Peas and Oats.
H. L. Blanchard:
Yesterday I met Mr. Ford in Sno
homish, (you perhaps remember hav
ing met him at the association in Ever
ett.) He was asking me as to my idea
about sowing oats and peas on soil;
whether better to plow the ground now
and re-plow at time of sowing, or to
defer plowing until seeding time. He
wants to build a silo this year, and to
raise this crop to put into it.
My experience in this has been very
limited, but my opinion is in favor of
not plowing until seeding time. Two
years ago I sowed a small piece of sod
to this crop —sowing the seed before
plowing —and then cutting it well with
my disc. This crop did well. But I
can hardly deduce a positive conclu
sion from this that it is the best meth
od. I have frequently sown oats on
sod, but only the one time with peas.
I thought that perhaps you might have
had some experience, or opportunity
for observation, on this line, and could
give me some information. I am not
only interested on Mr. Ford's account,
but my own as well, as I want to fill
my silos, and I really prefer oats and
peas to clover, and as my ground is
mostly seeded to grass, I must depend
somewhat upon sod unless I take clo
In my own mind, I have been discus
sing the propriety of trying a few
acres of corn for the silo, but can
hardly persuade myself that sod is
just the right thing for corn in this
Now, Mr. Blanchard. if you can give
me some information without en
croaching too much upon your time, 1
shall be very thankful.
I am now feeding oat and pea silage
that I had over from last year, and find
it of good quality.
Am now milking but nine cows, all
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I — genekai. Agent korOhbgon and Washington. j
[ with their first calves but one, and
' some of them have been in milk sev
eral months. Am making about 8
I lbs. butter per day. I'm a beginner,
you see. D. F. SEXTON.
D. F. Sexton: Replying to your in
quiry regarding sowing peas and oats
I on sod would say that I would not
I plow sod land now for peas and oats;
would wait and do such plowing as
I seed time approached. I never have
| had a failure with such crop on sod
| under the following plan: Just before
seeding time, plow about five inches
deep, setting the furrow on its edge
on an angle of about forty-five degrees.
I Sow the peas before harrowing, then
! harrow once and sow the oats, then
repeatedly harrow until a good seed
bed is secured. Then arrange any
sods that may have been torn up, and
thoroughly roll with heavy roller —a
good seed bed must be had —one must,
more or less, suit his plan of operat
ing to the tools employed in the work.
Such a seed bed ought to be at least
four inches deep, of thoroughly pul
verized soil; with sod this often re
j quires much labor.
When sowing this crop on sod land,
the better plan is to plow in the fall or
early winter, about six inches deep,
turning the furrows over quite flat,
and using a jointer on the plow. When
seeding time comes, go o^er with the
drag harrow, then sow the peas and
cross plow them in four inches deep.
When the sprouts on the peas are one
to two inches in length, sow the oats,
and cover about two inches deep. In
this way one secures a firm and well
prepared seed bed with the minimum
amount of labor. The great point to
always be kept in mind is to get the
peas in deep enough, 3 to 4 inches. It
does not matter as to how this is done
provided a good seed bed is secured.
One must adopt a plan suited to his
conditions, and the agencies at hand
for doing the work.
H. L. BLANCHARD.
H. L. Blanchard:
i heard you speak very much in
favor of oat and pea hay for a dairy
ration. I should like to hear from you
by mail, how you seed the two grains
to obtain the most satisfactory re
sults. Kindly state amount of seed of
each used per acre. F. J. M.
Mr. F. J. M.
Yours of the 19th inst. duly at hand.
Yes, I would be lost without oat and
pea hay, to feed my milch cows. The
first thing necessary in seeding the
two grains, and which is all import
ant, is a good and wellprepared seed
bed, to a depth of at least four inches
—a clayey soil is to be preferred, and
better results follow early seeding,
as a rule. The peas should be planted
at least four inches deep, unless the
soil be of a clay nature and naturally
damp, then three inches will do. This
can be done, either, by sowing the
peas broadcast at the rate of about
one sack to the acre, and on the sur
face of the prepared seed bed and then
plowed in with an eight or twelve
inch plow to the required depth, or
witn the seed drill.
About one week thereafter, or when
the peas have sprouts from one inch
to two inches in length, sow the oats
at the rate of one sack to the acre,
and cover them with the ordinary har
row, or drill them in about two or
three inches deep, depending upon the
depth the peas are planted.
The Canadian field pea is generally
used. H. L. BLANCHARD.
To insure a good crop
aav c s o11(> -
third the seed
■ fifths the labor. It sows evenly. It is a
■ "dandy." It will last as long as you live,
■ and be just as good when your son owns
I the place. It spreads the seed evenly and
I regularly, and never gets out of order.
■ When you go to town ask your dealer to
I show you one, We send circulars free.
I GOO DELL COMPANY,
I 48 Main Street,
NEW FRUIT CREATIONS
High Grade Vegetables and Flowers.
Awarded Gold and Silver Medals
Heautifully illustrated catalogue of
seeds and trees mailed free.
Trumbull & Beebe
Seedsmen and Nurserymen,
419 421 Sansome Street, San Francisco.
•MIXING IN MONTANA"
Is the leading chapter in Wonderland 1902,
the Northern Pacific's annual publication
just issued. The chapter relates the his
tory of mining in Montana from the early
days and is illustrated frof some rare old
photograph! and from some taken espec
ially for the purpose.
The hook is a good one for your friends
in the Kast as well as for yourwlf.
Send six cents and address for each
copy wanted, to CHAS. S. PHK, General
Passenger A^ent. St. Paul, Minn., and he
will mail it to each address-
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