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THE CLIMAX HAS BEEN REACHED
HERE'S HOW One $8.00 Hat Trunk.$4.00 AH 25c Hosiery, pair.10c $3.50 and $4.00 Ladies REGINA SHOES and OXFORDS, pair. . .$1.50 ,_? <_ P. Ccntemerie & Co's Kid Cloves for Ladies nnd Gentlemen, worth up to $1.50 pair. We sell them for, pair. . 50c OUR LEASE EXPIRES ON AUGUST 31st We still have some desirable merchandise that we will sell you at practically your own price. We don't ask you COST, or 75c on the dollar; 50c on the dellar, or half price, will buy any of the goods mentioned below. Curtain Poles? Spool Silk? Royal Society Embroidery floss, Linen Thread. Hassocks, Window Shades, K & E Blouses, Furs, Skirts, Misses Coats, Childrens Coats, White Wool Flannel, Ladies winter Underwear, Childrens winter Underwear, White wool goods, Childrens Sweaters, Mens Kid Gloves, Womens Kid Gloves, Dress goods, Vel vets, Dress Trimmings, laces, Embroideries, Hos iery, Reubens Underwear for infants, Wool Ingrain Carpets, Crex Mattings, Handkerchiefs, Buttons, and numerous Notions. OSBORNE & PEARSON PUBLIC SQUARE ANDERSON, S. C. MONDAY MORNING Another big cut in prices takes effect, it is not what we want for the goods, bot what we can get. Come in and see what an opport'tnfty to save real mercy wc are offering; make us a price on anything you want, and if it is any where near half price, we will un doubtdly trade. Thc goods simply MUST BE SOLD at some pries or other. Wont you come in one day this week, and lets talks it over? REVIEW OF FIRST YEAR OF EUROPEAN CONFLICT (CONIINUKI) PROM PACK POUR.) Soissous, while calling forlh sunrome efforts, did not iiiutorially change thc relativo posKions of the antagonists, along thc front of nearly 300 miles. On the eastern iront Russia faces Germany and Austria-Hungary. Hut? slan armies invaded Galicia and Bu kowina, capturing most ofHae for mer province, but lost the greater part of this territory as a result of Field Marshal von Mackchscn's groat drive from Cracow. Thc Germans invaded Russian Poland, and their at tempts to capture Warsaw -led to some of tho deadliest fighting of the war. In time thc ctrugglo here set tled.' down to t -cncii warfare, much 'na in tho west, with Germany retaining' a largo part J: 1'jssian Poland. Ru~ 8km invasion*, of East Prussia rcsultt ed in disastrous defeats. Further north, thc Germans swept imo the Baltic provinces of Russia, capturing Libau, on the sea. The unpreceden ted extension of battle lines which this war lias witnessed reached its most remarkable exemplification in tliis campaign, in.wh.'.cb tho,front has been draw ii out more than GOO miles, from-tJie llaltio to Bukowina. Italy, after ten months of Jincer tainty, began war wit'a Austria-Hun yar, in May, and has occupied a fringe of Austrian territory in thc mountain ous region to t?ie north. Trent and TriC8t are tho objectives of the Ital ian campaign. Owing to the difficult naturo of the ground, neither of tho antagonists lias mada much headway. On thc Gallipoli peninsula, In t.ic Dardanelles and in tho Bosphorus. Turkey, aided by her Teutonic allies, i'i at war with Franco, Groat Britain and Russia, with possession of Con stantinople as thc great stake. Fol lowing thc failure of the naval assault on xho Dardanelles by an Anglo French fleet;, troops wore landed on tho peninsula. Few details of this campaign aro available, and little is known beyond thc fact that th efight ing has boen particularly severe, and that thc Allies have occupied and re tained the tip of tho peninsula. Serbia and Montenegro, thc former assisted by British troops. arc at war with Austria-Hungary. Thc Austrian invasion of Serbia ended in failure. On the Montenegrin front there l-ae been ouly desultory fighting. Both Serbia and Montenegrp have recently invaded Albania, with thc object ot obtaining ports on the sea. ^ On Asiatic soU. Russia is at war wlh Turkey in <the Black Poa region. Neither side bas employed largo num bers of troops In this camprlgn. There has been lighting in the Cauca sus