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_L, ' ANDERSON, S. C THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 2, 1915. NUMBER 200
RUSSIANS FORCED! GALICI ON OTHER PORTIONS OF I FRONT MUSCOVITES HOLD ING THEIR OWN RUSSIA MAY WIN RACE FOR TIME Artillery Fighting Continues in France-British and French Gaming in Africa. London, Sept. 1.-Tho capture of the minor fortress of Lutsk announc ed tonight from Vienna, ls likely to compel the Kusslaus to evacuate that portion of, Galicia thsy still hold or their flank will be thaeatcned. Lutsk with tlie fortresses Dunno and Ttovno forms a fortified triangle on Russia's territory north of the Galicia? fron tier. -On the remainder of the front, ex cept in tlie center, where the Austro Germans continu0 a slow advance, the Kassians appear td be holding their own. The Russians have prevented the Germans crossing the Dvina river at ' Fnicdrichstadt where a battle has been In progress for several days; they have arrested the* German offen sive between Friedrlchstadt and ttl?? Gulf nf Riga and are still holding their own between Kovno and Vilma ] and before Grodno. . i Military writers here beHevo Rus- ? /Hans now stand good chance of win- . ntag the race for time. Autumn Tains are expected in n few weeks, and unless the Teutons they aro hardly likely to smash the Russians. The Teutons appear to be straining every effort now. Russian losses have been enormous and those of'tho Austro-Germana arc also heavy. JBerlln announced today (batta million Russians have been captured since May 2. when the drive began In western Galicia. . For n week the French have been , pouring an avalanche of shells into \ tho German lines In the west, it is Hot believed this is merely to damage the Gorman trenches, therefore an early general offensive is expected. Italy tonight announced that fight ing continues on various perta of tho Austro-Itallnu. front with successes for the Italians, while the official Au? trian statement merely said regard ing this front -"the situation ls uri* changed." French and British troops, according to allied reports, are capturing towns and* forcing tho surrender of largo .numbers of their opponents in tho German colony of Kameruns, West Africa. Paris an nounces the capture ot the Island of Ruad, off the coast of Syria. Berlin semi-officially announces an allied cruiser foundered off the coast, of Asia Minor near Smyrna. Berlin, 8ept. 1.-An official review ot the oastJ rn campaign given jut by the Overseas News agency, says that ; since May 2. the eGrmans have cap tured 1,110,000 Russisns, and that 300,000 Russians have been killed or 'Wounded/ This, the statement says, ls a very conservative estimate. The statement says the Russians reckless ly sacrificed their men to. save their artil?ory. Garrisons of half drunk mea wera sent out by Russia, says tho statement, which. I includes this, "Thus lt ls evident that the armies which were attacked at .tba beginning of the Austrp-German offensive movement, have boon anplhl'atod, and their losses made up by with drawing troopB from other reglona, especially the forces which were ready to Invade Turkey." London, ??pt. 1.-Germany's ..pla? for driving throe wodges Into the Russian defensive li?os is feeing car ried for ?yard hut with leB* sp-?ed than marked the awesp.peer Poland accord ing to tb*' K?osi authentic .reports. Riga is almost isolated, and unless the Husidan? soon throw a heavy force agalast H Irtflan berg's exposed flank, thia peri n rail Into the hands of the Invaders. Although ibis northerly attack seem? ;h*,cked for thc moment, the Bosnians have been unable to de velop a couhter cf offensive In that region, comparable with there activi ties In east Galicia, where ino river Siripa, thar not <wily turned ^t bay, but inflicted heavy lesses on their op poncnts-for'five or six days. On the western front a rain of shells has been peered by tho F os the German trenches. The ebjoet of this unusual artillery operation IA not disclosed, but it ts not believed here that such ? profusion of ammnt tlon wold be used morely to damage (CONTINUED ON PAOS 4.> MAYBE ?O LEAVE po Lil O -1 ll BRITISH FINANCIERS AND TREASURY OFFICIALS EX PECTED TODAY POUND REACHED NEW LOW MARK British Censors Prevented An nouncement of Their Depar . tore--Bankers Optimistic New York, Sept. 1.-Foreign ex change reached the lowest ever IR this country today. Tho pound ster ling opened at four-fifty, rose to four fifty-five and one-half and closed nt four fifty-four. Francs drooped at a smgle stroke from f?.03 to^?.OD, thc lowest level. Bankers inclined op timism ascribed the-widely divergent quotation? to populations. For Tea son n not soen on the surface opti mism was more apparent tonight than an . analysis of the situation seemed to warrant. There was S persistant eapest-saat relief isla sight. 