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ANDERSON, S. C SATURDAY MORNING, JULY 31, 1915. NUMBER 173. SAVING ARMY IS PROBLEM OF RUSSIANS WITH EVACUATION INEVIT ABLE RUSSIA SCHEMES TO SAVE FORCES TEUTONS MAKING SUPREME EFFORT Mackensen Reaches Lublin Rail way, Cutting One Line of Russian Retreat. London, July 30.-While the Rus sians face thc problem of evacuating Warsaw and surrounding country without toking thoir armies, they are said to be delivering heavy blows and gaining 3ome local ^accesses. The Austro-Gcrinans, however, are said to bo making a supreme effort to cut them off. Berlin states Feld Marshall Von Makenscn has reachud tho Chelm Lnblin railway midway between those two cities, and that southeast us far as thc Bug river the Russian line has been "shaken." Mackensen'? accomplishment ?intB off one line of Russian retreat. Mili tary observers hore point out tl:e Prussians may have retreated further already than bas been kuown and that they surely had prepared for eventual retreat. It is believed that as soon as thc Germans forco the Russians back to the new line the Germans will begin trench warfare there, and tura their attention to the west which has been .generally ?ratet-for wcckar-extent1 In Vosges'.*"1 Berlin an hon need today that' band to hand ' fighting continues over one position. A Paris statement tonight describes the aeroplane bombard ments of German positions near Rheims and a German factory in Al sace which was making asphyxiating gas. It also announced that forty five French aeroplanes this morning dropped more than a hundred bomb;, on thc gasoline works in. Alsace and on thc railroad station nearby. All machines returned safe. It ls un known what damage they cause. Bad weather is again hampering operations on the Austri-Itatian front but Rome announcos tliat Austrian crnlsers and torpdlo boats were re pulsed in an attempt to recapture thc Austrian Island of Pelagosa in thc Adriatic. London. July 30.--Warsaw, the third city of Russia, tho goal for which the Gorman armies have been striving since October is at last in the throes of abandonment. Germans in overwhelming numbera are at tho < gates of the Polish capital. Dis patches both from tho city lt sol? and from Pctrogitd say that further ro ' slstanco would be unwise. Tho. fall of the city ls expected hourly. The problem ls now how to remove -tho Russian ' armies intact. They are threatened from the south by the Austro-Germana and more seriously from tho north where the German forces aro driving at the railway ! from Warsaw to Petrograd. 1his/ lat ter menace, tho British press admits ia imminent ai ! the hope ot the al lied countries now is for the contln- < ued coming ot the Russian army. I The /arsaw postoffice has) already j1 been shifted to some point eastward. The populace has been warned to re- ' main calm. Presumably -the Russian troops for several days have been 1 s' ft) ?ping tho city of everything of mi..tary value. German aviators are hovering over tho city. Acco' Ung to the German advices plans-have been, convicted for a triumphant entrance of the \Jerman - emperor accompanied by the empress ! With Warsaw captured a? great wavn o' enthusiasm will swe^p tho central empires. It ls predicted they will then nook to force a pause In the war fare tn the east, meanwhile throwing the west with tho idea of resuming : tho battering toward Calala and per- i Imps towarus Parla. 's In tho west little worthy ot note 1* : happening. French Have New Superior To A Paris, July 15.-(By Mall)-The nrmi'l French aeroplanes which are reported to have bombarded a train and forced a German aeroplane to alight are supposed to be the new fliers which are being kept secret but which are *ald have a new nero gun ?+?*?*++++*?++?+**?+* ? ? * + TWO STEAMERS SI NK? * ? ROTH CREWS SAFE ? + - + ? Lon.lon. July CO.-A German ? + submarine today sunk thc ? + Norwegian steamer Trondh- ? ? JeniBjor. The Belgian steam- ?fr + e.- Prince was sunk by strik- ? ? lng a minc. Both crews were ? + suved. ? ? HA?TIENS KILL SNIPERS PICKED OFF TWO MARINES OF LANDING PARTY ADMIRAL WARNED ATTACK PLANNED Prepared for Defense But Snip pers' Shots Were Only Disorder. Washington, July 30.