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UVESTO6K INTERESTS < OPPOSE LEASING ARID LANDS. One of the many who do not believe in the leasing of the public ranges to the occupants thereof is Mr. Charles Becker of Westfall. Ore.. who writes to the Omaha Journal-Stockman, in re ply to the published letter of F. C Lusk. who strongly favors the lease plan, as follows: Of course. Lusk would be in favor Of a land-lease law. he being president of the American Cattle Growers' asso ciation, organized recently for the sole purpose of bringing about the leasing ol the open ranges. This association is composed entire ly of representatives of the largest live stock corporations of the West, and. of course, they are in favor of a lease law. Where is there a large live stock corporation that is not in favor of grabbing up and controlling all the land within their reach? Mr. Lusk represents a California corporation which owns about 94 per cent of the best land in Harney county. Much of that land was gotten under the swamp act. Parties would file on it as swamp land, unfit for farming purposes, mak ing affidavit that they rode all over the land in boats, but omitted to mention that the boats and their occupants were loaded on a wagon and hauled over the land by four horses. Accord ing to reliable information that com pany owns about 1,400 miles of fence, part wire and part rim rock, and of course they wish to control all of the open range in that section of the coun try. Large live stock corporations have no use for small stockmen nor settlers, and let congress once pass any kind of a lease law, no matter how it may be framed and sugarcoated over, there will be an end to small stockmen or any further settlement of the range slates. The country is capable of supporting many millions more of pop ulation, if water could be secured to ir rigate the millions of acres of good Farming land yet unclaimed. There is plenty of water in the springtime rush ing down the mountain sides and going to waste to answer all purposes of irri gation. Mr. Lusk proposes to donate the proceeds of the leasing of the pub lic domain to the several range states the land is located in, to be used for building storage reservoirs. For whose benefit, we would like Mr. Lusk to tell us, as after the public ranges once leas ed, there would be no further settle ment of the country possible, and Mr. Lusk is well aware of that fact, for that is the last thing a live stock cor poration wants —settling up of the ranges—and they would make it very uncomfortable for any settler who should be rash enough to settle on their ranges. The settlers and small stockmen of Harney county know that to their sorrow. So that, in reality, the money derived from the leasing of the ranges would be expended for the ben efit of those who hold the lease and the government could hold the empty sack. Mr. Lusk professes to be most anxious to protect the small stockmen and settlers. The past history of the company he represents does not show such a disposition on their part, but the contrary is the case. Mr. P. Frensch, the founder of this immense estate, was a genial and honorable gentleman, possessed of a great deal of energy anu good judgment in ac quiring land and property, coupled with an aggressive and grasping disposi tion, which caused his small neigh bors, for whose welfare Mr. Lusk pre tends to be so much concerned, any amount of litigation over their land, which terminated invariably in the set tler losing his land. Of course, the company gained their ends, but Mr. Frensch lost his life. To show the sen timent prevalent amongst the com munity, no jury could be procured to convict, and the murderer went free. The fact of the matter is, this cry of protecting the small stockman is only a sugar-coating of the proposed lease bill to keep the small stockman quiet until such a bill is passed and they are in control of the public ranges. Mr. Lusk also states that the sentiment of the small stockman is becoming more and more in favor of a lease