OCR Interpretation

Ranche and range. (North Yakima, Wash.) 1897-1902, January 10, 1901, Image 9

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2007252185/1901-01-10/ed-1/seq-9/

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ators; furthermore, the size of the
boiler is largely depending on local cir
cumstances, as the amount of steam
used in winter time, the number of
radiators, etc. However, never have
the boiler too small, as this is expen
It is generally assumed that any boy
who can open a steam valve can run
an engine. Very true; that is, he can
set the engine in motion and stop it by
-f shutting off the steam; but remember,
there is a right and a wrong way to do
things. In running an engine we have
to deal with two great losses: 1. Con
densation and evaporation of the steam
and heat on the way from the boiler
to the engine; 2 Leakage and conden
sation within the engine. The first
trouble can be avoided by covering the
steam pipes with asbestos, the second
by careful attention and timely re
pairs. Of course, speaking strictly,
there always will be some loss on ac
count of condensation within the cyl
inder of the engine, and the amount of
this is in proportion to the so-called
rut-off and the piston speed. While the
operator can not remedy any defect of
this kind, he must look out for leak
Most factories employ the common
slide-valve engine with a three-quarter
stroke, where it is the duty of the op
prator to keep the slide valve, the pis
ton, the valve rod and the piston rod
.steam tight. Use good pacKing and re
new it before it gets hard, thereby
rutting the rod. The governor of the
engine should receive special care, es
pecially if belt separators are used.
By all means I recommend that the
pulley on the governor be covered with
leather, thereby avoiding any slipping
of the governor belt.
The proper way to oil an engine is
by a good many not understood. Five
to eight drops per minute for the cyl
inder are enough, provided you have
good oil and a moderate speed, say 150
revolutions. All bearings and oil cups
should be kept clean; don't use too
light an oil on the bearings. A simple
way to try cylinder oil, which should
stand a high temperature, is the fol
lowing: iake a piece of paper aad
soak one-half in o^; light a match and
hold it to the unsoaked part, which,
of course, wm burn. Now, of course,
if your cylinder oil is of poor quality
the whole paper will burn up; if of
good quality it will smother out the
The bearings must receive the prop
er attention, in keeping them well sup
plied with oil and neither too tight nor
too loose. If your engine is in good
running order, ta^e a cold chisel and
mark all keys, straps, eccentric and
shaft. Should anyming give away it
is then an easy matter to readjust the
There are many more points to oe
mentioned here, as lining up an en
gine, resetting slide valve, care of bull
rings and followers of the piston, but
they are a subject by itself.
In conclusion let me say that the
economical firing oi a oiler and run
ning and engine demands care and
good judgment and largely influences
the success of a factory.
At the gateway of a new year and
a new century, emerging from the gay
carelessness of childhood, stand troops
of buoyant, eager-eyed youths and
maidens-, gazing down the vista of the
future with glad expectancy.
Fancy spreads upon her canvas ra
diant pictures of the joys and tri
umphs which await them in the un
born years. In their unclouded spring
time there is no place for the spectres
of doubt and fear which too often over
shadow the autumn of life.
In this favorite period the soul is
unsoiled by warfare with the world.
t lies, like a block of pure, uncut
Parian marble, ready to be fashioned
into— what?
Its possibilities are limitless. You
are the sculptor. An unseen hand
Dollars and Sense.
Why don't you get a DISBROW?
Can't afford it? You can't afford not
to have one! Yes, that's right; you can
save the price of it in one year. After
that—think of the dollars you're sav
ing by having good, hard sense. The
Disbrow saves labor, time, space,
shafting, belting, pulleys, it saves ice,
it saves butter—just drop us a postal
for our booklet. There are things in it
that will mean $ $ $ $ $ to you.
Creamery Pkg. Mfg.
General Sales Agents,
Waterloo, lowa.
Minneapolis, Minn.
places in yours the mallet and the
chisel, and a voice whispers: '1 he
marble waiteth; what will you do with
In this same block the angel and the
demon lie sleeping. Which will you
call into life? Blows of some sort you
must strike. The marble cannot be
left uncut. From its crudity some
shape must be evolved. Shall it be
one of beauty or of deformity, an an
gel or a devil? Will you shape it into
a statue of beauty which will enchant
the world, or will you call out a hide
ous image which will demoralize every
What are your ideas, as you stand
facing the dawn of this new century,
with the promise and responsibility
of the new year, the new life on which
you have entered, awaiting you? Upon
them depends the form which the
rough block shall take. Every stroke
of the chisel is guided by the ideal
behind the blow.
Look at this oasy-going, pleasure
loving youth who takes up the mallet
and smites the chisel with careless,
thoughtless blows. His mind is filled
with images of low. sensual pleasures:
the passing enjoyment of the hour is
everything to him; his work, the fu
ture, nothing. He carries in his heart,
perhaps, the bestial motto of the glut-
CHICAGO, Illinois.
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Neb.
ton, "Eat, drink and be merry, for to
morrow you may die;" or the flippant
maxim of the gay worldling, "A short
life and a merry one; the foam of the
chalice for me;" forgetting that be
neath the foam are the bitter dregs,
which be he ever so unwilling, he must
swallow, not today, not tomorrow—
perhaps not this year or next, but
sometime, as surely as the reaping fol
lows the sowing, will the, bitter
draught follow the foaming glass of
unlawful pleasure.
As the years go by and youth
merges into manhood, the sculptor's
hand becomes more unsteady. One
false blow follows another in rapid
succession. The formless marble takes
on distorted outlines. Its whiteness
has long since become spotted. The
sculptor, with blurred vision and shat
tered nerves, still strikes with aimless
hand, carving deep gashes, adding a
crooked line here, another there, soil
ing and marring until no trace of the
virgin purity of the block of marble
which was given him remains. It has
become so grimy, so demoniacally fan
tastic in its outlines that the beholder
turns from it with a shudder.
Not far off we can see another youth
at work on a block of marble similar
in every detail to the first. The tools
with which he plies his labor different
Owatonna Mfg. Co.
Owatonna. Minn
no wise from those of the worker we
have been following.
The glory of the morning shines
upon the marble. Glowing with en
thusiasm, the light of a high purpose
illuminating his face, the sculptor,
with steady hands and eye, begins to
work out his ideal. The vision that
flits before him is so beautiful that he
almost fears the cunning of his hand
will be unequal to fashioning it from
the rigid mass before him. Patiently
he measures each blow of the mallet.
With infinite care he chisels each line
and curve. Every stroke is true.
Months stretch into years, and still
we find the sculptor at work. Time
has given greater precision to his
touch, and the skill of the youth,
strengthened by noble aspirations and
right effort, has become positive gen
ius in the man. If he has not at
tained the ideal that haunted him, he
has created a form so beautiful, in its
clear-cut outlines, so imposing in the
majesty of its purity and strength,
that the beholder involuntarily bows
before it.
The marble waiteth. What will you
do with it? —Success.
Every bee-keeper should have a copy
of that famous book, "A. B. C. of Bee-
Culture." We will mail it post-paid
for $1.25 to any address.

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