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ANDERSON, S. C SATURDAY. MORNING, AUGUST 28, 1915.
MAY PROVE MOST IMPOR TANT OF GERMAN OP ERATIONS STILL PURSUING RETIRING SLAVS Russians Expected to Get Muni tions Soon and Make An other beterokktsd Stand. London, Aug. 27.?Tbc Germans, In | full possession of tho entire Brest Lltovsk line have resumed the offen sive In the Balti cprovinces and are pressing the RuBsiaoB southeast of Nitaubunitau and east of Kovno in an effort to reach tho mala line of the railway which passes through Vllnn and Dvlnak to Petrograd. - This may prove In time the most important of the German, operations although now they are using more troops in pursuit of the Russians re tlripg from VBrest-LttovBk and ).he line on either side of this,, fortress. The Retch! a petrograd newspaper today speculating on German inden tions, declares it is doubtful if the GermauH without undisputed posses sion of the Baltic and particularly of the Oult.of Riga, could undertake the risks attached to operations against Petrograd thin.autumn. Tbe Russians apparently bad eva cuated both Brest-LltovBk and Olita before the Auatro-Gcrmaas arrived aa the latter olaim no capture of booty. Austria officially announced tonight that Archduke Joseph Ferdinand found the town Of KeuUenk-x-Litovsk hunting whan he arrived. All indi cation? are that the Russians stlli taking every movable thing that might aid thq^^uptre^^thaji S^ and burning what they are unable ta car ry. Tt? Busslans still have armies vir tual'/ intact and now hove prospects of a more plentiful supply of ammun ition, so it is expected they will soon make a stand along some prepared line. Paris tonight reported the capture* of several G^nnan* trenches In Vos ges and' announced - that French ar tillery had been -directing efficacious fire upon German positions on va rious portions of tho front. What, however, is considered more signifi cant is the continued activity of the Freu oh air squadron whloh has been bombarding tho German positions in France as well as munitions.factories In Germany. It now seems certain that Serbia la ready to mawke tbe territorial sac rifices "necessary to secure Bul garia's aid, but there is UtUo news from Ute Balkans, and little news of recent fighting at the Dardanelles. / Unofficial dispatches dated August 19 tell of the fighting for Barl Baier Hill and declared the losses wore heavy on both' sides. London, Aug. 27.?Tho Russians bave evacuated the Olita fortress. Hindenburg's forces are bar rassln g the retreating Russians south of Oli ta, Von Gall Witt reporta the capture Of 3,500 prisoners and flvo machine guns! In the fighting south of Mitau 450 prisonros, four cannon, and three machine guns , were taken. Material advances arc claimed for tbe Teu ton. Berlin. Aug. 27.?That the. Russian forti tss of Olita on tho Ni?men river. 39 miles south, of Kovno, has been evacuated Is officially announced. In all tho Russian territory covered by the Teutonic advance Grodno now is thu only ctrongly defended position in the P.uss!an hands. Olita was.on the principle Russian of defense, mid way between Kovno, already In tho German hands, and Grodno. It is about 80 miles southwest of the im portant railroad cdatro of Vi'-..., which is on the direct trunk line to Pe trograd. Olita Is the ninth Important Russian fortress to .tall in throe weekB. London Aug. *27.?-The Toutonlc In vasion has boon pressed, hoL>oi|lir. into old Russia beyond the political borders of ancient .Folpnd. but have penetrated well beyond the district of Rassia proper, inhabited by the P?lert Thl? normons advance baa reacted the stage in Whlc?t ;Se Rus sian f.oops are fighting for ex?stcnc? on the soil of white Pwseta. CAKa*4N/.A DKS1EH VEOPI-K ARK ?Tv* HYING LH VA11TAL Washington, Ang. 27.?General C^SSVS^a cabled hli agency here to day, declaring untrue, the reports that people are starving to death in Mex ico ,??ty. Ho declared Ute. food situa tion la steadily improving since tho Csrransa troops entered. BRITISH SUBJECT NOT YET RELEASED D?tention of Newspaper Man at Vera Crux Causes State D?para? j ment Considerable Concern. 