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VOLUME IL ANDERSON, S. C. FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 13, 1915. NUMBER 183.
TEXAS GOVERNOR INFORM
ED FEDERAL AUTHORI
TIES ARE IN CHARGE
ASKED MORE MEN
Gov. Ferguson Had Appealed to
President Wilson for Ad
Washington, Aug. 12.-Federal au
thorities took no action today on tltc
appeal of Governor Ferguson of Texas
for additional soldiers. General bun
ston, in command on tho border, has
been given authority in the matter and
he didn't call for more troops.
Secretary Garrison mada-it ptain
that the government expects thc
Texas governor to deal with purely
domestic disorders, but that the Unit
ed State? troops would be need to re
peal an actual invasion ot Texas or
any border uprisings.
The battleship? Louisiana, and New
Hampshire are well on their . way
down tho Atlantic coast tonight bound
for "southern waters" to rwinforoo^ the
gunboats at Vera Cruz if necessary.
Brownsville, Texa* . Aug. 12.- Ac
tion of the federal government in re
sponse to on appeal to President Wil
son .by Governor Fe i-tus?n of Texas
for an Increase of troops in tho
lower. F'lo Grande valley is jaacaited
today by officials who have been un- j
able to atop depredations of Mexi
Governor ' Ferguson In his appeal
declared tho situation is perilous and
grave; he was doubtful of the ability
of state and loeal officers longer to
Brownsville citizens and other bord
er cities didn't agree that the troubles
are tc political feuds. Railers are
said to be organised Into several
bands working under plan rf tho San
Diego movement, started \h year ago
at San Diego, Texas, where resolu
tions were adopted declaring. ' for
strip of territory "long the border, to
strip of territory along the border, to
be added to Mexico.
The tone of tho operations of tho
raiders widened during tho past 24
hours. The latest exploit ls reported
at katherine, eight miles north of
Brownsville, where thirty Mexicans
attempted tq raid a store. A dozen
United States soldiers repulsed them.
It is believed two were wounded. '
Confirmation reports, that consider
able numbers of Mexican soldiers are
crossing the border to Join the alleg
ed revolutionary moveniont aro lack
Governor Ferguson declared in ap
pealing to President Wilson that any
"unusual occurrence now would
cause & disastrous invasion of Texas
General Naffaretto, Carranza com
mander at Matamoros denied that one
thousand of hi* mon would .^ontcr
Texas to incito uprisings against tho
Americans, and gave as the reason
tl.ut he baa only r,00 men between
AldamUs and the mouth of thc Rio
Grande, and chargea that brigandage
in Texas ts caused by the Huertlstas
in anticlnation Ot Carransa's recogni
tion by. the United States; expressed
willingness to co-operate with Ameri
can authorities in capturing any ban
dit? who cross u*to Mexico.
Adjutant Gene&l Hutchings of thc
Texas National Guard, reports no fur
ther dlr'.urbanccs occurred through
ot this jcction last night.
Mr. Pulfer Improved.
Mr. S. L. Fuller, who has been in
the hospital for four weeks, has re
covered sufficiently to be removed to
his home ita West Orr street. - Friends
o' Mr. Faller will bc glad to learn
that he lo Improving so rapidly.
British Flyers an
Msmy Buildings Destroyed and
Many Victims Reported
Turks Fortifying Smynm.
IM?ISUB. ivla Pails), Aug. 12.-A
dispatch say* British aeroplanes yes
terday bombarded Sagagik. near
Smyrna, destroying the barracks, tele
phone offices and eight housei. A don
troyer also bombarded Zagagik, In
which , there wore said to be.a large
number of victims.
. The Turks are constructing new
tn tifioatlons and placing, huge can-:
nan around Smyrna.
