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VOLUME II. _ ANDERSON, S. C SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 29, 1915. i ?. ?^B?mm?wm??mm?msB^?m???ms??m?mmmmmmm ' , _ NUMBER 197. RETR?A ARE ? TED LACK OF RAIL COMMUNICA TION MAKES POSITION MORE SERIOUS . FRENCH TROOPS REPORT GAINS Berlin Admits French Claims Serbians Driven From Poa? tiona Near Semendris. Loudon. Sept. 21.-?-The German en circling movement against the Rns sion army which evacuated Vilna has tightened add retreat seems at a crl .tical Juncture with tho Russians vir tually without rail comanunlcations. . The latest Berlin report Bhbws an advance by von Hindenberg's right wing and progress in the center by Prince Leopold. Berlin concedes the. French claim that French troops crossed the Aisne Marne canal. An artillery duel ls in progress along the British front. The Germans announced that their artillery drove' tire Serbians from their positions near Semendria. Fame said a small counter offen sive was carried' mit in the valley of Bolte. London, Sept. 21.-Tho latest re ports from the Vilna zone indicate that the Russians have escaped the coils that Hindenburg threw about them. Cavalry raids as brilliant a? the famous coups of Stauart.and Sheridan lu tho American elvi? .war., wtre ifvlved. Kiroiir.r.gV a. screen of Gorman horsemen about beth pan lu* of the'rrtTtra.tta?n^ They u v.< stood astride ut the Russian nial:: coumiu Wea lion lines. It now appears Tiro' abio that these encircling forces are too weak to impede Russia's vet erans. Simultaneously with the movement. Prince Leopold, and Mackensen have not received an expected advance, es pecially rl e latter who has mt aeeo able to link the scattered troops, after a march through the Peripot mardi 0i. _ it tho Vilna' defenders have es caped. Russie, has cause to draw a breath nf relief. It is apparent .that tl:c caution ot Grand Duke Nicholas has '.cen abandoned for the moment, and Rift ky's. troops remained neal Vilna, eo long as Hindenburg's plans t*<r a Junction of his forces seemed certain of success. North of Lida, tiie raliway is in German bandi, hut thc main Russian forces are Minta of that point. Ire domestic situation In Rusait, owing tc the strict censorship, still ii a mystery. When the Durna was lirvfjj.utd, numerous strikes were de clared. Many men ore still out As the stoppage Ia in the nature of a p rot? st, cn long continued trou Mes ar-? expected. ,':-~# Spies Executed, landon, Sept. 21.-Two more spica, a man and a Woman, were convicted b'y courtmartlal yesterday for at ti iptiag to communicate information concemlaig the fleet. The man was sentenced to death. Tho woman, un der his influence, was sentenced to ten years* Imprisonment. Their names are withheld. 5,000^00 in Ualted K'ngdeM. Londbu, Se-4. 31.-Premier *\s tiutth In/crmed the. house of ^ra mona that the figures ho gave that nearly three . million recruits had Joined tho British army, not in clude any forces raised outsido of the United Kingdom. Gereta* Submarina Sunk. Oderts*. SeW. 21.-Russian ships sunk a Gernsib submarlue which has recently been ^Derating in -the Black Sea. GENERAL WpER?NTE??DENT CENTRAL OF GEORGIA READ Savannah, Sept.' 21.-John T. Johnson., fifty-three, general rm perin tendent of \ the Centrai of Georg!? railroad died > here fb?a.? after a short Illness. He began work witt) the Central in' eighteen eighty-six as s Sfcatetttd to Be Seid. Chicago. Sept. St.-Federal Judge Landis hp? onie red the ates mer Bast land, which capsized here July 24, sold at Auction on December 20t'a to satisfy a claim for *34t600 for rais ing the beat. Palst Finas en Boats. Washington. Sep*. 21.---Through Ambassador Berna.* rn* thc Germar: ffbVernntee?t has advised the ?tate department to paint targe American Mags on tn* hulls of American ships lo pr?vaut mistaken in ?torpodocing. GROUND CO BY CARRA BECOMIN TELEGRAPHIC AND MAIL CO* MANY MEXICAN POINTS-\ TOWARD JUAREZ-HU MEANS HOSTILH Washington, Sept. 21.