law. In that Mr. Lusk is again wrong, for the feeling, not only of the people actually engaged in the raising of live stock, but all business interests through all of the range states, is becoming more intense in opposition to such a meas ure, as the people are beginning to realize the consequences to the busi ness interests should such a law be enacted. Mr. Lusk says: "For in stance, our company pays a large amount of taxes to the county and state," but he omits to tell how much they pay on a property that is easily worth several millions of dollars. Of course that would not do; it wouldn't be business. I think that lam safe in sayng that were their property owned and run b.y small stockmen and farm ers, the county and state would receive ten times the amount of taxes the company now pays. Besides, if small owners had the use of the range, it would support several times the num ber of stock it does now. Mr. Lusk further says that the ranges are now open battlefields between sheep and cattlemen, and tells of the many homi cides. In this Mr. Lusk is again in error. Why don't he give details of these bloody battles and numerous homicides? In his zeal to bolster up the necessity of leasing the open ranges, he allows his imagination to get the better of his veracity, for I defy Mr. Lusk to show the public one in stance where a battle has been fought over range between sheepmen and cat tlemen in Oregon, or any homicides committed within our states. But scores of homicides are on record over land, fences and water rights. I have lived in this country thirty two years, engaged in cattle raising on the open range, and I know of but one case, in Idaho, where a homicide has been committed over range troubles. That was in the Diamondfleld-Davis> case, lately disposed of. It has gotten so that if a sheepman and a cattleman happen to meet each other on the road and don't stop to gossip, the local pa pers report a bloody range war. Those report! of range war are mostly cir culated and put in print by those most ly interested in the passing of a lease law, for the sole purpose of shaping public opinion in favor of leasing the ranges, so a few rich men may control the whole live stock industry of this country and fix the price of meat, hides, wool, etc., to suit themselves. Mr. Lusk further quotes Texas as hav ing a lease law which is satisfactory to all concerned. Why should it not, when there is no one concerned now adays only those few corporations who derive all of the profits of the live stock industry of Texas, and who are, to a large extent, non-resident foreign ers? But anyhow, no comparison can be formed between the Northwestern range states and Texas. Geographical and climatic conditions forbid it. As for Australia, one need but read Mr. Carpenter's letters, published from THE RANCH. time to time in different papers throughout the country. In his letters he tells us that hundreds upon hun dreds of miles of wire fences are run in all directions over the range coun try, and the live stock business is car ried on exclusively by large corpora tions possessed of unlimited capital. The small stockmen who formerly car- ftHAVE YOU SAVED Hi*, up a little money! Would you like to go into II % a profitable business Then buy one of our /II \ Star Drilling Machines nj \\ and put it to work. You can make more firW vl\ money drilling wells of all kinds than 11 liSbO^l you on make with the same amount /I iMCy-iX ■ JLI of money invested In any other bus - /nUWSrsyfiKHrinesß> write us at once for free cat / R 'rif-i^Klsl alo£ and proofs of these statements IM^M3=~?SSSTAR DRILLING MACHINE CO., Akron. 0 I Have for Sale Finely Marked Collie Puppies 7 weeks old, bred from the winners of today; the best catlle and sheep dogs going. Write me for pedigree and description. Chas. F. Brown, Wcnatohcc, Wn. A. J. STREET, Ghilliwack, Br. Col. Registered Jersey Cattle won at New Westminis ter 1900—1st on 2 year-old-bull, Ist on yea ling bull, Ist on herd. Some choice stock for sale, Registered Pigs for Sale. Berkshire, Yorkshire, and Roland - Chinas. State Exp. Station, - Pullman, Wash K#?