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STEVENS TO THE SHODDY. A. M. Stevens. I notice what you say in The Ranch of the "short sightedness and down right assininity" of the Northwest Wool Growers Association at Helena, that resoluted against the passage of the Grout bill designed to prevent the fraudulent sale of oleomargarine for genuine butter. There is an old adage which says: "Thrice is he armed whose cause is just," but these wool growers, in stead of making a manly fight for jus tice, have prostituted their influence, if they have any, to the oleo interests to assist them to perpetuate a greater crime than mixing cotton with wool to clothe the body. The question is pertinent: What is it these wool growers wish to help the oleomargarine people do that they op pose the passage of the so-called Grout bill? The "oleo" manufacturers only wish to mix the oil of the fat of beef, in plain words the gut fat oil of beef Avith cottonseed oil. hog fat and some other substances together, then churn the compound in milk, color it like butter and sell the stuff for butter. That is all. Perhaps they expect the oleo people to mix mutton suet with the com pound, and thus be enabled to sell tneir sheep for a few more cents each by reason of the higher price their suet brings when mixed in oleomar garine made in semblance of butter and sold as such. Is it any wonder their secretary re signed in disgust? Suppose a private dairyman should mix his hog fat with the butter he produces and sells it for gilt edge butter, or suppose a creamery making two hundred pounds of butter per day should place twenty five pounds of the oil pressed from the caul fat of beef, twenty-five pounds of hog fat, twenty-five pounds o- cottonseed oil, and twenty-five pounds of mutton suet in the churn with the cream and thus produce three hundred pounds of the mixture and palm it off on his customers as fine quality of genuine butter? The private dairyman or the cream eryman that would do such a thing is only on equality with the Chicago packer that manufactures oleo in sem blance of butter and sells it as such, and the consumers of butter are be ginning to see it in that light and want none of it imposed on them for genu ine butter. To show the drift of public opinion on this subject I circulated a petition during part of the afternoon of the 22nd inst., asking our United States Senators, the Hon. George Turner and Hon. Addison G. Foster, to aid in the passage of the new Grout bill, H. R. 9206, which places a tax of 10 cents per pound on oleomargarine when made in semblance of yellow butter, and in the brief time mentioned, se cured 130 signatures to said petition. Over one-half were names of persons in other occupations than farming.' Every merchant I saw signed it, at-' torneys, physicians, insurance and real estate men, bankers and others, without regard to occupation or poli tical opinion signed the petition and many of them expressed the opinion that the tax should be high enough lo make it prohibitive. It is gratifying to note that all wool growers and stockmen are not in ac cord with the wool growers assembly at Helena, as shown by the fact that those 1 had the pleasure of meeting the 22u(t inst. signed the petition. I only saw two butchers, and they signed it, showing that a majority of men are opposed to fraudulent deal ing. The short sighted ness of stockmen who oppose the restrictive legislation of the sale of oleomargarine made in semblance of yellow butter is shown by the fact that the special dairy cows il bred to beef bulls will produce good beef and if dairymen are compelled to compete in the production of but ter with oleomargarine made in sem blance of genuine butter, it is only a question of time when their dairy cows will be used in the production of beef supply. Demand, as a rule, regulates prices. If the dairymen are crowded out of their legitimate market, the produc tion of butter, they will be compelled to turn their cows to producing beef which many are already doing. Stock men will find that the accession of the dairymen to their ranks may re sult in lowering the price of beef very perceptibly in the markets. If only one-half cent per pound, it will make $5 per head of 1000 pound steers, and $8 per head on 1600 pound steers, and the possibilities are for a much greater reduction of the price of beef! Should it reach one cent per pound it will make from $10 to $16 per head according to weight. We think stockmen will eventually find that their true interests are in giving the dairymen their own legitimate market and assist them in holding it against the packers who are attempt ing to take it by fraud and deceit. FOSTER IN LINE. Mr. Miller Freeman, editor of The Ranch. —I'herewith enclose a letter, which was written to Senators Foster and Turner, urging them to vote for the passage of the "Grout Bill." I have received a reply from Senaior Foster which I enclose. You asked me to send you the letters as you wish them for publication. I note that the Grout bill has passed the house, and :hat the agricultural committee has reported it favorably to the senate. This would seem to indicate that the bill will become law at this session of congress. I would suggest that the anniversary of the day the Grout bill becomes law be celebrated by the dairymen in every state in the union by holding thereon either annual con ventions or by meetings of similar character. c. a. McDonald, State Dairy and Food Commissioner. Seattle. Wash., Feb. 6. 