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VOLUME IL ANDERSON. S. C., FRIDAY MORNING. OCTOBER 8, 1915. NUMBER 231.
FIGHTING HAS BEGUN IN THE BALKANS TEUTONIC ARMY OF FOUR HUNDRED TTHOUSAND HAVE CROSSED RIVfcRS INTO SERBIAN TERRITORY RUSSIAN CRUISERS BOMBARD BLACK SEA PORTS ANGLO-FRENCH TROOPS HURRYING NORTHWARD TO AS SIST SERBIANS-UNLESS PUBLIC SENTIMENT FORCES CHANGE GREECE WILL MAINTAIN NEUTRAL ITY-ROUMANIA ALSO NEUTRAL London, Oct G.-Tho long threatened Austro-t.'erman offensive in the Bal kans with the added menace of Bulgaria has begun. An Austro-German army estimated at four hundred thousand have crossed the Brina, Danube and Save rivers Into Serbia. Two Hussions cruisers bombarded the Bulgarian Black Sea port of Yarna. ? ? * gs rn? j?'1gn?? The Anglo-French troops which landed at Saloniki are being hurried northward to assist the Serbians and keep Bulgaria from capturing the Sal onlkl-IWsh railway by .?It Ich Serbia ls supplied. The eutente powers face the situation without the support of Greece, foe while the king sympathises with the entente he shows he. Is not prepared to go to war to fnlnll the Greece-Serbian treaty. It ls possible Bugaria may avoid arouslag the Greeks hy merely keeping troops on the Serbian frontier to prevent Serbia from bringing lier whole strength against Austria. Unless public sentiment forces the hand of the new Greek cabinet Greece j witt remain neutral. Rumania, despite the energetic Busslan, offensive In Bukowina, ls still nentraL In the northwest Berlin claims headway for Ton Hindenburg. The Bos nians are on tho offensive In the center. j Champagne, where the French made recent gains, h still the mala dis- ; trlet of contention la the west. Thc Germans admit the French made hardway ' close to the CTmlletange-Bnzancourt railway, their objective. 7 The British announce slight galas In the month's lighting on Gallipoli. ? -London, Oct. ,7.^-The allies hav ing broken diplomatic relations with Bulgaria, news 4s momentarily ex pected of that nation's active parti cipation in tho war on tho side of Germany. Greece ls forming a coalition cabi net. Ponding this her policy ls ob scuro. There ia no misgiving herc, howoyer, bhat she will cooperate in any way with Bulgaria. Cabinet crisis has in no way Impeded landing ' ot allied troops at Saloniki. The fact that' these forces are on Greek soil Is considered the best guarantee that Greece . ultimately must align herself with, fie allies, with which Premier Elect Zo Unis is in 'sym pathy. Champagae in tho weet and Dvinak in the east aro now scenes of strug gles most likely to bring decisive re sults. Tho Germans are still con centrating against Dvinsk, and are evidently bent on, a supreme effort to take the City. The Russians, how ever, ore delivering iherd. blows all along the Uno. Tie British and French press professes to see a gen eral Russian recovery, for which tho allieB activities in west are given Ci edit. ^ Tho French capture of village and hill of Tabure' ls a success of con siderable local importance. Tho hill, although less than ?200 feet high,, was ono of the most Im portant German positions In that Lec tor. French Capture Sabor*. Paris, Oct. 2*-Th? capture of Ta bure has apparently silenced tho criti cal and captious section of the pub lic which Wa*, beginning to declare tho advantage won on September 25 was not being followed' up fast enough. Thc latest news seems to] satisfy all. It is pointed out while the capture ot the village was a fine feat, storm- ' lng of famous hill 199, gives a great strategical advantage. This hill was fortified in every imaginable way; bristled with cannon, and was consid ered one of the principal pillars of the German second defense lue. ' German Counter Attacks Repulsed. Paris, Oct. 7.-The Germans 'vio lently bombarded, tho French front I north of Lascarpo, last night and at I the same time delivered four counter attacks against positions . recently j conquered by the French near Sou ches, says the war office, and wore repulsed at all points. Intense ar tillery exchanges at other points. In Champagne the Germans deliver ed a series of stubborn attacks j against positions the French took north of Tabur?. These failed, Ger-' man losses heavy. At Eparges the i French exploded tv.c mines serious ly damaging German works. MEXICANS KILLED BY YAQUI INDIANS Douglas, Arizona, Oct. 7.-Twenty three inhabitants of La Color/rfo, a mifldnng town ot Hermohlllo, Sonoma district, were massacred by Yaqui Indians w?o captured the town thia week, according to reporta here. It la said women and' children were beaten to death.. r Auut B?ahaley Bead) Age 137. Mempb*?. Oct. 7.