Newspaper Page Text
Fair today; gent?o to mod?rate south to southwest winds. The COTTON MARKET U>eal Spots.9 1-2 c VOLUME IL ANDERSON, S. C. TUESDAY, MORNING MAY 4,1915. NUMBER 96. SECO: BRYAN ?? WHY HE I FROM -v WANTED INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION TO DECIDE QUESTIONS IN DISPUTE CABINET STANDS WITH PRESIDENT Bryan Will Urge People to Pre vail Upon President to Follow His Ideaa. Washington. Juno 9.-William Jon nlugs Bryan retired today us seere tary of state. His first act as a prl vate citizen was lo issue a statement explaining his reasons for leaving the cabinet, announcing that he intended to lay Iiis view of what the Ameri can policy toward Germany should he before Hie public for judgment. The statement came us a sensational cli max to today's farewell speeches and good wishes from the president and executive colleagues. In his explanation Bryan revealed that the president lind not felt Justi fied lu adopting two of his sugges tions-that au offer he made to Ger many to submit tlte questions in the dispute with tho United States to an j luteruational commission for investi-i gatton lIu'rTTTg^d'T^B^rm'gT anTTTRat meanwhile Americans by proclama? (ion, he warned not to take passage : on belligerent ships or American ves sels carrying ammunition. These pro positions Bryan expects to urge upon the people with the hope of securing BUCti expressions of public sentiment as will support the president in em ploying these rem?dies If In the fu- j turo he finds it consistent with his sense of duty to favor them.. j Bryan's statement was received with undisguised amazement tu offi cial quarters. .Vo comment was made at the White House. Bryan had pre- j vlously informed some omolals of the character of hts statement. All of them stood with the president. i Bryan left the state department 1 shortly after one o'clock. The note ; to Germany was put on the telegraph wires at two o'clock, when Bryan's j resignation went. Into effect. Washington, June 9.-William Jen lngs Bryan, today returned to private life after being United States secre tary of state for two years and three months. I His resignation yesterday because ? he couldn't Jobi iu approval of the | note to Germany or reconcile its principles to "prevention of war," which he claims is i'he cause nearest ! his heart, today developed an unusual situation in the 'United States' do mestic politics, and a grave turn in ita foreign policy. Firmly net against anything which might involve the United States in war, Bryan found himself opposed by the president and cabinet in methods of handling the situation. Tn a lette* accepting Bryan's resignation the president says he I? not separating from Bryan hi ob jects HouRVit In the present crisis, but. in the method by which they aro to be accomplished. The president is 1 equally anxious to avert war, but j bolds it absolutely necessary to so affirm the United States' position that there won't be any doubt of the firm intention to enforce the United States* rights if necessary. Shoe Leather Advances. Hamburg, June 9.-For the second time since the beginning of the war the shoe and leather dealers of Ham burg, Altona and vicinity have an nounced an Increase In the price net only of shoes but of repairing foot wear. The first raise came in De cember. Leather however ?iad no In creased In price since then that deal' era claim to be unable to operate at any profit at all unless they charge ! ?till more. URGES NOTE Ti ON BLOCKA ' Washington, June 9.- representa tive Webb of North Carolina, today urged, tue president to send proinotly a note to.Great Britain covering the general subject ot neutral rights as affected by the blockade of the ailles. Webb and the other Southern mem bers ot congress, ia whose behalf ND [PLAINS lESIGNED CABINET SOCIALISTS OBJECT TO in POLICY PROTEST AGAINST CHANG ING COURSE OF U. S. BY PRESIDENT. SEE IMPLIED THREAT In Recent Warning to Warring Faction-Viewed With Alarm. Chicago, Juno -Tho national ox eouOive committee of t1 ie Socialist purty met hen? today and protested against thc president changing lils policy of non interference in Mexico. The memorial said: "Speaking for more than two million voters we view with great alarm the implied