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The Inter-mountain farmer. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1902-1904. [online resource] (Utah.) ????-????, January 01, 1903, Image 1

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j, OS" Pou-ah Ter Yjsah. sjan Lake Out, Utah, TnonsaiMTOBTOAiiyliTTodir Vol",. 1. No. -10. 'i
ai pnjs annual tribute to tho Industry and thrift of Kansas poultry raisers,
j but tho part of wisdom for us to gain from the advlco given by ono who
jjr money because sho knows how to raUo poultry. Mrs. A. J. Pattroff of
jttan, Kan , tells how to make farm poultry pay.
stro aro many reasons why poultry raising can be made profitable on a
. One very Important reason Is that all the food necessary to raise chickens
tn on tho farm, ready for use. A great part of tho living of a chicken can
kel up by himself, especially is this true where cattle aro fed extensively,
.of the chicken's living Is mado from things that would otherwlso go to
i Tie Insects that might be very bothersome Indeed servo for old Biddy's
i All farm animals, to thrive well, need somo Bhclter from winter's storms
ummer's heat. This Is ono of the most expenslvo Items In the care of horses
jr; animals, but with all kinds of poultry a very small shelter will accom
ea large number. Just along tho same lino comes the thought of Inclos
All other farm animals have to bo fenced In to keep them homo or In the
plac at home, while the poultry roam over the wholo farm
Bother grent thing In favor of poultry roMng Is the comparative case wltb
lit can bo done. Think a mlnuto of tho drudgery necessary In making a
iof butter for sale, and then comparo that with the labor required In mar
ja dozen eggs which would glvo tho same returns To bo sure, there Is a
B the car when closest attention Is needed to mako a success of raising
j of nny kind, but when that tlmo Is over the marketing of poultry or
ring In the eggs Is very easily done, and requires no great amount of time.
Itre must bo somo way of stopping tho little leaks In tho family pocket
lf farming Is to be mado successful, and poultry and eggs to take to town
t the right thing to stop that leak. If the egg nnd chicken money pay all
ring expenses money from tho sale of other produce can bo used to Rreat
itago somewhere else. Poultry brings In returns all tho time, every week
oear, just as tho family need It. Many cases might bo cited whero farm
itua have paid all the living expenses of largo families, simply by tho poul-
le of the greatest reasons why poultry raising Is profitable, on the farm, Is
m tho eggs and chickens help tho farmer's wlfo In preparing tho meals.
n; vve can raise on tho farm Is rno.e valuable as food than eggs. Nothing
-Unites more to the farmer's good appetite than good fried chicken In hot
itr when other fresh meats cannot bo obtained.
.., i , ,
I correspondent of the Logan Itepubllcan argues for better roads In Cache
rand his remarks apply with equal force to nearly every farming com
y In the State Tho Logan writer says:
I) about forty- two years slnco tho first settlers camo to this valley, Each
from that tlmo until the present, work lias been dono on our thoroughfares,
.Ih the levy of pollfax and appropriations made by tho County court, as
have felt ablo from tlmo to tlmo This work has been directed principally
K road supervisors In the various precincts; owing to limited amount of
i placed in their hands practically nothing but patch work has been nc
Eihed So that In many parts of the county outside of municipalities tho
i are no better than they were vears ago. These facts exist, they cannot bo
4. While no blamo li here attached to anybody, the tlmo has now como
the wealth, population and resources of tho country that broader and more
Jve measures be adopted to bring ubout the construction of good solid sub
Jal roads throughout the country. Hauling gravel with loose planks a din
tot four or flvo miles to build roads Is antiquated. This kind of hauling to
md holes might do, but never In the permanent construction of county thor
fares. Half of the gravel shaking off while In transit. Years ago Weber
tr was In the condition that confronts us today. The main street of their
orolls would mire a safdle blanket. They found hauling by team was of no
