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? VOLUME IL ANDERSON, S. C. FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 13, 1915. NUMBER 183. WAR DI FOR] TEXAS GOVERNOR INFORM ED FEDERAL AUTHORI TIES ARE IN CHARGE FUNSTON HASN'T ASKED MORE MEN Gov. Ferguson Had Appealed to President Wilson for Ad ditional Troops. Washington, Aug. 12.-Federal au thorities took no action today on tltc appeal of Governor Ferguson of Texas for additional soldiers. General bun ston, in command on tho border, has been given authority in the matter and he didn't call for more troops. Secretary Garrison mada-it ptain that the government expects thc Texas governor to deal with purely domestic disorders, but that the Unit ed State? troops would be need to re peal an actual invasion ot Texas or any border uprisings. The battleship? Louisiana, and New Hampshire are well on their . way down tho Atlantic coast tonight bound for "southern waters" to rwinforoo^ the gunboats at Vera Cruz if necessary. Brownsville, Texa* . Aug. 12.- Ac tion of the federal government in re sponse to on appeal to President Wil son .by Governor Fe i-tus?n of Texas for an Increase of troops in tho lower. F'lo Grande valley is jaacaited today by officials who have been un- j able to atop depredations of Mexi can, .miders.-"?'.j Governor ' Ferguson In his appeal declared tho situation is perilous and grave; he was doubtful of the ability of state and loeal officers longer to control. Brownsville citizens and other bord er cities didn't agree that the troubles are tc political feuds. Railers are said to be organised Into several bands working under plan rf tho San Diego movement, started \h year ago at San Diego, Texas, where resolu tions were adopted declaring. ' for strip of territory "long the border, to strip of territory along the border, to be added to Mexico. The tone of tho operations of tho raiders widened during tho past 24 hours. The latest exploit ls reported at katherine, eight miles north of Brownsville, where thirty Mexicans attempted tq raid a store. A dozen United States soldiers repulsed them. It is believed two were wounded. ' Confirmation reports, that consider able numbers of Mexican soldiers are crossing the border to Join the alleg ed revolutionary moveniont aro lack ing. Governor Ferguson declared in ap pealing to President Wilson that any "unusual occurrence now would cause & disastrous invasion of Texas from Mexico.** General Naffaretto, Carranza com mander at Matamoros denied that one thousand of hi* mon would .^ontcr Texas to incito uprisings against tho Americans, and gave as the reason tl.ut he baa only r,00 men between AldamUs and the mouth of thc Rio Grande, and chargea that brigandage in Texas ts caused by the Huertlstas in anticlnation Ot Carransa's recogni tion by. the United States; expressed willingness to co-operate with Ameri can authorities in capturing any ban dit? who cross u*to Mexico. Adjutant Gene&l Hutchings of thc Texas National Guard, reports no fur ther dlr'.urbanccs occurred through ot this jcction last night. Mr. Pulfer Improved. Mr. S. L. Fuller, who has been in the hospital for four weeks, has re covered sufficiently to be removed to his home ita West Orr street. - Friends o' Mr. Faller will bc glad to learn that he lo Improving so rapidly. British Flyers an Bombard Zagig Msmy Buildings Destroyed and Many Victims Reported Turks Fortifying Smynm. IM?ISUB. ivla Pails), Aug. 12.-A dispatch say* British aeroplanes yes terday bombarded Sagagik. near Smyrna, destroying the barracks, tele phone offices and eight housei. A don troyer also bombarded Zagagik, In which , there wore said to be.a large number of victims. . The Turks are constructing new tn tifioatlons and placing, huge can-: nan around Smyrna. PARTM ES RE1 MORE ON DEFENSE PLAN Conferred With Secretary Dan ?eb on Need? off Navy-Hopes to Secure Program Acceptable to Congress. Washington. Aug. 12.-President Wilson today began preliminary work on his plSJJS for strengthening the na onat d?tenue. Secretary Daniels utlincd proposals for improving thc avy. An engageaient was made for n oarly conference with Secretary kerrison on strengthening the army. Wilsons hopes to secure a program acceptable to congress. It is under stood Daniels urged a docided to rease in submarines. Daniels re fused to talk regard lug the report tha t he recommend tour battleships. Villa's Agent Busy ?TV Miguel Diaz Lombardo, minister of foreign affairs In tho cabinet of Gen eral Par-ho Villa, la one of the busiest diplomats Washington hus ovfcr known. Tlie conference'of Secre tary of State Lansing v. li li the six ministers of Sooth and Central Am erl can nations In connection with the ?peace plan in .Mexico has excited his ?interest. d Destroyers ikj Near Smyrna I T. ?. MEETS IN BALTIMORE NEXT Ix>s Angeles, Aug. 12.- Baltimore was ?elected today for tho nineteen P ?lsteen convention ot the Internation al Tyi?