1 Washington, Aug. 27.?It became known tonight that the case of M. W. Francis, tu? newspaper corres pondent imprisoned at Vera Crab for sending out dispatches unfavorable to Carranza is giving the state depart nient considerable concern. A fort nlght ago a demand for1 his release was ignored and ail efforts to make bail failed. Francis is a British subject work ing for an American concern. MACONSHIPPERS ENTER PROTEST Washington, Aug. 27.?The freight bureau of the Macon, Ga., chamber of | commerce has complained to the In terstate commerce commission that | the Clyde, Mallory and the Merchants I and ,M*~rs" lines and the Southern j Ocn?ai of Georgia and other railroads exact from the beet and cab? sugar | stvlpperB at Macon unjust rates to the j eastern markets. TiLLJOVESBER 30 Old Controversy Settled Before| Adjoammenfc-?~Soci8liUt Mem hers Cheer Kaiser. London, Aug.; 27.?The . Reuters Amsterdam correspondent nays ' the German rofchstag adjourned today; until November 30. It was announced today that be- j fore adjourning the relchstag agreed ?O placo the inscription "To the Ger man Peop'-s" over the main portal of | the relchstag building thus set tling an old controversy which vr'U permit putting th? finishing touches on the building. For twenty years space, for the incripUoa has remained blank be cause the reichstag refused to ac cept one proposed by the architect and the kaiser declined to sanction another proposed by the- relchstag. Before the relchstag adjourned Dr. Johannas Kacmnf proposed the usual C&eers for the Kaiser and for tbo \ first time in the history of the relch stag two socialists Joined in the | cheering. DEFEATED CANDIDATE'S LEAVE N E. Not Satisfied With Election of Dr. j Johnson as President of Association. Oakland, Cal., Aug. 27.?The re signation of Miss Grace Strachau of Brooklyn from the National Educa tional association after her defeat tor the presidency of the association baa 1 neon folowod, it '* announced today, ! by the resignation of Miss Agnes Nightingale of (New York, who man aged Misa Strncltan's campaign, and five other New York women membc?s. The final Joint session of the National Education association ' and Interna tional congrecs on education is hold today._^ EX-G?V. ADAMS FAVORS SUFFRAGE Boston. Aug. 27.-HPV>rmer Gover nor Alva, Adams, of Colorado, address ing a suffrage mass meeting tonight, characterised a preamble to a federal constitution as "a lie and delusion" In those states which have not granted woman suffrage. It would never be JnsUfied, he said until women are alle wed to vote. Four Killed In Arfaean. Phoenix, Aria., Aug. 27. ? Fdar men were killed and ten hurt when the Santa Fe .passenger train fell through the. bridge, at Data Creek, 70 miles north of here. German Cruiser] The Germans seiit out their ncet from Its biding place in the Kiel Canal to land troops in Pernov Bay. which is within the Gulf of Riga, and as a result they lost the great battle cruiser von Molttoe. sister ship of the mighty Goeben which is bcHov-ed to have . been sunk long since . in the Black Sea, and a dosen or more cruisers and torpedo boats.* They had four great barges of troops about'to land at Perhoy. when the Russians, aided by British sub GREENVILLE OFFICER AGPITEDJF M?RDER j Serg?*nt Cooksey, Who Shot Chief Holcomb's Slayer, Freed m Twenty rVSnutes. ! - GreenviHo,v Aug. ?7.?Within 2? I minutes from the time Sergeant A. Cooksey, of the Green tUJr? police I department Was formerly arraigned ; I today for the alleged murder of Walk- j ?r "Whlto,. five witnesses 'were ex amined ' and upon the face of t ?;e tes- j timony Solicitor Bonham asked for a ; verdict of "not guilty," which Judge'! Prince accordingly directed. The" first sergeant was placed on 'trial about 10:30 o'clock. Twelve ju ors were accepted without a chair j longe .and the witnesses were sworn I and examined in quick succession by,j the state. The defense accented ihe . testimony with but fow question)/. Tho defendant was not put oa the stand, as the slate, when it rested, moved tor a verdict of acquittal In presenting ?be motion Solicitor! Bonham stated that . the tragedy, j which resulted In the death of Chief Of