They Invested In a nut row gauge cnglno and cars with rails and nil equip
j necessary to haul gravel from tho hills and thereby mudholes were soon
tried Into boulevards. Tho peoplo of Weber county never regretted tho step
i In the road building. Now Is the tlmo for Cache county to move In this
lion Purchaso or lease an outfit. Plenty of second hand narrow gaugo cn
land cars can be had. Start In Wellsvllle In tho south, contlnuo north until
te roads aro thoroughly built. Let (1000 each year consecutively for twenty
i be put on roads nnd at the end of that period your roads are not Improved
whereas If j:0 000 Is expended on the roads In ono jcar, sou have a road
will last a life time. If It takes a special tax In the country, let It come. It
lulrage of a narrow gauge road Is considered too expenslvo for tho county,
la use some of the traction engines that ara 1Jlc except through tho thresh
rason. Attach good wagons to them with good high beds constructed In a
d shape so as tho loads can bo dumped from the bottom. Have teams and
trs for filling the wagons. Keep these outllts going nil the time making a
of It. After tho peoplo of this county havo good roads to travel on, they
be more than paid for the outlay. Tho Intention of this writing Is not to
tmn acts of tho past, but to arouso an awakening with thira who havo
to of our roads to adopt moro effectlvo methods In tho future. Grasping the
itlon In a way that will bo In keeping with tho positions they hold, via , rcp
itatlves of a prosperous and progressive county. Clcntlemon, ou that aro
t to assume the above responsibilities In ofllce, take hold of this road build
lllh a determination to succeed Let this bo paramount with jou. Then
people of Cache county with one volco will support and Indorse you In tho
rtaklng. Your names will go down to future Generations as public benefac-
I know that It Is claimed by somo writers that tho honey crop Is on tho In
. writes M. Aiken In Agricultural Hpltomlst. Perhaps It may be In ono way.
large scalo hero and there private cnterprlso may bo furnishing much honey
Ilia city markctB, but that which I speak of relates to the keeping of enough
' for our own home use.
Almost every farmer In the old dajB provided his own tnblo with this henlth
of sweet foods, but In theso days ho docs without. And yet what Is raised on
farm which so amply pays for Itself, with so little labor and outlay of feed.
wi' I can remember hearing old ladles say that tho eating of much honey
a preventive of cancer. I cannot say as to Its medicinal qualities In this
tut It will allay Inllammatlon nnd thus keep down disease of an Inllamma
cHiructcr along tho digestive tract.
V.liy do not more people keep becs7 There was a time when old-fashioned
and ci oss bocs might huvo frightened some people nway from the Indus
lut now bees aro progressing ulong the line of civilization nnd education.
ycem to tindcrstnnd that the sting, and tho poison It conducts was rot given
t to go to battle with but to add tho drop to tho honey which keeps It from
Hug Italian bees ore singularly docile in this line, the Syrlun beo Btlll more
Thcro uro tjpos of honey bees In South America that do not sting at all, but
nt they will not llvo In this country. It Is very likely that somo time, by
!n. wo can get them acclimated The Italian bee, taken nil around, is our
"II bee Its tongue Is long enough to dip even Into the red clover for honey.
Ill crawl nto flowers that other bees, especially the black bees, shun. It
ork on days so cold that other been would not think of venturing out.
Hllo thero sepma tn bo natural born bee workers and perrons born Immune
1' " poison, yet anyone If he would only muk up his mind could havo bees
to' i should be Bet facing low tieeo. Here Hie bees will mako a first stop,
uy soung pcnon, either boy or girl, can lendlly learn how to get them
n emptj hive which Bhould always be ready for such cases In swarming
" A good bee vtll nnd calmness aro tho main requisites. A boo roon scents
ftvons person and resents being handled In r shaky way. Another thing, a
" business Intent, seldom Ftlngs After they swarm thero Is llttlo danger
"lags, just as there Is llttlo danger whon tho bee Is loaded with honey.
Agriculture In Sanpete.
