UVESTO6K INTERESTS <
OPPOSE LEASING ARID LANDS.
One of the many who do not believe
in the leasing of the public ranges to
the occupants thereof is Mr. Charles
Becker of Westfall. Ore.. who writes
to the Omaha Journal-Stockman, in re
ply to the published letter of F. C
Lusk. who strongly favors the lease
plan, as follows:
Of course. Lusk would be in favor
Of a land-lease law. he being president
of the American Cattle Growers' asso
ciation, organized recently for the sole
purpose of bringing about the leasing
ol the open ranges.
This association is composed entire
ly of representatives of the largest
live stock corporations of the West,
and. of course, they are in favor of a
lease law. Where is there a large live
stock corporation that is not in favor
of grabbing up and controlling all the
land within their reach? Mr. Lusk
represents a California corporation
which owns about 94 per cent of the
best land in Harney county. Much of
that land was gotten under the swamp
act. Parties would file on it as swamp
land, unfit for farming purposes, mak
ing affidavit that they rode all over the
land in boats, but omitted to mention
that the boats and their occupants
were loaded on a wagon and hauled
over the land by four horses. Accord
ing to reliable information that com
pany owns about 1,400 miles of fence,
part wire and part rim rock, and of
course they wish to control all of the
open range in that section of the coun
try. Large live stock corporations have
no use for small stockmen nor settlers,
and let congress once pass any kind of
a lease law, no matter how it may be
framed and sugarcoated over, there
will be an end to small stockmen or
any further settlement of the range
slates. The country is capable of
supporting many millions more of pop
ulation, if water could be secured to ir
rigate the millions of acres of good
Farming land yet unclaimed. There is
plenty of water in the springtime rush
ing down the mountain sides and going
to waste to answer all purposes of irri
gation. Mr. Lusk proposes to donate
the proceeds of the leasing of the pub
lic domain to the several range states
the land is located in, to be used for
building storage reservoirs. For whose
benefit, we would like Mr. Lusk to tell
us, as after the public ranges once leas
ed, there would be no further settle
ment of the country possible, and Mr.
Lusk is well aware of that fact, for
that is the last thing a live stock cor
poration wants —settling up of the
ranges—and they would make it very
uncomfortable for any settler who
should be rash enough to settle on
their ranges. The settlers and small
stockmen of Harney county know that
to their sorrow. So that, in reality, the
money derived from the leasing of the
ranges would be expended for the ben
efit of those who hold the lease and
the government could hold the empty
sack. Mr. Lusk professes to be most
anxious to protect the small stockmen
and settlers. The past history of the
company he represents does not show
such a disposition on their part, but
the contrary is the case. Mr. P.
Frensch, the founder of this immense
estate, was a genial and honorable
gentleman, possessed of a great deal
of energy anu good judgment in ac
quiring land and property, coupled with
an aggressive and grasping disposi
tion, which caused his small neigh
bors, for whose welfare Mr. Lusk pre
tends to be so much concerned, any
amount of litigation over their land,
which terminated invariably in the set
tler losing his land. Of course, the
company gained their ends, but Mr.
Frensch lost his life. To show the sen
timent prevalent amongst the com
munity, no jury could be procured to
convict, and the murderer went free.
The fact of the matter is, this cry of
protecting the small stockman is only
a sugar-coating of the proposed lease
bill to keep the small stockman quiet
until such a bill is passed and they
are in control of the public ranges. Mr.
Lusk also states that the sentiment of
the small stockman is becoming more
and more in favor of a lease law. In
that Mr. Lusk is again wrong, for the
feeling, not only of the people actually
engaged in the raising of live stock,
but all business interests through all
of the range states, is becoming more
intense in opposition to such a meas
ure, as the people are beginning to
realize the consequences to the busi
ness interests should such a law be
enacted. Mr. Lusk says: "For in
stance, our company pays a large
amount of taxes to the county and
state," but he omits to tell how much
they pay on a property that is easily
worth several millions of dollars. Of
course that would not do; it wouldn't
be business. I think that lam safe in
sayng that were their property owned
and run b.y small stockmen and farm
ers, the county and state would receive
ten times the amount of taxes the
company now pays. Besides, if small
owners had the use of the range, it
would support several times the num
ber of stock it does now. Mr. Lusk
further says that the ranges are now
open battlefields between sheep and
cattlemen, and tells of the many homi
cides. In this Mr. Lusk is again in
error. Why don't he give details of
these bloody battles and numerous
homicides? In his zeal to bolster up
the necessity of leasing the open
ranges, he allows his imagination to
get the better of his veracity, for I defy
Mr. Lusk to show the public one in
stance where a battle has been fought
over range between sheepmen and cat
tlemen in Oregon, or any homicides
committed within our states. But
scores of homicides are on record over
land, fences and water rights.
