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CLIMATE OF THE KLONDIKE.
The following article from the Jan uary number of the Monthly Weather Review, issued by the Meteorological Bureau of the Dominion of Canada, gives some interesting data relative to the climate of Dawson and the Klon dike. A somewhat broken series oil ob servations at Dawson and various other places in Yukon Territory be tween 1895 and 1898, and a continu ous series at Dawson during the past three years, afford uata for estimat ing with a fair degree of accuracy the average climatic conditions of the Klondike. The average annual mean temperature is about 22 degrees; the mean of the three summer months is about 57 degrees, July being 61 de grees; and of three winter months — 16 degrees, with January—23 degrees. Spring may be said to open towards the end of April, tne last zero tem perature of the winter usually occur ring about the sth of this month. May, with an average temperature of 44 degrees, is by no means an un pleasant month and the 23d is the average date of the last frost ot spring. Daily observations during five summers indicate that on the average the temperature rises to 70 degrees or higher on 46 days and to 80 degiees or higher on 14 days; 90 degrees was recorded in Dawson in June, 1899, and 95 degrees in July of the same year. These temperatures with much bright sunshine an- an absence of frost during three months, together with the long days of a latitude with in a few degrees of tne Arctic Circle, amply account for the success so far achieved by market gardeners near Dawson in growing a large variety of garden produce, including lettuce, rad ish, cabbage, cauliflower and potatoes, and warrant the belief that the hardier cereals might possible be a success ful crop both in parts of Yukon Ter ritory and in the far northern dis tricts of the Mackenzie river basin. August 23 would appear to be the av erage date of the first autumnal frost, the temperature rapidly declining to wards the close ot this month. Al though night frosts are not infrequent in September, the month as a whole is mild with a mean temperature of -.v degrees. October may be fairly termed a winter month, the mean tem perature being but 22.5 degrees and the first zero of winter recorded on the average about the 18th. Ice usual ly begins to run in the Yukon about the second week but it is not until quite the end of the month or early in November that the river is frozen fast. The temperature on the average during a winter falls to 20 degrees oe low zero or lower on 72 days, to 40 degrees below or lower on 21 days, to 50 degrees below or lower on 7 days, and to 60 degrees below or lower on two days. In January, 1896, 65 degrees below was registered at Port Constantine, and in January, 1901, 68 degrees below was recorded Dawson. ' Observations of rain and snow have until the close of last summer been very fragmentary, but it is probable that the summer rainfall near Dawson is usually between seven and nine in< lies, and that the total snowfall of the autumn and winter is between 50 and 60 degrees. Dawson being situated near the river, with high hills or mountains on all sides, is well protected from the winds, and a feature of the town, and indeed of the neighboring country, is the long periods of calm weather which occur. FARMERo INSTITUTES. The farmers' institute movement has developed enormiously during the last 15 years. Previous to that time insti tutes were held, but they attracted little attention. They were mainly the result of private enterprise and their success or failure depended entirely on local conditions or on local workers. This condition had existed for more than 15 years. Any person judging tin* future by the past in the year 1885 would not have been justified in pre dicting the phenomenal development of the last fifteen years. When the states began officially to take hold ol the matter the movement assumed force. Small sums were at first appro priated by the state legislatures for the holding of these institutes. The results were so uniformly beneficial and satisfactory that the amounts were from year to year increased. By 1891 the states were appropriating annually $60,000 in the aggregate for this work. During the last ten years the appro priations have continued to increase with the number and scope of the in stitutes. The last year for which we have anything like complete reports was 1899. In that year the amount ap propriated for institutes was a little more than $140,000, more than double the sum appropriated in 1891, and the estimated expenditures of funds de rived from other sources was $30,000, making a grand total of $170,000 spent for institutes that year. In that year over 2,000 institutes were held and were attended by over half a million farmers. The institutes were held in 43 states and territories. During the last three years the progress has been if anything greater than at any previ ous time, though the exact figures are not yet collated. It is safe to say that now in this country over $200,000 is being spent annually for farmers' in stitutes. The plant was put in under the su pervision of C. b. Grant, said to be one of the Krogh company's most ef ficient machinists. Mr. Browning