-Two Ame ricans of the landing force from the cruiser Washington were killed last night from ambush at Port Au I'rinee, accordin gto a message received to day from Admiral Cuncrton. The ma rines returned the lire and there waa no further disturbance. The men killed were Willam Gompers, Brook lyn, and Casen S. Whitehurst, Nor folk. Admiral Capcrton reported he 'had been warned thc- town would bc at tacked about eight o'clock, ile pre pared for denfense, but the only dis order was when a sliper killed two i Americans. Beforo thc attack come A'Jrairal Cpertoti hud asked for reinforcements in order to police the town propprly and thc battleship Connccticutt with live hundred marines will sali from Philadelphia Saturday. . AU soldiers and citizens of Port Au Prince havo been disarmed. It is vir tually assn -eil that tho Unltod"States will reopen negotiations with Haiti for a treaty provHing that tho United States administer the financial affairs of Haiti as was done in San Domingo. Ile Facto Kale. Washington, July 30.-Secretary Lansing announced a committee of j public safoty at Port Au Prince, Haytl had taken charge of tho capi tal and was con-ducting a de factc> government. After the conference with the American naval officers and the Amorican charge d' afTairp thc committee decided upon th disarma ment of the city which began yester day. TO LET CONTRACT FOR DOUBLE TRACK Southern to Start Work Soon on ] Double Track Greenville to Spartanburg. Greenville, July 30.-The contract | for tho ?double tracking of the South ern railway from Spartanburg to Greenville in continuance of the sec ond track that ls now being laid from Washington to Atlanta will bo-award-1 ed In Washington with the noxt few days, according to authentic infor mation obtained today. Bids were opened today; at noon, at the . con struction department In Washington. Consid?ration of the bids require several days. ?m Tl. SAUNDERS CHAIRMAN NEW ORLEANS BRANCH BANK "_ Washington. July 30.-Tho federal reservo board today hamed P. H. Saunders of New Orleans chairman it the board of directors of Ute New Drleans branch of the Atlanta federal reserve bank. Hiss Vanderbilt Hort. Asheville, N. C., July 30.-Suffer ing from a broken blood vessel, Miss Cornella Vanderbilt, tho young daugh ter of thc late Grorgo W. Vanderbilt, in in the BUtraoro hospital, where she underwent an operation. Aeroplane Gun iny Yet Invented capable of firing an Inch and a half shell. ' The Germans now haw an aero plane firing a machine gun but French machines is protected by steel plates and is .said to be even more powerful. .>,-, It was these machines that ended Uso raids on Paris. American Ship Sunk By German Submarine Tho American ship Leelanaw . as Bunk by a German submarine off thc; north coast of Scotland, Sunday, July 25. She had left Galveston May S with cotton for R?Hsi?, Which she un loaded at Archangel. Taking a cargo The Leelanarf. of flax, she waa boarded by the com mander of a German Submarino when nearing Scotland. He is said to have glvon the crew iime to K,-t into the boats and then torpedoed tho vessel. Thus has been raised tho same question OS in?the case of the William P. Frye, sunk by the Prinz BJttel Friedrich. The latter was loaded with wheat, which 'the Germana de clared contraband. President Wilson has held that the submarine had no light to sink the vessel, whutovcr might huvo been done with lier ca?*go. POPE HAS PLAN TO BRING PEACE Suggests Exchange of Views by all Lovers of Peace in Ladeavor to Arrange Terms Satisfactory to AR Concerned. ~ Lowie:-, July 30.-A Rome dispatch tonight says tho Osservatorc Romano, official organ of tho Vatican, prlntc a 1st .or by the Pope to flic heads of all belligerent countries, inviting all the friends of peace to united with him in trying to end tho war. The letter suggests an exchange of views "in tho ondcavor, if possible, to arrange as pirations so that all hould bc conten ted." . Berlin, July 30.-(Wireless to Say villo?