ON DEFENSE PLAN
Conferred With Secretary Dan
?eb on Need? off Navy-Hopes
to Secure Program Acceptable
Washington. Aug. 12.-President
Wilson today began preliminary work
on his plSJJS for strengthening the na
onat d?tenue. Secretary Daniels
utlincd proposals for improving thc
avy. An engageaient was made for
n oarly conference with Secretary
kerrison on strengthening the army.
Wilsons hopes to secure a program
acceptable to congress. It is under
stood Daniels urged a docided to
rease in submarines. Daniels re
fused to talk regard lug the report tha t
he recommend tour battleships.
Villa's Agent Busy
Miguel Diaz Lombardo, minister of
foreign affairs In tho cabinet of Gen
eral Par-ho Villa, la one of the
busiest diplomats Washington hus
ovfcr known. Tlie conference'of Secre
tary of State Lansing v. li li the six
ministers of Sooth and Central Am erl
can nations In connection with the
?peace plan in .Mexico has excited his
ikj Near Smyrna
I T. ?. MEETS IN
Ix>s Angeles, Aug. 12.- Baltimore
was ?elected today for tho nineteen P
?lsteen convention ot the Internation
al Tyi?>jraph!cat ,Tnion. Tho union
adopted a mle prohibiting Hs mern?
bern from working more than six days J
pee week. A proposed rotc or priority j
'ia employing and discharging men
waa .ordered submitted to a referen
dum. . >.
Committee From Rational Con
ference on Taxation Makes
Seventeen Distinct Recocamen
dations in Regard to Taxation.
San Francisco, Aug. 12.-The re
port of the committee of the National
Tax Association on the Federal In
come Tax Law waa made to tho Na
tional Conference on Taxation tonight,
setting forth seventeen distinct rscom
mendatione, which received the sup
port ot all the members of thc com
mittee. Prof. E. R. A. Sellgman,
of Columbia University, is chairman
of this committee, which includes a
number of men prominent as students
of taxation- systems. Tk>p chief re
commendations of the committee were
submarized SB follows:
"That th? system of collcction-at
source be abandoned and a system of
informatlon-at-spurce substituted ex
cept as to non-resident American citi
zens and as to non-resident aliens to
tho extent.that they are taxable. .
"That partnerships should be treat
ed like corporations in the collection
of the normal tax.
. "That Individuals should bc allowed
to deduct all losses whether incur
red in trade or not; also all expenses
of rn ai ut piiii'. investments. This re
commendation would ? meet a wido
jpread preseut crlticistm
ffpy.?tf>%rH"" Should 'lie. low- }
aired to t?.OOO . 6n the groh'Kd* That
.ho tax should'-rest upoh . Ure '? hrrgi*r
ironortlon of the population.
"That all persons having a gross In
some edual to the minimum exemp
Ibn should hie returns Instead of as
tow only those who themselves decide
hat their net income ls over the cx
"That corporations should not be
a?ed on dividends ..received Z
itlier taxable corporations."
Following .the secific recommendi
lonn, thc committee discusses general
natters which it thinks should be
:onsldered in. any.'general reconstrue
lott of tho act when that shall be un
lertaken. lt refers to thc departure
n various instances from the funda
nehtnl conception of Income and in
stances tile omission at rental value J*?,
if a. houso as Income/ to the owner
Ima giving him an unfair adfair ad-1
vantage as comnored with the rente:-.
It criticises the injustice of the pres
>nt law in relation to double taxation
n the case of aliens and* non-resident
\nroricart cUlrens. It notes the fall
ire In the income tax law to take
iccbu'nt of the possibilities of differen
tiation in rate on different kinda of
!ncome, for Instance, "earned" or "un
earned," and suggests the possibility
that in this country such differentia
tion may not be necessary to provide
lust taxation on account of the heavy
l?ate and local taxes.
The final general discussion relates
Lo thc taxation of corporations and la
suggested by the peculiar and much
complained of limitation on interest
deduction by corporations. T?w com
mittee submbits the two vtows. one
that an Income tax should be a lnM
persons only, the other that lt should
be In a .part-a business tan and that
thds. lt is not unfair to tax both the
individual and the corporation on the
Same income lt makes no, recom
mendation on.this point.
