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OPERATING A GASOLINE ENGINE. Eruest G. Heinrich. Most ot the small powers now in operation are gas engines or explosion motors, as they are properly called. They are rapidly taking the place of steam for small powers and in small installments they are more economi cal in fuel and repairs. With a port able gasoline engine there is not so much water to haul as with a steam engine and if using it as a stationary the water in most places would not be much of an item, unless it has much scale-forming matter such as is com mon on the western prairies. Scale will form in the water jacket of the cylinder of a gas engine but it can be readily removed if necessary. As a six-horse gas engine will take only about four pails of water a day, about tha only precaution necessary is to see that the water pipes do not become clogged, for if the water can not circulate the cylinder may become hot, burn the lubricating oil, leave the piston dry and cutting will result. When the cylinder is cut it produces more friction, is more difficult to lub ricate and means a great waste of fuel. Ordinary engines have a com pression of from twenty to forty pounds to the square inch. The kero sene engines now built have a com pression as high as 200 pounds; there fore a tight piston is necessary in or der to have the engine start easily and be economical in fuel. Most gas engines have from three to four rings, while steam engines have but two, but the first has many more difficulties than the other to maintain a tight piston. First—sand and dirt is always getting in the cylin der; again the engine gets too much oil, which falls on the oiled surface of the cylinder, washing it off, but this is only in starting, for when the engine is in operation the cylinder is hot, so the oil changes to gas upon entering the cylinder. A gasoline en gine lubricator may become stopped, also the on cups. The cylinder should never be run without a constant supply of the best lubricating oil of high fire test, much higher than the cylinuer oil of steam engines. The principle of the gas engine is: the first stroke outward is suciton, where by the engine draws its supply oi air and fuel; the return stroke is com pression, all valves being closed; the second outward stroke is expansion or the impulse, when the charge is fired, just as the crank is a trifle be low the center. The second return stroke is the ex haust wnereby the cylinder is cleared of all burned gases. This is the four cycle type. Many ask if gas engines are dangerous. They are, but less so than steam. Aside from being in jured by the working parts, the only danger would be a gasolilne explosion. This could only happen if the oil is in an open vessel or the oil pipes leak badly and the vapor or gas coming in contact with the flames. Oil tanks should be away from the building in which the engine is located. The proper place is a stone vault partly above the ground, with the pipe lead ing to the engine having soldered joints and middle valves, with the oil pressure coming from under the seat, so when the valves are shut there is no leakage through the stuf fing box on the valve stem. The stuffing boxes should be kept well packed with the soft candle-wick ing. Another source of danger is the electrode cleaning hole. In cleaning electrodes do not have the switch cloned; if so the current will spark when tha electrode is touched and I It 10 ounces of pure coffee to the pound. I I Who knows how much coffee and how I I much stale eg and glue— glazing— I I there is In coated coffee? M H Lion Coffee is all coffee— glazed. I J. The sealed package keeps it fresh and pare. J| part of the engine at the same time, as that completes the circuit. If there happens to be any gas in the cylinder at the time it will light and the fire will blow out of the cleaning hole. Gasoline is dangerous but it can be handled r.o as to avoid danger. CO-OPERATION DID NOT PAY. Concluding that pork-packing was a profitable business farmers in the vi cinity oi' Brantford, Canada, started two co-operative plants. They are now reveling in considerable exepri ence purchased at expensive rates. At the end of the first year one plant had lost $27,000, and the other $14,000. in commenting on these results the Ottawa Valley Journal says: "Several reasons have been advanc ed tor these heavy losses. It is claim ed that neither company has as well equipped a plant as those possessed by the longer-esetablished private firms. It is also said that come of the competing firms, with the object of killing the farmers' companies, paid very high prices for hogs in the lat ter's district. The result was that the co-operative factories were unable to purchase hogs at a price which en abled them to realize enough on their bacon to cover expenses. Farmers who owned stock in the companies are said to have sold hogs to the competing firms simply because they were offered a few cents a hun dred weight more than their own com pany could pay. In this way, while' they received a few dollars more for their hogs they helped to ruin the company in which their money was invested. Bxery man to his trade is a much tried and equally reliable adage. That