-A Madrid dispatch to tho Ov orscas news agc ..cy says a Spanish newspaper reports from Rome that the pope ls preparing a great action through thc episcopate ot belligerent countries witli the object of securing an armistice. HOLLAND INCREASES HER STANDING ARMY New Law Provides for Over Half Million Trained Officers and Men. The Hague, July 30.-Tho first chamber today adopted tho new duties lond.itrum bill which now becomes law and provdics for tho eventual in crease in the total trained soldiers of Holland ?to approximately five hun dred and fifty thousand officers and men, instead of the/three hundred and tiiirty thousand now under arms. PEACE PARTY APPEALS TO WAHRING NATIONS. Ameterdani, July 30.-Tho anti war council at The Hague '.-is appeal ed to all European powers In pro test against the' prolongation of thc war. It is tho Intention of the coun cil tp sound the government of thc Netherlands ou August 1 with a view to inducing it to sound tho belliger ents op tho possibility of peace. Eight Killed in Wno Accident. 101 i?nbeih, Penn.. July 30.-Bight were killed and twelve injured this afternoon at the Patterson mine ot the United Coal Co., near here when a cable hauling twelve cara up an in* cline broke. ? Twa Spies Executed. London, July 30 -lt was offlclaly announced tonight that two prisoner? convicted of espionage by general court martial on July 16th and 17th wer? executed today; Wilsen to Return Seen. Cornish, July 30.-President Wil son plans to return to Washington the last of the week. CO??TY GR&ND JURY LEAVES INQUIRY WITH FEDERAL AGENCIES THE TOTAL KNOWN DEAD NOW 835 _ N Labor Leaders Declare : Redfield Inquiry WU1 Be Whitewash for Federal Inspectors. Chicago, July CO.-Tho investiga tion of thc Eastland disaster was con fined today to thc federal grand jury I and to Secretary of Commerce lod I field's inqury. TOe county grand i Jury ccacod its inquiry, the state's ! atorney deciding it heJl not sufficient jurisdiction. Labor leaders declare the Redfield Inquiry will be nothing but a white wash for federal inspectors. The total known dead is now eight hundred an!i thirty flver with a hun dred an dsixty one still missing. Chicago, July 30.-Tho work of raising the Eastland proceeded slow ly today. The big vessol v/as encir cled with heavy cubics and large pan toons are being forced loder the bow and stern. Launches dragged the river for bodies. The body of a wo man was taken from thc cabin. This morning's figures showed t?ic Identi fied dead at 883; unidentified des j, '?; Western Electric com??any*R list ot missing, 236. Total 1,071. Chicago. July 30.-The federal and state grand juries and a hoard repre senting the steamboat inspection ser vice resumed their inquiries todav to place the responsibility, for the East land 'Jlsaster. Au a result of Judge Landis' Instructions tho. Investigation of th efedera! grand Jury will cover every phase of tho construction and operations of thc vessel. Captain Henry Pedc-rson of the Eatland de clared that ho would make a fight to prove hi innocence and declared the responsibility was not his- He orten noticed the boat list, bot it never wa? serions. He believe1* the engineer knew bis duties and business. "I had certain duties to perform, and my power was limited to those. I canrled out orders to the best of my ability." Tho city officials began an Investi gation of every excursion and passen ger vessel plying out of Chicago. Russians Waat Cotton. Now York. July 30,-A possible means of shipping large qnnntltles of cotter, direct to Russia regardles of Eng'and or Germany is sought by Samuel Glushanek of Windau, Russia. .'hs arrived on the steamer Kursk from A Ch angel. He is an official rep resentativo of tho Moscow and Win dan railway and of tho cotton manu facturers of that dlstrlrt. After a conference with the cotton exchange members he will make a tour of the south to taik with coton doa lors. GEORGIA LAW ! AFFECTS FRANK Nev* stW Means He Can Get no Further Clemency Unless Pris on Commission Recommends Atlanta. Ga.. July 30.-Tho Geor gia senate today unanimously passed a bill containing a clause providing that no lifo te:-m prosiner who has re ceive further clemency except when ceiev further clemency except when the state prison commission recom mends it on thc grour.'