Police. Holcombe and Walker | White, was "tost deplorable. It was evident, ho said, that Sergeant Cook- | hey was performing his duty. LE TO ALLIES Undertake to Prevent Re-Expor tation to Central Powers or Turkey. ;- Paris, Aug. 27.?The entente pow ers and Greeks have agreed, accord ing to an Athens dispatch to the Havas agency, upon greater trade pri vileges be ween thes? countries, which has produced <. tho impression iliat public opinion In Greece favors the allies. Henceforth all importa tions io Greece,will bo allowed with out hindrance on tho basis of trade atatfsltfcs. . Greece undertakes to prevent re-exportation to the central powers or Turhey ' and will perm.V'. free transit and* access to GrooK tor Jtory to ail goods destined for Bul garia or Serbia: - CAFT r. b. vishiitrttXK (HKKUt CHAMPION f>oeav?llo, Aug. 27.?Capt. F. it. FIshburne, of Colttis&?a, !?at niRht wen the Souihexn checker champion ship in tho contests waged this Week at Chick Springs. 8. S. Hal?man rwas second and W. L. Ftastor of Unlos, camo third. The South Car*' olbia aiid Southern as??oclatSon will each meet at Chick Sprln?a at the saiuo time next August. Haftlefts to Ratify Treaty. ^^nshingten, Auk- 27.?Charge Davis at Port An Prince today fore cast in dispatches, to the slate depart ment a prompt ratification by the Ha?tien government of the proposed American protectorate. Von Moltke Sent ? iUKt?-? ? i-:- , . ,, Or GtJeiliSN JUBHAMi I CONFERENCE ADJOURNS TO I CITY-^G?V. DUNNE OF I TRY WOULD BE IN S IF WAR WER Boston, Aug. 27.?After the discus sion of the naval and military re sources of the United States In which it" was generally agreed the. United States la not adequately prepared against foreign invasion tho confer-, once- of governors ended ita annual session today. TV governors chose Salt Lake City rot uoxt year's .meet ing . place and elected Governor WIK Ham Spry., of I'lah, chairman of the executive committee Boston, lAug. 27.?Governor Ed - ward F. Dunne, of Illinois, advised greater military and naval prcparod ness in his address at tho Gover nors' Conference here today. Iu part, Gov. Dunne said: "Since t'ie commencement of tho tremendous war now waging in Ku ropo, and the danger of our couittry being embroiled therein, air classes of people in the republic have bcou seriously considering the uopreparcd ness of war which seems to oxtct in our country. *,.' ''If war were to be'declared against this country .by one of.the .six great est nattons of Kurope it must bo,con ceded that - the United States in its pre. nt condition of land and .naval forces-would-be in a sorry predica-. nient. For offensive wertere our land forces arc so small ax to be regarded with ridicule.' Our naval armament might succeed for a time in damaging cities and fortifications upon the Boacoast of a possible enemy in Europe, but separated so far as we would be from the base of supplie such as offensive naval warfare could not he of lasting duration, *:In defensive naval warfare, we j mig.it for a time make a creditable showing upon our own coasts, 'but if any of these great ' nattons should effect a landing of any Considerable army, for weeks at least ouch au in vasion would be unopposed. This serious situation of affairs has given even the most ardent udvacate of peace between the nations gravo con corn . "Tho present miiitia of all of the different states of *Vv United States ki wholly inadequate for the -defense of the nation. In 199:5, tho total militia of tho National Guards of all tho states aggregated approximately one hundred and twenty thouai(id men. Such a number'of men would! be wholly taadeqate for -the defense Of the nation in ease, of War with any j flnnVclasn power. "To rely upon the regular army c" ot?e hundred thousand men, and a militia of one hundred and twoaty thousand men in case of war with a first-class power woald be an act of anprome policy. T^te citizen-sol diery of ?ho republic mast be reor ganised, regenerated aw? 