_ ANDERSON, S. C SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 29, 1915.
i ?. ?^B?mm?wm??mm?msB^?m???ms??m?mmmmmmm ' , _ NUMBER 197.
ANNOUNCES HE HAS TAKEN
ACTIVE COMMAND OF
Joffre'* Visit to Italian Army In
dicates Impartant Action
London, Sept. 7.-Tho news that
Emperor Nicholas had placed himself
at the head of the russian army,
which die announced in a telegram (o
President Poincarc of* Prance, and the
visit of the French Commander-in
Chief Joffre to the Italian army fore
shadow, lt is believed in military
circlea hero, stirring events in which
the allied armies will cooperate.
It is declared the Russians are
nearly, if not a<*4jp, holding their
own against the Teutons, whose ad
vance at tnrst points has been stop
ped. In places tho Russians are tak
ing the offensive.
Riga remains the danger point.
However, the fact that the Russians
still hold it after the Germans have
advanced to Dvina leads military
writers to conclude that the Rus
sians aro reasonably sure of their
ability to defend the river, and in
time push far enough west to relieve
the pressure on tho forces on F'!gs
West of Dvlnsk and Vilna the Rus
sian offensive held the Germans over
a week and military observers think
those towns seem fairly* sato unless
the invaders are strongly rcinforc
. East and sou thea;.;, of Grodno the
Russians nave' taken new positions
across the river Stcharr and He tribu
turies and are protecting the rail
ways to the interior.
London, Sept. 7.-The immediate
objective of the Austro-German cam
paign In Russia becomes.clearer with
growing indications that the Invaders
need badly the Baltic port of Riga,
not only as a base for their present
operations in the direction of Petro
grad, but as winter quarters in case
the attempt to reach the Russian
capital is postponed until spring.
Field Marshall von Hindenburg ? ls
experiencing great difficulty in bridg
ing some portions of the Divlnia river
held by the Germans. The current
of the river la- too swift to construct
por'oon bridges under the Russian
artillery fire. As the rainy season
comes on lt will be more difficult for
the invaders to bring up supplies for
the advance forces, and consequently
the seizure of Riga becomes more
Important In the German plans. The
urgent necessity of capturing Riga
ts Indicated lu an anny order, which
the PariB newspapers credit to Gen
eral von Buelow. In lt he urges tho
troops to make one more great effort
to capture the port, promising that lt
.will be their home for the winter and
the base for a march on Petrograd
in the spring.
Along other auctions of the eastern
front the Austro-German rush has
been considerably checked. Vienna,
admite fierce counter attacks by the
? Russians, w?ilch brought the advance
along the Galicien t rder almost to
standstill. i**.rigbVwlng of the AUB
tro-German forces ls reported to be
contemplating an attack on Kiev.
V No exceptional actions have occur
red on any of the minor fronts.
Great artillery work 1B being kept
up by the French.
There ls no official reports on the
sinking of the steamship Hesperian,
and "inc-e was no change lo the fig
ures given, out-last night which IndU
eated that twelve passengers, and
thirteen or the crew were lost.
French Steamer Sank.
Paris, Sept. 7.-The French steam
ship Bordean was torpedoed and
sunk twelve miles off Gidonde, in the
west French coast. The crew waa
PLOT TO i
' Y '.>?.'- ?
melville. ?opt. 7.-Evidence of
a widespread conspiracy by Mexi
cabs on both .aides of the border to
overthrow American authority along
th* border wa? discovered by ststte
or'I federal . au thor Wes.
One circular d^.ted Octobfr first,
nineteen fourteen, appealed tn Mexi
cans to "Rise tn favor of Carrana
sad lmler?ndeuc'c because kt the rate
we're going w* will soon be slaves ot
IN PROGRESS IN
ARMY OF PRINCE LEOPOLD
ENGAGED WITH RUS
Supply Coming Steadily and In
creasing-Artillery Duels -
Continue in West.
London, Sopt. 7.-Among the
forests and swamps on' the northeas
tern edge of thc Pripct marshes a
great battle is in progress with the
army of Prince Leopold of Bavaria
and the troops of thc Russian center.
Amid Uie marshes Mackensen is
working hard for a decisive result.
He reports taking two Russian posi
tions. Still another battle ls hoing
fought for the triangle fortifications
farther south of which Bovno and
Dub:, o remain in.Russian hands.