A movement is on foot to establish
an experiment station somewhere In
Sanpete county for the purposo of dem
onstrating that dry farming can bo
made a success In this vullej, and to
cncouiagc and develop the agricultural
Industry to Its fullest extent. This
news has been give I out by the profes
sors who recently held a farmers' Insti
tute here
Had not the Pyramid mentioned tho
fact, the people of Mt Pleasant would
hardly have known that an Institute
was held here, as thero wcro only a
dozen peoplo out. while at a similar
meeting nt Mantl tho Tabernacle was
filled to overflowing.
Can it bo possible thnt the farmers of
Mt Pleasant do not take moro Interest
In scientific farming? There Is ono cir
cumstance, however, In their favor,
that the meeting was not widely ad
vertised. They should rouse themselves
and put forth a united effort to obtnln
this sub-station for this city. It would
bo the means of stimulating agricul
ture to an extent never before known
The farmer, to be successful, must
have the aid of science In every re
spect. What a boon It would be If dry
farming could be successfully carried
on? There is only 1 per cent of the
cultivable land In Utah that Is at pres
ent utilized. Not alono can the dry
lands be farmed but tho alkali lands
can be drained and thus brought Into
a state of fertility. There Is but ono
kind of grain grown hero. The station
experiments with scores of different
kinds and learn by close Investigation
which kinds are best adapted to the
different soils, which aro good for dry
farms nnd which for Irrigated lands.
Tho farmers In this city can scarcely
do less than hold weekly meetings un
der direction of the college nt Logan
and study agriculture, horticulture,
stock raising, dalnlng nnd poultry
raising. The benefits that accrue to
them from Buch a course would greatly
aid them In the prosecution of their
work. Hitherto, they have made a
livelihood from the exeiclso of their
brawn without the necessary store of
knowledge that will bo required In the
future to carry on their pursuits suc
cessfully. The Agricultural college Is enrrying
on Its work at the expense of tho Gov
ernment They havo asked and asked
repeatedly of tho farmers that they
study and put Into practice the results
of experiments made at tho Institution,
but their pleas havo mostly fallen on
deaf ears, except In valleys that He near
tho college. This should not be. A
greater Interest must be awakened
some way and this paper shall do Its
utmost to that end.
What Inducements can Mt. Pleasant
give toward getting this experiment
farm here? They must rise to tho oc
casion and do something or some sister
town will obtain It. Pyramid.
Tho Plymouth Socks.
Prof. James Dryden of the Utah ex
periment station has succeeded In
breeding up the Plymouth Hock hens as
lajcrs until he has some bens that lay
more thnn 100 eggs a j car. This sounds
almost like making n Hereford Into a
milch cow, but It can be done. No breed
Is so popular or well thought of by
farmers ns the Plymouth Hock, and no
breed Is so often met with on farms. It
Hi an American breed ndapted to Amer
ican needs, and good In any and every
place. The greatest consideration among
farmers Is that they aro hardy. They
need no pampering, and are able to
shift for themselves when necessary,
yet give big returns for good food nnd
care. The hens are good winter layers
of largo brown eggs They aro also
good sitters and mothers. Tor early
broilers, roasting fowls or capons they
are one of the best breeds. The bright
jellow legs and skin gives them a very
attractive appearance In market,
The Plymouth Hock Is good enough
for anybody, and It has not been neces
sary to bring out a lot of different col
ored varieties. Yet In addition to the
original Burred there Is the pure White
and tho Huff. In dressing, these two
varieties do not show dark pin feathers
The fancier who delights to breed for
farm nnd feather will find ample op
portunity with the Ilarred Plymouth
Itock. Tho most prominent breeders fol
low a system of double mating match
ing up one pen to produce cockerels and
another for pullets. Tho demand Is for
a much lighter color In males than In
females. Tho Btandard weights are;
Cocks 9W pounds, cockerel 8 pounds,
hen 7V4 pounds, pullet 6',i pounds.
The Value of the American Hen.