degree of good management so essential to success is notoriously dif ficult for a co-operative plant to se cure. Honesty is also a scarce arti cle and high-priced and without it no enterprise can succeed. Both of thes combined with experience are neces sary to make co-operation successful Without all three, such propositions savor of the chimerical. MEN WHO MIGHT CONTROL PRICES. There may or may not be a com bination on the part of the packers to regulate the prices of meats. It is not at all improbable that there is an agreement. In fact, it would be a little surprising if there were not, but it is practically an impos sibility for any combination of pack ers to control the prices of cattle, hogs and sheep for the reason that the supplies are in too many hands. Theoretically the farmers and stock raisers of the country are in a posi tion to control the supply and mar ket prices of meat animals because they are the original producers and have it their power to sell when prices suit them. They also have it in their power to hold back and starve the consum- THE RANCH. ers into subjection if prices do not suit. But all this is only theory. Prac tically it borders on the impossible for the reason that there are too many of them. A combination of farmers to control prices would be too bulky and cumbersome to be prac tical. Our want is reasonable. All we want is your dollar for. the Ranch. SHROPSHIRES A few choice yearling Shropshire Hams and Ram Lambs for sale also, a few Ewes, and Yorkshire Pigs of both sexes. Bred from prize winning stock. E. A. KIPP, Pioneer Farm, Chlllwack, B. C CHOICE STOCK Two extra good bull calves from the richly bred St. Lambert bull, Han mer's Stoke Pogis, 50851. The king of bulls, from good dams. A flock header. The imported ram Kings Langley, 17513. A winner east and west. Choice shearlings and splendid ram lambs. Young Berkshires of the best type and breeding. Large Canadian type. Ap ply SHANNON BROS, Cloverdale, B. C, SPRINGBROOK FARM. THOS. W. BRUNK, Proprietor. STo, Cotswold Sheep Angora Goats, Poland China Swine, Barred P. R. Chickens. EOLA, POLK CO., OREGON. P. B. PETERSON, Cedar Mountain. Wash Breeder of Red Polled in■ m—«> Cattle. The best dual JHBjMEjIK 7^^ purpose stock, for 1H& B[J ders booked for young - gTMaaffßTV^tt l"i lls now fur sale and '™ ™l3Jr ready for service. ygl^ Mountainview Ranch igflßK Mr Registered Jersey Cattle ■BHB^BBB' the greatest milk and but- ter producers In the world. Head of herd 18 Royal of Hrß Spokane, son of Royal Oi |K^ Belivedere. I mfr Fechter & Janeck WmßMKr^ North Yaklma, : Wash. MOUNTAINVIEW FARM Poland-China Swine All stock registered. Hogs can be seen at the farm near G.esham, Or. Write us for; prices, ped igrees, etc. W. W. COTTON, Worcester Bldg. Portland, Oregon Mil HOI-STEIN CATTLE! Miikeandocut j2b«P*7 '<■>• Breed In the World. Write to 48£— Wls.Live Stock Ass'n,ADj>leton,Wis.,U.S.A. Lake Side Stock Farm HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN CATTLE Or the Best Butter Making Strains for Sale. Service bull, Lunde Oregon de Kol, son of Clothllde Lunde Artls. Official butter test, 20 lbs 4orln 7 days. Re Is assisted by Clotbilde Grace's Sir Ilengerveld, whose granddam was Netherland HeiiKervelri, with an official butter test of 26X lbs In 7 days, b« • milk averaging 3.92 per cent fat. P. A. FRAKES, Scappose, Ore. BROWN SWISS CATTLE I have the second largest and one of the best herds of Swiss cattle in America. McJohn, No. 1120, first pre mium and sweepstakes bull at six lead. ing fairs at head of herd. Stock for sale. Correspondence solicited. T. H. INMAN, Hanorer, Wla. HOLSTEIN BULLS FOR SALE Several choice young Holstein bulls now for sale. Registration papers fur nished. Address Meadowbrook Farm* Snoqualmie, Wn.. or Chamberlain, Hamilton & Co., Seattle. ELLENDALE FARM TAMWORTH HOGS, DUROC JERSEY HOGS, HAMPSHIRE SHEEP. DORSET HORN SHEEP. PURE BRED STOCK AT REASONABLE PRICES REED & SOU, Moscow. Idaho. DUROC JERSEY and YORKSHIRE Pigs, registered, eight months old, price F. O. B. cars here $15.00 each, and registration papers furnished. Ad dress E. E. ELLIOTT, Pullman, Wash.' SHADELAND FARM COLLIES C. D NAIRN, Balliton, Ore., Prop. ..., Verona Pale Face, 60729. The Largest Collection of Pure Bred Col lies In America. 32 Years a Breeder of Best Working Strains. Known to Stock men Everywhere. Puppies For Sale. Send for Catalogue. Free. T A. J. STREET, Ghilliwack, Br. Col. Registered Jersey Cattle won at New Westminis ter 1900—1st on 2 year-old-bull, Ist on yearling bull. Ist on herd. Some choice stock for sale,] J. G. CROUCH Olympla, Wash, STOCK AUCTIONEER 2~> years experience. Blooded stock a specialty —will go anywhere. Highest references. Charges reasonable. Write for dates. Can find a market for a few carloads of RANGE HORSES. • • T. J. TRAPP New Westminster, B. C. STOCK AUCTIONEER A. C. WELLS A COMPANY JERSEY AND AYRSHIRE CATTLB Berkshire Swine and Lincoln Sh««p, W» *• Bmden Geese, Whit* Plymouth Bock* Whig Holland Turkey*. A tar fpti tUU §tf Tiinnr hnmrm now for Mil* • fffclllwilt *".£■ Every poultryman should have, a copy of Blanchard' 5 Poultry Book. Gives just the plain, practical information most needed. Send 20c to Th« Ranch and it will be raai^ fret.