and Perola, with no groat accom pllshments. Further south, In Moso pot amia, til ore has been sporadic fighting between Turkey ani British troops. Turkey sent an anny to nt tack the Suez Canal, but tho main body of troops failed to reach its ob jective. In Africa French and British troops occuDietl Togoland and part of the Kamerun, German possessions. \ British attack on Gc ramil East Africa was defeated. The insular possessions of Germany in the Pacific wero captured by Groat Britain and Japan. Tsing-tau, the German fortress in Clilna, was captured by thc Japanese, aided by a nritlsh contingent. On thc seas there have been no great battles. Great Britain's su premacy, owing to the overwhelming size of her fleet, has not been dispute 1 to thc ultimate issue, tho main Ger man fleet having remained in homo waters. Two Gorman cruisers which were In the Meditteranean when v/ar began .went to the Dardanelles, and wore acquired by Turkey. A few German' cruisers and converted roe ehantmeo, including the famous Em den, and thc Karlsruhe. Kronprinz Wilhelm and Prinz Eitel Friedrich, raided shipping - f t':e allies for a time, but wero eventually sunk or forced to Intern In neutral ports. Tho Austro-Hungarian fleet lins re mained In the Adriatic and the Tur kish fleet has been kept from fho Ae gean. Germany's merchant marine has been swept from the seas. . There have bpen several naval bat tles of importance, however. In the first mont i of the war Rear Admiral Bea:ty's squadron dashed Into Helgo land Bight, near the great German i naval station, and sank three German 1 cruiserp and two torpedo boat des troyers. In January occurred a bat tle In tho North Sea between British warships and a German squadron which presumably was attempting a raid on thc English coast. In this battle th? German cruiser Bleucher was sunk. Tile German Far East Squadron de feated Vice Admiral Cradock's British squadron off tho Chilean coast on No vember 1. sinking thc Good Hope nnd Monmouth. Thc British obtained their revenge In December when, off thc Falkland Islands, a powerful British squadron defeated thc Geraipns, sink ing thc Scharnhorst. Gnolsci.au, Leip Gprman squadrons have twice at tacked thc English coast, causing some loss of life and damage to pro perty. English towns including i .na tion have also been attacked by Ger man aircraft, which have made sever al successful trips across tho North Soa, raiding points on the east coast. Methods of fighting havo been al tered radically in consequence of the lessons learned In tho .first year of the war. lt has been pre-eminently a war of machines. Tho resources afforded by modern scientific devel opment have boen taxed to devise now instruments of deat:j and destruction more potent than ov):r had been em ployed. It has been also n war of surprises. Now problems havo arisen W&?L SATISFACTION In Hardhrvarcr-Stove Ware-Aluminum Ware --Cook Stoves-Heating Stoves-Heating Plants-Plumbing Outfits-Heating a n d Pulmbing Repair?-Automobile Accessories -Farm Supplies and Machinery of all kinds. The Best lines at the Best Prices and Prompt attention See Anderson Hardware Company 215-217 E. Whitner Street Or Phone 253. "We Deliver the Goods." necessitating recoutructlon of Uto theory of war. Plans and HM thuds heretofore approved by authorities on military affairs were discarded, and thc staffs of the various armies were compelled to grapple with sit'u-tlons for wbch there was no precedent. Tuc tiret great surprise of thc war was thc German 42-contlineter (IC I- 2 Inch) guu, which hurls furls onie some- fifteen miles a shell weighing almost a ton. ? Tho great fortifica Hons which" were the prido of Bel gium, and believed tu bc almost Im pregnable, were battered into ruins by these guns in a comparatively short time. Two of these guns, sta tioned 10 miles from Antwerp, wreck ed' its elaborate defense works. Liege and Namur foll similarly. The usc of artillery and mac.inc guns, in fact, has been one of the principal features of thc war. Great execution was done by