-Auntie Mabatey Gibbs, age' hundred and thirty-seven years, said to be oldest negro lb the United States, ls dead diere. Si A. L. CONSOLIDATES C. Ai & W. RY. DIRECTORS HAVE APPROVED PLANS PROVIDING FOR FOR MATION OF HUNDRED MILLION DOLLAR COR PORATION-RETAINS NAME OF SEA BOARD AIR LINE RY. CO. tye* York, Oct. 7.-The directors of th%i*?sbosrd Alf Ltee today ap nlohs providing for a consoli dation Vith Ute Carolina. Atlantic & . WeStemX railway and tho issue of a three hundred million ? dollar mort gage, In accordance with the cora okay's policy of constructive exten ?on announced some weeks ago. / Th? consolMated company will be Jfy.norrm ?. the Seaboard Air Line Rali way company, and will ?rafe an au tb /rt/ed capful of a hundred million, (.jvlded into a million shares of par value ot one hundred, of which there will be Issued twenty-seven trillion, two hundred and eighty thousand pre ferred shares and forty million forty one thousand common abares..' Tm? new common will be exchanged sfog? equal amount of tbs common stock of the present company and two minio*, two hundred and eighty thous and dollars worth of stock In tho Carolina, Atlantic & Western, The Seaboard operates throe thousand and ono hundred miles, and the C., A. & W.. two hnndred and fifty tn^oafcj Carolina and North Carolina. WILLING TO QUIT AND RUN AGAINST IN RECALL ELECTION - COUNCILMEN REFUSED OFFJER Challenged Rice, Dupre and As? bill to Quit With Him and Stand for Reelection. Columbia, Oct. 7.-Mayor Lev le A. Griffith of Columbia today testified be fore the citizen's committee and city council in the investigation which was begun TucBday into the charges and rumors concerning his. official conduct. The investigation proceed ings were concluded yesterday and the matter turned over to the citizens committee whlolt will report to a mass meeting uv th>e near future on its fdndhxsa.. ? Mayor Griffith said that his trip on ; the night of September through the i segregated district was undertaken I as a tour of inspection as head of Gie ! police department. He claimed that i he did not strike the woman, who ap ; pea red to him to be slightly "peculiar" I in her actions and that he made no threats against Lillie Moore or Grace ! McCray, two. Inmates of the house at ?1002 Gates street, Gie latter being tbs woman he is alleged to have etruck, i The mayor and the three men with, him, whose namse were not divulg ed, visited a number ' of houses that night. Tiie mayor said that in handl ing the problems of the city he fav-1 bred regulation rather, than extermi n?t ion and pointed out that lt was an "open town" when he went into office May 16, 1914. He said that he considered his trip "not beneath the office ot mayor and in the line of his duty as mayor" and that while in these houses he made purchaser, ot liquors or beers. He maintained that it was not his duty to lodge casca in police court but that * e made Ute purchases to find out the existing conditions. Applause greeted the offer of the mayor to resign and go before the people du a recall election provided Councilmen Rice, Dupre and As'bill would - also resign. Dr. Rice said that he had a hard time being elect ed before end he intended to stay In council. Councilmen Dupre and As bill said that they would reis tn their I seats unless recalled by a vote ot the people. B??BOlSSiS RESEARGHjLABORATORY Daniels Will Pot Mattel Before Congress-Edison Hands Consulting Board. Washington, Oct. 7.-Thc estate ? lishmeht of a research and experimen tal laboratory to cost five millions will probably lm recommended to con gress by Secretary Daniels aa the re sult of a resolution adopted at the organisation, meeting today of the navy's new civilian advisory beard. Th os. A. Edison was elected chair man-of tm board. Naval Consulting Board ls tho official title of the new organization. Storm Warnings Lowood. Washington, Oct. 7.-The Hurri cane reported today over l?e gulf wai reduced to negativ? proportions to night by the high pressure preveTi ing in the i- irlor of the United States gulf coast warnings were low ?*#ai*v Arresting Agrarians. Lor?ion, Oct. 7.-A Budapest dl? patoh from Sofia says that wholesale arrests of mem)-ere o fthe Agragrian or Antl-Teutoni? party .ls taking place to crash Domestic dessention. Armies Ready for Balkan War -y- " \ \6OOO0O A ^ ? m ? RUSSIANS_ A y & V R I A ? JASS*Y C0NC?HT**m M U M <9 A B V % ' ^ ?M i^/crAVxwj : \ BERtAj ODESSA J CEPM/fN I / " V ?9-NISH Vg, ^VH^^^^Pj ^.J^ ^^^^^^^ Position* of Opposing Annies. The stage ls set apnin in the Hal- &^*1fj????S& mk kaus for another war', thc third d?Stj&i Wk within five years., lt ls reported that ^PP^Hj^H BL General von Mackensen, who was one j ^^SS -JflfKH Hi ?ot the leaders .in thc Pusslan defeat, is In command of a German array now near Belr.rad.e, whllo the Ans- ^HP rrlans ar? farther weHt, both menac- fch?SasH lng Serbia. A Bulgarian army con fronts the Greek? on their boundary V -> I Wf\ lines. But-south the allies are land- \ lng forces, and already General Ian Hamilton, the Britisli commander ut ????