4t was4 said a- delegation of British finan ciers and treasury officials sent to mend British credits were almost within sight of land. The censors refused to allow news of their sail ing. ?It ls thought they are aboard the St. Poul arriving tomorrow. It is reported tht censors have been busy with the press cables, deleting references to the exchange weakness. Officials, therefore, aro poorly in formed. New York, Sept. 1.-Weakness and demoralisation continued in the for eign exchange market. The first figures showed tho pound sterling three and three-quarter cents under yesterday's close. Later the . exchange tumbled a cent and a half more, or to $4.50, a drop' Of seven cents ki two days. Prac tically no business was done in the exchange for fear it would go'lower. Bankers are of the opinion that or ders In the United ?tates will be cur tailed if tho rate drops much lower, and feared, thst lt might result in throwing thousands of workers ont of employment. RUSSIANS NEED BIG WAR LOAN Every Possible Source of Revenue Must Be Used to Meat De- . maud for Fonda. . Petrograd, Sept. 1.-Tho finance committee of the durna- reported that the requirements of war are >.o great that every- possible sour, o of revenue must, be used, budding taxation, In ternational cr?dita operation n; issue of ?aper money abd foreign loans. Tho committee presented . a bill ex tending to state banks the right to issue paper money. HOUSTON SAYS WAR HSS mPEfl SOOTH Enforced Divemfteatio? of Crops Oae of Greet Benefits Re ceived From War. Washisgion, Sept. ?..-Secretary! Houston let lt 1? known that he wou'd devoto some of the cooning annual re port to the colton vu tu rt? law and' tho cotton situation. The secretary is not greatly concuiwed over the sRua-1 Uon esi&iUR l?)cause of the war. and po!nt*0 ?ot how, In his opinion, tho Southern farmers have been helped by diversification. Many special fields | ai examination are being completed. Among chess ls the citms fruit rust, for -which Florida, recently appropti ' ^asssBsnSaiSejTCSB government. : German Ambassador ron Bern s torn* ANNOUNCEMENT Ml PRINCIPLES FOR V NOW LOOKS TO ISH INTE Washington. Sept. 1.-The strainod restons between tf.ie United State* and Germany apparently passed into history todry when-the German am bassador Informell Secretary Lansing In writing thai prior to tho sinking oil the Arabie Germany had decided ita submarines should- sink no more lin ers w|thput warning. ' In a formal.statement Lansing said this "appears to be-recognition of this fundamental principles for which wie have contended." The next step is expected to be a formal communication from German^ Slsavowing the destruction of the Ara le, tendering regret and r?paration for the Arabic sinking. It is then ex pected to settle the Lusitania sink ing similarly. In German circles it is freely ad mitted Germany expects thc United States tb protest against British in terference; -with neutral trade, which preventa. Germany importing supplies for her civil population. " Washington,'Sept, li-Tho German ombnsaador was informed 'that the Citizens of Big Benji Section of Texas Under Arms to Repel Raid By Friends of Slain Mex ican Leader. 8ierra Blanca, Texas, Sept . 1,-The mea or the Big Bond country are un der arms, fearing reprisa? by the friends of General Oros?o.f.who- with four companions, was killed' by officers and ranchers in tho Green river can yon. Soldle'.s bore been requested - The ranchers heard off the raiders in tho Big Bend sectkra^: Sunday, and picked up their trail late Sunday af ternoon. They followed^' until Mon day, when they found/five Mexicans secreted In a kanyan, apparently fecl? tog safe from attack. ?' The ranchers crept within range-'and tired killing one. A bat Gc. sturt ed' between the Mexi cans who wore behind boulder* and tho ranchers who were also protected by rocks. One by one the Mexicans were killed. . It la believed that Orosco was try ing tc foment a revolution in Texas and intended Joining Carran*?, If the latter refused the IVi-i-Amcrlcm peace proposals. \ Thaw Asks Per IHverre. Pittsburgh, Sept. 1.-Harry Thaw haa applied for a divorce from Eve lyn Nesbit Thaw, charging m i soon "Frightfulness" Six Month? Ago. .NY AGI VA&N \ ?ANS R?dOGNITION miCH U. S. HAS CONTI AMERICA TO PROTEST RF?R?NCE WITH NEU! United States cquld no' accept as final an oral transmission of the Ger man viewB. Secretary. Lansing snip tliat ho would withhold r\ny comiuont . until n written memorandum was re ceived. The acceptance of the prin ciples that passenger vessels should not be attacked without warning wah viewed by this government aa an o/k awor to tito president's labt not? oh lins Lusitania and as it" is' clearly es tablished that Germany has yielded to tile United States demands in re gard to the safety of neutrals on tho seas, it is taken for granted that the Lusitania controversy is well under way toward an amicable settlement. Information received from Ambassa dor Page at London convinced the state department officials that tho submarine that sunk thc Arabic bad itself been sunk by a British war ?liiP Ambassador von Bernstorff went 'immediately to tho enibassay, b.ad within a short timi) sent a letter to lansing giving Germany'H decision in writing. Tba latter states: Liners will not be Bunk by our. submarines Reserve Agent's Reports Show Only Slight Improvement D?r ing August -FiilUie Prospects Look Better. Washington, Sept. 1.