-Conditions] in Mexican territory controlled by Carranza are rapidly- becoming nor mal, according to advices to the state ! department from American Consul Blocker at Piedras Negras. T?l? graphia communication is now open to | Mexico City, Saltillo. Montery, Zaca tecas, San Luis Potosi, Guanajuato, Aguas Calientes and Intervening sta tions. Mails to Mexico City havo al so been resumed. . Meanwhile Villa's milKary artiviticB aro increasing. He has ordered a j general withdrawal toward Juarez, his purpose apparently being to transfer lils forces to. Sonora, but j Villa agency denied the concentration of . Villa troops at Juarez had any ! sinister aspect toward the United States. Aa a precaution Acting Sec retary of War Breckenridge, .after a conf?rence with President Wilson, or dered the Seventh Infantry - and Practically all Questions at Issue Have Been Eliminated and Transaction Expected to Be Closed in Short Time. New York, Sept. 21.-Formal proc lamation of the success of the nego tiations for tne Anglo-French loan ls expected in four days as a result of Important conferences today. Except on two minor points, borrowers and lenders are said to be in virtual ac cord. It said now that the so-called pro German banka will aid the loan, that abe munitions question ls no longer discussed, ?he size loan agreed upon is below eight hundred million, prob ably seven hundred million, and the notes to run five years. Now York, Sept. 21.-Negotia tions toward the establishment of a grose credit loan, for Great Britain F.ed France proceeded smoothly lt hv said, with vrltual rumination of paying for munitions, and a reported dr.torminatlou on both sides not to tie up the whole sum at once in New York. Subordination to the question ot providing a way to pay for war mu nitions, has simply postponed a de cision at this point, in t :e opinion of the Anglo-French commission, but the result will bo ita gradual disap pearance. Bankers who haye Been the commission assumed that the credit undoubtedly Is not intended to cover all exporta but that remittances ot gold to America, and the sale of American securities will continue. These' methods, it was thought, could provide a way for taking muni tions out of the negotiations. AMERICAN REI? CR/,SS TO NURSE TEUTON'S IN RUSSIA Geneva, Dept. 21.-Austria, Gor aud Russia have concluded an agree* mont tinder which the American Red Cross is authorised to send twenty five physicians and fifty nurses co Fnssia to tar? for German and Aus trian prisoners. POLE APPOINTS!} HEAD OF C'lVRi AFFt.lPS IN WARSAW Berlin, Sept. 21.-A former mem ber of par? "anent, von Dzlembovsky, lia? been appointed chief of the civil administration under the governor [ general tn Warsaw. [ Attack'Inc?ate Tax Law. Washington, Sept. 21-^Counsel ? fer the Union Pacific stock holders havo filed a brief In ti-.e supreme court attacking the constitnilonallty j of ?se hito*?-? fax law. W. H. Raker Dead. Winchester, Vo.e 6?pt. 21.-Wil liam H. Raker, chocolate mauufac I tarer and ban KW, died at home hare today, ?ged sixty-five. NTROLLED NZ A FAST G NORMAL ?MUNICATION NOW OPEN TO ULA WITHDRAWS FORCES S AGENTS DENY MOVE Y TOWARD U.S. ; Fourth Field Artillery from Galves ton to strengthen the gar.Mson at El Paso. Two Americans Kidnapped. Ell Paso, Sept. 21.-Two Americans, whose names wore given as Fuller and McCabe .'have been .kidnapped by bandits at Santo Domingo, eighty miles south of Juarez. Meagre Infor mation indicates they were taken from Fuller's home. Tho- state department has been notified. Labor Men Favor Carranca. Washington, Sept'. 21.-The execu tive council of th? American Federa tion of Labor today authorized Presi dent Gompers to <trntt a statement lu its behalf, urging recognition ot the Carranza government as the au thorlative expression of fie best : ideals of Ute Mexican people for self government . Was Severe Criticism of Presiden* Wilson's Attitude on Munitions ? Exports and Lansing's Reply to Austrian Noie of Protest, London, Sept.,21.