The growth of tho poultry Industry In
this country li one of the wonders of the
time As a producer of wealth the Amer
ican hen Is a marvel To Illustrate the
Increased earning powers of this Indus
tr'ous autocrat of the barmard. It may
bo stated that In Missouri, during the list
fiscal ear. the sum derived from the sale
of poultry and ecus ran J17(X ahead of
all tho other products of the Btato com
bined The totnls show that tho old hen
neglected and left by the farmer to for
age for herself while he detotod his at
tention to the field crops, outstripped
them nil. Including corn, wheat oats,
flax scil, timothy seed, clover seed, millet
seed cano seed castor beans, cotton seed,
tobacco, broom corn, buy and straw.
Leslie s Monthly.
Exercise for Hoars
Is necessary to keep them In good health
nnd make them sure atock-gittcrs They
should bo kept In a large yard, where
they can seo the other hogs through tho
fence, During the breeding season some
boars walk the fence so much that It Is
necrssnr) to contlno them In close quar
ters or thei will wear themselves out.
Individual differ greatly In this respect
and must 'cited accordingly.
Do Nof eeding Sows Too Fat.
Much nont Is required In caring
for brood we They must not be too
fat. but mint have enough feed to kejp
them In excellent condition. Give them
a lie''' o run about In at. t supply plenty
of i beans field peas, etc H cir
cumstances are favorable, tho food should
bo watm, but not hot.
Ofllco of Clcnvelind Commission Com
pany, 15 West Second South Street,
Salt Lake Clt), Dec. 30, 1902
Tho grain trade Is quiet, as Is alwa)s
the case at this season of the ear. Sup
plies are sultlclent for all demands, and
prices correspondingly weak. Farmers
are receiving G3 cents for good milling
wheat against 72 cents n month ago,
and "0 cents a yenr ago Prospects for
a largo crop another jetr are not flat
tering, owing to the dry fill nnd tho
changeablo winter weather. Thoro Is
practical! no snow on the fields to pro
tect the plants,
Oats aro being delivered freely, nnd
prices aro lower. No 1 white oats bring
ing 1 30 per hundred weight on enrs In
this mnrktt. Barley commands the
same price, nnd this should be an In
centive for our farmers to sow a larger
ncrengo another jear.
Corn remains at about the same price
as last week. Hay Is plentiful nnd
w eaker.
Hoping nil readers of Tho Intcr
Mountaln Parmer and Itanchmau a
harpy and prosperous New Year. He
spcctfully. Cleav eland Com, Co.
A Wonderful Tarra.
Kansas Is noted for great things,
Tarmlng Is done thero on nn extensive
scale. In somo parts of tho world ten,
tw enty, thirty or forty acres Is called a
farm. In eastern Ohio tho writer has
observed many of these highly Im
proved farms. Hut, sajs tho World's
Work, what would such a man think of
a farm on which from 100 to 1D0 men
aro emploed; a farm whoso furthest
corner Is seventeen miles from tho
farmhouse; a farm that requires three
bookkeepers and stenographers to make
a record of Its activity?
This is tho scalo on which M. M. Sher
man conduct.1! his farm In centrnl Kan
sas. Ho has more than 40 000 acres
Hvery jear ho sells moro than 2200 fat
beeves. If a man Avere to start to ride
around his farm on horseback, ho could
not make Its circuit In two dass.
Mr. Bhermnn Is now trj lng to devlso a
method of ploughing by power by the
uro of two englrcs, one at either end of
tho field, propelling a cable between
them, to which tho ploughs may be at.
tached. He believes this to bo the best
solution of the ploughlng-by-power
problem, ptovldlng a gasollno engine
can bo mado with suulclent weight to
propel the ploughs and Btlll not be too
heavy for practical utility. In fact,
every experiment which Is mado In tho
work of tho farm Is commensurate with
the slio of the farm and Its crops. Hut
nothing Is unwieldy, nnd the entire lit
tle Stnto which the Shermin farm
makes swings nlong with better sstem
nnd with greater profit than common
wealths a century ago. Saturday Even
ing Post.