tho new Krupp II- inch howitzer weighing nearly 40 tons, with a 6-mile radius. Thc Aus trian 12-inch howitzer also' has prov ed exceptionally eiliclent. The Pren ci j 75-millimeter gun is regarded as one of the most effective field pieces. On all the European battlefields ar tillery has been tho main reliance of the various armies. Trenches bristle with machine guns, which military j men say bid fair to relegate Hie rfle ; to a secondary place. \t was with j artillery (Lat toe Austrc-Gctnuau forces blasted their way across Gall cia a few weeks ago, nicking what was said to bo the greatest concentra tion of heavy and. light ii ld pieces lever seen. With artillery he .British won at Neuve Chapelle, thc Germans j at Soissons. Every considerable (movement of infantry.Is proceeded by a heavy artillery bombardment, and frequently the Infantry has llttlo more to do than occupy b te positiour. of thc enemy ' made untenable by artillery fire. The deadliness of machino guns necessitated recourse to trenches, for no troops in exposed positions could live within the range of the rapid il rc rs. Consequently trench warfare has developed to an extent never be fore seen. Whole armies moved into underground qarters, with elaborate labyrinths of passages and subterra nean living and sleeping quarters. The result of machine warfare wa^ tho uso of ammunition on a scale for which the world was unprepared. England recognised it was her great est problem and made David Lloyd Gcorgo Minister of Munitions, with power to mobilize tho nation's work ers for the production of war muni tions ou a colossal scale. Franco took similar measures. Italy, which had ten monti is to preparo for -war. found it necessary af.'cr two months of fighting to appoint by royal decree a supremo committee to increase the production of munitions. The battle of Neuve Chapelle alone ls said to ?iave cost the BrKlBh Um expenditure cf more powder than thc entiro -Boer war. One result of the development of this form of warfare ls ti io eclipso of cavalry as one of the principal arms of tho service. Cavalry is still u.-ed to a small extent on tho eastern front, but Its employment in Fra ice virtual ly has been abandoned. Thc cavalry men have been dismounted and placed in thc trenches. Almost as conspicuous: ls the .?de velopment ot submarino warfare? The remarkable exploits of subma rines have proved Wi oh* efficiency BO ; thoroue-My that already tho suprema cy of battleships has been challlh&ed. Germany, compelled to roly- chiefly on these craft for her marine activi ties has gained trie greatest success with them. Their fi rt larc? achieve ment was the torpedoing and sinking by -one submarine winbin ari hour of the British cruisers Cressy. Aboukir and Bogue in the North Sea in Sep tember. Sit co Mat tim ehuiidre's of vessel?, warships and merchantmen, ''have been sent to the bottom, in the North Sea. the Baltic, the English Channel, the Adriatic, and - at the Dardanelles. From all causes more t'-an r.oo- vessels have been destroyed. England has been the the greatest sufferer, by reason of her preponder ance of shipping and also on account of the German governemnt'* attempt ? to blockade that country following tho declaration cf a war sone around the British Isles last February. In ance, speed and cruising rad hu the norn' type of submarines far ex ceed the earlier mall vessels, des'gn ?4 primarily for coast defense. Ger many's new rubmartnes are as loni as a good sized cruiser. Captain Otu Horsing took tnc ?