**^L Mountainview Ranch flMMßKaßth^gy Registered Jersey Cattle llSWKllllfclßSl the greatest milk and but hßL ter producers In the world. QMMSte^, Head of herd is [loyal of BBTHu Spokaiitl, son of Royal of jKsj^ Bellvedere. Have some WBr^ choice young bulls for sale; ■B^^^ two ready for service. Fechter & Janeck, No. Yakima, Wn. MOUNTAINVIEW FARM Poland-China Swine All stock registered. Bogs can bo seen at the farm near Gresham, Or. Write ns for prices, ped igrees, etc. W. W. COTTON, Worcester Bids. Portland, Oregon "THE LEDGES" American Jersey Cattle Club Jerseys St. Lambert, Tormentor and Rex strains. All selected stock. A.F.HAAS, BSS - SEATTLE DILWORTH BROS., Breeders of REGISTERED JERSEY CATTLE We are offering some choice young calves at $40 to ")0 each. Write for further particulars. SPOKANE, WASHINGTC N J^tk ORTHORN CATTLE JH^JIIROPCUinF CHEEP ill BerkJlllnL Jwine FOLLY Qeo.D.McLean, I ARM Mt Vernon,Wash. Westham Island FARM Pure Bred Hereford and Aberdeen Angus Cattle Leicester, Shropshire & Oxford Down Sheep Kirkland Estate, Westham Island, B. C. 7FNAIFIIWI Kills Lice. Tlc>t*' Mites, Fleas, Etc, LCHIIjLtIJITI on J|U,l. ot aniuisli tod poultry. UlTtn Infernally li driTM out worm*. Cure* »11 cuU, wound*, tons, ttc. Non-potaonons. Endowed by leading T«t*rlo»rt»n«. "VeUr)n»r» Ad t ber" free. DUlnfectut Co., 7i Bit n St., Detroit, Hlch. ELMWOOD A. J. C. C. JERSEYS Brown Bessie's Champion 48471 at head of herd — son of Teasel 75358; test 294 lbs. milk and 20 lbs. 4 oz. butter In 7 days : only living daughter of Brown Bes sie 74997, winner of 90-day and 30- day dairy test at World's Fair. Sire, Diploma 2d. by Diploma 10219, sire of 49 tested daughters and 14 producing sons; 411.5 lbs. butter and 6328 lbs. milk average per cow in 12 mo. Bull Calves for sale. Adam I*l. Stevens, Ellensburg, Wash. Choice Shorthorn Cattle and BERKSHIRE HOGS, Both male and female, FOR SALE by Wm. A. Conant ELLENSBURG - - • WASH Correspondence and inspection solicited. Grandview Farm..*. We are offering some choice rams and the year ling Clyde stallion Mischief Maker 2*13. Also »ome choice young B«rKshlre»and some very tine Toulouse geese. Shannon Bros., Clovordalo, B.C. Fork Branch Farm SHORTHORN CATTLE, Prices right for tingle ludtviduals or by carload. Our cattle are all right—not pampered. Address— A.CHALMERS : : GEHTERVILLE, OREGON ... PIONEER FARM ... Shropshire Sheep won at 1900 Royal Pro vincial show — on aged ram and shear ling ram, Ist and 3d on aged ewes. Duroc Jersey Hogs won 12 prizes In this class. K. A. KIPP, Chiliwack, B. C. pm& HQLSTEIN CATTLE! Ji^tt M&&W tor Breed In the World. Write to *SF—II Wls.Live Stock Ass'n,Appleton,Wis.,U.S.A. DORSET . HILL .RANCH Red Polled Cattle Essex Pigs Dorset Horn Sheep first on a?ed bull at Koyal Provincial Show, 1900; first and second on aged cows J. T. Maynard, Chllliwack, B. C. A. C. WELLS & COMPANY JERSEY AND AYRSHIRE CATTLE. Berkshire Swine and Lincoln Sheep, White Bmden Geese, White Plymouth Rocks, White Holland Turkeys. A few good rams and young boars now for sale. Chiliwack, B. C. Rubber Stamps and Stencils. We make a specialty of supplying rubber stamps and stencils for fruit growers, creamerymen, et". Mall orders receive prompt attention. Commer cial Stamp Works, 42 Scheuerman Bldg.Seattl* Dip your Cattle I Hogs and Sheep I with the Antlspptle Cattle Dip. Your H stock will feed bettor, put on more flesh, sell better, if yon dip them with ■ "CHLORO NAPTHOLEUM" I the safest, surest and cheapest dip In the market. Sure death to Ticks and ■ Texas Fever, Lice and Mange. Auk ■ for it. Don't accept a subHtitute. hend lor our free book-: "Sheep and Cattle ■ 1 ii -.easps" and "Poultry and Swine Di«- eases. 49* Agents wanted in all un- occupied territory. PRICKS: I One-gullon Cans f1.60 Five-gallon ("ans 6.75 Cbloro-N'aptholeum Dls Fluid H f 2.50 per gallon. WEST DISINFECTING GO. I 320 MONTGOMERY ST., SAN FRANCISCO ■ Pitas* mention this papar. Mention Tb« Ranch wh«n you writ*.