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FARM HORSE BREEDING.
We use the expression in the title of this article for the purpose of mak ing a distinction. There is a horse breeding which is not a practical farm industry. That is the breeding of the Thoroughbred and the Standard-bred horses whose object is the race course. That line of breeding may be both legitimate and profitable. We do not care to discuss the race horse propo sition at this time from an ethical or economic standpoint, and as a prac tical problem of farm breeding the ver dict of all experience is against breed ing race horses as a farm industry. Hence we dismiss the Thoroughbred and Standard-bred horse from the sub ject of " farm horse breeding." Practical farm horse breeding is limited to two lines of effort, viz., the breeding of work or draft horses, and me breeding of pleasure or carriage Jiorses. All other classes of horses except race horses and a very limited contingent of fancy saddle horses, are accidents of breeding efforts directed toward one or the other of the types named. The field or farm horse breeding par excellence is the work or draft horse. Here is an animal as indispensable to the human family as any product of the farm, and of which the farmers are themselves the largest consumers —upon which, in fact, farm industry comes to depend for success more and more each year. It is this branch of the industry we want to discuss, and at this time we are told that farmers are the largest buyers of work horses in the central markets. This shows that through neglect of the horse breeding industry in the decade of 1890-1900 the natural producer and seller of horses is thrown into the field as a buyer and consumer —a con dition of incalculable loss to agricul tural industry. In a discussion of this industry certain fundamental factors in the case must be insisted upon: (1) Weight or "beef" is an essential ele ment of value in a work horse. All kinds of theories are held about the most useful horse, the "general pur pose" horse in size, weight, etc. But the outstanding fact is that when a nan goes to sell a horse the animal of 1,800 to 2,000 pounds weight (con formation and soundness being equal) will bring three times the money which a 1,200 to 1,400-pound horse will bring. (2) In breeding for heavy horses enough and more than enough underweight horses are always se cured to fill the demand for express, hack and general purpose work horses. That is inevitable from the varied types of breeding mares which must be used to keep up the horse supply o. the country. It is useless, there iore, purposely to breed for the al ready too common "chunk," or all pur pose horse, since we cannot get rid of an excess of that class of horses, if we breed at all. (3) Weight in a horse must be associated with dura bility, form and soundness. Now, less than ever, is a long-legged, long backed, loose-jointed horse tolerated in the market. The "corn crib" type of horse is despised of all men. It costs too much to keep up such type oi horse, and iiis day of usefulness is too brief to make him of value. He is too slow and logy for farm work as a colt —he is simply a waste product. This needs to be borne in mind in breeding. A "big boned" horse and a big, bony horse are not even related terms. This thing of all others needs Ij M I IT'S NOT SPRING YET I m\ But it soon will be. Then will come the || m strain on that old churn you've got in your 0 If creamery, Now, you know you have been HI M thinking for some time of getting a new Disbrow || II Combined Churn and Worker, so as to be up || 1 to date. Why not order it now, before the spring m H rush begins? If you wait for three months we m M i ay i - • able to fill your order promptly. It m (t&ii feu M has happened that way lots of times. m I Owatonna Manfg. Co., Creamery Pkg. Mfg. Co. § I SOLE MANUFACTURERS General Sales Agents, CHICAGO, ILL. mi Waterloo, lowa. Kansas City, Mo. ||« Owatonna, : '- Minn. Minneapolis, Minn. Omaha, Neb. gsj \J WORLD^sTHAMPIOITTTEAR^OLrTROTTJNG STALLION \J S^mnrOTIIU O.nCi/ W.rldFamonsinHrwdln.;, Individual Perfitwie. and torly Speed of Celt*. The leading Sire for «r "International 8l«.k Food *"-" tad ■ DlntU I Ulffl l!Ub% Talued.t $100,000. 