Tho Post Check Currency.
Tho post check currency does away
chlnery, A man can mako out his order
chnlcry. A man can mko out his order
wherever ho likes and It Is pnubla onlj
to tho person designated. It saves time,
cxpensn and loss and Is nt once tho most
convenient, practical and sensible mea
sure the wit of man has yet devised Ono
would think that Its simplicity and snfety
would coTimend It at onco to the postal
authorities, but men In official position
becoma so attnehed to old methods that
they Insensibly cling to them nnd per
sistently fight nil lnnoatlons It Is pre
cisely this class of men that tho post
check s)strm has had to fight, but tho
members of Congress ought to be nboe
such petty anu feeble considerations
Ihey ought to regard the measure ns ono
fraught with Inestimable benefit to tho
bulnes Intcreits of tho cojntry We
trust that Congress will look nt this from
tho high piano of statesmanship and not
bo Intluenced hv tho objections of Inter
ested parties Star, Teorla, 111.
A Great Stallion Gone.
Tho noted thoroughbred stallion. Imp
Topgallant, 19 years old, by Sterling,
out of Sea Mark, by Adventme, Is dead
at Wllllmette fnrm of Inflammation of
tho bowels, sajs a special to the Chica
go Tribune from Lexington, Ky. Ho
sired among others, Anisette, Currlcoa,
Galllton, Algol, Typhoon II. Sidney
Lucas, Onastus, Janeway and Topstld.
He also sired tho dams of McChesncy,
Ollflant and Imp. Albula
Comfort and Kindness.
Whatever ndds to the comfort of ani
mals Increases their ability to properly
utilize tho food and will enable them to
slvo betters returns for that which Is be
ing consumed Kindness is an efficient
aid In making nnlmals moro productive,
and It coRts nothing Abuso nnd excite
ment will Interfere with digestion and
cause n loss of food and product Kind
ness and petting make animals contented
nnd put their nervous systems In a con
dition to properly utlllzo fool and to re
turn their fullon measure of prom.
Light and Warmth,
Winter quarters for animals should bo
warm and dry and should be furnished
with plenty of pure air and good sunlight
Stables should bo well ventllutod but
without having a draught Thero Is en
tlrely too little attention paid to having
the stable well lighted, especially to hav
ing such arrangements ns to admit of a
flood -of sunlight Sunlight Is an effective
dutrojcr of dlrrasa germs
Feedlnc for Baby Beef.
In feeding for beef vers different rules
may be Used as a guide from feeding for
milk Kven with tho calf th object Is
to produco ns murh fat ns posilbte at the
same tlmo making growth If pos.lble
tho calf fat with which It Is born shoull
never bo lost but continually added to
This means forcing wtth plenty of muscle
nnd fat-making foods In feedtua for
beef, morn nttentlon should bo paid to
the ago of tho nnlmul and period of fat
tening than is commonly practiced.
Making a Tarm Paper.
The statement tnaj seem surprising,
and jet It Is true, that the ti'ofutnis
of nn agricultural paper depends al
most as much upon the readers of th"
samo ns upon Its editors The aim of
every honest editor should be to put his
own best thought Into his work, nnd to
clvo tho same for tho benefit of his
renders. He will glvo tho best that ho
has. Uvery tlmo the paper reaches Its
readers It ought to carry with It tho
choice-it treasure of his mind The pi
per Is his altar, nnd In Its every Issue
he pourB out a llbutlon in sacrifice as
It wcro to the welfare of his readers
Jlut this Is only a part of his ilut llii
Is or ought to bo a scavenger of useful
Information, betrlng upon agriculture,
from every legitimate source And
what ho gathers from tlmo to time
will bo presented to his readers In
forms new nnd old
Hut this will not nnko a paper what
It ought to be, though It may go a con
siderable length In tint direction Tho
thought and writings of no one man
can mako a paper what It ought to be,
and for the reason that no ono man Is
broad enough or versatile nouch to
grasp tho wholo of the great subject of
agriculture. Ho may know much about
It and may be considered n great au
thority upon It. but he will not. bo
cause of Its vastness nnd many-sidedness,
grasp It In Its entirety, nnd bo
caufo of this, his own personal produc
tions will only partially cover tho field.
