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THE COW IS QUEEN.
Josh Wink in Baltimore American. O, gentle cow, rejoice! Be glad And skip about in glee, And fill yourself with clover bloom And all the grass you see. A day of greater happiness Is dawning now for you: You have a stanch and steady friend In Chauncy M. Depew. he vows that milk which is but chalk And water half-and-half, Is as the rasping eloquence Turned out by phonograph A replica that feebly hints The fine work you can do. You have a gallant advocate In Chauncy M. Depew. He lifts his voice in earnestness, With reasons clear and keen, To show how butter's better than O-le-o-mar-ga-rine. So toss your tail, and carol forth A gay and jocund "moo." You have the firm endorsement of Our Chauncy M. Depew. THE FIRS. LESSON IN FARMING. . Creamery companies frequently complain of the lack of interest of the average farmer in dairying and are frequently discouraged in their at tempts to induce the farmers to pro vide the raw material without which their own business must fail. Live stock breeders complain in the same way of lack of interest shown by the ordinary farmer in grading up his live stock. Has it ever occurred to the dairyman and to the live stock breeder that they are expecting too much of the average farmer? They are asking what the Irishman was said to have done (and what are not Irishmen said to do?), that is, build the chimney from the top down. The very basis of farming is the production of crops, and until the farmer knows how to produce maxi mum yields, varying of course with the soil and season, that is until he learns to produce all that his soil will produce with the amount of sunshine, rainfall, and heat which the good Lord gives him, it is scarcely to be expected that he will give much at tention to the higher branches of farming. He must learn first how to provide the raw material at the minimum of cost before he can possi bly learn how to make the best use of it. Unfortunately, the impression pre vails that the farmer has little to do with the yield of his crops and is apt to quote with genuine approval in his case the scriptures: "Paul may plant and Apollos water, but the Lord giv eth the increase." He would be justi fied in doing so if he was as well skilled in his own business as Paul and Apollos and put the time and la bor on his work that they did on theirs. The first lesson in farming is to get acquainted with the dirt, the actual dirt he cultivates; to know the kind ol! crop, or rotation of crops to which that particular dirt is best adapted and for which there is a present and continuous demand in the market. The next thing is to know how to control the heat, the moisture, and the sunlight given him in due season so as to produce the maximum crop Possible with the raw material given him. Comparatively few farmers have paid the attention to this elementary work which it absolutely requires. There are many farmers who do not know that by cultivating their land in a proper way they can increase the soil temperature three or four de grees, or the difference between sue cess and failure in securing a stand of any kind of crop. There are many farmers who do not know that by do ing or not doing certain things which they may as well do as not, they can waste from one-eighth to one-half of the rainfall of the season or they can conserve it. To do this involves a good deal of accurate knowledge. How can we con trol the movements of water in the soil unless we are familiar with the laws governing these movements: the law of gravity wihch causes the water to sink in the soil by the attraction of the moisture of the earth; the laws governing capillary action by which it rises in opposition to gravity; the laws governing soil breathing, or the supply of air to the soil, for where the soil does not breathe as really and truly as men or cattle breathe, there can be no vegetable life, whatever? When the farmer understands these things and knows the why, he can very safely be trusted to find out for him self the how and the when. Farming in one sense is more or less what men call luck; that is, it is dependent on the raw material, the sunshine, the rainfall, and the heat, which are free gifts of the Lord of the harvest. No man can grow a maxi mum crop in the year in which these are given in a minimum supply. In another sense there is no luck about it, whatever. The growth of grains, grasses, and weeds are all determined by laws which are as immutable as the moral laws. If we obey these, if we so conduct our operations that we get the full use of the raw material at our disposal, we