POSTPONE HEARING OF
ALLEOEO AUSTRIAN SPY
Jail Attaches Say Orbotph Was
Seeking to Establish Florida
Tallahassee, Fla, Aug. fS.-r-The
preliminary, hearing ot Wal ber Or
tolph, accused hy federal officials of
secretly visiting United States mili
tary reservations along tho Florida
coast to secure information concern
ing nation-defenses, was.postponed to
day until next Tuesday. Meanwhile
Or toi ph la held in default of a ftvo
thousand dollar bond on a technical
charge, of trespass. Jail attaches
said Ortolpt waa German and was
seeking the'Apiaries of Florida.
Reise Kant land Today.
' hi ago. Aug. 12.- The raisin* of
i ho Eastland was postponed ut Al
tomorrow. One body was recovered
today. . ?
Chancellor yoof Bcthmann-Hollweg,
Inventor of the- rainous "sera of]
paper," the other day led lils daughter
Isa to the altar to give her away to
Count Zec.lt ijiirkersroda. This photo
giftph shows the' chancellor and his
Forces Along Sulvalki-Grodoo
Suspend Operations Until Re
inforcements are i Received
Have Suffered Heavy Losses.
Geneva, Aug. 12.- An Innsbruch,
\ustrlan, dispatch to the Tribune says
German operations on thc Kovno-fiu
tvalkl-Grodno front have been sus
pended because of lack of reinforcc
ncnts, no new troops having arrived
iince August 4.
Russian offensive at Kovno is of
greatest Importance a?s tho Gorman
3rst line of troops, chiefly the Prus
sian-Landwehr, suffered ' terrible
losses August 8 and 9. In this section
as well as between Lomza and Bug
?nany regiments are below the
Empty Transport and Another
Battle*!tip Asio Sunk in
London,'Aug. 12.-It ia officially
announced that a British submarine
sank tho Turkish gunboat Berk I.
Batvet andean empty transport at the
Dardanelles. The statement also says
tho Dardanelles report states they re-1
cently sank a Turkish battleship
which wes presumed to be Hie Kileyr
Ed Barbarosea as repotted by Con
stantinople. Thc Berk I. Satvot car
ried a hundred and five men and was
two hundred and sixty feet long.
OVER CARD GAME
Was Formerly Prominent
AtWetics at Uidversity of
Atlanta, Aug. 12. ~-Stewart Poster
formerly a prominent Athlete at the
University of Georgia, died hore this
afternoon aa a result of hoing shot
last night naar BwoW?, Georgia. Tho
authorities are serltftnt Nicholas John
son, who Foster declared-shot him in
a dispute over a card inia.
Fishing smack's ?ask.
Landon, Ang. I??.T-TUC Ashing |
smacks Ocean Gift. Esperance and
George Borrow have boen sunk.,Their1
crews were, saved.
daughter on their way to the church
through a throng of people collected
near their home.- The connv IB just
as tall as the chancellor, as shown
by this photograph, and he 1B six
feet four Inches.
English Paper Supposed to Voice
Sentient of Manufacturers
Urges That Cotton Be Declar
London. Aug. 12.-The Implication
timi thc meeting held In London last
night to urge the government to de-,
claro cotton contrabaud was tainted
with commercialism, In that tho cot
ton Interests will benefit, was denied
by the Manchester Guardian today.
"If the Manchester men have 4:1
policy it is not for trade or for sec
tional reasons, but on broadly nation
al grounds," says that paper. "Our
views are these: Cotton is more ne
cessary for purposes of war than any
other article of commerce, and tt l
passes onr comprehension bow lt ever
came to. be put on thc free Hst."