- There was little change In business cood Kiona throughout ibo United States In tho last, month according to the reports of twelve federal reserve .?gents. A slight improvement ls Indicated with largs cropB In sight nnd manufac turing in special Tines stimulated by foreign, orders and money easy and plentiful. Tito feature In.the Atlanta district wes the revival of tho Iron Industry around Birmingham. . Dlowing in several furnaces and a demand for labor had a good effect on general trade. No fearn aa to ability tb warehouse the cotton crop of the dis trict or care fer lt financially through the Atlanta reservo bank. 1 u(lroad men are optimistic The niclimond district reported lt is realisei In the cotton territory that there is no excuse tor a repetition of ?ast fall's experience. The knowledge that well organise* agencies are at hand to assist'In .caring for the crop has had a ?toadying influence. This is expected to Insure a natural price subject to supply ami demand. S?^?hcrr. tobsccs orvets have opened st satisfactory prices. Pay? Ambassador TOD Iterustorff Today. OF FUNDAMENTAL ?NDED-GERMANY i AGAINST BRIT RALTRADE without warning, und without safety of the lives of non-combatant:., pro vided that liners do ot try to escapo, or offer resistance/ Secretary Lans ing said tl was apparently a full rec ognition bf. the principles for which the United States stood, but made no other comment. The lettor was for warded td the president. There ls no statement from tha white house, but there ls evjden.so. on every hand nf tho gratification over tho passage of tho submarine crisis. Washington, Sent. 1.-It ls goner7 ally acknowledged that tn acquiescing In tho I7<nlte*d States' contention Ger many expects President Wilson tb ro ne w his pr con tallong to England against interference *v?ci. neutral trade. Tho president steadfastly dei dined to conduct one negotiation In relation to tho other. ? Th6 now American noto to Great Britain Is almost ready to go for ward. Tho Immediate effect of to days developments between Germany many and the United States on th? rights of neutral shipping. Is One of Triangle in Vcihynia Region Tenth Russian For < tress to Fall Within Month Zbrow Also Falls. Vienna, ?opt. 1.-Tho KmsBian for tress Lutsk has boen captured by the Teutonic forces, lt ls officially an* nounced. Lutsk ls In the province of Vol bynla, sixty miles east of - the river Bug. It ls one of a triangle of for tresses about fifty miles apart in th'.? region. The other two are Dubno and Hov no. lt has a population of over twen ty thouwnd. lt is the tenth U?a r?an fortress to fall within a month. The statement also claims the Aus trians broke through tho Rucelan linea near Baily-Kainlen ta north Galicia forcing the Russians west ol the river 8tyr?o retreat.. Zbrow waa also captured yesterday. Morgenthan Mnltiplk-s Duties. Washington. Sept\ 1.-Mr. Morgan than. American ambassador at Con stantinople, rubied the state depart ment today that he had taken over Italian and Russian and Montenegrin interests In Turkey. Warwiek Cefepireiier of Treasury Washington. Sept. 1.-Presiden! Wilson has appointed Walter W. Warwick of Indiana as comptroHci et the treasury. GRAND JU! WITHINQI FRANK 1 JOHN H. EARLE GF GREENVILLE TRIES SUICIDE MEMBER OF PROMINENT GREENVILLE FAMILY SHOT SELF EARLY LAST NIGHT WAS DESPONDENT OVER ILL HEALTH Mr. Earle WM Former Railroad Commissioner and Son of Lake U. S. Senator Earle. GreenvtllU, Sept. 1.-John H. I Barle, formerly railroad cou>misston [er. eon of the late United States Sen ator Joseph li. Earle, and member of [a distinguished South Gu rot ina fami ly shot himself tohirht a few min utes before eight o'clock. Ho has no chance for recovery. Mr. Karie waa drinking and had become despon dent over h'- "ondition. H la arm, recently broken in an au tomobile wreck, pained him greatly and he worried almost constantly about lt. There was no eye witness t? the shooting, though Iii O. Patter son waa standing in the door when ?the shot was fired. Mr. Barlo was major of tho first "Si.nth Carolina volunteers in tlte Spanish-Amerlcam war. He has two brothers who are now In the United State? army. He was secretary to his tether during tho latter's short , service-as senator. In 1901 he was (married to Miss Bitza Beattie, who j died ten months later. LARCENY CHARGED IQ NASHVILLE OFFICIALS Former Commissioner, Treasurer and Recorder Alleged to Have Stolen $26,000. Nashville, 8ept. 1.