thrca: contained in .your reeetit warning to thc coutendlng elements in war torn Mexico. The Socialist party is unal terably opposed Jto armed Intervention and if that is the hidden meaning in (-yo?r-"<**nged-~*ttH*de- on -the-SitHaH Mon, then we solmenly protest against your mandate of June second." Ears Slit by Germans. i_:_. ' Sergeant Pannaanlnk. Although f ie Germans have made charges sgainst the Russians for cruelly tn East Prussia, similar charges have been made against them by the Russians, and this photograph Of Sergeant Pannesstnk is offered by them aa evidence. Thc soldier was captured by Germans, according to the Russian story, and taken to garage, where the Germans slit his ears. He freed himself during the night and made his way back to the Russian lines. There he wes deco rated with a distinguished cross. Von Tlrntts** Estates Seised. Parla. June 9.-The Italian gov ernment has seized the estates ot i Grand Admlra'l von Tirpilz at Cagti IIri. in southern Sardinia. It was feared that they might become a base for Austrian and German subma rines. J ENGLAND DE OF COTTON he spoke, feel shat cotton Interests have Buffered as an unjustifiable re sult of the embargo. * There was. nd White House com ment concerning what the president told Webb. Webb advised friends later that the president promised ear ly action. INSISTS ON REPARAT SITANIA AND I ?fr ? - HIGH SEA Washington, June 9.-The United StateB today sent to Germany a note reiterating it's demands for repa a Mon for Ute loss of American lives in the sinking of the Lusitania and Bett ing forth clearly fae earnest desire of the American government that Ger many signify her ?arly adherence to the principles of international law that neutrals be permitted to travel on unarmed ships without being suh Ject to the dangers of submarine war fare. Couched in more friendly terms than it was believed would bi' used when the unsatisfactory answer to the American note of May 13th arrived from Germany, the communication was cabled to Ambassador Gerard foi" presentation to German foreign office. It will be given out for publication in Friday morning papers. Tile doc ument 'hud the united support of tho cabinet. It was emphasized Unat the note out lined fully the position of the presi dent und his cabinet. Tlie note, it was said authoritative ly, 1-aves room in many respects for a friendly reply, but contains u fi'tn Insistance on the principles hereto VILLA MESSENGER ON WAY TO WASHINGTON -U-.L _ JX-*~.*~ ,-V".-^>- V,^ Bears Rebel Chief's Reply to Pres ident's Recent Note of Warning. Washington. June 9.-Tho Yilla agency announced touight it had been advised that a messenger had start; 1 for Washington with Villa's reply to President Wilson's warning to the ef fect that the belligereut Mexican fac tions must restore peace. The agency spokesman hus already indicated that Villa is ready to co-operate in a poace movement. AUSTRIAN AIRMEN BOMBARD VENICE One Killed and Several Wounded. No Ancient Buildings Damaged. Venice, June 9.-An Austrian aeroplane dropped bomha here this morning. Killed one and wounded several. Property damage was not heavy. No historic buildings suffer ed. _ . Account From Rome. Home, June 9.-The Italian war office Statement this morn mg says an enemy aeroplane flew over Ve nice today and dropped a number of bombs, which slightly damaged sev eral private houses. Fragments or projectiles bruised a woman's arms and strucK a young girl's head. Sev eral bombs thrown further Inland kill ed one and wounded others. GARRISON PLAN MN? . TO REORGANIZE A ILK Y Washington, Juno 9.-Secretary Garrison said this morning that '.ie ls conferring dally with army offi cers over a general plan for reorgan ising the army. He won't disclose his recommendations until congress reconvenes. He is meanwhile, care fully studying every recommendation for increasing the efficiency of the United States land forces, and said i fan extraordinary session of con gress is called, the reorganization plan will be immediately submitted to that body. Famous Moonshiner Acquitted. Atlanta. June 9.