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ANDERSON, S. C SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 14, 1915. NUMBER 1M RUSSIANS GERMAN INHALT BERLIN REPORTS NEW SUC CESSES, HOWEVER, IN RE GION CF KOVNO VON HINDENBURG NOW IN CHARGE Appointment to That Section ? Showc Importance of Cap turing Kovno. London, Aug. 13.-Russia officially admitted tonight that alic had evacua ted Solcolow, Siedlce and Lukow, to tho cast of Warsaw, but claimed to have driven hack thc Germans near Riga and that near Kovno, under Rus sian pressure, tho Germans abandon ed their attacks. Berlin however reported new suc cesses in the region of Kovno, Field Marshal Von Hindenburg, Germany's national hero, baa been placed In per sonal command bf that region, show ing the importance thu German gen eral stag attaches to the plan for cap turing Kovno, which stands between the Germans and the Vilna and the Warsaw-Pctrograd Raliway. The Germans continue to drive the Russians notheast and cast of War saw and with the capture of Sicdloc, Sokolow and Lukow they are within a short distance of the Buf river, ono of the main supports of the Brest Lit ovak line, where lt: waa originally be lieved the Prussians intended to'stand. The German crown price continued trying to pierce the 'French line In the lorest of Argonne. He obtained Bome local successes, but the French claim his losses were heavy. ThooFreach also claim the Gormans unsuccessful ly attacked in thc Artels. The Fjusslans are taking the offen sive according to the Italian official statement tonight which says tho re pulsed Austrian attacks in the Iscazo region and on the Carse front.-. The Vienna statement tells of fight ing at various points, but nothing de finite was accomplished. ' On Gallioll peninsula Turkey claims to'have taken "trenches of sight-red yards" near Seddul Bahr, and near Ari Bin nu to have captured machine guns and munitions of war. There are strong indications Serbia will flatly refuse Bulgaria's territorial demands and the allies' hope of bring ing-Bulgaria into ibo war on their side will come to naught, according to some diplomats herc. Tho nresont. issue is declared to have renewed smoldering fueds among the Balkan states ?ind much bitterness ? is said to have developed. The Zeppelin raid on the east coast of England last night, in which six were killed and twenty five injured, was the sixteenth since the' war. In all seventy five were killed; a hundred and seventy Ave wounded, two Zep pelins destroyed and one of those last night reported damaged, as a result. Ot, these raids. -. , London, Aug. 13.-The Russians, arc (Hill holding Ute Baltic , Hank and the Germana aro struggling to . cut the Warsaw Petrograd railway and atc battling toward the Dvina be yond, on which lie the roads to Petro grad. Thia is being accomplished with tho aid of reinforcements and one counter-attack arter another. Kovno still holds and to . the south the German attacks toward Riga have been repulsed. The railway junction at Wulnsk remains in Russian's hands but from Oatrolcuka north of Warsaw to Chelm In tho south. Between the Vipers snd tho.Bug .they have appar ently beer, thrown back with ,;heavy losses. Von Hindenburg may not have- been - exercising his- full strength in tho north, ??ut awaking ?tants in the south bet?re hammer ing th?, hardest' toward the Dvina near the hanks 'of which his cavalry bave been for some.time. The fact .that tho .Germans aro able to advance with comparativo rapidity due oast from Warsaw, white being cheeked on the right and left has given- rise to the impres i?n hi England and .in Bass la that stout resistance by tho Russian wings insures (Jae safe withdrawal of ?ie main body of troops from thc Warnaw salient.. Contrary to many ' reports tho main lino-of communi cation between the Polish capital and Jfotrograd is not cut. It would _ tf the Germans had taken Dvlnuk. V?Tho approaching meeting of th Greek and Serbian parliaments glv promise of bringing tho Balkan sit rShtiqn to a head, though for the rr jjnent Greece ead Serbia refuse , concede any territory. TOWARD COTTON LORD CECIL SAYS STAPLE MUST BE KEPT FROM ENEMIES MAY DECLARE IT CONTRABAND ---- If Such a Course is Necessary England Will Consider, it Legal. London. Aug. 13.