>jraph!cat ,Tnion. Tho union adopted a mle prohibiting Hs mern? bern from working more than six days J pee week. A proposed rotc or priority j 'ia employing and discharging men waa .ordered submitted to a referen dum. . >. WEST TROOPS 1NGQMETAX LAW Committee From Rational Con ference on Taxation Makes Seventeen Distinct Recocamen dations in Regard to Taxation. San Francisco, Aug. 12.-The re port of the committee of the National Tax Association on the Federal In come Tax Law waa made to tho Na tional Conference on Taxation tonight, setting forth seventeen distinct rscom mendatione, which received the sup port ot all the members of thc com mittee. Prof. E. R. A. Sellgman, of Columbia University, is chairman of this committee, which includes a number of men prominent as students of taxation- systems. Tk>p chief re commendations of the committee were submarized SB follows: "That th? system of collcction-at source be abandoned and a system of informatlon-at-spurce substituted ex cept as to non-resident American citi zens and as to non-resident aliens to tho extent.that they are taxable. . "That partnerships should be treat ed like corporations in the collection of the normal tax. . "That Individuals should bc allowed to deduct all losses whether incur red in trade or not; also all expenses of rn ai ut piiii'. investments. This re commendation would ? meet a wido jpread preseut crlticistm ffpy.?tf>%rH"" Should 'lie. low- } aired to t?.OOO . 6n the groh'Kd* That .ho tax should'-rest upoh . Ure '? hrrgi*r ironortlon of the population. "That all persons having a gross In some edual to the minimum exemp Ibn should hie returns Instead of as tow only those who themselves decide hat their net income ls over the cx ;mpt amount-. "That corporations should not be a?ed on dividends ..received Z itlier taxable corporations." Following .the secific recommendi lonn, thc committee discusses general natters which it thinks should be :onsldered in. any.'general reconstrue lott of tho act when that shall be un lertaken. lt refers to thc departure n various instances from the funda nehtnl conception of Income and in stances tile omission at rental value J*?, if a. houso as Income/ to the owner Ima giving him an unfair adfair ad-1 vantage as comnored with the rente:-. It criticises the injustice of the pres >nt law in relation to double taxation n the case of aliens and* non-resident \nroricart cUlrens. It notes the fall ire In the income tax law to take iccbu'nt of the possibilities of differen tiation in rate on different kinda of !ncome, for Instance, "earned" or "un earned," and suggests the possibility that in this country such differentia tion may not be necessary to provide lust taxation on account of the heavy l?ate and local taxes. The final general discussion relates Lo thc taxation of corporations and la suggested by the peculiar and much complained of limitation on interest deduction by corporations. T?w com mittee submbits the two vtows. one that an Income tax should be a lnM persons only, the other that lt should be In a .part-a business tan and that thds. lt is not unfair to tax both the individual and the corporation on the Same income lt makes no, recom mendation on.this point. i POSTPONE HEARING OF ALLEOEO AUSTRIAN SPY Jail Attaches Say Orbotph Was Seeking to Establish Florida Apiaries. Tallahassee, Fla, Aug. fS.-r-The preliminary, hearing ot Wal ber Or tolph, accused hy federal officials of secretly visiting United States mili tary reservations along tho Florida coast to secure information concern ing nation-defenses, was.postponed to day until next Tuesday. Meanwhile Or toi ph la held in default of a ftvo thousand dollar bond on a technical charge, of trespass. Jail attaches said Ortolpt waa German and was seeking the'Apiaries of Florida. Reise Kant land Today. ' hi ago. Aug. 12.- The raisin* of i ho Eastland was postponed ut Al tomorrow. One body was recovered today. . ? ? Chancellor Bethr Chancellor yoof Bcthmann-Hollweg, Inventor of the- rainous "sera of] paper," the other day led lils daughter Isa to the altar to give her away to Count Zec.lt ijiirkersroda. This photo giftph shows the' chancellor and his Forces Along Sulvalki-Grodoo Suspend Operations Until Re inforcements are i Received Have Suffered Heavy Losses. Geneva, Aug. 12.- An Innsbruch, \ustrlan, dispatch to the Tribune says German operations on thc Kovno-fiu tvalkl-Grodno front have been sus pended because of lack of reinforcc ncnts, no new troops having arrived iince August 4. Russian offensive at Kovno is of greatest Importance a?s tho Gorman 3rst line of troops, chiefly the Prus sian-Landwehr, suffered ' terrible losses August 8 and 9. In this section as well as between Lomza and Bug ?nany regiments are below the werage strength. BRITISH SU SHS TU Empty Transport and Another Battle*!tip Asio Sunk in Dardanelles. London,'Aug. 12.