! of newly dis covered evidence. Senator Eakcs. author of the bill, said he inserted this clause after Leo M. Frank's death sentence was com muted. Tho bill now goes to tho lower houso. REWARD FOR NEGRO REPORTED LYNCHED Abbeville Slayer Alive in Birming ham-Governor Offers $50 Reward for Arrest. Columbia. July 30.-Govornor Man ning this morning offered a reward of $50 for tho apprehension and de livery of Charles Robinson, a negro alleged to have slain LUC?UB Critten den ,a white man, in Abbeville county on July ll, 1315. Robinson was er roneously reported to have been lynched and many of tho napers of tho State had long editorials com mcntii.g on tho slaying of 'tho negro. However Robbtvon is still alive abd if. reported ot be In Birmingham, Ala. COMPKRN DSM KN CHARGE FOREIGN INTEREPESCB. Washington, July 30.-Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of '.abor tn a reiteration of the charge that foreign Influences have been working to make strikes In I the United States called upon th? working men to dlscountenanco such attempts. WHITE KAN AND NEGRO ELECTROCUTED IN KENTUCKY. Bddyvllle. Ky., July 30.-Turnor Graham, 20 years old. a white man, I and Will Lane, 25, a negro, have been [ electrocuted. Graham killed Sheriff MciMnrtry in Hardin county an?4 Lane killed his wife at Pineville. T. R. lias Conference. Los Angol?s, July 30.-Col. Theo dore Roosevelt, who today was on his way home, held a conference with leaders of the Progressive party lp Southern California just before de parting for the east. He would, 'not discuss what took place ?at the -aibab ing. ? ? ? S Eli K/O BK ATS WOMAN ? ? TO HEATH WITH HATCHET ? ? - ? ? Murphysuoro, Ula., July 30. ? ? -Mrs. James H. Martin, wife + ? of an attorney, was heaton ? ? and hacket to death with a ? ? hatchet in lier annie today. ? ? Joe Deborry, a negro, wa? ar- ? rested. A mob funned aud ? ? sheriff took the negro to Mar- ? ? lon. where lie mot another ? + mob. He finally jailed tho * ? negro at Harrisburg. ? ? * GUILTJO LAST DECLARED HE WAS NOT GUILTY BY DEED, CON SPIRACY OR OTHERWISE FACED ORDEAL WITH IRON NERVE Body Removed to Wife's Home in New York-Will Be Buried Monday. New York, Jilly 30.- The body of former police lieutenant Chas. Beck er who died in the'electric chair at daybreak tili? morning in Sing Sing prison protesting hin Innocence, was brought ths afternoon to Mrs. Beck cr's homo here. The body will be buried Mouday. Sing Sing Prison, Osulatng, July 30.-CharleB Becker was put to death in the electric chair this morning for the killing of Herman rosenthal. Ho retaued hs composure, and protested bis Innocence to tho last.' Ito went to death with a photograph or his wife pinned to his shirt over tho heart. His last words, in tho prayer Xor the dying, was "Cod have mercy on ns." There were three shocks and he was pronounced dead at 6:55. Ho led the way to his own execu tion, after having sat up all night. He talked calmly to Deputy Warden Johnson. "I've got to face it," he Bald, "and I'm going to meet it quiet ly without trouble to anyone." The deputy loft Becker an hour before the execution. The priests, Father Cash In and Prison Chaplain Father Curry of New York, came to administer tho last rites aud found Becker with his face resting on his band gazing at the floor. They remained with him to the end. Witnesses assembled shortly after five and he was led to the new execu tion chamber. When the officials entered tho cell Becker rose, took tho crucifix and gavo Casbin his last message. I'm not guilty by deed, conspiracy, or in any other way of the death, of Kscnthal. I'm sacri ficed to m..- friends. Bear this mes sage to tho world and to my friend?. Amen." He sighed as he entered the execution room, looked ulckly at tho double row ot witnesses and glanced at the floor and whitened walls. Suddenly as if coming to himself he walked briskly over to the rubber mat, scuted himself on the electric chair. Behind bim came the priests chanting the prayer of death, Which Becker repeated. In a little over a minute the straps wero adjust ed. . Johnson turned his bead and the executioner pushed the swltcb. During tho night he wrote what ho termed "My dying declaration" and protested bis Innocence, and asked forgiveness on those responsible for his conviction. He paid a tribute to hi wife. She bade him farewell shortly siter mdnlght. Samuel Haynes, a negro, was electrocuted af ter Becker. Becker had requested that ho be electrocuted before the negro. The doctors said tbet Becker's resistance of tho current was remark able, showing him to bo a powerful man. It ia expected the body ' will be wmoved sometime today to New York. The funeral will probably he on Sunday. Mrs. Becker Bearing fj|? Well. New York. July 30.