'enormous' racrcaScd. There should be at lc a body of cltlzen-soldlery. trained the us? of arms, organlxtt and tnined throughout the different states to Bottom, and Me ms rasw* of oeffMAf '.ft l/Af* i AGREED] PREPARED L INVASION IEET NEXT YEAR IN SALT LAKE JLINOIS DECLARES COUN ORRY PREDICAMENT E DECLARED of the United Slates in the aggregate of at least two million men. HOW can this be accomplished without im posing too great a hardship upon its members and upon tho taxpayers 62 the nation? It can bo accomplished by the adoption of two measures. '1 "First: By requiring every college; and university in the United States; which receives from any state or frotn.j the federal government any support or appropriation of money, to give a military training to Us students dur ing th.~ four years of the university or college course. AS part of the phy-, si cal and mental education of the stu dent, he .should bo compelled, if in such an institution, as part of bis cur riculum, to devote sufficient time to enable him to become a well-Inform ed soldier in time of war. That thin can easliy bo accomplished Is proven by what has already been accom plished in some of the niversitles. "One of the greatest nceeds of the Llritish and Russian armies at the prosont time- is their need of trained officers to take charge of the en listed, men. Wo should ..profit by tho cxutuple?: furnished In this awful war now prevailing in Europe. For d? f?OBlyc purposes dt least we should have an adequate number of. well drilled men, graduates of our educa tional Institutions who could in . case' of war take charge of and whip Into shepe the soldiers who would , fly to the defense of their country's Integri ty. "Another method of increasing -.he numbers and efficiency of our state militia would bo for the federal gov- : crament to mako more liberal appro priations for the maintenance of the same. On tho average the militiamen in the state of Illinois does not no celvcs to exceed fifteen dollars a year, and that only When be Is In ac tive service. "This beggarly allowance ts not attractive to tho ordinary farmer, me chanic o relerk. "AH of this should bo changed. If a militiamen were paid one dollar j for every night that he spent in mill- i tary training in his drill hsll or ar senal with a provision that he would : receive an compensation unless ha at tended at least forty nights during tho year, I believe that Instead of 120,000 militiamen we would have 1. 500,000 or 3.000,000." BOMBARD RUSSIAN SIGNAL STATIONS Berlin, Aug. 27.?It was officially announced today that Wednesday evening a small German cruiser bom barded the Russian signal station on the Cans, south of Rlstna on Dago Is land. Just outside the Gulf o? Riga. Simultaneously another small, cruis er bombarded tho signal station on Dago'Island. ip of Riga Battle -g marines sighted them. The battle lasted -for several days during which tho von Moitkc and two or three lighter cruisers went down, and sev en or eight torpedo boats were sunk. It was the purposo of tho Germans, whose battle line on the land reaches near Riga, to land troops to join their forces approaching Riga. They were caught, and with the defoat they were pushed back an land by the forces of tho czar, so they are now for from Riga. RUSSIAN AND BRITISH G?NSULSAPKED Claim German Consoler Agent at Tabria Wat trader of At* tacking Party. ; - London, Aug. 27.-?-Petrograd dis patches say a report from Teheran, Persia, says H. C. Sobunemann, German consular agent at Tabriz, led an armed band ia an. attack upon the Russian and British consuls nd their m Ii Hary escort at Kenghcver. The British and Russians defend ed themselves with rifles, but suf fered some losses. FRENCH AND GERMAN AVIATORS ARE AGI French Flyer Dropped Bombs D?rnach Asphyxiating Gas Plant. Paris, Aug. 27.?French airmen bombarded two railroad stations In the Argonne, and German. aviators have thrown explosives in Clermont EJn-Argonne. A * French aviator last, night bom barded the D?rnach, plant, where the Germans manufactured asphyxiating gases. This morning a French squad ron of aeroplanes bombarded the rail road station at Muelheini, hi 'ho grand duchy of Baden. f)i? French flyers returned unharmed. CATHOLIC BISHOP SHOT BY PRIEST Wlnona, Minnesota, Aug. 27.?The Right Rev, Patrick Kr. Hefferon, bl?h op of the Wlnona Roman Catholic