-It ia officially announced that a British submarine sank tho Turkish gunboat Berk I. Batvet andean empty transport at the Dardanelles. The statement also says tho Dardanelles report states they re-1 cently sank a Turkish battleship which wes presumed to be Hie Kileyr Ed Barbarosea as repotted by Con stantinople. Thc Berk I. Satvot car ried a hundred and five men and was two hundred and sixty feet long. GOERG?AN KILLED OVER CARD GAME Was Formerly Prominent AtWetics at Uidversity of Georgi?. in! Atlanta, Aug. 12. ~-Stewart Poster formerly a prominent Athlete at the University of Georgia, died hore this afternoon aa a result of hoing shot last night naar BwoW?, Georgia. Tho authorities are serltftnt Nicholas John son, who Foster declared-shot him in a dispute over a card inia. Fishing smack's ?ask. Landon, Ang. I??.T-TUC Ashing | smacks Ocean Gift. Esperance and George Borrow have boen sunk.,Their1 crews were, saved. nann-Hollwegg ?mi?'" daughter on their way to the church through a throng of people collected near their home.- The connv IB just as tall as the chancellor, as shown by this photograph, and he 1B six feet four Inches. English Paper Supposed to Voice Sentient of Manufacturers Urges That Cotton Be Declar ed Contraband. London. Aug. 12.-The Implication timi thc meeting held In London last night to urge the government to de-, claro cotton contrabaud was tainted with commercialism, In that tho cot ton Interests will benefit, was denied by the Manchester Guardian today. "If the Manchester men have 4:1 policy it is not for trade or for sec tional reasons, but on broadly nation al grounds," says that paper. "Our views are these: Cotton is more ne cessary for purposes of war than any other article of commerce, and tt l passes onr comprehension bow lt ever came to. be put on thc free Hst." ' The Guardian deprecates the sug gestion that England buy the.Amer ican crop if cotton is declared con traband, urging that in case of loss it must bs sustained by the American growers, who should be the chief suf ferers. "When cotton was contraband dring the Civil War," it adds, "No one bought a supply to relieve the famine in Manchester." A!UCH Repulsed Tuesday. Constantinople. Aug. 12.-Officials ?announced today that four allied atv tacks against the Turkish position on Gallipoli peninsula were repulsed Tuesday. SWEEPING REDUCT ONS IN mmw RATES 11. C. C. Holds Roads Guilty of Giving Allied Coal Firms Illegal Preference. Washington, Aug. 12-Sweeping re ductions in anthracite coal f'eight rates of railroads handling . eighty percent of the country's anthracite production wer eordorod today hy the interstate Commerce - Commission in decision which held tho ' . carriers I guilty of giving Illegal preferential treatment to allied coal coaipftnies. Mail,Thrown OTerfcssatf, Bergen, Norway, Aug. 12--Tho Nor wegian mall steamer lils an hour nut cf this port, was held up by a Gorman submarine. An officer and seaman boarded, and according Co passengers parcel - post matter for Russiae was Jetisoned. Other mall undisturbed. to ? ? ?l'IKT OM (UK HOKDEK ? !* ? ? Brownsville. Texas. AUK. 12 ?] ? tlic killing today of three * ? Mexican outlaws near Mercc- ? ? des, Hidalgo county, and the ? ? capture of twenty two of the ? bandits's saddle horses nenr ? ? there leads to the belief h"re ? ? that at least one band is Heat- ? ? terod. Federal and state oftl- ? ? ilals refused to discuss the .> encounters, the only ?? loun- ? ? cement being that thr. Mext- ? ? cans were killed. Except for ? IhlB light Hie Texas border ? was apparently quiet today. ? ?SECY. LANSING (TELLS PRESIDENT OF MEET ING OF PAN-AMERICAN CONFERENCE QUIET PREVAILS AT VERA CRUZ] I Report? Carranza Refused Offers of Peace Conference-Ap peal Goes Soon. Washington, Aug. 12.-'President Wilson returned from New Hampshire tiday and waa given a comprehensive account of tho Mexican , situation In all Hs phases by Secretary Lansing. Lansing told tho president official re ports Indicated that the disturbances ?near Brownsville were of a local char acter and quiet prevailed at Vera Cruz where there have been anti-foreign [demonstrations. He outlined the Pan-American con ference. Both Wilson and Lansing [ are Inclined to view the Bending of j j battleships to Mexican waters and ?Imore federal troops to.the Texas bor der are sufficient as precautionary measures. The appeal to Mexican fectlons will be telegraphed BB Boon as the list of military chiefs is compiled. On the eve of this came the Villa agency's announcement that Carranza refused ;VI!la's offer of a peace conference. ' lansing revealed that Villa recent- j ly offered to sign an armistice for 'tb.jse months in order that conference night be held. Wilson Confers Willi Lansing. Washington, Aug. 12,-It was an nounced at the white house that no| j.cabinet meeting will be held tomor row. The president has determined that pending matters are not in shape for a general discussion after a con ference with Lansing, . devoted'chief ly to the Mexican situation.' With work of the Pan-American j conference, Wilson planned to see] Garrison and Daniels and take up | national defense questions. Both sec retaries are prepared to submit -preliminary reorts what they army I and navy officers believe necessary' to build up military naval establish-' menta. Tho situation on the- Texas border | [also is expected to figure In the con ference with Garrison. War Officials Rilest. Washington, Aug. 12.