Ranch and Range
ISflt'KD KVKRY SATURDAY.
In the interests of the Farmers. Horticulturists, and Stockmen
of Washington' Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Utah' British Columbia.
published BY thk HANI II AND RANGE COMPANY.
Editorial Offices, .... Seattle, Wash.
Seattle, - - - 315-316 Pioneer building.
Spokane, - - Suite F Hypotheek bank building.
SUBSCRIPTION, IN ADVANCE, - $1,00 PER YEAR.
Address all communications to Ranch and Range, 315-316
Pioneer building, Seattle, Washington.
"i'lity per cent of the mercantile houses and
90 per cent oi the saloons in l'ortland would
be compelled to close up if the pure food law
ot Oregon was eniorced. The pure iood law is
impractical and cannot be eniorced, and when
the next session oi the legislature convenes, l
snail advocate its removal irom the statute
books, and suggest that tne pure iood depart
ment oi the dairy and food commissioners oi
lice be done away with and the duties ol that
position be coniined to restricting encroach
ments on the dairymen's interests." Tins was
tne startling declaration of lion. W. W. Baker,
state food and dairy commissioner lor Oregon,
who presumably weighed his words well when
expressing this opinion to the editor of I.anch
and iiange when at The .Dalles last month.
Continuing, Mr. Baker said that he would be at
the Walla walla convention, and in an address
he would deliver, express his views more fully
on the question, but during its session he was
confined to his home by illness. With ail due
deference to Mr. Baker, we just rise to remark
that he is off the track completely. What an
astounding statement that the American people
have become so strongly subjected to fraud
and adulteration in every article of household
use that they dare not raise their protest nor
demand the right to have what they pay their
money for! . Taking it for granted that Mr. Ba
ker has a sincerity of purpose behind his views,
and the writer certainly believes he has, it still
makes no less serious his position entitling him
to the censure of every liberty-loving American.
Mr. Baker says that it is impossible to enforce
the pure food law of Oregon state without bank
rupting the city of Portland. We deny that
this would be the result. It would drive from
her midst a class who by the most illlgitimate
methods are preying upon the commonwealth
and amassing wealth by extortion irom every
humble home. It is just as much possible to
make the manufacturers of spices, baking pow
ders and all kinds of canned and glass goods
put only pure articles on the market as it is that
pure butter shall not have as a competitor any
substitute, to be sold to the consumer as butter.
Portland would be a better city, and her com
mercial relations would have a far healthier
tone if the frauds were compelled to close up
their places of business. But as long as the law
permits their existence they will continue grow
ing in strength and influence. We do not know
what proportion of the people of Oregon up
hold the peculiar and highly original view of
Mr. Baker, but we would certainly feel as
though our civilization was on the down grade
if they should abolish the laws upholding pure
food. We are equally as confident that when
the next session of the legislature of the state
of Washington meets that there will "be placed
on the statute books as strong a law* as the con
stitution will permit, suppressing all traffic in
adulterated foods. And that law will he en
RANCH AND EANGE.
Whenever there comes up before the citizens
of Seattle a question affecting the question con
cerning the welfare of the community, did you
ever notice how they get together, and cheer
ing and pulling, they never fail to attain the
abject desired. It has been the history of the
town ever since it started, and despite all the
opposition of other centers, backed by unlimited
capital, she has always maintained the lead.
This spirit of co-operation should prevail in
exactly the same way among every farming com
munity in the land. It would work wonders,
and the farmer would soon become the greatest
of all powers. From the fruits of his toil the
world is maintained. He holds the key to the
situation, ami it is "organization." Here is
one litle pointer which we take from the first
place in the editorial department of Column's
Rural World. It shows what can be done by
the farmer when he tries:
"The Farmers' Co-operative Society of Hock
well, the largest in the west, held its tenth an
nual meeting at Mason City, lowa, March sth.
The year has been the banner year of its his
tory. Over half a million bushels of gram has
been handled, besides other enormous interests
looked after. The total volume of business
transacted i 5.5205,015.21, and this is done at
the small expense of $2, _60. The society has
paid for gram at an average of from one to
three cents more than individual buyers, which
accounts for the enormous business. The net
profits for the year are $2,715. From almost
nothing the asociation has now assets amount
ing to $17,6-6. President Norman Densmore
was presented with a magnificent watch at tlie
conclusion of the meeting."
