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ESTABLISHED* 1MW. Published every morning except Monday by The Andereon Intelligent cer at Ho West Whittier Street, An derson, 8. C. SEMI-WEEKLY INTELLIGENCER Publlebed TuendayB and Fridays Entered HS eecond-claai matter April 28. 19H. at. the poBt office ot AudcrHon, South Carolina, under the ACt of March 3, 1879. ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHES Telephone .321 SUBSCRIPTION RATES DAILY One Year .16.00 Six Months . 2.1.0 Three Months . 1.26 One Month.42 One Week .10 SEMI-WEEKLY One Year .$1.60 Six Months .76 The Intelligencer ls delivered by carriers in the city. Look at the painted label on your paper. The date thereon shows when the subscription expire?. Nut too dui o on label carefully, und if not correct please notify UK at once. Subscribers deBlring the addretm of their paper changed, will pleaso state In their communication both tho old and new addresses. To insure prompt delivery, com? plaintB of non-delivery lr, tuw city of Anderson Bhould be made to the Circulation Department before 0 a. m. and a copy will tie sent nt onco. AH checks snd drafts should bo drawn to Tho Anderson Intelligencer. ADVERTISING. Rates will bc furnhbed on applica tion. No tf advertising discontinued ex cept on written order. The Intelligencer will publish brief and rational letters on subjects cf general Interest when they aro ac companied by tho names and ad dresses of the authors and are not of a defamstory nature. Anonymous t communication? will not bo noticed. Rejected manuscripts will not be re turned. In order to avoid delays on account Of personal absence, letters to The Intelligencer Intended for publication should not be addreBBed to any Indi vidual connected with the paper, but simply to The InteRlr/cizer. SATURDAY, MAY 22, 1915. The commencements are about to , commence. A coal miner shot and killed an other 200 feet under ground. That waa low down. . Now is a good time for German Americans to forget that part preced ing the hyphen. The Wer at a Glance.-Headline. That's about as long as some folks we know would stay there. Now matter how punk the fare may be at summer resorts, some folks can stand the places it the gossip is spicy. -o The English sro about to pigeon hole their war idol Kitchener. But the French banished their one time Idol. Nspolecn. Mount Lassen has picked a mighty poor time for an eruption. A few ?months ago she could get on the front page without any trouble, but not now. We learn from the esteemed Colum bia State that a sculptor has done Roosevalt In elsy; Well, when Burnes gets through with him his name will be mud. Charleston has always boasted of the water on her bar and it seems Governor Msnning ls determined to give them the opportunity to boast of even more. U. S. Judge Johnson's son. ?I years of age, has been appointed to a fed eral position with a salary of $3,000. How many poor boys there are In the State, just as efficient and per haps as deserving, who are working for a tenth of that amount. ? ??. o Star.) "Colons! Aftermath" would rat us.' raid a beer saloon than to do anything else we see no reason why Governor Manning should not put bim on the constabulary force In .Charleston.-Gaffney Ledger. Now if you hesitate' ss long as Italy about declaring war, colonel, well feel like booting you. ' . .. o -?? Andersen. Intelligencer says that the effects of the gallon a month whisker law arc noticeable in that county. If the outside world's. Infor- j matlon was correct there was room for ttte g'.Hon a month law to get In some v coed '?cM In Andersen.--Rook HUI Herald. Well now you see since our Rock Hill friends have ceased to visit; na e*? otUn we don't need so mach. SOI TH ON HKR FEET AOAIN. Th?Tc Is no doubt about lt, th? IB on her feel again. And Bhu In ?tandiug mor?' Hrnily than Bhe bus ?.ver Blood flnancially before, Thc war up net UH and up gel UH pretty badly for a while, but that baa all paBKed now. We heard a banker talking the tither day and he waft one in touch willi New York, the big money mar kct ot Hie Culled States and of the world, lie said that HIX mon tba ugo New Yorker?; would not listen when he went north lo talk money win n il waa HO much needed to finance Ibc cotton. Bul In March they offered money and in April and in May they wanted to know why the South was not KoinR tn use any money. Well, tin- Southern people hav<> al ways bim proverbially noted for their prodigality and waHte. And thc war has just called our attention to need of n little economy, that all. And ?Ix montliH of Having on our pari has made us Independent. The cotton crop will