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IIJL^ AND RANGE
With which Is couHolliiuird The Wash'ngton Karaier, The PaclHc Coast"Dairyman, The Farmer and Dairyman, The Farmer and Turfman. Official organ of the State Dairymen's Associa tion and tlie State Live Stock Breeders' Associ ation. Published Every Thursday by THK KANCH CO. MILL.EX fc'UEKMAN, - fcdllor and v» anager. K.iltorlal Offices: - - - Seattle, Wash. Tel. Main 1265—Long Distance Connection. BUSINESS OFFICES: Seattle • • Metropolitan Bldg., Cor. Third and Main Sts. Spokane - Alexander & Co., 521 First Aye. Subscription (in advance) f 1.00 per year. Agfiitn wanted in every town to solicit subscrip tions. Good commission and salaries paid. The paper is sent to each subscriber until an or der to discontinue Is received from the subscriber. We must be uetlfled in writing, by letter or postal card, when ai*ubseriber wishes his paper stopped. Heturnlug the pap»r will not answer, as we cannot Und it on our list from the name-alone on the pa per. We must have both name and address, and all arrearages or dues must be paid as required by law. Date of expiration of subscription Is shown on your paper by address labt-1 containlngyour name Failing to receive the paptr regularly you should uotify the Seattle office at once, when mistakes, if any, will be corrseted. Address all communications to THK RANCH, 104 W. Washington Ht., Seattle Washington. In connection with the operations of the fake commission concern of Bol lam & Co., about which we have some thing to say in another column, we are moved to reproduce for the delect ation of our readers a letter from that most picturesque and redoubtable in dividual, R. Merchant, to whom we have during the past few years given some attention. Following .ac lead of that renowned country editor Wm. Al len White, author of "What's the Mat ter with Kansas?" etc., who was in Seattle last week, we may say that Merchant is like Pitchfork Tillman in that he's a continuous performance. We spoke a few weeks ago about Mr. Merchant's latest failure iv business, where, as usual, a number of the un sophisticated were caug- for varying amounts, according to their degree of eredulousness; and that this time he had bid good-bye to Western avenue for good. But although ho has left Seattle's main commission street, he has bloomed forth again, at 1010 Post street, under the euphonious title of the National Brokerage Co. His let ter head announces that he is in the brokerage and storage business and "buy and sell in any quantity." Here is the l.etter: Seattle, Wn., May 19, 1902. Messrs. Lambert Bros., McMinnville, Ore. Gentlemen, —We were attracted by a conversation we overheard in a store room we formerly occupied this morn ing, between Mr. Bollam and another party, and hearing your name men tioned, and being an old Oregonian, and having^ relatives near McMinnville which no doubt you are acquainted with, and disliking to know that any one is being deliberately done up; 1 was constrained to write you to know if you got a settlement out of the goods you shipped to this party. As near as I could learn from the conver sation I overheard, they received some eggs from you, and that you had drawn on them, and they had evaded the payment of the draft, etc. Now, if you wish to write us regarding same we may be able to help you some, as this party seems to be getting in some shipments from various parts of Or« gon, and we feel that such work is an injury to us, as we are receiving ship ments from many parts of Oregon, and" would receive many more only for the work of just such men as this, as they hurt legitimate houses, and we have been in the business here for the past twenty years, and the brokerage busi ness for the past ten years. We feel keenly the injury this matter will bring, not only on us, but other old and respectable houses, and we would like to see such work put an end to. Shall be pleased to hear from you, and will be pleased to take care of any shipments you may make, at 5 per cent., and no other charges. Awaiting your reply, remain yours truly, NATIONAL BROKERAGE CO. Diet, by R. Merchant. (Confidential.) Note the choice diction, and the high moral tone of this missive! We al ways said that Merchant could make his fortune writing advertising mat ter for a circus. The tender sentimen tality, the sympathetic tenor of the whole thing takes us. To what a de gree his solicitation for the misguided shipper doth reach? How keenly he feels the injury that must result to himself and other legitimate dealers! We applaud this noble, self-sacrificing Merchant, who reaches forth to succor the injured, protect the weak, shield the unwary, and more than all, who will himself take the shipper's goods and handle them "for 5 per cent, with out drayage or storage and no other charges." In gentle tones, sweet as the bird calls of the forest. Merchant sings again his siren song. In the past he has found enough people who will ac cept the promises of his gorgeously written circulars and letters to give him a steady stream of shipments. He is up and doing again. Be sure, dear reader, he don't do you. It is quite evident that the West Coast Trade, a most excellent trade journal published at Tacoma, does not favor the proposed post check cur rency system, for the reason that the mail order business will receive a tre mendous impetus to the mail order business to the detriment of the local storekeeper and thereby improving the wholesale trade. Here is what it says in its last issue: The Post Check Currency Bureau has established a very effective and much abused method of lobbying in the interests of that measure by working the . country newspapers for free puffs, with the advice to readers to write to their congressmen urging them to vote and work for this new device for the increase of the busi ness of the big city mail order estab lishments. In many cases this matter is unwittingly published, though the scheme which it boosts is directly in imical to the publisher, his town, and the retail merchants to whom he must look for the most profitable portion of his patronage. The city dailies will naturally give their endorsement to the bill, because it is urged and sup ported by their largest advertisers, but the counry weeklies ought to use their best efforts to compass its de feat, as a careful consideration of