-15 about -I.Ou? j miles from Wilhelnisiun in pas! Gl laaltar? through'tho Mediterranean and to tl?c Dardanelles, whore it tor- I pcdocd the l-rithh battleships Tri- j umpli and Majestic, ami proceeded to Constantinople. The voyage from Wilhelmshaven to lae Dardanelles re quired ono month. Tito aeroplane, almost an unknown quantity at the beginning of thc war so far as its military value was con cerned, has proved its practicability so thoroughly that lt must bc rated with the submarino and thc heavy Rim as one of t.!ie great features of the great features of thlTwar. In fact, lt bas exercised a dominating influence over land operations, and to its use perhaps moro than any other single factor may bc ascribed thc deadlock month after month in tl. j principal ficIdB of battlo. It has rendered price less service in reconnoitering, taking the placo of cavalry. It ha3 cnur.cil a revision of the tactics and strategy of war ?Crlal observers. Hying over? thc opposing line?, ure ublo to dis* cover movements of any large bodies of troops, rendering t>.at form of strategy based on sumrlse attacks or quick movements In force impossible. Aeroplanes also have ' been of great value in locating enemy, .positions, en abling the artillery to get ?ho range and tire accurately on liie. unseen foe,. Dirigible balloons'aisa 'hre employ ed, but to a much leis extent, al though Germany still, is constructing Zeppelins and has used timm effect ively for long dis.ano. raids they arc generally regarded as less valuable Uyau the aeroplanes. ' Automobiles aro used' to an enor mous extent, all private machines being reqhlstlonc-d in some of tho countries at war. in-ionic Instances great numbers of automobiles i.nve bosh utilized for vapid transportation of troops. Their main service, how ever, ls in the handling of food sup ples and ammunition. Armorel au tomobiles, armed willi machine guns or light held nieces aluo have been Utilized. Many ucw weapons ,of war have been tested with varying degrees of success. Poisonous gasses, projected from tunks Ino trenches, n- o reported to have enabled their users to cap ture opposing positions' In several minor engagements. St'eol darts and incendiary bombs dropped from aero planes, and new types of hand gre nades also havo becu employed, volle in France both aides aro said to have made use of appa: ai us for spray in;-, burning oil. ... Tho political effects . of the war. Tremendous as tiiey must be, counot yet bo gauged. The principal re sult thus rar is the definite rupture ot tho traditional alignment, which di vided Europe lor years !nto two al-* I lances with a theoretical balance ot powor: Gycat Bitnln, France ana Russia, forming the Triplo Entente and Germany, Austria-liangary and Italy, constituting the Triple Alli ance. From the day Austria-Hungary be came involved In serious dillie ttl I K-S '.?Ith -Serbia there was little . doubt Germany would support, her ally in case Itussia adhered to her tradition al policy' Of defending her Slavis kins men In tho Balkans. The entrance in tuc war of France followed as a na tural sequence to hor alliance with tt?KBla and Great Britain joined In after Germany's invasion ot Belgium. Itaiy V^aVjihus the only one of the elx .nations concornri in the two al liances.whir, fc'was not involved nt t\e oUtseU*. Proclaiming hor neutrality. Fha utilised the opportunity to seek from Austria tho territory to tho north of ber border which r?:o has long desired. Falling to obtain full ifjttief?cHon of ber demands ?he de nounced the Triple ; Alliance and Joined tho Allies. The Triple Enten te, was .thus converted Into the Quad ruple Entente, as lt ls sometimes call ed now, Germany and Austria-Hungary were strengthened by the adhesion of Turkey to the Informal alliance wlt.li Germany which had sprung up tn re cent years and tn November Turkey entered the war. Montenegro took up arms with the Serbs, and r "glum, on being invaded. Joined the Allies. Japan, <3reat Britain's ally in the east,-opened war on Germany, follow ing Berlin's refusal to surrender T?tn?:-tjMj. There ar** thus eleven nations now at war, of which eight lorm what are known as tile Allies. Hiitorians are- agreed that the as*. tCONTIrtUED ON* PAOB ?.) I Persona) ii +.