Newspaper Page Text
HILL'S DAVENPORT SPEECH. At Davenport. Monday. J. J. Hill addressed a mass meeting of farmers in which he said: "The farming class in this country, in this state and in the United States, from the earliest history of the coun try to the present day, has been the one saving element. I feel partial to them, and the older I grow the mo.— 1 feel that as a citizen everyone, my self included, we will owe them a debt. They have never been called upon to do any patriotic and dutiful thing for their country but they iiave responded always, from the eailiest day to the present. 1 always feel that they have their share, and more than their share of intelligence; more than their share of patriotism. "Men who will do their duty as citi zens, who will stop and take their team and go across the country to the polls to cast their vote for good law and order are better citizens, vast ly better citizens, than the men on the street corner, seeking to sell their votes for a dollar (applause), and the day—if it ever comes in the United States — that the great agricultural interests do not dominate and leaven the great mass of the people, depend upon it, we will have gone backward, and how far backward I would be sorry to say. Our country will not be what it was in the past. Sometimes I see this tur bulent gang of men who mistake lib erty for license. There is a vast dif ference. Liberty is intelligence; li cense has no restraints. Order is the foundation of progress throughout the world, and the development of order is the progress itself. Now, we must al ways have order and move on orderly lines and on intelligent lines, and 1 am glad to meet you gentlemen today, i am glad and I know the gentlemen who are here with me share in that feeling. What the Farmers Need. "What you want is a new market; what you want is some new consumer who will take your stuff and eat it and destroy it, get it out of the world, make it scarce, and then it will be high, and it will never be high until you do. As long as there is a surplus in the market it hangs over it like a cloud. Now the question of the pro duction of this grain. If you have to pay for cultivating your land and bringing the grain to a market where you sell it, when you have sold it it ceases to be your grain; it is some body else's. If you carry that grain to the seaboard you have to pay the bill for carrying it; but if someone else buys it from you he has to pay the bill. "Most of your grain in this state in the past was sold to go around Cape Horn. We are trying now to create a market for it across the Pacific. There is a great deal of your wheat manufactured into flour —I think about 15,000,000 or 16,000,000 bushels of Western wheat that is seek ing a new market. If that 16,000,000 bushels that is going across the Pa cific had to go around Cape Horn and be sold in the European markets, your grain would sell here for that much less. Move that surplus. If we could take all the grain that is raised <>» the Pacific coast to this new market, and not send a bushel around Cape Horn, we would profit by it, because the great bulk of the grain in the world, the 'visible supply,' as you read every morning in every price current and market report, would be decreased. Every man now knows what the visi ble supply was last month, and buys accordingly, and until we can make a market for your stuff somewhere which does not now exist you cannot look for a particular advance in prices, unless it should come from some de mand somewhere else which would make it scarce. Now it is not neces sary, nor do you want your posperity to come to you on the misfortunes of others, no more than they should wish that the grain crop in the Palouse should fail so that it might advance the price in the Red River valley. If these conditions are brought about you will get better prices, and the time will come when demand will have overtaken the supply and prices will be advanced. Growth of Population. "We use in the United States now a little over six bushels per capita, and with 80,000,000 of people that amounts to about 480,000,000 bushels. Two years ago it was 350,000,000 bush els. Our population doubles about ev ery thirty years, so that about 1930 we shall have 150,000,000 of people. If we then use six bushels per capita that will be 900,000,000 bushels —more than we have wheat fields to raise at present. Then the price of wheat will advance. The population is growing faster than the fields are growing. You can extend the area of your fields here, and it amounts to a good deal in the county, in the town, in the state, but in- the whole world it is a drop in the bucket. "We are disposed to meet you in a clean, fair way and try to help you to adjust your burden, if you have an unjust burden, to make it easier, be cause you manifest a clean, straight forward way of coming at it. You might just as well try to set a broken ar.kle by statute as to reduce rates by statute. You can legislate until the barn door has fallen off its hinges with rust and you will not succeed, and never have. They have stopped the reduction of rates in many places, and have retraced their steps after having found out the result of their efforts. You can understand that it in the state of lowa, raising 300,000,000 bushels of corn, wheat and other grains, the rates are fair to them with that heavy tonnage to transport, surely they are fair out here. Ready to Meet Farmers. "Now, I am not undertaking to put that before you as a reason why we do not want to consider your condi tions. We are here to consider your conditions and to try to learn if you have any unfair burden and to do what we can to help you lift it; be cause, after all is said and done, your prosperity and ours must go hand in hand. We are in partnership with land. You can sell out and go away, but the land will remain here, and somebody will be with it, the railroad will be serving it, and their interests will be one. That is the situation, no matter what we do. Whether we agree or disagree, we cannot change that condition. "The best thing for us to do is to do as you have said here. If we have a grievance we will take it up with our patrons and see if we cannot ad just it. That is the right way to do, and we are disposed to meet you, and hope that you peop'e will give us a hearing. We desire to hear what you have to say, and when we get this whole thing before us in an Intelligent ■nape we will try to do something whereby you will realize that we are THE RANCH. - ' if::rJfill =g RHi] '" Next Door I PfSJy Ec mIS to the Sun - . "... .soTN.?