I have lived in this country thirty
two years, engaged in cattle raising on
the open range, and I know of but one
case, in Idaho, where a homicide has
been committed over range troubles.
That was in the Diamondfleld-Davis>
case, lately disposed of. It has gotten
so that if a sheepman and a cattleman
happen to meet each other on the road
and don't stop to gossip, the local pa
pers report a bloody range war. Those
report! of range war are mostly cir
culated and put in print by those most
ly interested in the passing of a lease
law, for the sole purpose of shaping
public opinion in favor of leasing the
ranges, so a few rich men may control
the whole live stock industry of this
country and fix the price of meat,
hides, wool, etc., to suit themselves.
Mr. Lusk further quotes Texas as hav
ing a lease law which is satisfactory
to all concerned. Why should it not,
when there is no one concerned now
adays only those few corporations who
derive all of the profits of the live
stock industry of Texas, and who are,
to a large extent, non-resident foreign
ers? But anyhow, no comparison can
be formed between the Northwestern
range states and Texas. Geographical
and climatic conditions forbid it. As
for Australia, one need but read Mr.
Carpenter's letters, published from
time to time in different papers
throughout the country. In his letters
he tells us that hundreds upon hun
dreds of miles of wire fences are run
in all directions over the range coun
try, and the live stock business is car
ried on exclusively by large corpora
tions possessed of unlimited capital.
The small stockmen who formerly car-
ftHAVE YOU SAVED
Hi*, up a little money! Would you like to go into
II % a profitable business Then buy one of our
/II \ Star Drilling Machines
nj \\ and put it to work. You can make more
firW vl\ money drilling wells of all kinds than
11 liSbO^l you on make with the same amount
/I iMCy-iX ■ JLI of money invested In any other bus -
/nUWSrsyfiKHrinesß> write us at once for free cat
/ R 'rif-i^Klsl alo£ and proofs of these statements
IM^M3=~?SSSTAR DRILLING MACHINE CO., Akron. 0
I Have for Sale Finely Marked
7 weeks old, bred from the winners of today; the
best catlle and sheep dogs going. Write me for
pedigree and description.
Chas. F. Brown, Wcnatohcc, Wn.
A. J. STREET, Ghilliwack, Br. Col.
Registered Jersey Cattle won at New Westminis
ter 1900—1st on 2 year-old-bull, Ist on yea ling bull,
Ist on herd. Some choice stock for sale,
Registered Pigs for Sale.
and Roland - Chinas.
State Exp. Station, - Pullman, Wash
K#?**^L Mountainview Ranch
flMMßKaßth^gy Registered Jersey Cattle
llSWKllllfclßSl the greatest milk and but
hßL ter producers In the world.
QMMSte^, Head of herd is [loyal of
BBTHu Spokaiitl, son of Royal of
jKsj^ Bellvedere. Have some
WBr^ choice young bulls for sale;
■B^^^ two ready for service.
Fechter & Janeck, No. Yakima, Wn.
All stock registered. Bogs can bo seen at the
farm near Gresham, Or. Write ns for prices, ped
W. W. COTTON,
Worcester Bids. Portland, Oregon
American Jersey Cattle Club Jerseys
St. Lambert, Tormentor and Rex strains. All
A.F.HAAS, BSS - SEATTLE
REGISTERED JERSEY CATTLE
We are offering some choice young calves at $40
to ")0 each. Write for further particulars.