-"Wild Bill" WU Hams of Pittman county, who fs the "most arrested" alleged moonshiner in Georgia, and who already has serv ed a term of six years in the federal prison, has been freed from a present charge, for lack of evidence, accord ing to word received by the revenue officers here. ' * He waa charged with operating a still in Hancock county, and waa acquitted on the preliminary hearing before a United States commission er. ION FOR LOSS OF AM JPHOLDS RIGHTS OF S-TO BE PUBLISHED fore expressed by tho United tatt"! in communications sept to Germany. The president requested that no detailed forecasts of the :\oi~; be printed in advance of the publication of the of ficial text . THINKS BRYAN'S RESIGNATION BLOW TO GERMANY'S 1*0 WE If London, Juno 9.|-An Evening Star editorial declares lilyan's resigna tion "one of the mont decisive events in the world conflict.*' it adds: "foul ing after the heroic decision of Italy, it ls a death blow to Germanic powers, lt means thnt Gerniuny will be held to strict accountability for her violations of human sanctifies, and that nu ans that America has crossed the Rubi con." NEWS OE RESIGNATION C'Al'SES STIR IN GERMANY. London, June 9.-A dispatch from Amsterdam says: "The news nf Sec retary Brynn's resignation became known in German at noon today and caused a deep stir. The foreign < f lil PLEA REFUSED BY COMMISSION RECOMMEND THAT THE SEN TENCE OF DEATH BE ALLOWED TO STAND. GOV. TO CONFER WITH COUNSEL Ex-Congressman Howard Will Argue For Clemency-Solic itor Dorsey to Oppose. Atlanta, Juno 9.-The State Prison Commission, by a vote of two to one, today recommended to the governor t'.?at Leo M.. Prank's death sentence be not commuted to life imprisonment, but another hearing will be had be fore the governor with whom rests the final decision. Governor Slaton announced tonight that hf would confer tomorrow with counsel for State and Frank. The prisoners' counsel will ask" an Im mediate heatirfg. Former Congress man Howard will argue for clemency and Solicitor Dorsey will opnose lt. This will be Frank's last fight "against his execution which ls Bet for June 22. Atlanta, June 9.-By vote of two to one tue Georgia prison commission today declined to recommend commu tation to life imprisonment of the death sentence pronounced on Leo M. Frauk for the murder of Mary Phngan. The commission submitted Its report to Governor Slaton with whom fuml decision rests. The gover nor may either approve or reject the recommendation a? he i ces fit. Commissioners B; L. l ainey and lt. F,. Davidson voted against recom mendation for clemency. Commis sioner T. E. Patterson voted in favor of commutation, lt is understood the governor has further hearings on Frank's petition before he makos a decision. The majority report commission says in part: "None of grand jurors who found the indictment, none of. trial Jurors, who heard the evidence under oath, nor the prosecuting attorney, haw asked t'tat sentence be commuted. The judge, who presided at the trial and who had the right to exercise his discretion of fixing the penalty at either life Imprisonment or death, im posed the latter sentence and over ruled a motion tor new trial." ''Several appeals were , taken to both appellate court of Ute ?tate and the supreme court of the United States. AU of which were denied and Judgment of lower coarta affirmed, t'auB assurbig the defendant of, hui (CONTINUED ON PAOS* WVK.) ERICAN LIVES ON LU NEUTRALS ON FRIDAY. tire orders newspapers to Terrain iroin commenting on the resignation until further notice. ll nun issues statement. Washington. June !?.-Simultan eously with thf dispatch of tue latest American note lo Germany, secretary itryan this afternoon made public a statement as lo his resignation. in tin- statement 'Bryan advocated t?>?t the difficulties between Germany .J the United states should be Investi gated hy an international commission; that Americans should be warned lb keep off heiliger- nt ships or those Carrying ammunition Ul rough the d?n ge r zone. Bryan called ut the White House this afternoon to hid the president boodbye as au official. The meeting was cordial. Molli were much affect ed. Tail lins No Comment. Hartford, Conn., June 9;- Former President Tuft when informed of Secretary Bryan's resignation, said that Hie had nothing to say for pub I licatlou. TO VACANT PORTFOLIO President Has Not Yet Re -hed Decision, However, Regard ing Successor to Bryan. Washington, June 9.