| ^^?B?K?T?&?JI the Dardan el los-, has been to Salon- ^<^58 ?KUM^ lea to make arrangement? for caring WUr^ for many, thousand troops. The Rus- ,-~. siana have some 600,000 soldiers on ?'; . . \?JS9snBHRM&^ the Black Sea who may be marched &?4S????H??r into Bulgaria lu a short time. Oft ^BUS&^^^SF^ the port -of Varna ls a large Russian squadron ready to blow the city to bits. King Ferdinand of Bulgaria. ANDERSON MAY GET FOR H El AGENT OF CARNEGIE HERO CITY YESTERDAY INV HEROISM AT HOSP Raymond S. Fondrick, special agent ot the Carnegie Mero Fund commission of Pittsburgh, Pa., was in the city yesterday nailing Inves tigations in reg aro to the fire at ton Anderson county hospital in April 1912. Mr. Fondrick stated that he was here Investigating some acts ot heroism Ahlo'i had been reported to the. commission and. which had oc curred in the hospital fire during which some twenty odd patienta and visitors were taken or rescued from the building. Mr. Fendrick spent nearly all of the entire day calling on certain people in the city who knew something about the details of tho fire, and getting ap data concerning" those who res cued patients from the burning build ing, especially was ' this done lu the case or two of tho nurse? .whose acts I of heroism arc well remembered In Anderson. These two young isdies 1 were responsible for the saving of ono or more liven of patients, one of tfrem holding a ladder while tho other brought the patient from tho second story. it will be remembered that the hos MEXICAN BAi^rrsT LEAVING BORDER i Brownsville, Oct. 7 -Information from Matamoros that the .?ndlts who have been UBlng the Mexican sido of the river aa a place of refuge are moving tow?rds the interior given unofficially to officers here tonight indicate.* the end o. the border trou ble Il was said New Hatamora? ls ridding the district of bandits. NURSES MEDALS ROIC DEEDS FUND COMMISSION WAS IN EST?GATING AC TS OF ITAL FIRE IN 1912. pit-il fire wa . ono of the most dan gerous as far as. human lives, are concerned that Anderson has ever experienced. It originated while a negro man was filling a gasoline tank, from whic? them was ' an explosion,, the flames Quickly spreading all over tho first floor and cutting off es* cape hy means of the fairways and elevator shaft. There were about 25 pstients and visitors In the. building, and these were rescued, by the numen and help at the hospital or br those i who first reached the scene. All of I this ls too well remembered to go in I to the details. It ls not known how Mr. Kendrick came out on his investigations or ! what the resnlt will be. He in only a i special agent and t?e result of his in vestigations will be made to thc com mission's headquarters in the Ollvev : building in Pittsburgh. He loft tho I city yesterday afternoon ca the 5:40 in tor.ir ban car. r Mr. Fend rick was also familiar With' the act of heroism of little Mitr. ?Edith Hand of TVilHamaton who sav ed the lives of :hree of lier younger I sisters in the trie which destroyed her father's home several weeks ago. It le probable that he will also Inves tigate this case while he ls in this section. r ARIZONA MILITIA TO QUELL RIOTS Phoenix, Ariz.. Oct. 7.-Governor Hunt has ordered that the entire Arizona National Guard of . twelve hundred men be bold in readiness to proceed to Clifton where tho copper mines are striking. Company K, composed of seventy indians from the Phoenix Indian School, left here for Clifton tonight. WHEAT CROP FOR SEASON EXPECTED TO EXCEED BILLION BUSHELS CORN MAY ALSO MAKE NEW RECORD Preliminary Est?mate Indicates Record Yield of Many Grain and Food Products. Washington, Oct. 7.-A billion bushel wheat crop, the greatest that ever any country ever produced will be the cropu of the United States this year. The government's preliminary estimate of 1,002,029,000 bushels is 111,000,0000 larger fchfcn In 1012., the record year. Corn ls estimated at 026,159.000 bushels, or 9S.Q0O.O0O un der 1912. Oats are at 1,517,478,000 bushels. Washington, Oct. 7.