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VOLUME II. _ ANDERSON, S. C SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 29, 1915. i ?. ?^B?mm?wm??mm?msB^?m???ms??m?mmmmmmm ' , _ NUMBER 197. ANNOUNCES HE HAS TAKEN ACTIVE COMMAND OF ARMY STIRRING EVENTS EXPECTED SOON Joffre'* Visit to Italian Army In dicates Impartant Action is Pending. London, Sept. 7.-Tho news that Emperor Nicholas had placed himself at the head of the russian army, which die announced in a telegram (o President Poincarc of* Prance, and the visit of the French Commander-in Chief Joffre to the Italian army fore shadow, lt is believed in military circlea hero, stirring events in which the allied armies will cooperate. It is declared the Russians are nearly, if not a<*4jp, holding their own against the Teutons, whose ad vance at tnrst points has been stop ped. In places tho Russians are tak ing the offensive. Riga remains the danger point. However, the fact that the Russians still hold it after the Germans have advanced to Dvina leads military writers to conclude that the Rus sians aro reasonably sure of their ability to defend the river, and in time push far enough west to relieve the pressure on tho forces on F'!gs Gulf. West of Dvlnsk and Vilna the Rus sian offensive held the Germans over a week and military observers think those towns seem fairly* sato unless the invaders are strongly rcinforc . East and sou thea;.;, of Grodno the Russians nave' taken new positions across the river Stcharr and He tribu turies and are protecting the rail ways to the interior. k ? London, Sept. 7.-The immediate objective of the Austro-German cam paign In Russia becomes.clearer with growing indications that the Invaders need badly the Baltic port of Riga, not only as a base for their present operations in the direction of Petro grad, but as winter quarters in case the attempt to reach the Russian capital is postponed until spring. Field Marshall von Hindenburg ? ls experiencing great difficulty in bridg ing some portions of the Divlnia river held by the Germans. The current of the river la- too swift to construct por'oon bridges under the Russian artillery fire. As the rainy season comes on lt will be more difficult for the invaders to bring up supplies for the advance forces, and consequently the seizure of Riga becomes more Important In the German plans. The urgent necessity of capturing Riga ts Indicated lu an anny order, which the PariB newspapers credit to Gen eral von Buelow. In lt he urges tho troops to make one more great effort to capture the port, promising that lt .will be their home for the winter and the base for a march on Petrograd in the spring. Along other auctions of the eastern front the Austro-German rush has been considerably checked. Vienna, admite fierce counter attacks by the ? Russians, w?ilch brought the advance along the Galicien t rder almost to standstill. i**.rigbVwlng of the AUB tro-German forces ls reported to be contemplating an attack on Kiev. V No exceptional actions have occur red on any of the minor fronts. Great artillery work 1B being kept up by the French. There ls no official reports on the sinking of the steamship Hesperian, and "inc-e was no change lo the fig ures given, out-last night which IndU eated that twelve passengers, and thirteen or the crew were lost. French Steamer Sank. Paris, Sept. 7.-The French steam ship Bordean was torpedoed and sunk twelve miles off Gidonde, in the west French coast. The crew waa saved. PLOT TO i AMERtCAl ' Y '.>?.'- ? melville. ?opt. 7.-Evidence of a widespread conspiracy by Mexi cabs on both .aides of the border to overthrow American authority along th* border wa? discovered by ststte or'I federal . au thor Wes. One circular d^.ted Octobfr first, nineteen fourteen, appealed tn Mexi cans to "Rise tn favor of Carrana sad lmler?ndeuc'c because kt the rate we're going w* will soon be slaves ot tho Americans." V HEADS ^FORCES GREAT BATTLE IN PROGRESS IN PRIPETJIARSH ARMY OF PRINCE LEOPOLD ENGAGED WITH RUS SIAN CENTER RUSSIANS NOW HAVE MUNITIONS Supply Coming Steadily and In creasing-Artillery Duels - Continue in West. London, Sopt. 7.