he mude with lem; fertilizers and with cheaper labor than il lina In ten yenni. And as the acreage has been cut, the price will probably be good. But If lt IH not KO, lt can go lo the warehouse when- so much of lt went last win ter. Farmern have learned the great lesson of the wnrehoUHe. Something they did not know before. And if it goes to the wnrchoune it can Blay lhere, for there will be more hom?' rnlfled meat, and wheat, and corn than we ever had before. One of thc manager? of the chau tauqua ?aid that when they left Chicago, they left with fear and trembling. They did not know whether they would ever get back or not. But Knid he, we have apent five montho right In the South and we have mad?! more money than we have ever made In the Hnme length of time before in our 'IveH. A big insurance man informed us yesterday that hhs company had done more business In the month of May limn they had ever done In one month before. The South in on her feet. CHIVALRY AND MQf'OR. A ntrange combination-chivalry and liquor-one may say. But ls lt HO strnnge after all? Bather isn't lt because we probably never thought of such a thing before? We have thought along this line before, and most everyone knowB that sometimes the most gentlemanly of ?.jen are the grandest rascals. In The New York Timen we find a brief communication from a reader of that paper, which BiyB: "What ls the relation of drink to manners? My mother, who In nearly eighty years of age. nnyn that she i? *ilw?yn given a scat in the Btreet cars, but that nearly always the man ha? been drinking?" What ls the relation of drink to manners alter all? 1B there uny re lation? lun't the thought in that com munication rather misleading? lt would suggest, lt seems to us, that liquor makes one chivalrous. We rather think that tho chivalry wan there before the liquor. In other words, a gentleman will be a gentle man. Jt doesn't take liquor to bring out those qualities. The stamp of a gentleinnn. a real gentleman, ls real ly hard to obliterate, even with liquor. ---_ ALMOST HOPELESS TASK. In setting about to drive Illegal sellers of whiskey in Charleston out of business Governor Manning has taken upen himself a,task that is not easy to perform. If lt Is possible at all. For ono. wo nel'eve that there ls a certain relation between physical and moral cleanliness. Charleston has a reputation for physical cleanllnesB that 1B not altogether the best. While we would not say that this condition ts responBlblo for the disregard for law that ls characteristic of the city, wc believe that lt haa something to do with lt. In other words, there ls no great amount of civic pride In Char leston. Civic pride, In a larger sense, carriea with it the idea, we believe, not only of clean Btreets. clean premises and sanitary conditions gen erally, hut ot healthy moral condi tion aa well. ?ntil there ta an awakening along thia line we aro Inclined to doubt whether' there will be an awakening along the line or moral healthiness of the town. Therefore, lt ls going to take more than Governor Manning's constabulary force to bring order out of choao in the City by the Sea. Char leaton will have to eave heraelf. An invading force cannot do lt all. A Greenville lawyer has filed a vol untary petition tn bankruptcy with assets twice the amount ot hla liabili ties. Were our affairs In auca ahape we would consider .ourself pros perous. j UNITED _ (Now York Times.) The welcome extended by this elly to the president as tho head of a unite.] nation is Impressive. There J?. ??f course, no doubt that ?he nation is united; but Hist it should be united is not ? matter of ?ourse, or s ?hing that gor^ without saying. Seldom, If ever, in any national erlsis bu? lt been united al it ls todsy, and this ls a tiling worthy of note, ii thing Impressive to thc iniagi tint ion and lilied with food for thought in other countries. There were voices, and the voices of men of weight, agninst the Spanish American war. Mr. Cleveland'.! Venezuelan message called forth vigouroui dissent from a powerful minority. Including Influential newspapers, finan I -'ers, statesmen, clergymen, and teachers. Lincoln had to face a minorlt; SO large that il carried State elections and threatened his control of congres;) Tho protest against Hie Mexican war was so forceful that the literature o i hat war which has survived is chiefly a literature of protest. The antugo ll ism lo the War of 1812 rose so high that Its spokesmen were suspected o plotting secession and disruption of the Union. Our quarrel with France ii .lie closing years of the eighteenth century found us divided. It Is'needles io