-Severe criticism of President Wilson's attitude on the exportation of war munitions and Secretary Lansing's reply to Aus tria's protest on.the delivery of wea pons to tlie allies was found in a let ter from Dr. Constantin Dumba, Aus trian Ambassador, to Daron vo.i Durbin, Austrian foreign miuieier. The letter was one of tbV*y-four taken from James F. J. Archibald. Dr. Dumba told his chief that the dis couraging attitude of President Wil son lay in the fact that In case of war the United States would have to rely on neutrals for war material end in no case would Wilson allow t':ls source to-dry up. Dumba said; "For this reason a re tur.. to tho question will not only be useless, but even, having regard for the self willed temperament of tho president's, harmful." Another letter sent by German Am bassador Bernstorff to Secretary Lansing on August .eighteenth ?et forth that Germany will do- all li) her power to stop munition ship ments. . Dumba Recalled. Washington, Sept. 21.-lt. waa learned today that Ambassador Pen field at Vienna has reported lo the state deportment tho attitude of the Austrian Foreign Office regard ing tho recall ot Ambassador Dumba. Although an official confirmation ls lacking, lt la reliably reporto] that Dr. Dumba has already been .direct ed ?to return. . President Wilson h?1d a lengthy conference last night on the situa tion brought about by Dr. Dumba's acknowledgement that he had un proved plana for calling out Hunga rian workers In American munitions plants. It is understood that Dr. Dumba will ?all Sept. 28th after he has been I assured safe conduct. To Appoint Successor. Budapest, Hungary. Sept. 21.-A Vienna - dispatch published, says it is learned in diplomatic circles there that the government will ap point a successor to Dumba before the latter arriver from tho United States. It Kay? that Kn jeun Mercy von Kanoa, the former Atretro^Hun ggrtan ambassador to Rome bas been selected. Kaiser la Auto Accident Amsterdam. Sept. 21.-The Kaiser and Prince Joachim were slightly In jured in an . automobile accident, ac cording to Berlin dispatches. The Imperial antoni ohio was wrecked. There are no further details obtain able. Germans A fraie - i- Hp IBU ' ' '"y, ^ German 42 V Herbert Corey, - the famous war correspondent, who has been with the French army .it .the front. 1ms writ ten ??:at the Germans have tholr 42 centimetre guns- planted Fi> near Nancy in France that t'aey couhl drop 42 centimetre abolis Into Hie city, and perhaps dalroy it. These aro the shells which would tear thc ?O?iRfCK^Pl OBJECTS( CREDITS Former Ambassador to France Sayi Cheaper Money Bot to Enable And Land Owners to Develop American Agriculture. San Francisco, Seit. 21.-This was Eural Credits day at the exposi tion with one of its features an ad dress by Myron *."*. Herrick of Cleve land, formerly ambassador to France, in which he discussed in detail many phases of thc ..ural credits move ment. Tho grand purposo of tho . rural credits movement. The grand purpose of tho rural cre dit-- movement, ?lld Hr. Herrick..Siad been overlooked by those who ex pected of it only lower interest rates. Cheaper money, he declared, is not ita only aim. it rises higher than that and proposes to enable home seekers to accomplish their wish,'landowners to procure adequate fund? to devel op their holdings/ and farmers to mobilize their resources so t- at American a?rlcuturi; may diecomc modernized and properly financed and keep pace with progress in every other industry. Reviewing the five years that tho movement has been in course. Mr. Herrick declared that legislation hi various states loosing Ut the forma tion ot credit unlone and l-..id credit institutions had little merit. State aid, he believed, tjb be undesirable in the United States if private enter prise could Ix? efficiently regulator* and rural co-operV'on intelligently practiced. Among ether things be said: The cause of much of tho misun derstanding about corporative bank ing and credit ls tbv mistaken no tion ?'