1902. Hon. Addison S. Foster, U. S. Senator, Washington, 1). C.: At the last state dairymen's con vention, resolutions were passed ask ing the members of congress from this state to give their support to the pas sage of the bill, taxing oleomargerine 10 cents per pound which is known as the Grout bill. The sentiment among the farmers in this state is very strongly in favor Of the passage of this bill. The butter industry is growing as rapidly as pos sible. It is true that this office has succeeded in driving oleomargerine from the market by enforcing the state law. However, if the Grout bill should be defeated, the friends of oleomar gerine will attempt to pass another bill which may leave a loop hole so that oleomargarine may gain a foot hold in the State of Washington. This would be a death blow to the dairy in dustry. From a purely selfish stand- THE RANCH. point, say nothing of the fraud per petrated on the public by selling oleo margerine for butter, the "Grout Bill" should be passed, as we do not manufacture any oleomargarine in the state. I therefore urge you in behalf of the dairymen not only to vote for the bill, but to use all your influence to have other senators vote for it. You will thereby confer a permanent bene fit on the dairymen of your state. c. a. McDonald, Honorable E. A. McDonald, State Dairy and Food Commissioner, Se attle, Washington: Herewith I acknowledge receipt of your letter of February 6, in which you refer to the action of the State Dairy men's Association in urging the mem bers of congress to support the pas sage of a bill taxing colored oleomar genne 10 cents per pound, etc. I also note that the sentiment of our farmers is strongly in favor of the passage of a bill of the nature of the Grout bill. I fully recognize that the butter and dairy interests of the state are growing rapidly, and am heartily in favor of encouraging the further development of this important industry. I have just learned that the oleo margarine bill, which has been under discussion for a long time in the lower house, has just passed that body. A large meeting of stockmen and ranchers was held at Oroville last week for the purpose of drawing lines between the cattle and sheep industry. About forty-nine were in attendance, and resolutions were passed condemn ing the encroachments of the sheep men. There is a report that there is a desire on the part of all non-sheep men to shove the sheep bands south of the Columbia river. PRODUCER VS. DEALER. By D. S. Boissevain. For your issue of the 20th ulto. '"Commission man" writes an article proposing and eulogizing the coopera tion between the producer, shipper and commission merchant, which is certainly a laudable desire; but the manner in which he outlines his plan is, I am sorry to say, doomed to dis appointment. To run a farm properly we must be scientific, not theoretical nor ex perimental. Experiment in a subor dinate manner is desirable, almost necessary for each individual at the present stage of the game. Neverthe less, the experimental stage per se is a business in itself and is not, can not, from the nature of it be financial ly remunerative, all exceptions to the contrary, notwithstanding. It is the same along any other line of action. There is an activity which cannot be called "a line of action," and covers that nature of expenditure of energy which is unsystematic, erat ic, and has no science to define and govern its limits. Of late years the thought of co-operation is a growing one amongst men. The evolution of society compels us to shape our ideas in that direction. The tool owned and operated by that individual, small, clumsy, and readily manufactured, required no as sociation or co-operation of men. The complex machine of today compels men to work together and to be inter dependent. There must be co-opera tion or ruin. It is imperatively neces sary that from the highest to the low est, every official of the railway com pany be at his post just when re quired, or accident and demoralization follow, as we unfortunately know by sad experience. The same proposition holds good throughout every depart ment of our organized commercial and industrial undertakings, to a greater or lesser extent proportionate to their importance or in other words to their excellence, as undertakings no matter of what description. Now in all these undertakings we find good men and bad men working together, and so long as bad habits or good ones do not exceed the limit, the owners of these habits work on unmolested. If Moran Bros.' Co. would shut the gate to every man who is drunk over Sunday, or gambles all his wages off, there would be some vacant places on Monday morning. If it is against a man's principles to work on a certain day we all commend him for standing firm for his belief; but if he observes that day contrary to the rules or requirements of his shop he iv struck off the list just the same as if his absence was due to the pursuit ix Some Coffees .j)a are Glazed with a cheap coating. vXf If glazing helps coffee ral/L? why aren't the high jStffljs? priced Mochas and Javas |o. glazed also? m Lion Coffee ||M is not glazed. It is per- WIL fectly pure and has a delicious flavor. , /"*£?£§!? a The sealed package Insures unl '^M/^&jgg^^'-* form quality and freshness. TfieMsfOou^all tf J/foiithwicK Co. >»«• 717-19-21-23 nratAvenue -Wash' r I i Exclusive Seattle agents | for I Sorosis Shoes the perfected American made shoe for women. , Over 50 styles in every leather and always at one j price. $3.50 When ordering by mail remit twenty-five cents for postage. A. G. FOSTER.