-Mrs. Becker ls bearing np well, according to her brother. John Lynch, after the strain yesterday. She ls resting at home. An undertaker was sent to Ossining to take charge of the body of Charles Becker and tho funeral will take .place Monday. , Japanese Cabinet Following Lead Tokio, July 3d-The Japanese cabi net, headed by Premier Oknma has resigned. Tho action follows the res ignation yesterday of the minister ot thc interior Oura after Investigation oK bribery chartes in connection with March elections. H. S. TO ACT FIRST STEP PROBABLE UPON WILSON'S RETURN TO WASHINGTON INTERVENTION IS NOT PROBABLE Officials Preparing to Carry Out . Program-Army and Navy Are Prepared. Washington, July 30-Definite steps toward tho restoration of peace in Mexico will bo taken immediately after Wilson's return from New Hampshire next week. The specific action to bo takea was not disclosed but it was stated authoritatively to night that the executive departments of tito government were preparing to carry out the program determined upon Onl> an unexpected movo?in Mexico itself to restore peace would prevent tho United States from taking a band now. Armed Intervention is not re garded as contemplated and lt ls be lieved that most factions are willing for a conference restore peace al though Carranza ls-still holding off. Whether in caso the conference did not meet the United States would lay an ombargo on arms or use United Staten soldiers to guaranfceo the transportation of food to. starring people ls unknown, but the: army and navy are known to be ready tor any eventuality. Laredo, Texas, July ^fcJr=T!ne?pod shortage is serious in northfetal Srif Mexico, general business ls etagfcaat and indications point to a general cloning ci* mines, according to Amer icans reaching the border. Near Tampico American farmers have been dividing food with the MettcahB, but now ?bey have only a sufficient amount for themselves. ; INVESTIGATE ATTACK ON AMERICAN CITIZEN Washington, July 30.-Representa tion waa sent by the state department to General Zapata via Mexico City regarding the reported sAWiUlt by Zapta soldiers on Allan Mallory, an American, near Puebla. '-?-. IS JAILED FOR KILLING WOMAN Bamberg Negro Had Been aft Large for Year Since Al leged Crime. . Colombia, July 29.-Information .-??( H0<M received in Columbia that Nat Brown, a negro, who Was arrest ou nt White Pond several days ago, was taken to Bamberg yesterday by Sheriff Ray. Brown IR charged wMn tho killing of Alma Fields, a'negro woman, near Schofield last -year, and has been at large since that time. He lias been lodged tn the Bamberg coun ty Jail to await trial at the Novem ber term of court. NATIONAL ABSTAINERS tJNION PLAN NATION W1DR MOVEMENT New York, July 30.-Plans for a nation- wide temperance movement were announced by Albert R. Rogers, director of the National Abstainers Union. It ls proposed to spend one hundred thousand dollars the first year. Moving pictures aro expected to aid and traveling exhibitors will be sent them and reach all classes. The movement ls the outgrowth of plans of tho Churches of Christ in America, representing SO denominations with a membership of 17,000.00? persons. Rogers said he wouldn't demand prc* h I blt ion laws or urge them, bat will ?how Ute money waste'in the liquor traffic. t Witt Resign of Minister Oura Oknma believed he akould hold himself responsible ?or tho action of members of the cabinet and waa the first to tender his resignation. The emperor immediately summoned ttl? elder statesmen for a conference. The eeblnet change at this tune is unpopular because of th? war.