will have the maxi mum crop on a soil of a given fertil ity. If we fail to do this, then ill success is not bad luck, but the just withholding of results which we did not take the means to secure. When we once learn how to make the most out of our raw material, how to grow in abundance the food required for dairy cows, or for improved cattle, then we can take up the higher prob lems and the higher laws which gov ern dairying, cattle feeding, and every other operation of the farm. It is a good thing always to begin at the commencement, and the commence ment of farming is the growing of the raw material for the more highly finished products above referred to. — Wallace's Farmer. Men may have merit without rising to eminence, but no one has ever reached eminence without some de gree of merit. —La Rochefoucauld. There is more Catarrh In this section of the country than all other diseases put together, and until the last few years was supposed to be lncurabJe. For a great many years doctors pronounced It a local diseuse*, and prescribed local remedies, and by constantly falling to cure with local treatment, pronounced It Incurable. Sci ence has proven catarrh to be a constitu tional disease, and therefore requires con stitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., To ledo, Ohio, is the only constitutional cure on the market. It Is taken internally in doses from 10 drops to a teaspoonful. It acts directly on the blood and mucous sur faces of the system. They offer one hun dred dollars for any case it falls to cure. Send for circulars and testimonials. Address, F. J. CHBNfBY & Co., Toledo, O. Sold by Druggists, 75c. Hall's Family I'ills are the best. rJ®, DUPLEX M*cmNE P^O£!m&ii The only successful Held fence maker. Ball PV -*y"4S Bearing, Automatic, dimple, lifo-lastintj. ?2~sHS A Child Can Operate It. r«=s? B*jEJ A level headed buy can take it, apart ami I Y?VrS P ut Jt together. It makes most perfect i.nim Fonco at Comt of Wire. 'jiIJIES ■ aflilur ■••■t on Trial. I'lalu ami Hiti I.M tyS ny^ Wirc&tWholesale I'llrm. Catalogue Freo. mm** KITSELMAN BROTHERS, >c— J^l 0213 MunciOi Indiana. THE RANCH. I W^ amine it 1^ JmmmU&±. **Ie e^e Wt~ W/ thoroughly rfJTWk oi a liriic , AMERICAN STEEL & WIRE CO., Chicago, New York, San Francisco, Denier. DAIRY MEN -ITS IN THE MILK PAIL THAT BUYERS OF S. C. CO. DAIRY CHOP DRAW THE LARGEST INTER EST ON THEIR INVESTMENT •••••••• For RESULTS from your Cows, that excels all other Feeds, try the "COW BRAND" of Dairy Chop and beware of Imm It at lon*. ADVANCEMENT IS THE LIFE OF THE AGE SEATTLE CEREAL COMPANY. V . 4 /J|MH^HB Registered f WK/^KKm Herefords.. I iUSßmmsjtfUM mM Original Stock Imp. from England! herd - MiM SHI headed b Mack Alamo. „ *SJ3jjj§g|^BßiSßßP^ ...THE SPRINQDALE STOCK FARM... A. J. SPLAWN, Proprietor, \\i-j* \ - NORTH YAKIMA, WASH LADD'S HAZEL-FERN FARM A. J. C. C. Jerseys. A. G. C. C. Guernseys. Reg. Berkshire Swine. The only deep milking strain of COM 111 NATION blood on the Pacific Coast, headed by Chief Engineer (47147). who carries all the blood elements <>f Brown Bessie and Merry Maiden. Our Guernseys were selected from the best milking strains in the United States. Our Berkshires were selected for breeding and individuality and contain the blood of Cherry Blossom, Longfellow and Lee st rains. We can assure buyers of quality, th» best of breeding and satisfaction. We Invite correspondence and personal inspection. K. W. MKLDOWNEY. Supt.. Portland. Ore OAK HILL STOCK FARM gfISS^PKB! Property of CHAS. E. LADD Breeder a Shorthorn Cattle, Shropshire Shorthorn Cattle, Shropshire ||ifi|B| Cotswold and Southdown Sheep VKwimaHßfflHAll stock registered with the best of breeding aud Individual merit. Young Jstock stock for sale. FRANK BROWN, Mar., North Yamhlll, Ore. Old Process Oil Cake Meal Experienced feeders pronounce It to he the b>«st ami most profitable for Milch Cows. Bepf Cattle Horses. Shet>p, Hogs, fowls, etc. Keeps Bt.>c< in 4li •althy condition an I makes p*UtabU meats If you have one horse or cow, or a dozen, ihev should not be witho it Oil Meal. Oil Aleai Cake Is sold by all dealers In hay, grain, flour and seed*. Correspondence solicited. * PORTLAND LINSEED OIL WORKS Marcus Simpson, Mgr. Sherlock Ays., near Nicolai St., Portland, Oregon HAZELWOOD COMPANY, Ltd. Spokane, Washington Dreaders and Importers of HOLSTEIN, GUERNSEY AND JERSEY CALTLE * ; POLAND CHINA SWINE We have some tine young Poland China sows for sale. All stock registered and from the bent blood In the United States. Southdowns * °" ■ "* * number of herd ofyoung sheep of this popular breed. J. T. Wilkinson Chilliwack. B. C I \