-The president hus not reached u decision regarding u sucessor lo Bryan. The belief is expressed in well informed quarters that Itobert Lansing, counselor of the state department, who was commis sioned today aa secretary' ad Interim, will eventually be given a permanent appointment. I Washington, June 9.-Robert l<ans ! lng, counsellor of the slate depart I ment, was today appointed secretary ?of state for the ad interim by Presi dent Wilson to Succeed William Jennings Bryan. The change lu cabinet took effect with the dispatch of the new note to Germany on the Lusitania, which ! states in unmistakable determined terms the demands of the I lilted ! States. Differing not in object Bought-pre vention of war-but In method of ap proaching the p.-llidem. Secretary Bryan resigned rather than Blgn hla name ot me note. The text of President Wilson's designation of Mr. Lan dug SB secre tary for time being says he ls ' to perform the duties of the office of secretary of state for a period not exceeding thirty days, until a secre tary shall have been appointed ano baie qualified." I en^Ui of time for the appoint ment of a temporary secretary ls fix ed by federal law?. Decision to send the note to Ger many today was announced after a conference between the president and Lansing, it also was stated that the note will be give", out for publi cation In Frlaay morning newspapers. Lansing said United States would not walt fo." notification from Ambas sador Gerard, at Berlin of its receipt there before giving it out. GREENWOOD ADOPTS COMPULSORY EDUCATION Greenwood, June 9.-Greenwood school dlstrlnt voted compulsory education by an overwhelming ma jority, only 27 vote? being cast against it. Revising Dnnce*. Atlanta, June 9.-Atlanta dancing teachers are planning tu following the rulings of the international associa tion in aiding to put a final end to thc so-called "zoo" dances, and other ex treme and freak dances. The ten dency hero is already more and more to standardize and simplify the waltz, the one-step and to make ?he "fox trot" so dignified that it can scarce ly now ba classed as an "animal dance" at all. F-4 Near Surface. Washington. June 9.-The sub marine F-\ now at a depth of 48 '..ci In 'Honolulu harbor, will not be raised for several weeks. Admiral Moore reported to the navy depart ment today. GER?v CABINET C OVERSH ALL W TRIAL CHAS. LOGAN HAS BEEN POSTPONED LATE DEVELOPMENTS CAUSE CASE TO BE POSTPONED UNTIL SEPTEMBER. BURTON ARRESTED Abbeville Authorities Wired Sher iff Howard Yesterday and He Was Placed in Jail. Karie Burton, a negro, waa arrest ed yesterday by Sheriff AHheley and Deputy Sheriff Sanders and placed lu the county Jail. It will be remem bered that he ls the negro that IR said to have been mysteriously shot near i/owndesvllle Just nfter the mur der o? Mrs. M. E. Scott. Thc bullet lodged In his head aud it was t lion j: ht for a time that he would not live. However he wee brought to the Anderson hospital and recovered. He says that be remem bers neShdntr that^bappenod. Jast- be fore he was fftiot but that he was In Anderv*iu on tho might that Mrs. Scott was murdered. Burton will be held here for the Abbeville authori ties who wired Sheriff Asheleyj <o have him arrested. Charlie Locan, who was to have been tried In Abbeville today for the murder of Mrs. Scott was sent hack to Columbia yesterday, the trial 'hav ing been postponed until the next terra of court in Abbeville which will con vene on the first Monday in Lieptem ber. It seems that the solicitor ls not yet ready for the case to come up since there remains more Investiga tions to be made, lt was stated yes terday by parties from Abbeville that later deve'opmentu In the case might throw a different light on the murder of Mrs. S< <tt. RECEIVERS WILL PAY A DIVIDEND TO CREDITORS Approximately $4,500 to Be Dis tributed to Creditors Bank of Calhoun Falls. Receiver for the Bank of Calhoun Falls, appointed in October, 1915 have asked for an order from court to pay dividend of 15 per cent to the credi tors. This order was asked for In Abbeville, yesterday. The receivers aro J. J. Ht<*ter, of Hester and Mr. Prue Cllnkscales of this city. The disbursement will be made on June 21. or as soon thereafter as practical. It in understood that the amount to he distributed lt approxi mately $4.500. I'el il ion s in Bankruptcy. Charleston, June 9.