-Former City Commissioner, Lylo Andrews, former Gity Treasury, Charles Myers and Former City Recorder. W. li. Murray, were arrested here tonight eharged with grand larceny of municipal funds. Badi la charged willi stealing twenty-six thousand dollars. Tho ar rests' followed sn alleged confession of Former Assistant City Treasurer West. TILLMAN GONFERS WITH PRESIDENT After Conference S. C. Senator Says He Favors Reasonable Increase in Navy. Washington, Sept. 1.-Chairman Tillman of the senate naval affairs committee, conferred with the presi dent on national defense, and ssh) ' later he favored s reasonable increase in blio navy, nnd would support the president's Tecommendtlons. Tillman said it was not decided what Increases would be necessary but he would leave that to the preet ' dent to decide. ' Berlin Paper Praises Wilson. Berlin. Sept. 1.-In, sn editorial today the National Zeitung paid a ' tribute to Pr?sident Wilson In dis 1 cussing the German-American situa tion. The paper declares that the president ls placed in a difficult po sition on account of the peaee-at-anr ? price activities of former Secretar/ ? Brynn arid the "war party" beaded - by Col. Roosevelt. Peace Banders Asala. Berlb., Sept. 1.-The Ybsalche Zeitung today printed with promi nent display, but without eommertt, : the statement of Franois W. Hirst. editor of The London Romanist, that 1 Xktglaud considers that a discussion of peace is near. ? "j . WILL PROBABLY COMP?LETE EXAMINATION OF WIT NESSES TODAY FRANK'S NAME NOT MENTIONED Judge Patterson Merely Referred to Incrlent a? "Recent Lynching in County." ?Marietta, Gc . Sept. 1.-The Cobb county grand Jury drawn for tba July term waa charged by Judge Pat terson to Investigate the "recent lynching in this county." (Before tho day ended the jury had "examined sev eral witnesses for information re garding the bonging ot Frank. At the rate tbs witnesses were handlod it stemed that the Jurors could finish with tote thirty-five calle din time to report tomorrow. Patterson's charge was brief and extemporaneous. He declsred the crime should be thor oughly investigated; that Ulis WLS not a special grand Jury as had been repdrtbd; and that Jurors wore not "secret service men" which made lt necessary for them to do detective work to perform their duties. He said Cobb county had never deeded a special grand jury and in ferred that tho Frank lynching! was not the sole cause for reconvening the jury. The kilting of a negro soon af ter the July term adjourned was men tioned. Wltnosees in the Frank case wera, called at once. The Georgia prison commissioners will testify tomorrow. Marietta, Sept. 1.-judge H. J. Patterson, of the superior court of the Blue fridge circuit in changing the grand jury, emphasized the fact that tho jury had not been assembled because of "the recent lynching in the county." He told the jurors? however, that they should carefully Investigate the lynching, but be did not mention the name of the victim, Leo M. Frank. This Is the regular grand jury that sat during Ute july term with the exception of three changes made today. The judge said that great harm had been done Cobb county by newspaper reporters, In which "the correspondents seemed to get as far away from the truth aa possible." He said that Cobb county does not need now, and never did, a special grand Jury, and said thia one was called to meet again because of the congestion of criminal cases aris ing since the regular session of the July term closed. He told the Jurors they were to Investigate any matter* brought to their attention, but lt ls ant their duty to act as "secret ser vice mon, or as detectives." The sheriff nnnouue-ed that thirty-five wit nesses had bern called in connection willi the Fran? case, and that more subpoena? were going out. PRESIDENTS FRIENDS EXPECT BENOMmH . .i Wilson Won't Discus? Matter Says it Would Be Taking Ad > vantage of Situation. Washington. Sept. 1Indications her? tonight -that the president's clos est friends expected bim to bo ronontl-' usted and aro laying plans according ly. While Wilson let lt be known he welcomes tho nnumerous endorse ments received eecsntly lt ls under stood ho doesn't want to come ont In a formal Maternent now, feeling that It would be taking "advantage of tba extraordinary situation.". BAMiKHS PREDICT ALJfOST : IN RELIEVE ABIE PROSPER!** Chlaeog. Sept. 1.-Bankers passing through Chicago on ?heir wa yto tba AmerlccK d?anker? association con vexi?n at Seattle, predict that "al most Unbellev-iable prosperity" ta rushing on this nation. William A. Law of Philadelphia attributed pris ent conditions to the upset conditions because of the war and economy. Greece WIR Cotapjly. Paris, Sept. 1 .-The .Russian gov ernment ls informed that Greece in tends to comply with the eoqassta of the quadruple entonto concerning the concession demanded by Bulgaria, says an Athens dispatch to Matin.