Fighting continues across the
Sereth River in Galicia. The stands
the F.ijBslauB are making sugest that
their ammunition supply ia ample.
The Petrograd correspondent says .
the ammunition shortage of Russia
liss hsnainnrrsctejl cad -achila -the pro-.: .
ductlon is slow ir. is Incessent and
growing in activity and method.
For the thirteenth successive day
the allies bombarded the German pos
itions lu the west. They vary the ar
tillery activity with occasionally air
raids, sapping and mining operations
and bomb throwing. Success goes to
first one side then the other.
Similar activity 1B noticed on the
part of tlio Teutonic army along tho
northern Serbian frontier where they
are strengthening their positions on
the ri vers Save and 'Danube.
, Panie In Petro go: i.
Berlin, Qeipt. 7.-An overseas news '
agency says a panic was created In
PetrogTaJ by rumors that Riga has
been captured by the Germans.
Lokal An zeig'er publishes private
telegrams from Stockholm. stating
that the Russian capital was thrown
into confusion by reports that the
.position on Dvina Uno was captured,
that Russian armies destroyed; Riga
taken and that German advance on
capital will no longer be hampered.
Immense crowds gathered in front ot
^newspaper offices and there Was great 4
excitement when many arrests follow*
Towards evening the nowBpapors
Issued "extras" containing -official de
nials of these rumore and saying that
Russian offensive .ppslUons are still
intact. However, the spread of panic
In capital and the reports of Emper
or Nicholas trip to tho ?rout are only
pretense to veil the removal of em- *
pctror's'residence to the interior.
BRITISH SINK BOAT ;
L0??SJF BIO GIS I
Transport Carrying Munitions to
Gallipoli Sunk m I
* Matnom Sesu I
. London, Sept. 7--An Athens dis
patch to the Exchange Telegraph say?
a British submarine sunk s Turkish
transport cnrryio? twenty-eight <
centimeter guns from Constantinople
to Gallipoli'in Marmora ses.
VS ON BORDER \
The lettors found indlcatnd that up- 1
rising plans had been forming for <
over a year. The situation ls quiet 1
Brownsville. Sept. 7.-It wns an- 1
n ou fl ced tonight that Gen. Fvnston *
will issue oruitre placing practically
tho entire Brownsville section of the
Rio Grande river country under ?
military control. |;
Dr. von Rotluiianti-Hollu'
Chancellor of (?crmauy,
r Chancellor ron. Bethmaon-HOllweg, A
?Berman EmpMre, has proved the victo!
factional fight with Grand Admiral von I
Gonzales Declares Those Not
Aligned With Constitutionalist
I Cause \ Will Be Severely
I Mexico City, Sept. 7.-General
5onuzaleB tomorrow will make, pub
lie a decree calling attention to tho
tact that 'the amnesty decree he IB
sued July fifteenth will expire Sep
All Mexicans ?ire'warned that after
hat date only foreigners can assume
icutrullty. Mexicans not making a
leclarntlon of adhesion-to the constl
.utlanall?t cause will be considered
<n ernies and soveroly punished.
DAMAGE IK SALVADOR
? 1 . ?'
Capital Buildings at Jutiapa
and Many Church??
La Libertad? Salvador, Sept. 7.
A strong earthquake, ls recorded ai
San Salvador and Guatemala. Julia
pa, the capital department or Jutiapa,
guatemala is ruined. No deaths are
reported- in the etty io? San Salvador,
sud but few casualties in Santa Ana.
Churches at Santa Anna,- Sonsonnta
and other villages are ruined.
Take Another HaKien Port.
Wallington; Sept. 7.-(American j
control of Ha?tien customs has been
extended to jeremie, it ls the seventh
port to be taken over. Only taree now
remain under Holtien control. Six
companies of marine?'and s> navy
paymaster are la possession.
and Minister He Overcai
' . -v ; vi. . . ? . .' ?'? >:'?;
L?H I inand of tho German n
I tho result that Genni
I United iStajtea for th?
? Arabic. The chancel!
? "Frightfulneea" met tl
Hjt?uV4ftiier day, and fe
?Jmaj&rb?cn what Presid?
? policy which rauj.d t
I Arabic, for the contiri
BJ gled, ban been abandc
H delivered by AmbaBsa
S State Lansing, Wedin
"Linera will not be
?^^Hft^WnMs warning and without
provided that the lin?