its effects will convince them that its practical utility lies in the facilities which it will afford for the further centralization of retail business with the big city hquses." Flowers are always fit presents, be cause they are a proud assertion that a ray of beauty out-values all the util ity in the world. —Emerson. THE RANCH. Miles Poindexttr Acknowledges. Hadlock, Wn., May 24, 1902. Editor Ranch: Herewith please find enclosed Mr. Miles Poindexter's ack nowledgment of the table presented to him by our association, as an evidence of our appreciation of a faithful and able executive of a professional ser vice, that has brought additional se curity and permanent value to the in dustry that we represent. H. L. BLANCHARD. Spokane, Wn., May 16, 1902. Mr. H. L. Blanchard, Hadlock, Wash ington. Dear Sir: I desire to thank you as president of the Washington State Dairymen's association for the very handsome and useful table presented to me by your committee, and also for the kind expressions contained in the committee's letter accompanying the table. I shall always highly prize these marks of your esteem, and am glad that an opportunity was afforded me to be of some assistance to the proper conduct of an industry which so vitally concerns the welfare of the people. The passage of the law was the most important step in that direc tion; but the application an enforce ment of the statute is also essential. Now that the decision of the supreme court in the case of Hathaway vs. Mc- Donald has made the way clear, and your association has given me this fine table, I think you owe it to me, mat when I sit down to that table in serene confidence that I am enjoying fresh milk and pure butter. I will not be drinking embalmed milk and eating oleomargarine and process butter. MILES POINDEXTER. PERMANENT MOVEMENT. In answer to the question: "Is the present farm land movement into the northwest of a permanent character and likely to continue?" President James J. Hill, who, from his fifty years of personal observation and ex perience in the northwest, is proba bly as good a prophet as there is under the sun, gives The Commercial West, in a personal interview, the fol lowing interesting statement: "Certainly it is permanent, and it is bound to continue. Just look at the facts: "The population of the United States is increasing at the rate of 4,000 daily. We are growing at the rate of nearly 1,500,000 a year. We have doubled in every thirty or forty years of our history. Inside of fifty years we will have 150,000,000. Where are they going? Are we sending them away? Are they emigrating to other lands? No; we are taking care of them at home. Where is this extra million-and-a-half a year going? where else but into the new lands of the west, and into the northwest above all? Where else are cheap lands, fertile soil, healthful climate, transportation facilities to good mar kets, and conditions favorable to hu man energy so abundant and ready to hand as right here in the north west? "Is there anything of a boom char acter about this? Not a bit. It is not only normal and natural, it is neces sary, it is compelled. What else can this population do, where else can they go? The cities cannot absorb the 50,000,000 increase of the next thirty years. The bulk of the popula tion must be engaged in productive occupations. They must be at work providing this great and fundamental necessity of mankind everywhere— food for subsistence. The great ab c CRESCENT BAKING POWDER Endorsed for purity by the Pure Fooo Commission, State of Washington. Sells for 25 cents per pound, and will da more work than any high-priced cream tar tar powder. ASK YOUR GROCER sorbing industry, the most important, from a practical standpoint, is the production of food and food cornea from the soil. The cities flourish and prosper and our civilization is endur ing only when the vast majority of the people is on the soil, toiling by sweat of the brow to produce food, on the one hand, and the raw materials for manufacture, trade and transpor tation, on the other. The bulk of this 50,000,000 increase must go to the soil, and they pour into the north west as naturally as water flows down hill. This population movement into the northwest is as normal and natu ral as the fact that water seeks a level. "We have the resources. Why, look at it; the little town of Prince ton, up here in the woods marketed a million bushels oi' potatoes last year. "Population has been pouring re cently into northern Minnesota and into North Dakota and Manitoba at a rate that that has excited national comment. But it is owing simply to the most natural causes. Here is a vast, fertile empire at prices a quarter or a tenth of the prices which prevail in thickly settled communities. Trans portation facilities to the best mar kets supplement natural fertility. Manitoba and North Dakota have a tremendous influx, and Minnesota likewise has profited. The people are simply taking advantage of gene rous opportunities. They are learn ing where the opportunities are lo cated. "North Dakota and Manitoba have received the heaviest inflow because, first, they have more wild and cheap land, and second, because they have done more than Minnesota to get set tlers, and palled together more unit edly to get settlers. They have work ed while Minnesota has h-jn sitting still waiting for someone else to do the work tor it. North Dakota by con trast has pulled together and lifted a good hand. Minnesota has received all and more than it could expect un der the circumstances. It has receiv an influx by reason of nature and in spite of its attitude toward those who are working for the northwest's up building. 'No, it is simply one of those natu ral population movements which have characterized the race from the earli est recorded time. Men adhere to the soil from which they obtain subsist ence, and will go wherever soil and climate offer the best inducements. The movement into the northwest is in accord with the general law. Tt is a normal and substantial fact." Now that the law protects us in the market for pure butter, why not also for pure food of all kinds. —Northwest- ern Agriculturalist. It's simply a case of "get together, boys." The wise business man has no time for lamenting past failures —he throws all his energy into making a success of the present an(J future. —White's Sayings.