--Lord Robert Ce cil, parliamentary under secretary for forcigu affairs, in an informal inter view today, defining Great Britain's attitude in the cotton situation, de clared. "The allies must, by all law ful means, prevent cotton reaching their enemies. It may bc considered necessary to make cotton contra band." At tito same time ho refrained frolt any hint that cotton would no made contraband at any specific dato or that the government had evolved any so lution to meet tho demands ot Ameri can cotton growers and neutral con sumers. He stated Implicitly, however, that If cotton wore made contraband Eng land would consider tbe act legal and Internationally Justified. Tho state ment was taken in some quarters to indicate that Great BflU-ln will aoon make cotton contraband. Ed 8weeney Released. New York, Aug. 13.-Ed Sweeney, catcher of the New York Americans, was released today to Richmond of the International League. Aro Opposing German Advance Toward Bialystok, East of War. saw on Both Sides of Warsaw -Bialstok Railroad. Petrograd, Aug. 13.-The Russian armies having extricated themselves from the German net now aro stub bornly opposing the German advance toward Bialysck on the line seventy milos east of Warsaw oh both aides of the Warsaw-Bialystok railroad. .. The German Battle campaign ap pears at a standstill with the Rus I stans astride of the Vildoinlr and ' Polnewesch highway - threatening the communication of the Invading armies. Tho Germans are approaching slightly nearer io Kovno and pound ing that position with .heavy, guns, but thc Russian artillery SB replying, effectively. Peasants who have es capes from the Tlermaa labor gangs describe deliberate preparations tor tho assault of Kovno thai were begun time months ago. Th<> Germans brought an immense mass of structu ral -material and built paved roads fr<**:) the west and dug foundations fifteen feet deep for* their mortars. When tho refugees escaped no. forty two centimetre gunB had arrived but those of smaller calibre each requir ing throf largo tractors wore hieing hauled Into position. GEORGIA SLAYER MAKES ESCAPE Atlanta, Aug. 13.-No trace or Hick Johnson; who it ia alleged shot and fatally wounded Stewart P. Poster, a former Georgia University athlete yesterday, has been found early today. Officers ' Bald that Johnson had not appeared at his home at Rutledge, Ga. The shooting occurred at the camp hear Sword's Ga., and Foster died hore late yesterday. The antrmortem statement said the ?hooting followed a quarrel over cards. The body was taken to Madison, Gi.? for burial to day. Comparative 1 The losses plied by thc France England ... Belgium .. Russia - Germany .. Austria Turkey of 'Europe 3n thc war up t French ministry of war, a Killed. 410,000 181,000 *3.000 1,250,000 1,630,000 1,610,000 110,000 Wounded. 660,000 200,000 49,000 1.680.000 1,880.000 1,865,000 144,000 Totals ... 5.290,000 6.478,000 2,1 Thia fabio was prepared for publica but was withheld because tho French the enormity of the figures, might have on the people. The computations, wbJi act, may bc considered the most complt ITALY CANCELS WHEAT j Contracts Celled for September Delivery of Two Million Bush els-Markets Takes Big Slump. Chicago, Aug. 13.-The plan of the government to fix maximum grain prices or otherwise stop opcculatlon was given herc tonight as the reason I for exporters suddenly cancelling-in ?two days contracts for approximately two million bushels of wheat. An nouncement of tho cancellation toilay caused prices to break wildly, tho I I downward plunge at ono time amount ing to four to tour and one eighth j cent? por bushel, smashing the mar ! ket to a dollar and seven cents per j bushel for September delivery- Most nf the1 contracts canceller wer<j for] wheat for Italy. BiflflS BOMBARD ITALIAN RAILWAY ! Factories and Viaducts at Moifetta and Factories at Bari Abo Targets. Vienna, Aug. 13.