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FARM LABOR. By Hon. F. W. Hodson. I.ivi- Slock Commissioner Of Canada. Unquestionably there is nothing con nected with the business of farming which gives us as much annoyance, or which is as difficult to get on a satisfactory basis, as farm labor. There are various causes which tend lo bring about this state of things, and perhaps none more so than the unreasonableness of employers. Social ists tell us that the world could pro duce enough for its needs if every man worked but half the number of hours that is now considered a working day; but unfortunately on our Canadian farms it seems necessary for the far mer and his men to put in each day a solid day's work all the year round, and even then it is difficult to hold one's own among the keen competition. In these days when the competition between capital and labor have become so tense that a little extra strain at any time may bring about the most serious results, it is a matter of no small importance for farmers to con sider whether something more cannot he done to put the labor question, as it affects the farm, on a better basis. lii an ideal condition of affairs, the employer would never ask or expect his men to do more work than was right or reasonable, and when hiring would in all cases he willing to give a fair and just remuneration for ser vices to In 1 performed, and would en deavor to carry out a system of farm ing that would give employment to his men in the slack part of the year. The employed also would not take un due advantage of the employer be cause of a temporary scarcity of la bor, would never shirk his work, hut would he faithful in doing his duty, whether his employer were with him or not, and would in all cases he ready to put forth an extra effort at a busy time. It is scarcely to be expected, how ever, that such a Utopian state of affairs will ever exist, while frail hu man nature remains as it is, but by the exercise of a little thoughtfulness and mutual forbearance, the relations between employer and employed may be much improved. In considering the question of farm labor, as it affects Ihe operations and profits of the farm, and the home life of the dwellers there, morally and socially, it will generally be found on large and mod erately large farms, that the employ ment of married men boarding them selves is altogether preferable to boarding men in the house. Outside the question of profits there is the all important consideration of home life; the home life cannot by any pos sibility be what home life ought to be, when the farm house is nothing but a boarding house. It is not too much to say that the future life of many a bright boy or girl in this country has been a failure through too little attention having been paid to their yearning for home comforts. One of the first things to be aimed at in operating a farm in this way is to employ none but good men, and then to do everything in reason to make their lives comfortable. Farmers have no right even if they have the power to make the men work from early morning until after dark at night, and looked at from no standpoint than i bat of personal gain, it is a very de cided mistake. Incidentally it may not be amiss to say that the farmer ought HOt to ask his sons to do what no reasonable man would expect his hired man to do. Many a good boy has been driven from home by that sort of treatment. Then, again, it is a matter of the first importance that the men serving shall be well treated. Their houses, if not largo, should at least be made comfortable. The gardens attached should be large enough to enable them to grow vegetables for their own use, but not so large as to take up too much of their time, and if a few ap ples and small fruits can be grown on the ground, they would be more appreciated than by those who can afford to buy them. A cow is almost B necessity to a family on the farm, and an arrangement should be made to have it pastured, but on no account wintered by the farmer. It is too severe a trial of human nature to al low a hired man to feed his cow from his employer's meal box, and is almost sure to cause trouble. The faculty of getting on well with hired men on the farm is well worth cultivating. My own experience leads me to know that if you engage good men, there is little trouble in keeping them, if we, as employers, do our part. It is our duty to try to make them comfortable as circumstances will permit. If we do so we may expect faithful service, and from good men we will get it. Let the rules be strictly laid down and adhered to and on no consideration keep a man after his time is out, if he has at any time given a word of imperti nence. However, owing to the condition in which most farmers are placed, the larger number of farm hands are un married men who are boarded in the house, and this is most likely the state of affairs that will continue for some time to come. It is a difficult Question to deal with, and as far as THE RANCH. both employer and employed are con cerned, it is a most unsatisfactory state, largely arising from the fact that in many sections there is com paratively little employment for one half the year; and just so long as the farmer has to look out for new men every spring, and good men find them selves discharged at the first sign of winter or before, it will remain so, and no amount of philosophizing will put it right. The rapid extension of winter dairying during the past few steady employment the year round, years has done a good deal to ensure but conditions are still unsatisfactory in many districts. In conclusion, it may be said that, as a general thing, the best men are the cheapest. Try to get good men and where conditions will permit of it, have profitable employment the year round, and use them as you would like (o be used if you were in their circumstances. The boy who look the best sheep- J. W. CLISE. skin at the state agricultural college is so homely that he would shoo a sage-hen off a mud fence. His mental crib is bursting with knowledge be cause he is so ugly the girls did not bother him during the educational period. Good looking boys never learn anything from books when the girls get after them. —Field and Farm Rowland, Lichty & Harrison hand ed the following letter received by them to the editor of the Sunnyside Sun last week: My Dear Sirs I saw an advertisement of yours asking if you would like a home of my own yes I would I am a poor man be working at anything I can get to do if you will give me a nice home I will be very much please , 111., June 1902. J. W. CLISE. The Ranch presents on this page the very excellent likeness of Mr. J. W. Clise. Many of our readers know of Mr. Clise through his connection with Central Washington irrigation enter prises; but the fact is the building of ditches is only a sort of side line with him. Mr. Clise is one of the group of men who have been with Seattle dur ing the last decade and a half, stood by it through the ups and downs of its career and made a city of it. Prob ably no one individual has contrib uted more to the development of the city. He has enlisted many hundreds of thousands of dollars in building of some of the finest brick blocks. His connection with public organizations such as the chamber of commerce, etc., has been very prominent. He was the man who raised the subsidy of $100, --000, enabling Moran Bros, to take the contract for building the battleship Nebraska. He actively promoted the commer cial interests of the city, by conduct ing excursions of the business men to the outlying sections of the state, and making them acquainted with their tributary resources, etc. Then follow ed the construction of the Moxee ca nal, which opened up several thous and acres of highly productive land in the Yakima valley. He has now com menced active work on a canal in the Wenatchee valley which will also water a large tract of fine land, and thus materially enrich that section. He believed Seattle able to engage in the world-trade and turned his atten tion to the organization of a great transportation company, which is building its own ships, right at the suburb of Ballard, and as fast as they are completed are being pressed into service. Twelve sailing vessels in all will compose the fleet when completed, besides a number of steamers, and these will ply from here to every part of the globe. Not having his hands full, he looked around for something else upon which to work off a little spare time. He thought the gas com pany in Seattle charged the consumer too much. He organized a new com pany, has put in a great plant, and within a few weeks will be supplying the citizens with gas at a material re duction. His various enterprises em ploy an army of men, and large sums of money are being spent thereon. All these things are undoubtedly profit able to Mr. Clise; as a matter-of-fact they are vastly more beneficial to the community at large. The Ranch likes to see a man of this sort, and to in troduce him to its readers, so that they may get acquainted with him. He is of that distinctive type of men who are the life and soul of the City of Seattle. Some Hubbardisms. We do not know what we can do till we try. The only way to help yourself is to do something for somebody. It takes a good many men to make the ideal man. A fool prepares to die —a wise man prepares to live. I doubt the wisdom of being too wise and I can see much wisdom in some folly. Aim high ai»d belifve yourself capn blc of great things. Farmers are not half so stupid ** some people think they are, and city folk are not half M smart as th«J think they are.