How, then, Is It to be covered? How
aro tho readers to bo given all tho fool
they ought to get and In that condition
which villi bo at once nppetlzlng nnd
helpful? The paragraph now BUbnilt
ted will answer this question.
Tho readers of the paper must fur
nish much of tho Information In no
other way can thosa chatfges nnd dif
ferences In method called for by
changed conditions or dlfercnt condi
tions bo ascertained. In ono locality n
certain way of doing a certain thing
Is bost. In another locallly It may not
bo best, In fact to adopt It may provo
disastrous Now thosa methods that
are best adapted to those varied con
ditions can only be ascertained by
those who till tho lands In these lo
spectlve localities. In other words,
such knowledge Is tho outcome of thelt
experience liccnuse of this tho help
fulness of experiment stntlons tn tho
line of field agriculture Is not nearly
whatJt would ho wero tho conditions
ascertained by actual experiences.
Theso variations In method enn only
bo proved by thosa who till tho lands
In each locality. Such Information can
not be given out to those who need it,
save by those who havo gathered It.
It must be given out by them directly
or through his agents. They must
themselves send It for publication, or
the editor must gather It directly or
through his ngents. The Immense ad
vantage of tho former over tho latter
method villi be at onco apparent. Prof.
Thomas bhaw In the St. Paul Parmer.
A Wise Selection.
To tho Inter-Mountnln rarmer The
professorship of animal husbandry nt
tho Agricultural collcgo has been filled
by tho election of Prof. II. W. Clark of
Mr, Clnrk'o early life was spent on a.
lnrgo Btock farm In Minnesota, He fin
ished tho agricultural courso In the
school of agriculture, und later took out
his degrco from the courso In agricul
ture In tho University of Minnesota.
Mr. Clark did special work under Profs.
Shaw and Harcker of Minnesota In the
study of beefing and dairy breeds of
cattle. Por one jcar ho was assistant
In agriculture at the North Dakota Ag
ricultural college, where he did excep
tionally good work. He was In chargo
of ono of tho sub-stations In Minnesota
during the following year, nnd from
there went to Alabama, whero ho has
had charge of tho animal Industry work,
Including dairying, during tho past four
years He Is thoroughly practical In
his Ideas, and his sound scientific! train
ing will cnablo him to do good experi
mental work.
President Thach of the Alabama col
lego w rites of him: "Mr. Clark Is a man
of sterling character, and Is In every
way trustworthy. Ha Is careful and
thorough, and knows his work." It Is
Bald of Mr. Clark by one of his col
leagues In tho Alabama college that "he
Is tho most popular man In the Institu
tion, for tho reason that hj has a way
of getting along, not only with tho stu
dents, but with tho people with whom
ho comes In contact,"
Recommendations from nil over the
United States Indicato that In the selec
tion of a successor to Prof Llnfleld a
worthy nnd efficient man has been se
cured. Tho board of trustees is to be
congratulated on the work of bringing
together an Rblc agricultural faculty.
Logan, Dec. 20, 1902. A.
Requirements of Market Horses.
The mot Important requirement of tho
market horso In soundness Thnt Is, ho
must havo no chronlo dlnease which will
unfit him for general use He muit bo
sound In wind and ublo to do a rensonable
nmount of work without fatlguo Tho ma
jority of horses sold from a great market
go to tho city trado and nro compelled
to do their work on hard, unloldlng
pavements, hauling heavy loads or de el
oping speed, which is nn cen greater
strain on tho feet nnd legs 1 ho avcrngo
lerlod of usefulness on city streets of a
horso that was sound at the start Is not
moro than flvo yenrs. This tlmo will bo
materially decreased If tho horso be, his
to work In an unsound condition Broken
wind sides bones, unsound hocks should
!o strenuously guarded ngalnst George
K, Ilomirel, Bureau of Animal Industry
Watering tho Cattle.