"Although I know,
tania question till 'it
:hancellor of the and satisfactory setth
r in the intenso because this policy o
Tirpitz, tn cum- fore t?e Arabio Inch
|5 Pjl i j
TELLS BANKERS ASSOCIA
TION CONGRESS EX
OBJECTS TO TRUST
Say? Law Ha? Effect of Taking
Trott Companies From Un
der State Control.
Seattle. Wash.", "Sept. 7.-Henry
M. Campbell, of Detroit, spot-king to
day before the trust company section
ot ide AmerL^n Bankers association
convention, declared that congress
did not Kaw tho authority to confer
trust company powers on national
birks, as provided in tho Federal
Mr. Campbell in ono of the counsel
for tho trust companies which have
undertaken a J.?int action contesting
thc-.constitutionality of section 11 (k)
ot the act giving the, board power tn
./rant to national banks, when not In
contravention of state laws, tho right
fo act as trusteea. executor, adminis
trator and registrar of stocks and
Tho paraKrapih was added to the act
at the Hoven tb hour? Mr. Campbell
wild, and conferred upon tbs reserve
board power ovor many domestic af
fairs wholly foreign to national bank
ing business, and which have beforo
been regulated exclusively by local
Mr. Campbell said there was na
contention that trust company rights
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 3.)
ne in Arabic Case.
i Admiral TOD Tirplts,
itor of ^Frightfulness.*
avy, over the submarine policy, with
any has virtually apologized to the
s sinking ot tho Lusitania and the
or and the author of the policy of
io kaisor on the eastorn battle front
night out the question. The result
cot Wilson hoped for. The German
he sinking of the Lusitania and the
nation of which vou Trlplts strug
med. Such is the tenor of the note
dor von BernBtorff to Secretary of
?adey. The ambassador made this
sunk by our submarines without
safety of the lives of noncombatants
?rs do not try to escape or offer- re
yo" do not wish to discuss the Lusl
o Arabic incident has been definitely
id, I desire to inform you of the above
f my government was decided on b?
Dr. Clark Urges Distribution of
Good Health literature to Em
ployes Through Pay En
rochester, N. . Y., Sept. 7.-As
part of the campaign for mainte
nance of health among factory em
ployes, Dr. W Irving .Clark of Wor
cester, Mass., In an address before
the American Public Health associa
tion today urged that employers
make use of .tho pay envelope ?s a
means of distribution ot good health
literature, interesting the employe In
ull that pertains to bis physical wel
IO very factory should have a spec
ial medical department directly, under
tho superintendence of the board of
directors of the plant, ho declared,
and a small hospital equipped for the
maintenance of the efficiency of the
workers comparable with the repair
doptrtinent for th maintenance of the
efficiency of tho machinery.
He urged more thorough medical
examinations of all employes. In ad
dition to an examination of a man
when he applied for work/ Dr. Clark
declared there should be a second
examination two or three weeks after
the man had been at work to ascer
tain fully his condition.
"Where It is possible." he contin
ued, "it ls advisable to have a follow
up system by' which all men absent
from work for more than forty-eight
hours are looked op in their home
and deposit ot their absence ascer
WU? SPIES IN RUSSIA
Washington. Sept. 7.-Two Ameri
cans, traveling representative of the
Kie-Hutohen Shoe Co?, of Boston, have
been arrested as spies by" Russian
authorities at Moscow, according to
the report ot the American consul.
MEET NEXT WEEK TO CON
SIDER REPLIES TO PEACE
NOT YET REPLIED
Villa, Zapata and Others Have
Signified Willingness to
Washington, Sept. 7.-The Pan
American diplomats who aro trying tc
re-establish constitutionalist govern
ment in -Mexico will meet next week tc
consider replies to their appeal U
the several factions for a peace con
ference and to plan the next step.
Lansing said no date wa Bsct hut thc
meeting will be held before Septem
ber fifteen, because tho. Arglntlm
ambasBalor leaves on that date on c
visit to hies home.
Carranza hasn't replied, although
he has Indicated .that he' will give s
negative answer. Villa, Zapata and
many other leaders have agreed tc
the conference Carranza may repl:
before the conference meet sagain
Some officlala believe ho will lear
the way open for... further negotla
tiona. They are convinced Caf rana
will make a supreme effort In th
next few weeks to drive Villa fron
Torreon and Chihuahua.