' The Guardian deprecates the sug
gestion that England buy the.Amer
ican crop if cotton is declared con
traband, urging that in case of loss
it must bs sustained by the American
growers, who should be the chief suf
ferers. "When cotton was contraband
dring the Civil War," it adds, "No
one bought a supply to relieve the
famine in Manchester."
A!UCH Repulsed Tuesday.
Constantinople. Aug. 12.-Officials
?announced today that four allied atv
tacks against the Turkish position on
Gallipoli peninsula were repulsed
SWEEPING REDUCT ONS
IN mmw RATES
11. C. C. Holds Roads Guilty of
Giving Allied Coal Firms
Washington, Aug. 12-Sweeping re
ductions in anthracite coal f'eight
rates of railroads handling . eighty
percent of the country's anthracite
production wer eordorod today hy the
interstate Commerce - Commission in
decision which held tho ' . carriers
I guilty of giving Illegal preferential
treatment to allied coal coaipftnies.
Bergen, Norway, Aug. 12--Tho Nor
wegian mall steamer lils an hour nut
cf this port, was held up by a Gorman
submarine. An officer and seaman
boarded, and according Co passengers
parcel - post matter for Russiae was
Jetisoned. Other mall undisturbed.
? ?l'IKT OM (UK HOKDEK ?
? Brownsville. Texas. AUK. 12 ?]
? tlic killing today of three *
? Mexican outlaws near Mercc- ?
? des, Hidalgo county, and the ?
? capture of twenty two of the ?
bandits's saddle horses nenr ?
? there leads to the belief h"re ?
? that at least one band is Heat- ?
? terod. Federal and state oftl- ?
? ilals refused to discuss the .>
encounters, the only ?? loun- ?
? cement being that thr. Mext- ?
? cans were killed. Except for ?
IhlB light Hie Texas border ?
was apparently quiet today. ?
(TELLS PRESIDENT OF MEET
ING OF PAN-AMERICAN
AT VERA CRUZ]
I Report? Carranza Refused Offers
of Peace Conference-Ap
peal Goes Soon.
Washington, Aug. 12.-'President
Wilson returned from New Hampshire
tiday and waa given a comprehensive
account of tho Mexican , situation In
all Hs phases by Secretary Lansing.
Lansing told tho president official re
ports Indicated that the disturbances
?near Brownsville were of a local char
acter and quiet prevailed at Vera Cruz
where there have been anti-foreign
He outlined the Pan-American con
ference. Both Wilson and Lansing
[ are Inclined to view the Bending of j
j battleships to Mexican waters and
?Imore federal troops to.the Texas bor
der are sufficient as precautionary
The appeal to Mexican fectlons will
be telegraphed BB Boon as the list of
military chiefs is compiled. On the
eve of this came the Villa agency's
announcement that Carranza refused
;VI!la's offer of a peace conference.
' lansing revealed that Villa recent- j
ly offered to sign an armistice for
'tb.jse months in order that conference
night be held.
Wilson Confers Willi Lansing.
Washington, Aug. 12,-It was an
nounced at the white house that no|
j.cabinet meeting will be held tomor
row. The president has determined
that pending matters are not in shape
for a general discussion after a con
ference with Lansing, . devoted'chief
ly to the Mexican situation.'
With work of the Pan-American j
conference, Wilson planned to see]
Garrison and Daniels and take up |
national defense questions. Both sec
retaries are prepared to submit
-preliminary reorts what they army I
and navy officers believe necessary'
to build up military naval establish-'
Tho situation on the- Texas border |
[also is expected to figure In the con
ference with Garrison.
War Officials Rilest.