-Among the forests and swamps on' the northeas tern edge of thc Pripct marshes a great battle is in progress with the army of Prince Leopold of Bavaria and the troops of thc Russian center. Amid Uie marshes Mackensen is working hard for a decisive result. He reports taking two Russian posi tions. Still another battle ls hoing fought for the triangle fortifications farther south of which Bovno and Dub:, o remain in.Russian hands. Fighting continues across the Sereth River in Galicia. The stands the F.ijBslauB are making sugest that their ammunition supply ia ample. The Petrograd correspondent says . the ammunition shortage of Russia liss hsnainnrrsctejl cad -achila -the pro-.: . ductlon is slow ir. is Incessent and growing in activity and method. For the thirteenth successive day the allies bombarded the German pos itions lu the west. They vary the ar tillery activity with occasionally air raids, sapping and mining operations and bomb throwing. Success goes to first one side then the other. Similar activity 1B noticed on the part of tlio Teutonic army along tho northern Serbian frontier where they are strengthening their positions on the ri vers Save and 'Danube. ? , Panie In Petro go: i. Berlin, Qeipt. 7.-An overseas news ' agency says a panic was created In PetrogTaJ by rumors that Riga has been captured by the Germans. Lokal An zeig'er publishes private telegrams from Stockholm. stating that the Russian capital was thrown into confusion by reports that the .position on Dvina Uno was captured, that Russian armies destroyed; Riga taken and that German advance on capital will no longer be hampered. Immense crowds gathered in front ot ^newspaper offices and there Was great 4 excitement when many arrests follow* ed. Towards evening the nowBpapors Issued "extras" containing -official de nials of these rumore and saying that Russian offensive .ppslUons are still intact. However, the spread of panic In capital and the reports of Emper or Nicholas trip to tho ?rout are only pretense to veil the removal of em- * pctror's'residence to the interior. BRITISH SINK BOAT ; L0??SJF BIO GIS I Transport Carrying Munitions to Gallipoli Sunk m I * Matnom Sesu I . London, Sept. 7--An Athens dis patch to the Exchange Telegraph say? a British submarine sunk s Turkish transport cnrryio? twenty-eight < centimeter guns from Constantinople to Gallipoli'in Marmora ses. D^COVER OVERTHROW VS ON BORDER \ 1 The lettors found indlcatnd that up- 1 rising plans had been forming for < over a year. The situation ls quiet 1 today. Brownsville. Sept. 7.-It wns an- 1 n ou fl ced tonight that Gen. Fvnston * will issue oruitre placing practically tho entire Brownsville section of the Rio Grande river country under ? military control. |; Dr. von Rotluiianti-Hollu' Chancellor of (?crmauy, r Chancellor ron. Bethmaon-HOllweg, A ?Berman EmpMre, has proved the victo! factional fight with Grand Admiral von I Gonzales Declares Those Not Aligned With Constitutionalist I Cause \ Will Be Severely I Punished. I Mexico City, Sept. 7.-General 5onuzaleB tomorrow will make, pub lie a decree calling attention to tho tact that 'the amnesty decree he IB sued July fifteenth will expire Sep .ember fifteenth. All Mexicans ?ire'warned that after hat date only foreigners can assume icutrullty. Mexicans not making a leclarntlon of adhesion-to the constl .utlanall?t cause will be considered <n ernies and soveroly punished. UH? CAUSES DAMAGE IK SALVADOR ? 1 . ?' Capital Buildings at Jutiapa and Many Church?? Ruined. La Libertad? Salvador, Sept. 7. A strong earthquake, ls recorded ai San Salvador and Guatemala. Julia pa, the capital department or Jutiapa, guatemala is ruined. No deaths are reported- in the etty io? San Salvador, sud but few casualties in Santa Ana. Churches at Santa Anna,- Sonsonnta and other villages are ruined. Take Another HaKien Port. Wallington; Sept. 7.-(American j control of Ha?tien customs has been extended to jeremie, it ls the seventh port to be taken over. Only taree now remain under Holtien control. Six companies of marine?'and s> navy paymaster are la possession. and Minister He Overcai '''' llf';^BP ' . -v ; vi. . . ? . .' ?'? >:'?; (irani H Qrlglni L?H I inand of tho German n I tho result that Genni I United iStajtea for th? ? Arabic. The chancel! ? "Frightfulneea" met tl Hjt?uV4ftiier day, and fe ?Jmaj&rb?cn what Presid? ? policy which rauj.d t I Arabic, for the contiri BJ gled, ban been abandc H delivered by AmbaBsa S State Lansing, Wedin ? statement: "Linera will not be ?^^Hft^WnMs warning and without provided that the lin? PS?* slstance. "Although I know, tania question till 'it :hancellor of the and satisfactory setth r in the intenso because this policy o Tirpitz, tn cum- fore t?e Arabio Inch |5 Pjl i j ACT ISJLLEGAL TELLS BANKERS ASSOCIA TION CONGRESS EX CEEDED POWERS OBJECTS TO TRUST COMPANY POWERS .' Say? Law Ha? Effect of Taking Trott Companies From Un der State Control. Seattle. Wash.", "Sept. 7.