?at co-operation is aa altruistic or benevolent means of helping the down-ani*-out class of persons wno -are indivldunll:' weak and Incompe tent. This half-truth ls alive with dangers. Co-operatior. cat? never help Anybody except him wba ia able ?nd willing to .r.eif himself-cod* bis neighbor also. "True, cc-operation ls the ouickett way to success for tbs to Shoot This ?I ? HI snUmtfre Sholl. place to hits and ruin one of the I beautiful titles of Prance. But the I German fear to try. Frebch guna| aro trained on Metx, a larger city. I Mr. Corey saw a humber of thosG I nlrcady set up and aimed Ot Metz.| I ready to f iro. tfce moment i the Ger mans dropped one of their shells In tho French city. AISES F RURAL OVEMENT Highest Aim of Movement is Not IDeserving Persons to Own Horses j Their Holdings and to bumble as well as for tba high, but its literal interpretation Is organized mutual self-help.. It presumes that I men will work harder, longer, and j better together than when standing alone; il 'requires a ?pint and an| ability to both give and ocelve; and it can reach its fullest development only among persons w.'.o aro capable and honest, end known to be so among persona who ask no favors, who spurn charity and state aid,-?nd rely solelly upuon thoir own talerts, toil and resources. "There is more co-operation lo th? Cotted States than in any oilier coun try, and it ls ii-.'il here evey for the Wt gft,U undertakings. .Th'.leathering omi distribution of news by Tie As ; io; da ted Press ls the mest striking example in tworld of CL-operation conducted on a grand' scale without lucrative object. The life insurance companies, with the!, millions of policyholders and billions o? dollars of assets, and the mutual savings banka and building and loan associa tions, with their stupendous totals of deposits, savings and reserves, put most of their funds of organised thrift under co-operatlvo . management, while trade unionism (tho oldest kind co-operation) permuates the labor is classes. These are clty-eenter ed, but do not constitute all tho co operative activities. Co-operation appears in inconceivably varied and innnumerable enterprise?.. Tio pro tection of tho loves from breaks is in some of. tho stato borderiug the Mis sissippi river A co-oper?tlvb work. Farmers' 1 organizations tot safe guarding mutual interests are num erous, while rural co-operation for business .has already made substan tial progress, but chiefly for market ing fruMs and* tho manufacturo and disposal of milk products.' ' (CONTINUED ON PA?B TWO.) mm BEGIN MC AGAINST ARE GRANTED A CHAN6E_VENUE CASE WILL VERY LIKELY BE TRIED IN YORK COUNTY DEFENSE ASKED FOR THE CHANGE ! Men Are Charged With Assisting Murder of Sheriff Hood, HM Deputy and Negro Prisoner. Columbia, Sept. 21.-The case of Jas. Rawlins, Jesse Morrison and] Ernest Isenhow?r, charged with mur der in connection wit ! tho Wtnnaboro ! tragedy, will not be tried at Winns bforo. Tho defense moved for a change cf venue this afternoon and the county, will AS decided upon lat er, lt is very probable that the casu will go to York for trial. , Chango ?ranted. Winusboro, Sept. 21.-Circuit Judge Rice today granted a moilun by the defense for a change of vence in the cases of Ernest Isenhow?r, j Jesse Morrison and James Raw lu, j oharged with murder for their al?eg- | ed pant in the killing by Clyde ?sen bower of Sheriff A. D. HoodV Deputy I Raleigh Houlwaro and Jules S'-atth, a j negro prisoner on June fourteenth. GIRLTELtSOF FATHER'S MURDER! Says Brother Killed Him Fight Years Ago-Slayer Has Eluded OF zeta. Dawsonville, Ga., Sept. 21.-Bessie Watkins as a result ot a story she toM of tho killing of her father, David Watkins, eight years ago, by her brother Ch?ries. Authorities say that j sCile said her brother killed her fath er and an effort waa made to burn tba body, which waa then thrown in to a well. Bones wore found in the weil and tho elder Watkins has been missing since the date the girl men tioned. Pear of her brother ls given as a reason for the disclosure. Al warrant has boon issued for Charles, j Wsjo disappeared the day Bessie went ! to a neighbor's house and told the j story. ENGLAND li mmm Sweeping Increase Proposed By Chancellor McKertna-Extra Taxes to Be Levied on Practi cally all Articles. London, Sept. '21.