-It was officially1 announced .tonight that Austrian war ships Wednesday bombarded tho Ital ian raliway-from Molf?tta to Sena SSngiorgio, tour factories, two rail way viaducts at Moifetta andNflve fac tories at Bari, throwing that town In to a panic. All Ihn raiders returned undamaged. -1_; . 1 talina Volcanoes Active. Foin:?, Aug. 13.-Tho great volca noes of Southern Italy arc becoming increa?.ngly active, i Thus far It ls I impossible to procure authentic Infor- | .nation from tho ?cone of disturbance, j Where- earthquakes occurred earlier ' i In the week. I ?asses of Seven Ni isp mm> Z"5.^ lill* o May 31, as com-i so far put together, rc as follows: ablr, but as that coi Prit.ar.crs. Total. .di""n \? war they i RO'WMI i mn ono The largest total 180.^00 1,300.000 th0 jarKC8t proporti 90,000 471,001? sons have been killi 15,000 113*000 Sincv May 31 thei ?50,000 3,780,000 swell thc total? giv 100,000 4,000,000 Arras, where 15,000 ??O.O00 4*385,000 Austro-Italtnn enga 95,000 349,000 anti 'Hie German oft ~-- : --:-c uston, most astatine 330,000 14.398,000 of kille?! to wounded lion early in June, ber of wounded bas authorities feared or fire lo one. Hoi a bad moral effect nearly equnl. Man; le probably "hot ex- regiments, but man} ?te record of losses have been numerous PROTECT SELVES tVTIssion Chamber of Commerce Asks for Rifles and Amniuni tice Club. bon-Have Formed Rifle Prac 'ir- i ff-Stt ?> ' _- ' 5 y& r ? -Washington. Aug. 13.-The Mis sion, Texas chamber of commerce wired the National Rifle Association to secure rifles and ammunition .'*n niediately in view of tho nearness of foreign territory to this e'ectlon and the urgent need of arms and am munition for protection." The asso ciation distributes condemned army I rifles to rlflo practice clubs. Lieut. Albert 8. Jones, secretary of tho as ; BocIatioT?, aald the Mission people have already formed a club before the [gv-jB ere Issued, it will take threo [or four months. Jones said many elana were formed in-the past few months, ir? Nsw Mexico and Arizona. General Scott, Ulm chief of staff has been ordered to remain in Kl Paso ready for any mission the state department iSiay have on the border. Ho ls also watching the border situa tion. No more troops have ordered to i 'the border regions. [INVESTIGATE FAILURE IO SUPPLY MINIS [Duma Wants Rerponsibie Parties Called to Account lesa of Positions Petrograd, Aug. 13.-Details given to the press of the secret meeting of the Durna. Tuesday sdi?w; ''Jtat mem bers urged tho immediate -cessation of alleged irregularities and tho fail tire to supply munitions me: the army, and. nary- and Bought to call to ac count these responsible, regardless of their positions. The minister of war promised an lnresUgatlon. liions in War The losses of Serbia aro not avail untry has suffered from plague in ad nust be large. loss is charged to Austria-Hungary, onate loss to Belgium. Enough per 3d to populate a country like Sweden, re have been many violent battles to en-thc French offensive north of arc said to have been slain, the genitals, tho great hallie In Calida - enslve iu the Argonne, Ung feature of this table la the ratio I. In previous modern wars tho.,nuin beou to tho number of dead aa four c thc two categories are much more y of -tho wounded have Joined their r are crippled for life. The sick, who i in all thc armies, are not listed here. STRIKERS RIOT ?Ijil LOUIS Several Injured When Five Hundred Striking Tranter Drivers Attack Non-Union * . ?1 4>t? ?/.: jffi St. Louis, Aug. 13.