that there will "be placed on the statute books as strong a law* as the con stitution will permit, suppressing all traffic in adulterated foods. And that law will he en forced, too. RANCH AND EANGE. Whenever there comes up before the citizens of Seattle a question affecting the question con cerning the welfare of the community, did you ever notice how they get together, and cheer ing and pulling, they never fail to attain the abject desired. It has been the history of the town ever since it started, and despite all the opposition of other centers, backed by unlimited capital, she has always maintained the lead. This spirit of co-operation should prevail in exactly the same way among every farming com munity in the land. It would work wonders, and the farmer would soon become the greatest of all powers. From the fruits of his toil the world is maintained. He holds the key to the situation, ami it is "organization." Here is one litle pointer which we take from the first place in the editorial department of Column's Rural World. It shows what can be done by the farmer when he tries: "The Farmers' Co-operative Society of Hock well, the largest in the west, held its tenth an nual meeting at Mason City, lowa, March sth. The year has been the banner year of its his tory. Over half a million bushels of gram has been handled, besides other enormous interests looked after. The total volume of business transacted i 5.5205,015.21, and this is done at the small expense of $2, _60. The society has paid for gram at an average of from one to three cents more than individual buyers, which accounts for the enormous business. The net profits for the year are $2,715. From almost nothing the asociation has now assets amount ing to $17,6-6. President Norman Densmore was presented with a magnificent watch at tlie conclusion of the meeting." Amos Johnson and Clint Nicholson pur chased 320 acres of land two miles west of Oakesdale for $5,000 cash, or $17.50 per acre. The land will be farmed by Bailor brothers, of Oakesdale, and is in a high state of cultiva tion, being broken last season and ready for a big crop this year. They were offered $20 per acre the day following their purchase. W. 11. Babcock is engaged more extensively in wheat raising than any one else in the state. He has at Eureka Junction between 8,000 and 9,000 acres, which he cultivates, and raised last year over 100,000 bushels. In the busy season he employs as many as one hundred and twenty men. Mr. Babcock is one of the best informed men we have met on the wheat situation. He makes out the government estimates on the grain acreage, condition of crops, etc., in his district. Joe Clark, living two miles north of Latah, has sold twelve span of large work horses dur ing the past four weeks, averaging $200 a span. He has had calls from Spokane parties for twelve spans more but could not supply the demand. He shipped a carload of sixteen head from his Big Bend farm Wednesday with which to break his 400 acres of ground for his spring crop. The range is forty miles north of Wilbur. The fruit inspector of Yakima county, Mr. Beck, and his assistant, J. D. Medill, are proving the most active of any in the state. All infest ed orchards are required to be sprayed on twen ty days' notice. W. 11. Brown, fruit inspector for King coun ty, condemned fourteen boxes of apples found in a West street commission house and that were affected with San Jose scale. The apples were from Oregon. We have referred to the hysterical attitude of the eastern agricultural press over the appear ance of the San Jose scale several times. We are pleased to note that they are now recovering from their excitement. Here is a correspondent who goes to the other extreme, and in the Indi ana k armer attempts to show that the scale is not of any importance. Of course he is wrong, for the scale wil ruin an orchard where it is not eradicated by spraying. "Inquiries go far in showing that at least some of the San Jose scale alarmists keep put ting themselves in print with the view of secur ing a fat job as inspector or commissioner, and the question is now frequently asked, 'Will these fellows scare away other foreign markets be sides Germany?' Our information shows that where the San Jose scale has longest been it is on the decrease, and in some sections that were infested 1.0 years ago the scale has nearly if not quite disappeared. Many atribute this disap pearance to natural death, some to its parasite, some to spraying. "Prof. Simgerland, of Ithaca, N. X., says: 'I believe that those fruit growers who now suc cessfully combat the canker worm, pear psylla and curculio will be equally as successful in dealing with this pest.'" An interesting announcement comes this week of the transfer of an interest in the Blockhouse Smith ranch, in Chehalis county, to Ninemore & Morgan, who conduct the Mon tesano creamery. it contains 1,000 acres, three-fourths of which is cleared. This firm will put 200 cows on the ranch at once and move the skimming station on it that they have been conducting at Ford's prairie. S. W. Hutchcraft, who is interested aiso in the ar rangement, is preparing to go East shortly and purchase fifty head of Shorthorns from the Young Mary family. Farmers have begun their spring work. They intend to sow all the land they can spare to wheat his season, and as spring is quite early grain will have a good start. Farmers are com ing to town in great numbers buying machin ery and implements to cary on extensive work. The merchants are selling gang plows, har rows, seeders, etc., at a lively rate. The farm ers are in good frame of mind and hope for a big harvest this season and good prices. We all hope it will be bothPalouse Exchange. In one advertisement we read that "the but ter awarded highest prize" was made by a certain separator process. In another advertise ment, that the same butter was awarded the prize because it was salted with salt. And then another advertisement claims that the reason the butter was awarded first prize was because it was colored with butter color. Poor cow! Poor man! Where do you come in, anyhow?— Jersey Bulletin. The squirrels as yet are only in patches, those which were.worked with poison last sea son being comparatively free of them. The pests are fast spreading and unless a united effort is made by every one purchasing strych nine and putting in some good hard work, much damage will he the result to the growing crops. K. C. Judson, industrial agent for the 0. B. & N. railway, has arranged with a market gardener at Pendleton to produce by hot bed 12,000 tobacco plants of choice Havanna va rieties, to be planted in different parts of East ern Oregon, in order to determine the value - of that district as a tobacco producer.