-The Amer! can harvest this year will bo the most valuable ever produced. With the wheat crop exceeding'a billion bush els, tho largest ever grown in one season by anly nation, and a corn ero; j willo i may prove the largest ever made the government's October crop report voday announced preliminary j estimates (Indicating a record harvest ot oats, barley, rye. sweet potatoes, rico, tobacco and hay. The wheat crops is estimated at a billion, two million and twoyity-nlne thousand bushels, valued at nine hun > dred and ten million eight hundred j forty-four thousand, according to mar ket prices on October first. With tho improvement of corn pros pects the crop 1B estimated at three billion twenty-six million bushels with ease over last month's forecast I of forty-one million bushels. Tobacco promises to exceed 1 ?year's record by forty-three million pounds. The oat crop, estimated at a billion five hundred and seventeen million [makotf a new record for this crop. Blight and rot cut down potatoes j to three ?undred and 'sixty-eight mil lion bushels. The apple crop fore ?cast ls seventy-one million six hun dred and thirty-two thousand bar rels. RESERVE AGENCIES J INGENTfiALAMERIGA ?Federal Reserve Board Doesn't Favor Proposal Endorsed By President Wilson. - Washington, Oct. 7.-Endorsement r*y President Wilson of the proposal to establish Joint agenclea of federal reserve banks In. thc principal South and Central American republics was transmitted to the federal reserve board today by Secretary HcAdoo. The reserve hoard li so far not dis posed to hurry consideration of Ibis plan. McAdoo's federal advisory council recently urged that, the ma chinery of domestic business be put In order first. FATAL EXPLOSION IN POWDER PLANT I Four Killed at Aetna Saploarve Co. Mill-Powder Was Go 1 mg lo Allies. Emporium, Pa.. Oct. 7.-F?ur kill led, one fatally burt, six ser.ously by [an explosion last night at the Aetna Explosive company plant. A large quantity of smokeless powder ready to be shipped to the allies today, ex ploded, from some causes undetermin ed. Two ?totage houses were blown [to atoms. Officials think It was ac cidental. Loss $215,000. ( <;M ?:HHI:?> WITA TKITTOXS BKPOKK RP.VLVINO TO M SS?A Amsterdam, Oct. 7.-A Sofia dis* patch to Berlin says that after receiv ing tho Russian ultimatum the king and Premier RarJVytaVoof conferred with the Austrian, German and Turk ish ministers to Bulgaria before re plying. UNITED STATES ?0 RECOGNIZE ACTION EXPECTED TO BE TAKEN BY U. S. IN SHORT TIME CONTOOLS MOST LARGE CITIES Ha? Guaranteed live? and Prop erty of Foreigners Will Be Protected. Washington, Or.t. 7.-Recognition of t ie Carranza government In Mexi co, it was learned in official circles, will likely be accorded by the United States within the next few weeks. Recentlly tho Carranca authorities ?have given Ute American government j ti. statement which conform to consu lar reports showing that Carranza has achieved military success in Mexico, controlling mpst states and large cities, and guarantees bhat. the lives and property of foreigners will be given protection according to Inter national law: At the conference of Pan-American diplomats next Saturday, it is ?-Bliev cd the intention of the United States ?will be. communicated . by diplomats here to their countries so action can 1 J)o taken by other nations at tho same time. ASSOCIATION OF FARM IBM BIKERS Question of Rora] Credits Main Topic Discussed nt Open ing Session. __ St. Louis, Bio. Oct. 7.--T*ho cop s'en ti on of the Farm Mortgage Bang ers association or America began a two-day session here today. The discussion at the opening meet ing was to be centered largely on the matter of rural credits and farmers .who. haye made a study of the phase of finance were to address the dele gates. The purpose of the association bas been set forth/ as follows: "The encouragement ot state and national legislation affeceltng farm mortgage banking. "The collection and dissemination of information regarding farm mort gage investments. Assistance to the public in discrim inating between safe and unsafe se curities." ' The education of the public to the advantage of farm mortgage invest* ments." Delegates were in attendance from Missouri, Illinois, Kansas, Iowa, Georgia, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Texas, Montana, Wash ington. T*unessee, Nebraska, Indi ana, Louisiana and Now York. KILLED CAPU ANO CREW OF SUBMARINE American Muleteers Charge Brit ish Sailors Kilhut Germans After Submarine SurJk. New Orleans, Oat/ 7.-Coubt Von Bernstorff today Instructed tho tocal German consulate to investigate tho charges made by American mule teers ot the British ?hip Nicolina that Marines from Hie British patrol boat Boralong killed the. captain and ten men of a German submarine who climbed aboard the Nlcosian from Liverpool, paid the submarine Ore was damaging the Nie oslan when the p?trolier arrived.. Wbrd ?rom Wash ington tonight says state, department has confidential information on tho subject from th? British admiralty. TO HlQS MSVUXCT FOB ALLIES' LOAS TH LS WE*K . New York? Oct. 7.-J. P. Morgan said today all sixty m sm be rs of the underwriters syndicate would sign the contract for the Anglo-French loan this week when minor details underway now are worked, eui.