re< ?ill the Whig-and Tory division of thc Revolutionary War. It is not too much to say that this nation is united as lt never ha? been bf fore in any grave situation, international or internal. There lias been non "f lin exicttcmcnt, the verbal fireworks, that followed the destruction of th Maine or the Venezuela message. The country has been grave and quiet; lt feelings have been too deeply stirred. At the outbreak of the war Amerl cana and other foreigners in France recorded their amazement at the chang '., Hie manner of tho French people; the H .' ~lety, tho calmness, the settle determination of that nation. The Americans are now giving a portrait c themselves to bear that other portrait company. The cheers that greeted the president yesterday in New York, the grer testimonial of trust an dconfldence, were not needed to assure him tht among nil the presidents he ls the most fortunate in having the people solidi with him. It was nci only a testimony of traut in his character, a cbaractc which has unfolded Itself to a nation thnt did not know him and ia nov however little lt was understood at first, as clear-cut in the public mind a that of any of the co: .try's ronner leaders, 't manifested approval not onl of what he is. but or what he is doing. It was not only for Woodrow Wilsoi but for the man who embodies the present will and purpose of the natloi for the nation in lils person, for the man whose action of last week spoke tl nation's mind. (St. Paul Pioneer Pres3.) Next November the votern of New York State will pana upon a propoocd amendment to their conn'itution ex tending the privilege of the ballot to women. Mut a newspaper lina become interested In advance. The New York World conducted a canvass of the moat prominent men. businei'a and profea slonal, In the greater city, the result of which han recently been announced as follows: 27n,88r? for; 353,272 against. Other recent evonta In the suffrage realm seem to raise the question whether there lias not been ? recent reaction of focling again?? the cause, in the election of last Novtmber BUf frage amendment? were cnrrled in two States-NevUda and Montana; they were lost In five ntates-Ohio. Mln Houri, Nebraska. North Dakota and South Dakota. An n result of the most spirited cnmpnlgn ever conduct ed in Delaware both houses of thc legislature of that State on March ;> voted against an amendment which would have required a two-thirds ma jority. The vote stood: if ouse, 22 to 8; senate, ll to 6. The lower house of the Connecticut legislature on April 7 killed the proposed amendment In that State by a vote of 124 to 10?. Whether or not thl3 record is sig nificant of the current drift of senti ment, lt shows at least that the suf frage cause han vet a great deal to gain in thc cull, tun nt of sympathy from both SCXCB. Th<? ta^k of captur ing the male vote In a larg j one even though thc women themselves v. ere unanimous in their demand for the ballot. Hut thev nrr i ot unanimous, and the difficulty of i mvtnclng mm to force the vote upon unconvinced women is well-nigh iitsui'mountable. P pl lit in g the Poor. (Helena t Mon tl Daily Independent.) "Trc poor ar? tired ot heine up liftet;." says .in cjt.tiieiijg-!, "If one may cred't a remar, that wa t made th other day. "'?iiey want me to go to hear H lecture on poetry.' sud a man who had vorked hard all day to earn a dollar and a quarter, "but I would rather :'ce a little poetry than hear about JU." Of course, the 'uplifter's1' idea is right. He beliovcs that tho worker is surrounded with poetry which he IR unabli to see until his eyes are opened by the man with a inessag?; of beauty. Hut the fart ls that the lecturer on poetry might liav; a bard time seeing the thing lie describes lt he were placed In Ju.st the condi tions of thc workma i he would in stinct. Take away the comiortn and '.ux + ? ? DURNBURG. + ? ? Who Is this fellow, anyhow This Dernburg feller-what's he at? It seem:? he thinks we all must bow When the Kaiser says, do this or that! Who ts this Doctor Dernburg* (Dem him!) Why don't sonic one rise up and learn him? I thoug-it Britannia nilled the wave. But now lt ema that isn't so; He says Ute law the Kaiser gave That's law by which we've go to go! Who Is this Doctor Dernburg? (Dem him!)