^ 3- j -^i« The timekeeping quali- I'l 12 '^S] EE: L ill =?-> ties of the Elgin Watch - ■"«/ a<fl *'] i S I*^^llll nr 1 are perfect—next door '5 'iySyvil J to the sun. = = <ms|bi =c p Join E IJ^^^Mi [Jjp^AiVUl Ej Watch Word ■ I II 1 I the world around, for «^ ' ' accuracy and durability. 1 Every Elgin Watch has the -word ELGIN engraved on the works. 1 Sold by every jeweler in the land. Guaranteed by the world's B _ greatest watch works. Send for illustrated art booklet —free. *^^ Elgin National Watch Company, Elgin, Illinois. M not acting in good faith, but in a friendly and co-operative spirit. That is what we want to do." BROME GRASS. The University of Idaho Agricul tural Experiment Station has just sent out Bulletin No. 33 "Some Grasses and Clover and How to Grow Them in Idaho," which contains much infor mation about grasses for hay and pas ture of interest to farmers. Among the grasses noted is Brome grass—Bromus inermis, called Aus trian, Hungarian and Russian brome grass. Of this the author of the bul letin, Prof. Hiram T. French, says: Brome grass was introduced into this country from Europe where it is indigenous to many sections. It is also found in parts of Asia. In some parts of Europe it is said to withstand drouths "so- severe as to destroy all other fodder plants." Cold does not injure the grass except to kill the stems and leaves. It does not do well in shaded places. The best results with this grass are obtained when it is sown on warm sunny exposures. On the Station farm it does not grow as rapidly on the north hill sides as on the south. The warmer the exposure the better the grass seems to grow. While the grass is a native of the semi arid regions of Europe, we have seen it produce excellent results in this country where the annual rainfall is at least thirty inches. This would place it in the list with other grasses as far as growing in moist land is concerned. In Europe it is found growing wild on uncultivated areas, and out-of-the-way places. It is safe to say that this grass has found congenial conditions over large areas in the northwest, and will prove of inestimable value in sections where it is not easy to grow other grasses, it is better adapted to pasture than hay; and yet it makes very good hay, and yields well. Yields of two to four tons per acre are not uncommon in this section. A. C. Rubeck, of Free man, Wash., says: "Bromns inermis is the coming grass for either hay or pasture. Everything will eat it, in its green state, that eats grass, and for hay, if cut in the proper time, before it forms seed and gets hard, horses or cattle will leave clover or timothy hay and go to bromus." Mr. Rubeck fur ther states that "in ordinary wheat land it will cut two to four tons per acre." Last year the yield of brome grass, on the Station farm for hay, was about the same as that of the tall meadow oat grass; and better than any other grass. For dry hill lands, and for pas ture, we would recommend the brome grass as one worthy of extended trial. It has not proved a success when mixed with other grasses. At the Ne braska Station, brome grass crowded out all other grasses by the end of the second year. The grass spreads by means of underground stems, thus en abling it to make a dense sod after a few years. On this account there is no cause for alarm if the seeding is rather thin the first year. It will thick en up very rapidly the second and third years. The surest method of getting a good stand is to seed in the spring, on land prepared as for other grasses; and sow fifteen to twenty pounds of seed per acre. It will not injure the brome grass to pasture in fall, when seeded the spring before. At the Washington Experiment Sta tion over two cows per acre were pas tured on brome grass from April to October. There is considerable inquiry re garding the use of brome grass for the range lands, where the native grasses has disappeared. Not much has been reported so far in this di rection; but some work has been done, and it seems to be very promising. It takes longer to get a good stand un der such conditions, and it is better to sow seed in the early fall; especially where there is not much rain during spring and summer. A good many farmers in Eastern Washington, and Northern Idaho, are testing this mat ter; but so far we have no delinite data regarding the work. It is the opinion of the writer that much of the range in this part of the state, can be reseeded to brome grass when the hab its of the grass are well understood, and careful attention is given to the matter of seeding. In Southern Idaho, there are large areas of land, just above the irrigation ditch, which we believe can be seeded to brome grass. This is especially true if the lands are located near the foothills where there is a greater precipitation than on the open plain. In some sections brome grass is being tested under irrigation; but it is too early to give results of this work. Present indications would point to wonderfully beneficial results from the introduction of this grass throughout the northwest.