SPOKANE, WASHINGTC N
J^tk ORTHORN CATTLE
ill BerkJlllnL Jwine
I ARM Mt Vernon,Wash.
Pure Bred Hereford and
Aberdeen Angus Cattle
Leicester, Shropshire & Oxford Down Sheep
Kirkland Estate, Westham Island, B. C.
7FNAIFIIWI Kills Lice. Tlc>t*' Mites, Fleas, Etc,
LCHIIjLtIJITI on J|U,l. ot aniuisli tod poultry. UlTtn
Infernally li driTM out worm*. Cure* »11 cuU, wound*, tons, ttc.
Non-potaonons. Endowed by leading T«t*rlo»rt»n«. "VeUr)n»r» Ad
t ber" free. DUlnfectut Co., 7i Bit n St., Detroit, Hlch.
ELMWOOD A. J. C. C. JERSEYS
Brown Bessie's Champion 48471 at head
of herd — son of Teasel 75358; test 294
lbs. milk and 20 lbs. 4 oz. butter In 7
days : only living daughter of Brown Bes
sie 74997, winner of 90-day and 30- day
dairy test at World's Fair. Sire, Diploma
2d. by Diploma 10219, sire of 49 tested
daughters and 14 producing sons; 411.5
lbs. butter and 6328 lbs. milk average per
cow in 12 mo. Bull Calves for sale.
Adam I*l. Stevens, Ellensburg, Wash.
Choice Shorthorn Cattle
and BERKSHIRE HOGS,
Both male and female, FOR SALE by
Wm. A. Conant
ELLENSBURG - - • WASH
Correspondence and inspection solicited.
We are offering some choice rams and the year
ling Clyde stallion Mischief Maker 2*13. Also
»ome choice young B«rKshlre»and some very tine
Shannon Bros., Clovordalo, B.C.
Fork Branch Farm
Prices right for tingle ludtviduals or by carload.
Our cattle are all right—not pampered. Address—
A.CHALMERS : : GEHTERVILLE, OREGON
... PIONEER FARM ...
Shropshire Sheep won at 1900 Royal Pro
vincial show — on aged ram and shear
ling ram, Ist and 3d on aged ewes. Duroc
Jersey Hogs won 12 prizes In this class. K.
A. KIPP, Chiliwack, B. C.
pm& HQLSTEIN CATTLE! Ji^tt
M&&W tor Breed In the World. Write to
*SF—II Wls.Live Stock Ass'n,Appleton,Wis.,U.S.A.
DORSET . HILL .RANCH
Red Polled Cattle Essex Pigs Dorset Horn Sheep
first on a?ed bull at Koyal Provincial Show, 1900;
first and second on aged cows
J. T. Maynard, Chllliwack, B. C.
A. C. WELLS & COMPANY
JERSEY AND AYRSHIRE CATTLE.
Berkshire Swine and Lincoln Sheep, White
Bmden Geese, White Plymouth Rocks, White
Holland Turkeys. A few good rams and
young boars now for sale. Chiliwack, B. C.
Rubber Stamps and Stencils.
We make a specialty of supplying rubber stamps
and stencils for fruit growers, creamerymen, et".
Mall orders receive prompt attention. Commer
cial Stamp Works, 42 Scheuerman Bldg.Seattl*
Dip your Cattle I
Hogs and Sheep I
with the Antlspptle Cattle Dip. Your H
stock will feed bettor, put on more
flesh, sell better, if yon dip them with ■
"CHLORO NAPTHOLEUM" I
the safest, surest and cheapest dip In
the market. Sure death to Ticks and ■
Texas Fever, Lice and Mange. Auk ■
for it. Don't accept a subHtitute. hend
lor our free book-: "Sheep and Cattle ■
1 ii -.easps" and "Poultry and Swine Di«-
eases. 49* Agents wanted in all un-
One-gullon Cans f1.60
Five-gallon ("ans 6.75
Cbloro-N'aptholeum Dls Fluid H
f 2.50 per gallon.
WEST DISINFECTING GO. I
320 MONTGOMERY ST., SAN FRANCISCO ■
Pitas* mention this papar.
Mention Tb« Ranch wh«n you writ*.
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