-* No glory here auch words will earn him! I thought Old Baldy waa, fer sure, A bird o' freedom-seems 'Uln't truel He mustn't take no ocean tour - Thia doctor feller says 'twoa'l do! ^Tho la this Doctor Durnburg? (Dem him!) Why don't Old ?Baldy flap an' spurn him? -Edith M. Thomee, in tho New York World, ir i * ? :-. o fthe average individua] who ll.inks lin knows Ho?ie.tiiliig about Hi-try and he would begin io loso a iii of lu:? vision in the majority of rants. No ono wants to disparage he introduction of culture to thu jour. One of the t liigs wo need uost In tills utilitarlm agc is tho ca laclty to dllTerentiate between gross wealth and the refined treaures of ifc and ttie world. Hut ur ull that arc cannot disregard thc grinding tower of poverty, the deadening that romes from too much toil and too ittle pay. One phase, of our ii pl ff t ng must be the simple prosaic niel h - id of giving the under dog a chunco o do for himself the things which nay onen a new violon and a real up ift. A Message l-'nun Lincoln. (New York World.) During one of the darkest and most li Hie ii lt periods of the Civil War a rolunteer committee called &t the Vhite House to exprcu* '.-.a dissatls actlon with vari"::", uctlons and vari IUS omv--? ->nn of the administration. To the complaints ot this committee 'resident Lincoln replied: Gentlemen, suppose all the proporty /ou were worth was iu gold and rou I ad put it In the hands of 3londin, to carry across the Niagara ?I/er on a rope. Would you shake he cable or keep shouting to him. 'Rlondin. stand up a little straighter -Blond?n, stoop a little more-go a ittle faster-lean a little more to the ?orth-lean a little more to the louth?" No; you would hold your ireath as well as your tongue, and teep your hands off until he waa safe iver. The government ls carrying an rnormous weight. Untold treasures ire in their hands; they are doing the ?est they can. Don't badger them. <eep silence, and wo will get you safe ic ross. What Lincoln said then applies with !qual force to the present situation The government ls carrying an onor nous weight"-the heaviest weight hat any president or any admlnlstra lon has carried since the Civil War. The. Issue of peace' or war. so far is the United States ls concerned, nay depend upon tho loyalty and latrlotlsm with which'.the American] leoplo sustain their prealdont and heir govrenment. "Don't badger; hem!" It was fifty years ago that Abraham .i nenin died; but the Ups that are low dust still carry a message of lupreme wisdom for the American | teopic. Let them heed lt. Let them iblde by his counsel. ? ? ? PALMETTO SQUIBS. ? Ipartanburg Journal, Our old friend. Abe Martin, ob lerveB that some fellows won't even end an ear without security. .ancaster News. The strife stirrer has piled his trade n South Carolina for quit? a while. Vc til know him. His principal nus* ness is agitation, stirring up strife mong the people, arraying class gainst class, claiming all the time hat ho is acting in fr.e interest of tho leople, when. In fact, be ls seeking o further his own Interests. Such nen are enemies to society. Pr est ent Wilson, in his Philadelphia peech, expressed his pity for such reatures when he ?aid: "I am sorry for the man who seeks o make personal capital ont of the ass lons of his follow man. He bas sst the touch and Meal or America, or America waa created to unite ?anklnd by the passions that lift and nits and not by the passions that epa rate and debase mankind. PRESS CO The Soul h American Gamecock. 11) (?St. IKMIB Post-Dispatch.) li German diplomata appear to have t aroused hoBtiiity in a new quarter, p Chile is the latest power to call their c hand. Thc cables inform us the gov- r ernment at Santiago lina given the government at Herlin live days in c which to withdraw and apologize for * % peremptory demand f prompted by g the destruction of the German cruiser 1 Dresden by BiUiuh warships in a Chilean waters), which the Chilean I government deeni3 an insult. t Some folks will Bav Chile wouldn't 1 be BO cocky If Germany were not cm- f broiled with several other great pow- a crs, but nobody will any that who knows the Chilean people. Chile is ti the gamecock of the south, a nation t of flreaters. ready to tight anybody, D of any HIZC, at any time, at thc drop \ of thc hat, and always amply satis- / lied.' If need be, to get a mouthful ft while thc other fellow is getting a't meal. c Chile's challenge may be Quixotic, r but it is not ridiculous. Gallantry ls i never ridiculous. Th* War's Staggering Figures. (Washington Star.) The costs of the war arc but esti mates, but the estimates are stagger ing. It is v):ry di dieu lt. indeed, to digest them. They suggest a r:ot In round numbers. They throw into the shade -alues which hitherto have been considered enormous. For an Instance, alarming changes have been rung on the coat of run ning thia government Iq time of peace for a year. A billion dollars! What, now, ia a billion dollars? Mow small thc sum looks by