-Henry M. Campbell, of Detroit, spot-king to day before the trust company section ot ide AmerL^n Bankers association convention, declared that congress did not Kaw tho authority to confer trust company powers on national birks, as provided in tho Federal Heserve Act. Mr. Campbell in ono of the counsel for tho trust companies which have undertaken a J.?int action contesting thc-.constitutionality of section 11 (k) ot the act giving the, board power tn ./rant to national banks, when not In contravention of state laws, tho right fo act as trusteea. executor, adminis trator and registrar of stocks and bonds. Tho paraKrapih was added to the act at the Hoven tb hour? Mr. Campbell wild, and conferred upon tbs reserve board power ovor many domestic af fairs wholly foreign to national bank ing business, and which have beforo been regulated exclusively by local ?aw: Mr. Campbell said there was na contention that trust company rights (CONTINUED ON PAGE 3.) ne in Arabic Case. i Admiral TOD Tirplts, itor of ^Frightfulness.* avy, over the submarine policy, with any has virtually apologized to the s sinking ot tho Lusitania and the or and the author of the policy of io kaisor on the eastorn battle front night out the question. The result cot Wilson hoped for. The German he sinking of the Lusitania and the nation of which vou Trlplts strug med. Such is the tenor of the note dor von BernBtorff to Secretary of ?adey. The ambassador made this sunk by our submarines without safety of the lives of noncombatants ?rs do not try to escape or offer- re yo" do not wish to discuss the Lusl o Arabic incident has been definitely id, I desire to inform you of the above f my government was decided on b? lent occurred." IfE?ES HEMJ RULES Dr. Clark Urges Distribution of Good Health literature to Em ployes Through Pay En velopes. rochester, N. . Y., Sept. 7.-As part of the campaign for mainte nance of health among factory em ployes, Dr. W Irving .Clark of Wor cester, Mass., In an address before the American Public Health associa tion today urged that employers make use of .tho pay envelope ?s a means of distribution ot good health literature, interesting the employe In ull that pertains to bis physical wel fare IO very factory should have a spec ial medical department directly, under tho superintendence of the board of directors of the plant, ho declared, and a small hospital equipped for the maintenance of the efficiency of the workers comparable with the repair doptrtinent for th maintenance of the efficiency of tho machinery. He urged more thorough medical examinations of all employes. In ad dition to an examination of a man when he applied for work/ Dr. Clark declared there should be a second examination two or three weeks after the man had been at work to ascer tain fully his condition. "Where It is possible." he contin ued, "it ls advisable to have a follow up system by' which all men absent from work for more than forty-eight hours are looked op in their home and deposit ot their absence ascer tained. AMERICANS AKJUSSTEI* WU? SPIES IN RUSSIA Washington. Sept. 7.-Two Ameri cans, traveling representative of the Kie-Hutohen Shoe Co?, of Boston, have been arrested as spies by" Russian authorities at Moscow, according to the report ot the American consul. NOT YET HOWSTEA Pilli! WILL DISCUSS MEXICO AGAIN MEET NEXT WEEK TO CON SIDER REPLIES TO PEACE APPEAL CARRANZA HAS NOT YET REPLIED Villa, Zapata and Others Have Signified Willingness to Arbitrate. Washington, Sept. 7.-The Pan American diplomats who aro trying tc re-establish constitutionalist govern ment in -Mexico will meet next week tc consider replies to their appeal U the several factions for a peace con ference and to plan the next step. Lansing said no date wa Bsct hut thc meeting will be held before Septem ber fifteen, because tho. Arglntlm ambasBalor leaves on that date on c visit to hies home. Carranza hasn't replied, although he has Indicated .that he' will give s negative answer. Villa, Zapata and many other leaders have agreed tc the conference Carranza may repl: before the conference meet sagain Some officlala believe ho will lear the way open for... further negotla tiona. They are convinced Caf rana will make a supreme effort In th next few weeks to drive Villa fron Torreon and Chihuahua. Carranza troops are unusually ac rive. A statement issued tonight de scribes the capture of Loamole. Sal tillo, Pared?n and other cities fron Villa. GARBANZA TROOPS IN PiEDjjASJEGRA! Town Has Changed Hands Five Times in Two Years With out Battle. Eagle Pass. Sept. 7.