Amos Johnson and Clint Nicholson pur
chased 320 acres of land two miles west of
Oakesdale for $5,000 cash, or $17.50 per acre.
The land will be farmed by Bailor brothers,
of Oakesdale, and is in a high state of cultiva
tion, being broken last season and ready for
a big crop this year. They were offered $20 per
acre the day following their purchase.
W. 11. Babcock is engaged more extensively
in wheat raising than any one else in the state.
He has at Eureka Junction between 8,000 and
9,000 acres, which he cultivates, and raised last
year over 100,000 bushels. In the busy season
he employs as many as one hundred and twenty
men. Mr. Babcock is one of the best informed
men we have met on the wheat situation. He
makes out the government estimates on the
grain acreage, condition of crops, etc., in his
Joe Clark, living two miles north of Latah,
has sold twelve span of large work horses dur
ing the past four weeks, averaging $200 a span.
He has had calls from Spokane parties for
twelve spans more but could not supply the
demand. He shipped a carload of sixteen head
from his Big Bend farm Wednesday with
which to break his 400 acres of ground for his
spring crop. The range is forty miles north
The fruit inspector of Yakima county, Mr.
Beck, and his assistant, J. D. Medill, are proving
the most active of any in the state. All infest
ed orchards are required to be sprayed on twen
ty days' notice.
W. 11. Brown, fruit inspector for King coun
ty, condemned fourteen boxes of apples found
in a West street commission house and that
were affected with San Jose scale. The apples
were from Oregon.
We have referred to the hysterical attitude of
the eastern agricultural press over the appear
ance of the San Jose scale several times. We
are pleased to note that they are now recovering
from their excitement. Here is a correspondent
who goes to the other extreme, and in the Indi
ana k armer attempts to show that the scale is
not of any importance. Of course he is wrong,
for the scale wil ruin an orchard where it is
not eradicated by spraying.
"Inquiries go far in showing that at least
some of the San Jose scale alarmists keep put
ting themselves in print with the view of secur
ing a fat job as inspector or commissioner, and
the question is now frequently asked, 'Will these
fellows scare away other foreign markets be
sides Germany?' Our information shows that
where the San Jose scale has longest been it is
on the decrease, and in some sections that were
infested 1.0 years ago the scale has nearly if not
quite disappeared. Many atribute this disap
pearance to natural death, some to its parasite,
some to spraying.
"Prof. Simgerland, of Ithaca, N. X., says:
'I believe that those fruit growers who now suc
cessfully combat the canker worm, pear psylla
and curculio will be equally as successful in
dealing with this pest.'"
An interesting announcement comes this
week of the transfer of an interest in the
Blockhouse Smith ranch, in Chehalis county,
to Ninemore & Morgan, who conduct the Mon
tesano creamery. it contains 1,000 acres,
three-fourths of which is cleared. This firm
will put 200 cows on the ranch at once and
move the skimming station on it that they
have been conducting at Ford's prairie. S. W.
Hutchcraft, who is interested aiso in the ar
rangement, is preparing to go East shortly and
purchase fifty head of Shorthorns from the
Young Mary family.
Farmers have begun their spring work. They
intend to sow all the land they can spare to
wheat his season, and as spring is quite early
grain will have a good start. Farmers are com
ing to town in great numbers buying machin
ery and implements to cary on extensive work.
The merchants are selling gang plows, har
rows, seeders, etc., at a lively rate. The farm
ers are in good frame of mind and hope for a
big harvest this season and good prices. We
all hope it will be bothPalouse Exchange.
In one advertisement we read that "the but
ter awarded highest prize" was made by a
certain separator process. In another advertise
ment, that the same butter was awarded the
prize because it was salted with salt.
And then another advertisement claims that
the reason the butter was awarded first prize
was because it was colored with butter
color. Poor cow! Poor man! Where do you
come in, anyhow?— Jersey Bulletin.
The squirrels as yet are only in patches,
those which were.worked with poison last sea
son being comparatively free of them. The
pests are fast spreading and unless a united
effort is made by every one purchasing strych
nine and putting in some good hard work,
much damage will he the result to the growing
K. C. Judson, industrial agent for the 0.
B. & N. railway, has arranged with a market
gardener at Pendleton to produce by hot bed
12,000 tobacco plants of choice Havanna va
rieties, to be planted in different parts of East
ern Oregon, in order to determine the value - of
that district as a tobacco producer.
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