comparison with the war expenses in Europe- Money is being poured out there in floods. Nothing like lt han ever been known before. How much longer the experience will continue no man may say. The tenth month of the outlay ls drawing to a close, the area of conflict ls wid ening, and while thc need exists the money must bc found. At the cloae of thc war the heads j t of armv establishments will be re- p quired to take stock, and ascertain j p what is necessary for the future. The B unparallel struggle will have taught I; much. And thc earae 1B true of navy n eatabllahmmentB. War on ?he water h has developed phases both new and ii expensive. te International lawyers will find n much to do. Many old agreements v ? ' . * ? ODDS AND ENDS. * ? . Nicholas, tho Christian name of the Czar, means victorious; George means farmer, Albert illustrious. Peter a rock. William a defender. Francis i free, and Joseph may He add. France in times of peace makes I nearly 26,000,000 pairs of gloves year ly, and of these 18,000,000 pairs are I exported. During recent years the exports of Canadian apples to the United King- i dom have totaled about 1400,00 bar-" rela per annum. The sun gives 600.000 times the I light that a full moon does. About 300 species of turtle and I tortolees are known. Some of these I attain a very large size. A field marshal never retires, but ?remains on the active Hat and drawa full pay till the day of hla death. Tulips came from the Levant; they I grow wild in European Turkey, Lady I Holland brought them to England in 1804. In nearly every street of tho cities of Japan there is a public oven, where for a small fee, people may have their dinners cooked. The knitted goods industry of Japan began tea years ago In a small way at Osaka. It is now estimated that there are no fewer than thirteen hun7 dred manufacturera of these goods In that city alone. Wear th i; The smili the hat $ for the sr Every st; season is now and place to 1 We've ta the hat i body fav< ter see af Price $\.. Hours 8 t Sizes 6 5 M .MIMENT lave gone by the board. The need of ilghly important new agreements will ie pressing. A beginning at the be elining will bo necessary to meet an iccaslon produced by a world coin notion . Then trade. Captains of Industry verywhere will have to bestir them clvlrs. Industries which have lan ?uished must be revived. Such as lave been going on one wheel must gain be propelled by two. Old mar ida will again invite, and new will ic sought. Again the great produc ng nations will engage in a contest or big business, to be made, if pos ible, bigger than eyer. Hut tho financiers will have the riost stupendous and the moa? urgent asks. At the start they will tackle i sort of chaos. Confusion every vhere. Losses beyond all precedent, inxicty universal. Distrust on every land. And yet action will be impera - ivc, and must at once begin. For >n the bases of the new financial ar angemonts the future, for good or ll, must rest. Business? There will be business or everybody. Soldier, sailor, iaw rer. statesman, tradesman, financier, kill lu? busier than evei hcior?\ and ..i ola problems In new forms, and low problems in forms so large there viii be nothing to guide by. The oming era of peace-^-may lt soon be ;|n;-win be thc busiest in recorded nnals. Charleston and the Lan. (Charlotte Observer.) When Governor Tillman took barge of affairs In South Carolina io found it necessary to send State onstabl?s to Charleston to take the iquor situation in hand. Governor tanning seemp to have been called n face the same situation and to have ad recou-se to thc same remedy, 'hi? time, however, the gubernator ial action is met in a better spirit illman's action almost brought on Ivll war, the feeling aroused being ne of the bitterest resentment layor Grace and thc Charleston peo le are not inclined to view the mat er so entirely In the light of a usur atlon, and a considerable change in ubi ic sentiment is observable. The plrlt of past traditions is st.'.ll large y in evidence in Charleston. It is atura! that this spirit should die ard, but Charleston ls slowly work ag Itself into conformity with mod-> rn conditions and modern require ments, one of which is compliance ith the law. . fr***************** + * 4 ABOUT THE STATE. ? -+***?***????*+*+++*** + Weil Known Pitcher. Vedder Sltton. the coach of the Clem on team, was in the cit*; with his lub to the delight of his old friends 'ho knew him in years gone by. Mr. iltton was with the Syracuse club In he New York state league last year. Ie holds a unique record In that he, ome years ago, played on two pen ant-winning teams the same season, itching for Jacksonville tn the South ?.tlahtic s?id for Nashville In the louthern. after he had twirled the 'lorida city to victory.