diocese, was shot and serlouslty wounded this morning by the Rev. Father At teaches, a priest, for whom tbe bishop refused to procure an ap 'pointment. The bishop was shot through the right lung and hip. He will probably reCover. Leaches was arrested. Manning Hureeeds Jlr. If ointes. Washington, Aug. 21.?Wilson to day appointed Vahnoy H. Manning of Hollysprings, Mississippi, the director of the bureau of mines in the tot er for department. Ho suflboeds Dr. J. V. Holmes who recently died. Manning bas boon assistant director. Got. Harris Recovered. Atlanta, Aug: ~7. Governor Nat. B. Hants has recovered from the slight Illness which kept him away from bis office part of two days ear lier in the. week. interred a?d Married at Ose*. Honolulu. Aug. 2?.?Mrs. Bdlth SprtcdCpa, who yesterday was granted a final decree of divorce from John D. 8?reckles. Jr., of San Francisco, was married last night to Frank W. Wakcfleld, also of San Francisco, VON BENSTORFF OFFICIALLY PROMISES GERMAN? WILL GIVE SATISFACTION OPEN DISCUSSION OF LUSITANIA Germany Will Alto Make Repara tion for American Lives Lost on That Ship. Washington.. Aug. 27.?Count von Berns! or ft, anihu^-.ulor. on instruc tions from German. I..day personally informed secretary Irnsing that Ger many intended to give foil satisfac tion to tho United Stuten for the sink* Ing of the Arabic with the consequent loss of American lives. Von Bern ntorff promised that If it was found that the Arabic was sunk without warning Germany not only would dis avow the act but would give "full sat isfaction."' It is well known that "full satis faction" would hsvo to include re paration for the American lives lost cd assurranccH that there will be no no more such tragedies, It also became known that the state department has been Informed that Germany Is ready to renew dis cussion of the Lusitanla sinking and offer reparation for American lives lost. Nothing further is expected to. be done, however, until the commao der of the submarine that sank the Arabic makes a formal report, j German officials made it plain that as soon as the strained situation re laxes Germany pro no sen to ask the United States to deiw^^st.^ si lies cesse interfering wit% legiti mate neutral commer?a ami thus per mit tho importation cf food for Oer* many V -population. Germany is also preparing to pro test against, acquiescence by United States In -the treatment of cotton as contraband. It is said Germany has Indicated a desire to purchase three million bales ot cotton If Uw.y cap ar range delivery. GOVERNORS DIME OVER BUM SPEECH Got. Walsh Objects to Statement That Liberty Dies When Mobs Arc Eliminated. Boston, Mass., Aug. 27.?The speech yesterday of Cole. L. Blesse In which he signified that lynch law met with his approval, provoked fur ther dissent this morning. Governor Walsh said that he objected to Blease's statement that "when mobs are no longer possible liberty would be dead. "In my judgment," said the Massachusetts executive, "there can be no liberty without obedience to the law." Governor Stuart of Virginia said his slate was conversatlve Sind pcoplo believe first; last aha always In rigid enforcement. President Wilson sent, ? message thanking the governors for the reso lutions of confidence and support sent him Tuesday. LEGAL ACTION IN CASE OF ISIDORA Pen sa cola. Fla*, Aug. 27.?Pro ceedings on beha.f of General Csrrsu za were instituted in federal court today for possession of the Mexican schooner Isidora, now in' port with munitions. TAbe Carranza agqfet claimed Villa agents forcUjljf took possession or tine schooner and that they h?d no rinht to the schooner or Cargo. KASTI/AM) CO M \ NAGER Cil A KG Ell vTfTH IfAS?liAt?RTER Chicago. Aug. :-7.? Wklthr K. Greeaburc. the manager et the In diana transportation, company Was indicted by tho grand Jury Charged with manslaughter, in connection with the Kastland disaster. _, . , ., Veaesaeta ?wa?t Over. Wlllemstad, Cur&i-ao, Aug. 27. At vices from Venecuela state that nie revolution bectun last- September la eastern Vencsuela bas been crushed. The revolutionists were defeated by government forces and their- Hader, Horatio du Charme, was killed.