-Tne present radical occupant of the chancellor ship of the oxechoquor,- Reginald McKenna. facing huge war bills, wac forced to revert- -to; soma extent to the principles of Joseph Chamberlain In Introducing in the house of (wo anona today Sh? largest Budget on record. He replaced free trade with representations' for tariff reform. Mc Kenna said fiscal theories must go by the board and proposed a sweep ing increase in taxation, apart from loans. Ha went beyond the custom ary sources of revenue, advocating the tariffs proposed by Chamberlain. . Under the new tax one. cant mail ls abolished, the income tax Jumped to forty a?r cent and Itu acope widen- J ed to reach each salary fourteen dot lars weekly. '. Automobiles, movie] films, watches, musical instruments! and hat? are heavily taxed. Shirts and oser remain untouched. j BOMBARDMENT OF POSI TIONS BY HEAVY GUNS IN PROGRESS. GENERAL DRIVE MAY FOLLOW Teutons Evidently Intend Taking Shortest Route to Bulga rian Frontier. \ ? * ? BULGARIA MORI'I ZI NU * ?. - ? ? Athena, Sept. 21.-Bulgaria ? ? 1B reported to have mobilized ? ? a hundred thousand men. Sev- ? ? eral cavalry rog intents are de- ? ? clured to have left Sofia for ? ? on unnamed destination. ? ? Diplomats here who alone ? + were apprised of th? reports ? ? appear greatly disturbed. ? ? ? Berlin, Sept. 21.--Official Austrians and German reports, and *'J\ patches from tho Balkan capitals snow that the Teutonic campaign against Ser bia has begun. Austrians and Ger man artillery ia bombarding the Rus sian positions south of the river fron- ? tier, along tho mouths of the Drina and Morava rivera. This action uu doubtedly la intended, to epyar . the throwing of a force across the river, I and to captare tho bridge ?iead whence a "steam roller" can be start ed. Just where the croesing will bo : attempted is unknown. The shortest routo to Bulgaria lied through the northeastern corner ot Serbia, where, barely thirty miles ot Serbian territory Intercept. The dinicuK mountainous country, lack of railroads, and proximity of Ru mania speak in favor of tfce old route of the crusaders, farther west through the Morava valloy. A rail Kay .running throug this valla ronche the Danube at Belgrade and Semtmdria, both of which are being bombarded today. A SerMa-Bulgar Wart ? Her?.?.. Sept. 21.-Wireless to Say ville-it ls reported from tba Bal kans say? the Overseas agency, that the Serbian government has declared the Serbo-Bulgaria? frontier district a war zone. Etb's Condition Satisfactory. Now York, Sept. 21.-The condition of Newman "Bro. the financier who swallowed poison by mistake a week ago, is satisfactory, and If no symp toms of person lng develop bi the next few hours, physicians will consider him ont ot danger. Appointments by the Governor. Columbia, Sept. 21.-Governor Manning today appointe** W. L. Lit tleton, ag aural policeman for Oconee. The governor named W>. McB. Sloan aa state whiskey gauger. TWO KILLEI REVOLVER DUEL Manager ?nd 8*c*r~r D .ad and Few Men in Jail as Result of General Fight At Turpentine Camp Near Biloxi, Miss. I Biloxi, Mis*., Sept.' 21.-Two mea were klll?d and four held In connec tion with the killing ea a result of a revolver fight last- night In O.e com missary of the li. N. Dantsler Tur pentine Co.. st -Banister .'twenty-sit miles ?rom here. The dead are George Sarvla, manager of tte com pany, and Rufus Beeves, a sawyer. George Ruble and George Whit tington are In jail at Paschgouis and Will Ruble and Allon Whittington are held at Gulf port. While the coron?r*? Jury decided Har vis was killed by George Rubie, R ls not known who tired; Ihe first shot. It ts said Sarvis and Peeve* qnarelled and Reeves, accompanied by the twe Rubles and two Whittles^ tons, went to ?ic commissary to sst' ile the dispute.