-Greenwood ournal. Selling Produce. Fermera who have a surplue of vtg tables, eggs, poultry or other pro uce for sale should bring lt to the urb market. The demand Is growing athcr than decreasing and opportunl f of making the curb market an instl atton of great value never bet sr than at present. The erection of tie shed for tho sale of fresh treats nd the licensing of a few farmers to ell meats haa no bearing upon the urb market proper. Producers can ell their products on the street as hey have herebofore done.-Sumter tem.^. Baying Meies. Although lt baa been confidently redicted that farmers would not ny mules tum spring, local dealers sport that business bas been better ian they had expected. Several cars t mules have been disposed o? while ie stocks of the local ??ables hs7e sea appreciably diminished.-Gaff ey Ledger. s hat and a smile! L? costs you nothing, 3 and it's a good halo nile. /le that's right this right here now, and herc is the time and my. ken a straw vote on question and every jrs 'em, so you'd bet ter yours today. 50 to $4. o 10. ?8 to 7 1-2. .Tit Sb* wah m Comdex* ********************** * * * WIT AND HUMOR. ? * ? ********************** V^ry Particular. City Editor-For a beginner that new reporter acema very particular not to make any mtstakeB. : Assistant-YeB ; I told h Un to write on one aide of the paper, and he I wanted to know which aldo.-Judge. Good In Silence. Silence IB one great art of conver I sat Inn. He IB not a fool who knows when to hold his tongue.-William Hazlitt. Contradiction. It is strange that men should see sublime inspiration in the ruins ot an old church and ice none in the ruins of a man.-G. K. Chesterton. Apple Ordered F?rjt Clothes. The tailor's sign was an apple simply an apole. Tho poor were ?amazed at it. and came In crowds to I the tailor, asking what on earth was j the meaning of the sign. The tailor, with ac omplacent smile, replied: 'If it hadn't been for an I apple, where would the clothing bus iness be today?"-Philadelphia Rec ord. Slightly Mixed. Here IB a school room story, told us by a Michigan health supervisor: "We were raising funds for paying for operations for removal of the ade noids and tonsllB. The school chil dren were much Interested and can vassed the tewn selling stamps. At ene borne where a little boy called to sell s ts. in ps the lady asked: "What are you going to do with thc money?' The little boy quickly replied: 'It ls to buy adenoids' for little children [that haven't got none."-Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph. Battle Between Trees. I remember a cedar and mar*1* growing as close together as if they sprung from the same root, Some 35 or 36 years ago they were about 20 feet in height and thc maple was probably about the same number of years old; the cedar twice aa much. The maple is now twice that height and Its desperate efforts to straighten killed the cedar (round which it takes A complete turn) and flattened itself grotesquely.-From "A Farmer's Note Book," by C. E. D. Phelps. His Appeal to Papa. Little Webater had entered Into an agreement with his father whereby he waa to receive a penny every time he came when called, providing he covered the distance beforo bia fa ther counted to Ave. One day i e was out on the lawn when called and did not start until he heard "three." Running as hard as he could, b" shouted. ".Say three all the time. Sa/ three all the time, pap." A Swell Name. Tom (reading)-Mr. Comeup main tains his own social coterie.- I say. Dick, what's a social coter?? Dick-Why, ifs a swell name for a stylish tailor's shop, yon stupid. Baltimore American. ?nele Eben. "De man dot goes around lookln' foh advice," said Uncle Eben, "ia gln er?lly a feller dat praferB conversa tion to work." Proper Strivings. Patience and strength are what we need; an earnest uae of what we have now; and all the time an earnest dis content until we come to what w? ought to be.-Phillips Brooks. Terni Originated by Fox. The word "Radical,'* as applied to a British political party, originated in a speech made by Charles J. Pox, bl 17S7, when he referred to the neces sity for "radical reform." The Surprising Part I was surprised to learn Uist Bonehoad bad lost his mind.' "What was there surprising about lt?" "Why, that hta friends found lt out That's whst surprises me." Fer Wet Btwts. Roots and shoes, however damp, will polish in a few minutes If a drop or two of paraffin oil he added to the blacklag. it aleo prevents the tenth' er. from cracking.