*-<. ** * * * I- ?!? * * * A' *"H- ?.??.?. Dr. W. ll. Frasier, pastor of tito First Presbyterian c*hurcb, will lea?o tomorrow for Lafayette, Ala., where ho will spend tho month of Augu st. Mr. and Mrs. aro spending UK wood. J. Purumu Bvnna wcok-en din Grooa A Correction. In yesterday's issue piero nppt?.nrc1 a local which stated that Mr. Leo pold Oelsberg hud returned from At lanta where ho was called oi/ account of Hie death of bis sister. T is waa a mistake. There was a loral about Mr. Oelsberg returning from llende goinf Ile, and. also OTC about Mr. W. H. Kce.io returning fiom Atlantai The operator confused the two, and made one which caused it to read as it did. OKU TEAM IM DEFEATED. Helton Won (Jame bv Score of G tb 5 Yesterday. ..Tho. Orr .Mill team waa defjaatod by the Holton team yesterday afternoon, this score also being C and .">. Tho batteries were: Bolton, Wari and Snipes; Orr, Kay and McAllsUr. AX IDEAL HOME. Pleaf.) of Vezo laides, Viewer*, cut. ?jon Eulen d .Ministry. Industry ur..!- t'iirllt is what our country needs. A living example of What may be dono In tho average mill tillugo home nicy bu found in the home of Mi*, and Mrs. S. K. Garri son, 19 D street. In nddillon to rais ing ail tho vegetables ?ho needs for her own use. she bas sold $12 worth besides many he has given to others'. Her homo is ideal and Is a pattern for otlicrs; clcau aud.iuat and uur rour.Jed by flowers, with tho latch string on thc outside of tho door. Mrs. Garrison hus also a worthy family of sons and daught?rs. Ono son bas entered the mini'..-y prepar ing li i ii ?elf for the same at WoiTord College. Amsterdam, Holland..-A workman employed at ..Dusseldorf ii tho man ufacture of ammunition for th; Gor man .anny, has averaged 17 work ing hours a day for 26 .ty'ay?. Thisl is considered hore a worldjs, record. Tho luau's total earnings for the timo were. ?0^50; about (18 cents an hour. Ca nu in:: i tem (ms! ra tl? ti. On Tuesday August 3, there will bo' a penic nod canning demonstration at -White i'lains school houso. Eior Feel This Way! David Grayson, writing his . s'.-iry "Hempfleld". In thc August American Magazine, describes au follows^,?bine of th.? sensationii of a man in love: "Wliy, ho, could dp anything for lier; ho could r.lave and dig and die; lie could bo great for lier-and lot iio oin else know now great '?ie was! Ile could win a battle, he could command men, he could write thc greatest book in thc world, und no one should know it but Aiithy! Ob, youth, youth!" STILL IS CAPTURED ON SAVANNAH' RIVER Officers From Greenville Passed Through City Yesterday 1 Morning. Messrs. C. J. Bruce, Cia renco Pay no and W. It. P radley, r nit ed States doputy marshalls, passed through tho city yesterday morning, having with them a still which hud been captured down on thc Savannah r.'ivcr. Details of tim affair could not 4w learned but from what could bo gathered "it uceins tiiut tho ofileera went to tho location and hid them selves, walting and r-atching all night for thc owner of thc still to como nod start operations. A/ftc- the night li?d passod off and part of thc morning, lt wan decided to dejftroy thc ?tili anil go on back to Greeu- ??lo. At Oak lilli School. Miss Jayne C. Gurlington Will bo nt tho Oak -Hill school bonne, hear tho Gre brillo-t-cn-M-y* liner on-"\Mtfnfliiy>J where sha will give a canning de monstration. Puder wont (ipr nil lon. Mr.' Bailey Pruitt of noar Starr.' un derwent un operation for appendicitis yesterday morning. He was taken ill last Wednesday and his condition has been rather serious. TIRES Represent the utmost service, safety, mileage 3 nd pleasure obtainable from an Auto-Va cation trip. TODD AUTO SHOP Opposite The Palmetto N. Main. Oneida Community Ltd, State Souvenir SILVER SPOONS FOR READERS OF THE INTELLIGENCER-A SPOON FOR EVERY STATE. Every Spoon Fully Guaranteed by. The Oneida Community, Ltd. 15c. If you have not already started a sei, begin today. Clip a coupon from The Intelligencer. You can redeem it at The Intelligencer. Ofl?ce. Souvenir Spoon Goo This coupon, when pre sented with 15c (or by mail 20c), good for one Ste te Bou venir Spoon. If ordering by mall, address Spoon Depart ment, The Intelligencer, An derson, 8. C. Ji, No Spoon sold at Any Price With out This Coupon. 6 STATES NOW READY South Carolina, North Carolina, Alabama, Delaware, Georgia and Florida?