-War depart-1 ment officials refused to discuss to day, reports, the secret organizers In | Texas are aligning Mexicans under tSo "plan of San Diego." Whether Punston communicated these reports I is not disclosed. lt is apparent, how jever, he decided to concentrate a] considerable force In the Brownsville I dlstr?w?. ?New Ha?tien Gov* Earn Right to 1 COLUMBIA WOMAN COMMITS SUICIDE! Columbia, Aug. 12.-af rs. Minnie j Napier Johnson, aged ubout *0. wife j of J. C. Johnson, day policeman] guard lng the state capitol here, com mitted suicide at- hor home here at I S o'clock this morning, shooting her- [ self In the right temple with her hufv-J band's revolver. Death resulted in [ thirty minutes. Ill health is given as j the <ause of the deed. INTEREST IN ALLIES STRIVING TO BRING BALKAN STATES TO THEIR SIDE BULGARIA HOLDS KEY TO SITUATION .?i- .?. i Demands Portion of Macedonia as Price of Aid--Greece- and Serbia Balk. London, Aug. 1?.-The situation In Poland and the Baltic provinces is changing little nnd public Interest ts turning to tho near east where the al lies are endeavoring to revivo the Ralkan League, bring all Balkan states to their side, and to the armies of tho allies which are battling against tho Turks at he Dardanelles and In the Caucasus. Both Pides aro concentrating their attention on Bulgaria, her action being regarded as the key to the situa tion. Both sides are understood to be hindered by their friends tor Greece and Sorbin are unwilling to cede to Bulgaria ? part of Macedonia which she wanta for joining the allies. Tur key is unwilling to offer territory to get Bulgaria to remain neutral. Bulgaria la reported weighing the. Austro-Germ?n successes in Poland against the Anglo-French renewed af ro rts In tho Dardanelles and the re ported signal Russian victory over the Turks in the Caucasus.-which military experts believe will keep the Turks quiet ott that 'frontier for some time. Russia officially stated tonight that Turkish atempts to advance toward Olti and thc Par.:.?ne Valley In the Caucasus were 1. pulsed everywhere. Petrograd also declares tho Turks sre in retreat along the Euphrates river. Near Bsc ru ni- thu Turks claim victory. Heavy fighting is also reported in Bosnia and Herzegovina where the Montenegrins have taken the offen sive against Austria. Montenegrins clsim success in artillery ?pd inantry ; sctions. The most Important claim is tarde , yb Petrograd, which declared that tue Russians had repulsed the Germans in Riga district, near Kovno. and bi the Vloprz and Bug regions tho Ger man loases aro reported heavy . Berlin today claimed the Russians were being pressed back between the Bug and. Paraxew Rivers, but said nothing aboi?'. Riga. The Germans also claim Vue capture of a group of Frene hfurtlftca tiona in Argonne for est. The French say they recovered some of the??e trenches. AU Amsterdam dispatch says a Ger man army order states tho German? are about to begin work in the wost and expect peace by Octant. Steam* era from Holland report heavy firing in tho North Sea. London, Aug. 12.-Baltic flank of the German armies under Von Hind enburg virtually attained '"ie banks of tho river Dvina between Riga and Dvlnsk. Petrograd la l?sa than 300 miles away. Thence southward the line sweeps west with. Prussian forces of Kovno still holding out. Next week may se? a great hattie on the road toward the capiiai. 'iii** second line def ?uso on which tho Russians proposed fall back upon after abandoning Warsaw has the appearance of having boen rendered untenable. The British and Russian press ls beginning to see the Teu U&ie plan ambitions to plunge with Petrograd as the goal; Meantime, the Russian rear guards is fighting des perately, especially In the Dvina re (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO.) zrmnent Must J. S. Recognition ?.M? ? President DarjSjranavo Whist Dem onstrate AbilUy to Guarantee Laeiing Peace. Wshlagton, Attg. 52 -Recognition by the United States of the govern ment tb be established in Haiti hy Pr?sident Dertigsnavo who was e'ect ert today by tho national assembly, will not be considered until he demon strates his ability to guarantee peace and adjust the outstanding foreign In debtedness. Meanwhile American forces will remain in Hatti.