Carranza troops are unusually ac
rive. A statement issued tonight de
scribes the capture of Loamole. Sal
tillo, Pared?n and other cities fron
GARBANZA TROOPS IN
Town Has Changed Hands Five
Times in Two Years With
Eagle Pass. Sept. 7.-Tweiv
hundred Carranza troops unde
General Benjamin Garza occuplei
Piedras Negras opposite here today
The Villa forces fled to the hills.
The withdrawal of Villa troops an'
the entry of Carranza forces wa
orderly. A few residents crossed t
the Texas side. 'Piedras Negras ha
changed banda fire times in the las
two years without a fight. Thlrt
Villa wounded brought here lae
night will probably be sent to the in
ternment camp at El Paso.
London,, Sept. 7.-German air cral
raided the east coast of England tu
night. The ollie lal announcemen
says some fires and casualties wer
caused by the bombs but particular
are not yet available.
? ITALT HAS DECLARED i
? COTTON CONTRABAND .
? - * ,
? Perts, Sept. 7.-Italy bas *
? declared cotton contraband *
4 of war says a Rome dispatch ?
? to Haras Agency. ?
Washington. Sept. 7.-Austria
Ambassador Dumba explained t
Lancing the letter -he wrote to th
Vionna foreign office discussing plan
for withdrawing Hungarians foi
American war munitions plants. Bot
were silent afterward. The lmprot
sion preval?a that Lansing will la
the matter before Wilson. Tbs tai
OFFICIALS STILL IN DOUBT
AS TO CAUSE OF
State Department to Await Re
ports From B?tfc England
Washington, Sept. 7.-Official dis
patches still left doubt as to whether
the Allen liner Hesperian was sunk
bj- a torpedo or a mine. The state
department and the White House con
tinued to delay and Secretary Lansing
said the reports were inconclusive.
The disposition is to give a full op
portunity for tho receipt of reports
from both German cud British sourc
es. There 1B a possibility that the
United States may change thar atti
tude towards what constitutes a mer
chant ship and in the light of the sub
marine? may hold that mounting a
small defense gun may be considered
OfflclalB nd mitt en that a decision on
Gila point Involving a change ot
American procedure toward such
Bhlps, would be far-reaching in Its
importance to th? International situ
Four-lnt?h guns such as are report
ed to have been mounted on the Hes
perian are sufficient to sink a sub
marine, 'officials believe. Proof ot
this fact, they hold, might be con
strued aa the purpose ot the challenge
of the German blockaders.
new Jersey Maa Lost.
London, Sept. 7.-A man named
Wolff, who was boi a in New Jersey,
was lost on the Hesperia!, according
to informaron given ?he American
consul at i -eenstown, says the Daily
Queenstown, Sept. 7.-American
Consul Frost obtained a Joint state
ment from ti* officers ot the Hesper
ian, but lt does not throw any light on
whether tho vessel waa given a warn
ing Or whether she was sunk by a
mine or a torpedo. Survivors assort
that a submarine waa sighted early
In the day and afterward tho Hesperi
an followed a zigzag course. Other
passengers say that lt the submarine
was suspected they can not under
stand why better provisions were not
made for placing We belts and boats
Washington, ?k*t. 7.-Commend
ing officers of the Hesperian' in a Joint
affidavit forwarded to tibe state de
partment declare! that steel frag
ments which tell cu the ships deck
proved the ship was struck by a
torpedo. The information Teached
the state department from the consul
INJURED BY FALL
Machine Collapsed ead Fe*
Two Hundred Feet Near
Washington, Sept. t-Lieutenant J.,
C. Morrow and Private Khuen Kryk,
of the regular army signal corps,
were badly hurt when the aeroplane
In which they were flying near Galves
ton collapsed and fell from 200 feet
in the slr. Morrow ts semi-conscious.
Both are expected to live.
Washington, Sept 7.-President
Wilson declined to allow New Jersey
Democrats to endorse him for another
terra, because he feels lt might saem
aa though he was taking advantage
of the internstlonal situation for hts
IB A SS A DOR
of Dorabas letter, stesed by the Brit
ish from James F. J. Archibald, an
Amcric&n acting as messenger, wise
cablea to Lansing today. It ts un
derstood tho use of an American
passport to bhield the messenger is
regarded as serious Ss the latter.
From reliable sources' it ls learned
.Dumba said he didn't contemplate a
vio?atlon ot American laws.
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