-SeveralNver* slightly Injured and a number of shots fired tonight In a running fight be tween . five hundred strikers end sympathizers on one Bide and three non-union drivers and a score ot po licemen on Ute other, as a result of the strike today of fifteen hundred transfer drivers and , chauffeurs for higher wages and shorter hours. Two rioters were arrested but vere token from the policemen. The Oght started at a postoffloe substation where pickets were walting for driv ers hauling thc mail. When the wagons were emptied thc drivers were chased to tho transfer company's stable and escaped. The hauling of YOUNO TURKS ORGE - WAR WITH ITALIANS Say Italian Ambassador to Con stantinople is "Leading Spy." Rome, Aug. 13!-Reports from Con stantinople say the Young Turks held a meeting at which Enver Pasha, Tur kish inhibitor of war, was urged to break relations with Italy to free Turkey from the "leading spy." name ly thc Italian ambassador, and simul taneously adopt severe measures again tho Italians. It Is reported decision was postponed. Austrian ?8?b? Sask. Rome, Aug. 13.- It wan officially announced tonight that , the Austrian submarino TM8 was sunk yesterday morning m the lower Adriatic. The second officer and eleven, men were captured and saved. U. Si TR001 RANGERS MEXICAI APPEAL GOES TO WILL BE SENT TO ALL MILI TARY AND CIVIL AU THORITIES EXPECT CARRANZA TO REJECT APPEAL General Scott Expected to do Missionary Work on the Border. Washington, Aug. 13.-Tho Pan American appeal, urging all Mexicans to cease fighting and Join tho move ment to restore thc constitutional gov ernment, vegan to go forward tonight by telegraph. The state department Intends to ap peal to evory military chief lt can reach and also to civil officials. That Carranza will romain defiant is ex pected, although it is hoped many of his adherents will bc induced to Join the movement. In this connection lt bas been re ported that General Hugh L. Scott IB expected to perform important mis sionary work on the border. Washington, Aug. 13.-State de partment ollie i al s are completing the arrangements for the dispatch pt the Pan-American appeal to the Mexican factional leaders calling on tliem tn make peace. The communication will go forward late today or tomorrow. It will be addressed to the Mexican public officially and to the military leaders. The delay is duo to the de sire to get Clio <K?dteiMjBdsMMtoeJM the ap#ew* IhroutfnwwfPeVfcOTMW effort Will be made to;roac}i the lead er of every movoment,:vno matter *no'w email. . . . * .'?'.^' ' '.' RUMIAS i mm PRAISEJR WILSON Intimation '< The* President W?l ' Back up Hoke Smith Brings Sa&mction, . <i A .? * .' ' ?'. 'I / .' V" Atlanta, Aug? 18.-With ' a fairish . largo^cottpn cropk Cdpiing op despite talk of curtailment, farn\era In Geor gia and the cotton belt are viewing with intense satisfaction the mani fest intentions of President V.ilson and the administration at Washing ton to back up the contentious in sisted on by Senator Hoke 3mlth with reference to the lnten'*reace by Great Britain with the cotton export commerce Of this country. If thee principles of unrestrained commerce wib neutral porta aro In sisted on and England ls forced to recognise them and cease seising cot ton, lt will open up a market now closed for millions of bales of thc American crop. Senator 'Hoke Smith has made a C'jser study of this s'ciatlon than probably any other official of the of ficial family at Washington; and it was he who poiutcd out that there I was no basis of historical fact for thr j the British contentions that the ac ' UOL of this government in the civil war offered a precedent for what Great Britain is trying to do pow by way of interfering with neutral com merce sud blockading neutral ports. Of all ue problems which have arisen from the great European conflict, this is the one that strikes nearest home to tho Southern farmer and the South ern business mau. TWO KILLED BY EXPLOSION Pittsburg. ' Aug. 13.