gives a cordial invitation to any who may wish to obtain knowledge of pump irrigation to pay him a visit. He intends planting 160 acres to wine grapes and fruit trees and make a practical demonstration of what may be done with the water beneath our feet. State of Ohio. CITX of Toledo, Lucas County, ««. Fuank J. Cheney makes oath that he is the senior partner of the nrm of F. J. Chknhy & Co., doing business in the City of Toledo, County and State aforesaid, and that said Him will pay the sum of ONE HUNDUED DOLLARS for each and every case of Catarrh that cannot be cured bj the use of Hall's Catarrh Cuuk. FUANK J. CHENEY, Sworn to before me and subscribed In my presence, this Uth day of December, A. D. issu. A. \V. OLEABON; (Seal.) Notary Public. -ia./B Catarrh Cure -s taken internally and acts directly on the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Send for testi monials, free. F. J. CHENEY' & CO., Toledo, O. ( Sold by Druggists, 73c. Hall's I'amllv fills are the best. BUYERS BY MAIL We sell cheaper than Eastern concerns; you get your good! quicker; you pay less freight or exprewi and you patronlM ■ home industry. Write for analogue. THE RANCH. NORTHWEST TRUST & SAFE DEPOSIT CO. CAPITAL $25,000. BANKING DEPARTMENT—JULY 16, 1902. RESOURCES. LIABILITIES Mortgages on Im- Check accounts. .$22,125.52 proved Seattle _ . .. ..„.. -_ Real Estate and Saving* accOUnt" l4 '090-28 lmprov ement Time Cert, of Dei) 7,923.70 Bonds of Busi- Demand Cert, of ness 5treet5....521,042.00 Deposit 4,000.66 British Consols.. 4,718.75 .„.,, King County War- Certified Checks. 90.00 |48,230.16 rants, etc 3,178.28 $28,939.03 Undivided Profits 534.21 Cash and due from banks .... 19,825.33 $48,7<i4.3<> .. $48,7«4.36 NUMBER OF DEPOSITORS, 1,100. Overdrafts are not allowed, neither are notes discounted or commercial loans granted. 90-94 West Columbia St., Seattle, Wn. The Pacific Bee Journal estimates the honey crop for 1902 in Southern California at 72 carloads. This total of seventy or seventy-five cars is in significant when compared with last year's crop of 250 cars. BIG MONEY In Dairying 1 in Fresno County CALIFORNIA 4,000 acres alfalfa for lease on shares. Rental only one-third of the butter fat produced. Tenant retains two thirds butter fat and all calves and all hogs. Alfalfa the king of dairy foods. Butter at half its cost in East ern States. No housing and feeding stock. Pasturage every day in the year. Don't buy land. Buy cows and rent alfalfa. Far greater profit thus to dairymen. Skimming station of the San Joaquin Ice and Creamery Co. on the property. Feed for Cattle by the Month Write for particulars to KEARNEY VINEYARD SYNDICATE Kearney Park, Fresno. Cal. Farms for Sale In all counties of Western Washington. Improved aiid unimproved. Address THE SYNDICATE COMPANY H-212-213 California Bniidtnu, Tacoma, Wash. RIPANS I have I'l't'ii taking Kipans TabulM for the dyspepsia, and they have helped me wonderfully. I do not know any par ticular way llie.v affect, me. hut they seem to give vigor to the entire system. I had a sort of languid feeling, hut since taking I lie TabtllM 1 feel spirited and have not that melancholy way about me. 1 think they are good for a general bulld-up of the system, as they seem to act like a tonic. At druggists. The Five Cent packet is enough for an ordinary occasion. The family bottle, 60 cents, contains a supply for a year. DAIRY FARM. FOR SALE— IBO acres 20 miles from Se attle, 2 miles from Cedar Mountain post office ; IYi miles from creamery, station on farm, dally service ; 80 acres bottom, total of 7<> acres cleared. Ten-room house, $1,000 barn, twenty cows and 25 head of young stock, span horses, work wagon, siring wagon, two sets harness, farm Implements, etc. ; $10,000, with ev erything Included. Cream separator. Suitable terms. Farmers' Investment Co., linnm 0. Metropolitan Bldg. W ACRES Irrigated Land. All for A Home Worth $5,000. Innn A Business Giving You an ,UUU Excellent Living and an Only $500 Annual Income of $30P to $700 Now and Cash At Least $1,000 after ft<ri Required. years. For particulars call or write SPOKANE VALLEY LAND & WA TER COMPANY. b. Rookery Bldg. SPOKANE. British Columbia Farms If you are thinking of going to the Pacific Coast try British Columbia. No extremes of temperature. No cyclones. No dust storms. No cloud bursts. No droughts. No blizzards. Fertile land, and the heaviest crops per acre in Canada. We make this statement without fear of contradiction. The land is cheap and the markets and prices for farm produce the best on the Pacific Coast. Write for Farm Pamphlet to the Settlers' Association, Box 329, Van couver, B. C. When writing please refer to this paper. FARM For Sale One hundred and sixty acres bottom land two miles from postoffiee, Whatcom county ; 25 acres In meadow ; 8 acres in bearchg or chard ; 40 acres in pasture, nearly cleared. The rest is eusily cleared the brush is alder and crab apple, no logs. One good farm house 20x28, 1 l/j stories high, good well and woodshed. Barn 70x28 with feeding sheds and other small outbuildings. The county road runs through It. Terms, $4,000), $8,000 cash, the rest on easy terms. This Is a fine dairy ranch. Farmers' Investment Co. Room 9 MetrcicliWn Bldg Sectt'a. 5