0-Writeton.r.rb.»ntlf«lUrgeUUio It I. printed In .li brilliant eolort and will b. -ailed Free. I ■ TZ^^^-^—^^^^—^^^^^^mmmmmmmmmmm Wa feed "INTERNATIONAL STOCK FOOD" every day to our Five Stalllem, Brood Harei, Colts, etc. "INTERNATIONAL I H^H ■ STOCK FOOD" causes Horses, Cattle, Hots and Sheep to grow very rapidly and makes them Healthy and Vigorous. Ii HPk^^^B I used and strongly endorsed by over 500,000 Farmers. It la sold on ■ Spot Cash Guarantee to Ktlund lour Honey In any WCk. <*> i^HH M cue of failure, by over 30,000 Dealers. It will make yon extra money In Growing or Fattening Stock. Owing to its . ■FT *> v /^9H M blood purifying and stimulating tonic effects it Cures or Prevents Disease. It is a safe vegetable medicinal preparation ■■r ; J pHPSBSSBJ Ito be fed in small-sized feeds in connection with the regular grain. It Fattens Stock In 80 to <><> l>i»)« '"""»••. bL u" ■£. ;. _^p^L> 5; ■ It .ids Digestion and Assimilation. In this way it saves a large amount of Grain. The uso of "INTERNATIONAL BTOtK ■SftflHs^s^. / .- I \ \ V^s^si FOOD" only costs mr 3 FEEDS for ONE CENT."^U Ask your dealer for it and refuse any of the many substitutes or mt ' I A«H imitations It always pays to feed the best. "INTERNATIONAL STOCK FOOD" is endorsed by over 100 leading Farm ■k} 'I «■ Papers It wa. loeludrd In In. I. S. Uorrrnment mhil.lt and won tv«- Hlghe«t Hedal at the I'arU Kxuosition lo t!WO. I > ,- /■ A $3000.00 STOCK BOOK FREE ■k " ■■■riss^Blkv I ■ iritlMl.Kl) TO EVERT READER OF THIS PAPER.-** A ■A 1 1 ■ This Book Contains 183 Large Colored Engraving! of Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Hogs, Poultry, etc It cost us 13000 ■M H^ v! ' ■to have our Artists and Engravers maketbe engravings. It contains a finely illustrated Veterinary Department that ■B tH Hft Ml i ■■ will save you Hundreds of Dollars. Gives description ami history of the lireeds of Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Hogs and Poultry. IM ■ M Ml\ ■ The Editor of this l*aprr will tell you that you ought to have a copy of this finely illustrated Hook for reference. P^P^P^P^P^P^P^l^B H pj IV ■We will give you IU.OO worth of "INTERNATIONAL STOCK FOOD" if Book is not exactly as represented. ■ Bfl ■ l\l THIS BOOK FREE. Postage Prepaid, II You Write Us a Postal Card and Answer 3 Questions: ■ V M B"Ju4fllst-Mania this Paper. 2nd-How much stock have you »rd-Did you ever use "I.MUI>AIIO«AL STOCK FOOD" I aC^B E£H for Horses or Cattle or Sheep or Hogs or Colts or Calves or Lambs or Pigs I ■ ffi HHHHHHHI Answer the 3 Questions and •■»" Write at Once for Book. W i u^^^i^Thigwsairi INTERNATIONAL STOCK FOOD CO., f\ mTm [ Capital Paid In * 1,000,000.00. I MINNEAPOLIS. MINN.. P. S. A. M ■ A best in the world! % Are You a Renter? SgggTHE BEST FENCE \m IWANS' AUGER (Used by U. 8. Government) HI Wouldn't you much rather own a farm than to •»!•«•■■■■-•■■»■■**»■ ■ ■■■««#■■ IB fur Po«t Holes), ell«,forconatructlng Telegraph I \ rent one! J Well. If you will buy one of our WSfSSt Can be made at the actual cost of wire. ■ anil Tel; phonf I.liKn.l'ros- \\ \ Star Drilling Machines v*JHBB Over 100 HtyleH, and 50 to 70 rods per da y ■ pectlim for Mineral, etc. (I « -c II V* Star UI*IIIMfJ MaCMnCB ~ZWStKi the duplex machine knHHsi II V^^^-S^^^teta^iK r«F o«/Pi.£-jr machine W BUM 4to 10 In. »2. 80. ThrioeVL ._.- >3ij fllW T^fof your own and be Independent th. ren.alud.r yj^SISJg ruakesit. The Machine 1. Automatic, Dimple if the work accomplUhed \\h^^SSSmkr 11 M^V^l of jour days. IlundVeds of other men hay. In construction, ruuseaHy, works rapidly. /I »n "iVVAN" than with other?*^^^^^ // EOl^aVi Jkdo thU aud why notyou! Atany r.uth. rjpj^^pa Sent On Tria . Plain, barb wire and II HlKheHt Award World's Fair. Special price to In- /iMS&mW "ropo"t'°" is won,, locking into. W.mall ifiuEW Sate. tU whol^«le price* CaUlojr firee. Cltroduce. Show this to your dealer, or addreßM /JjFHHlJfflBBm calmlog, pile. 'Xt, etc. free. Ask for It. Jgsgsj^ KITBELMAN BROTHERS, V JIIIOM., H.iT Htr.-tur, 111. ' (rVijfftr*^TO *T'" An" ' « MACHINE CO.. Akron. 0. E5222E5E3 B« 0 Ze3 Muncie, Indiana. THE RANCH.