-Tweiv hundred Carranza troops unde General Benjamin Garza occuplei Piedras Negras opposite here today The Villa forces fled to the hills. The withdrawal of Villa troops an' the entry of Carranza forces wa orderly. A few residents crossed t the Texas side. 'Piedras Negras ha changed banda fire times in the las two years without a fight. Thlrt Villa wounded brought here lae night will probably be sent to the in ternment camp at El Paso. GERMANS RAID ENGLISH COAS1 London,, Sept. 7.-German air cral raided the east coast of England tu night. The ollie lal announcemen says some fires and casualties wer caused by the bombs but particular are not yet available. ? i ? ITALT HAS DECLARED i ? COTTON CONTRABAND . ? - * , ? Perts, Sept. 7.-Italy bas * ? declared cotton contraband * 4 of war says a Rome dispatch ? ? to Haras Agency. ? ? i AUSTRIAN AA EXPLAINS TO SECRE Washington. Sept. 7.-Austria Ambassador Dumba explained t Lancing the letter -he wrote to th Vionna foreign office discussing plan for withdrawing Hungarians foi American war munitions plants. Bot were silent afterward. The lmprot sion preval?a that Lansing will la the matter before Wilson. Tbs tai OFFICIALS STILL IN DOUBT AS TO CAUSE OF , SINKING SAYS REPORTS INCONCLUSIVE State Department to Await Re ports From B?tfc England and Germany. Washington, Sept. 7.-Official dis patches still left doubt as to whether the Allen liner Hesperian was sunk bj- a torpedo or a mine. The state department and the White House con tinued to delay and Secretary Lansing said the reports were inconclusive. The disposition is to give a full op portunity for tho receipt of reports from both German cud British sourc es. There 1B a possibility that the United States may change thar atti tude towards what constitutes a mer chant ship and in the light of the sub marine? may hold that mounting a small defense gun may be considered as armament. OfflclalB nd mitt en that a decision on Gila point Involving a change ot American procedure toward such Bhlps, would be far-reaching in Its importance to th? International situ ation . Four-lnt?h guns such as are report ed to have been mounted on the Hes perian are sufficient to sink a sub marine, 'officials believe. Proof ot this fact, they hold, might be con strued aa the purpose ot the challenge of the German blockaders. new Jersey Maa Lost. London, Sept. 7.-A man named Wolff, who was boi a in New Jersey, was lost on the Hesperia!, according to informaron given ?he American consul at i -eenstown, says the Daily Mail. Queenstown, Sept. 7.-American Consul Frost obtained a Joint state ment from ti* officers ot the Hesper ian, but lt does not throw any light on whether tho vessel waa given a warn ing Or whether she was sunk by a mine or a torpedo. Survivors assort that a submarine waa sighted early In the day and afterward tho Hesperi an followed a zigzag course. Other passengers say that lt the submarine was suspected they can not under stand why better provisions were not made for placing We belts and boats ready. Washington, ?k*t. 7.-Commend ing officers of the Hesperian' in a Joint affidavit forwarded to tibe state de partment declare! that steel frag ments which tell cu the ships deck proved the ship was struck by a torpedo. The information Teached the state department from the consul at Queenstown. ARMY AVIATORS INJURED BY FALL Machine Collapsed ead Fe* Two Hundred Feet Near Galveston, Washington, Sept. t-Lieutenant J., C. Morrow and Private Khuen Kryk, of the regular army signal corps, were badly hurt when the aeroplane In which they were flying near Galves ton collapsed and fell from 200 feet in the slr. Morrow ts semi-conscious. Both are expected to live. WILSON DECLINES INDORSEMENT NOW Washington, Sept 7.-President Wilson declined to allow New Jersey Democrats to endorse him for another terra, because he feels lt might saem aa though he was taking advantage of the internstlonal situation for hts personal advantage. IB A SS A DOR HtS ACTION TARY LANS?NG of Dorabas letter, stesed by the Brit ish from James F. J. Archibald, an Amcric&n acting as messenger, wise cablea to Lansing today. It ts un derstood tho use of an American passport to bhield the messenger is regarded as serious Ss the latter. From reliable sources' it ls learned .Dumba said he didn't contemplate a vio?atlon ot American laws.