A cow. Ilkn a workman, should haio
ever J thing she needs to do her best One
thing which Is very necessary to her Is
a liberal supt ly of water, for not only
must tho needs of tho bod bo met, but
a consllerntls quantity Is drained off In
tho milk, which contains about eh,hty
seven poundi in every 100 Of course
cows can subsist when supplied with
water once each da), but an opportunity
to drink morning and evening Is prefer
able, and to havo fresh, clean water be
fore tho cows continually Is still moro
In response to n request Prof Lew la A Merrill gives to the Hocky Mountnln S
Husbandman thu experience of the Utah rtattim In killing out dodder an follows: J
' Gentlemen! Your communication of November 9th In relation to tho exter- : f
mlnntlon of dodder has been referred to mo for reply. In the spring of 1901 some J.
experiments wero begun nt this station In connection with ono of tho elepartmcnts
nt Washington, on methods of dodder extermination A piece of lucerne on which s 3,
the seed from dodder had been sown was divided Into four equal strips During
this cnr tho dodder hod bo completely taken possession of the field that It was 5!
almost Impossible, to walk through tho field ns tho lucerne crop was entirely gl
matted Ono of theso strips was Bprajed with a sedutlon of ono and one-halt i) rag
pounds of copper Bulphnto dissolved In ten rations of water Tho sprnjlng wb "PI
dono after tho luccrno was tut nnd hauled off
Tho second Btrlp wns cut and the lucerne allowed to remain on tho ground B
until thoroughly dry und then burned Prom the third strip lucerne was cut, A H
hauled off, the stubbles burned and wnter kept continuously upon tho strip Wa- U jj
ter was withheld from I lie luccrno on the fourth strip, and nt course during this 0 B
cnr no results wcro obtained from tho experiment To our surprise tho stand S 4M
of lucerne was equally good on all of tho strlpa during tho past jear. 190.', nnd on jA
none of them did nny dodder appear. Wo were, therefore, unable to determine '?ljl
which method wns most effective, ns b each of tho methods tho doddir was ex- '1 ' I
terminated I V I
Lucerne growers In this Stato contend thnt during tho wet years they are 8 I
troubleel with this pest, nnd that It never appears during a dry season My opln- &
Ion Is thnt when largo quantities of dodder appear In a field an enemy to tho dod- J
der also appears In the form of an Insect, and deslrojs tho dodder, thus muln-
tabling "tho balance In nature " ltcspccttully yours, LUWIS A. MUHIULL, S
There Is hardly n sadder spectaclo on earth than that furnished by a god- k
less nnd graceless old man, who has lived In this Christian land perhaps three- y I
quarters of a century, and all of whose dajs havo been spent without any effort j 1
to lay up for hluiBclf n treasure In heaven. Ills childhood nnd youth wcro thus i; jj
spent; his manhood and mlddlo ngo wcro thus spent, and now, thero ho Is tn old j B
age, with Ufa on earth nlmost gone, and on tho very margin of tho grave, with vtt
eternity just before, and with not the first thing jet dono In tho way of preparing fjj
to meet God In judgment. Death frowns upon him. Ho finds no pleasure In l
thinking' of tho past, nono In the present, nuiTnuno'ln tlto future. Meditation ft
bring him no Joy; memory nnd conscience afford him no comfort. He Is without fjf
the blessing of Christian hope when ho most needs It. Tho disabilities and pains n
of his body mako llfo a burden to him, tho nctlvltlcs of tho business thnt once jl
employed his thoughts ho can no longer bear. Ho mUBt, for sheer necessity, la ft'
down the earthly tasks of life. In a short time ho will bo dead, nnd ho knows It. Jj '
Tho Dook Divine Is no Bourca of comfort to him, ho Is not Bufllclcntly familiar n 1
with It to bo comforted by It, nnd not In a moral condition to receive Its com- h 1
forts or be entitled to them. Alas, for that maul thero aro no prospects betoro S A
him that sweetly Invite his thoughts to tho Bplrlt world. The simple truth Is. 8 J