Washington, Aug. 12.-War depart-1
ment officials refused to discuss to
day, reports, the secret organizers In |
Texas are aligning Mexicans under
tSo "plan of San Diego." Whether
Punston communicated these reports
I is not disclosed. lt is apparent, how
jever, he decided to concentrate a]
considerable force In the Brownsville I
?New Ha?tien Gov*
Earn Right to 1
Columbia, Aug. 12.-af rs. Minnie j
Napier Johnson, aged ubout *0. wife j
of J. C. Johnson, day policeman]
guard lng the state capitol here, com
mitted suicide at- hor home here at I
S o'clock this morning, shooting her- [
self In the right temple with her hufv-J
band's revolver. Death resulted in [
thirty minutes. Ill health is given as j
the <ause of the deed.
ALLIES STRIVING TO BRING
BALKAN STATES TO
KEY TO SITUATION
.?i- .?. i
Demands Portion of Macedonia
as Price of Aid--Greece- and
London, Aug. 1?.-The situation In
Poland and the Baltic provinces is
changing little nnd public Interest ts
turning to tho near east where the al
lies are endeavoring to revivo the
Ralkan League, bring all Balkan
states to their side, and to the armies
of tho allies which are battling
against tho Turks at he Dardanelles
and In the Caucasus.
Both Pides aro concentrating their
attention on Bulgaria, her action
being regarded as the key to the situa
tion. Both sides are understood to be
hindered by their friends tor Greece
and Sorbin are unwilling to cede to
Bulgaria ? part of Macedonia which
she wanta for joining the allies. Tur
key is unwilling to offer territory to
get Bulgaria to remain neutral.
Bulgaria la reported weighing the.
Austro-Germ?n successes in Poland
against the Anglo-French renewed af
ro rts In tho Dardanelles and the re
ported signal Russian victory over
the Turks in the Caucasus.-which
military experts believe will keep the
Turks quiet ott that 'frontier for some
Russia officially stated tonight that
Turkish atempts to advance toward
Olti and thc Par.:.?ne Valley In the
Caucasus were 1. pulsed everywhere.
Petrograd also declares tho Turks
sre in retreat along the Euphrates
river. Near Bsc ru ni- thu Turks claim
Heavy fighting is also reported in
Bosnia and Herzegovina where the
Montenegrins have taken the offen
sive against Austria. Montenegrins
clsim success in artillery ?pd inantry ;
The most Important claim is tarde ,
yb Petrograd, which declared that tue
Russians had repulsed the Germans
in Riga district, near Kovno. and bi
the Vloprz and Bug regions tho Ger
man loases aro reported heavy .
Berlin today claimed the Russians
were being pressed back between the
Bug and. Paraxew Rivers, but said
nothing aboi?'. Riga. The Germans
also claim Vue capture of a group of
Frene hfurtlftca tiona in Argonne for
est. The French say they recovered
some of the??e trenches.
AU Amsterdam dispatch says a Ger
man army order states tho German?
are about to begin work in the wost
and expect peace by Octant. Steam*
era from Holland report heavy firing
in tho North Sea.
London, Aug. 12.-Baltic flank of
the German armies under Von Hind
enburg virtually attained '"ie banks
of tho river Dvina between Riga and
Dvlnsk. Petrograd la l?sa than 300
miles away. Thence southward the
line sweeps west with. Prussian forces
of Kovno still holding out. Next
week may se? a great hattie on the
road toward the capiiai.
'iii** second line def ?uso on which
tho Russians proposed fall back upon
after abandoning Warsaw has the
appearance of having boen rendered
untenable. The British and Russian
press ls beginning to see the Teu
U&ie plan ambitions to plunge with
Petrograd as the goal; Meantime, the
Russian rear guards is fighting des
perately, especially In the Dvina re
(CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO.)
J. S. Recognition
President DarjSjranavo Whist Dem
onstrate AbilUy to Guarantee
Wshlagton, Attg. 52 -Recognition
by the United States of the govern
ment tb be established in Haiti hy
Pr?sident Dertigsnavo who was e'ect
ert today by tho national assembly,
will not be considered until he demon
strates his ability to guarantee peace
and adjust the outstanding foreign In
debtedness. Meanwhile American
forces will remain in Hatti.