-A petition In voluntary bankruptcy has been filed by the J. F. Muldrow company, gen eral merchants of Florence. Total liabilities aro listed at $41.745 and total unset s at $32.339. A similar pe tltlop has been flied by Q. V. Peyton, a railroad employe of Columbia, list ing liabilities at $48,087 and assets at $50. Slea mer Lord Salisbury Sunk. London. June 9.-The British steamer Lord Salisbury was torpedo ed and sunk this morning by a Her man submarine. BRITISH SHIP F OF U. S. THROl Boston, June 9.-The British steam er Colonial- of the Leyland line, flew the American flag for forty hours for protection against Oerman submarines while passing through the war cone, according to the statement of her commander after her arrival here to NATURE OF AMERICAN NOTE TO GERMANY ALSO OF INTENSE INTEREST GALICIA CENTER FIGHTING STAGE Austro-German Offensive Against Russian Left Successful-Rus sians Fall Back to Dniester. The resignation of Bryan and the nature of tba American no'e ti Oar many, which brought lt *-.oout trans cends In interest all else bearing on the war. Even the news tsat anoth er German submarine had baan sunk, and Balfour's announcement tust sub marine prisoners will hereafter be treated like all other prisoners of war took second place in the news papers . lt WUK officially announced In the house of commons that casualties among the British expeditionary forces on the continent and in tee Mediterranean amounted to-more than a cju rter of a million men. Utile \ less than half of Wiese casualties have occurred since April eleventh. Navy casualties are not included. The oame~nnilfflfla-MWs WW StaV*-" ter of the fighting stage, the cap ture by the Austro-Germana at Stanlslau shows that the offensive against the Russian left has been SUCT cessful and that t?te Russians nave been compelled to fall back to ?heir defense on the Dnelster. In the Baltic province fighting con tinues with varying success. TURKISH GUNBOAT SUNK ALLIES CAPTURE TRANSPORT London, June 9.-Tie Turkish gun boat Marmaris has been sunk and the Turkish transport Mosul has been cap tured In the Persian 'Gulf, according to a British official statement tonight. Loudon, June 9.-Prom Carporeta ta to the head of the Gulf of Trient, f io forces of Italy are consolidating their positions along the Isonzo riv er. In a week or perhaps sooner, the first serious battle along this front will be fought. Clashes up to tb? present hare be?n of a preliminary character, but now that the Italians not only com mand the river crossings from the western bsnk, but at several points have t'hrown troops 'to Ute eastern bank of tbe Iaonzo, a conflict of first rate tactital importance ls con sidered inevitable by British obser vers . i In the eastern war theatre, the Russians are fighting desperately to stop the Austro-Germ?n advance in the direction of Lemberg. While some sections of the British press maintain that the Teutonic rush loee its Impetus, the more general feel ing is that unloss the Russians suc ceeded in developing a counter of fensive on a colossal scale the entire Gsllcian situation will remain unfav orable to Russians arms and more than likely involve the abandonment of Lemberg. In the western theatre, slow but steady gains of the French predomi nate the situation. British Transsort Sask. Constantinople, June 9.-Turkish official statement today says artillery fighting continued. Tuesday on Dar danelles front. Turkish shells set a British transport afllre, which soon sank. Another transport hastily left anchorage. French Burn Absinthe Material. l'ont arl U-r, France, june 9.-In ac cordance with the law forbidding the manufacture of absinthe ohs hundred tons of leaves used In site production of the Interdicted liquor were,burn ed publicly here today. LEW FLAG JGH WAR ZONE day. The captain said two days ont of Avonmout .i. England, two British patrol boats hailed him and told him to display a neutral flag. No sub marines were sighted, The Colon tan carried ninety Amer icans who had been ia BngUnd work ing on cattle "Skips.