-Two were killed and six Injured in a mysteri ous explosion today in tho Turtle Creek plant of the Westinghouse Electric Company. The explosion came shortly after the receipt of a letter by a newspa per in which tho threat that the building would'be blown up was made. The Westinghouse plant here Is making shrapnel tor the Allies. PS AND PURSUE Si RAIDERS NOW AFTER BAND OF THIR TY NORTH OF BROWNS VILLE MANY MEXICANS ALREADY KILLED Feared Carranza Troops Will Croas Border if Americans Enter Vera Crt?. Twenty men eros w d the Rio Grande from Mexico tonight about forty miles above hero, although Americans had been warned and placed guards on thti lookout. Late tonight posses were closing in on the Mexicans. Congressman Gardner speaking for a committee of business men tonight told Governor Ferguson at Rockport that Carranza authorities were re sponsible for the raids. A Brownvllle, Aug. 13.-The search continued tonight In the section fifty miles north of here tor a band of thirty Mexicans, some of whom are known to bo direct rom Mexico Twen ty six hundred United States soldiers, as well as Texas rangers and peace officers have rapidly run down fugitive Mexicans, and although the number ot Mexicans killed is reported officially as flfteen to twenty lt ls known that more have been killed. There ls apprehension here over re ports that If American forces land at Vera Cruz, Carranza soldiers will sack Brownvllle. Brownsville, Texas, Aug. 13.-One Mexican was killed today near byford. . a abort distance north ot here by the officers and soldiers. Rangrre and OT S. regulars seem. In control ot tho situation. Riwnsvlllc^Toxas, Aug 13.-The .authorities Jnfthe. tower Rio Grande Malloy have ^^^wffS??^^I??^^' ? TI renato suppress Ie^ftapfifeVra depredations.;by ^bsndS of Mexican . raiders, aro,report..-Ji, T?m i I ; pevei6?mafnurt \A* tars mfjrtter are expected tb follow th? icottfcroce at Rockport, Texas, ^h?a>t Governor Ferguson, Adjutant. Generar Hatch ings, Congressman Gardner and; oth-*> er prominent'cilleras were to, discuss the border situation and further'proof that the outbreak? were duo to a V conspiracy of Mexicans od seth sides L?| of the border will he laid before the , : governor, [indications, thai .bo raid- j ers f/oro ?cting under "the plan: or v San Diego" arie the continued reports thjt United States army officers 'la re- I porting at the headquarters of! , tho ! nott them department, St Bad Antonio. I . These reportB quoted literature said to haye been distributed ?a lax* quin- ' tillea ih fhfe' 'borter cduatlbs^ ? ! The killing last night of ft'it&fxlean whi> lt ls .supposed waa ? member ot yne of tfl* bands at Mercedes ls the latest death reported. Near Mercedes tbreo Mexicans were killed and 22 horses belonging to the raiders vt ?e captured severui hours ?arider. Nu merous unconfirmed reports of kill ings and battles between'the raiders and soldiers are reported here. No New Oaf brea*?. . Brownsville, Aug. IS.-Reports ot no new outbreaks had been, received at noon. Officials here answering the statement ot General Naffarette. tb? Carranza commander at Matomoras, who said he had 'duly five hundred troops on the border, say there are over two thuooand in the zone da scribed by the Mexican. Naffarette made the statement to show that the supposed one thousand Mexicans al leged to hare croaeed into Texas to promoted uprisings were not Carranza troops as reno.ted. Washington, Aug. 13.- President Wilso ntoday gnve directions that sufficient troops for ? any emergency on the border should be held ready. Governor Ferguson's telegram ssking for mor.- i -oops is hoing held pending further word from Gen. Fun sion. Further troop movements are up to Gen. Funston. WILSON POSTPONE* TALE ON STATE OF NATIONAL DEFENSE Washington, Aug. 13.-President Wilson has postponed the discussion of tho national defense questions with Secretaries Garrison and Daniel s until next week. Secretary Garrison is away for tho week-end. Hurricane Warnings ta Florida. Washington, Aug. IB.-The weath er bureau announced tonight thal it had ordered hurricane warnings dis played on the south Florida coast.