ho has laid up for himself no treasure In heaven. This one thing ho has not dona. i I
Many things ho ha done, but this ono never. Ho may leave millions to hU chll- 9 1
dren, but thero aro no millions for him In the skies. Ills wholo record on earth h j
Is wrong, fundamentally and nw fully wrong, and now thero Is, In his feebleness jj H
and decay near tho end of a wasted and misspent existence a sore afillctlon to l 9
himself and a solemn warning to every passer-by. Who will envy him his lot? p I
Who would Imitate hl example? Ills llfo In this world, as to the great purposo jj
for which It was given, Is simple a prodigious failure. It ends without hope here, j 1
and In eternal darkness hereafter. Tho Independent. j
It would seem that thero Is nn opening for capital In tho way of a pork pack-
lng establishment up In Idaho, Judging from the following Been In the Lewlston
(Ida.) Teller: I i
Tho hog Industry Is growing In this eectlon. Thcro Is everything hero to f )
mako It successful and at less cost than In tho Mlddlo West. During tho year
past nearly 100 cars of hogs havo been shipped out jt this section, and heavier
shipments wero restricted because hogs could not bo obtained. j
Trom Camus prnlrlo the largest shipments wero made. The finished product 3
Is of tho highest class. "Tho streak of lean with n streak of fat" Is ns harmonl- 8
ous throughout ns tho white mortar nnd red brick In a wall. Wherever the ba- 3
con Is on sale It Is given preference by consumers. Tho nnw Is true of hams. 8
With this In favor of our people why not mako extra effort to ralso moro hogs? 1
Ncz Perco county hat not been lacking In rewaid for the attention given In "
hogs At first only a Btnall shipment wiib made. When It reached the packing- i
house ngents w era nt once Bent Into tho field to buy cv ery thing marketable. That
order Is still In force. .
A firm of hog dealers at Nez Perco shipped ten cars last week and 110,000
gold coin la In the county to lay as tho result. Sunday another large shipment f
left tho yards In Hast Lewlston Hut even with this tho packing-houses nro
rustling for more, nvory effort should bo made to tncrcaso tho hog crop, even
If Icsb wheat Is raised. Hogs aro more profitable, and requires less money and
labor to handle.
Deputy Sheep Inspector Burns of Lincoln county tells tho Halley (Ida.) V
Times man thnt there will bo great loss of sheep If tho winter should bo a severe
one. He says that on the range near Tlkura and on to the lavn desert the snow
Is nineteen to twenty Inches deep, and crusted. It Is Impossible for tho sheep to
pick up enough there to keep them In good condition. Along the Snake thero Is
a narrow Btrlp of bare ground, but this will afford feed for a very limited num- 1
ber of sheep. Teed Is scarce and hay Is not obtainable On Clover creek thero
was a little but It went nt 110 In the stock. Not ono sheep man In thrco has ,
enough feed to winter his lambs, and while those prepared to feed will lose a few J
head, tho'to not so prepared will lose heavily
Thero has been considerable said on tho Importance of making rations arpe- '
tlzlngund suggestions made which would contribute to that end. Water makes t '
a food toste better, makes It moro enjoyable nnd Increases Its value. Early cut
hay, for Instance, Is best not only because It contains more protein than that cu i
late, but because Its nromn, and flavor mako It moie palatable.
It Is not well to feed nnlmals too much nt one time, ns they pick out the most
desirable partB (list and mens tho other over, which detrartB from Its palatablllty s
nnd either entails loss of food or products, whereas feeding In different was and
less nt n time would glvo better results from the Bamo food. Mangers, feed
troughs an dracks should be kept clean both from a sanitary standpoint and In ,
otder to make the foods moro appetizing and to have moro of It eaten and thus h
get better results, '
A- )

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