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Goodwin's weekly : a thinking paper for thinking people. [volume] (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1902-1919, February 20, 1909, Image 1

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I Goodwin's Weekly, I
1 Vol. XIV SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, FEBRUARY 20, 1909. No. 16 I
?
;i The Washington Anniversary
"H J TEXT TUESDAY will bo the anniversary
J (177th) of the birth of George Washington.
' The other day Woodrow "Wilson declared
that the people of New York City could not pro
duce another Lincoln. He might have added, New
York could not produce another Washington.
He grew up without much of any schooling, he
never could spell correctly, he took some elemen-
!tary lessons in surveying. Fiom the first he was
an athlete and a horse tamer, from the first the
sound of fife and drum were music to him. So
when the militia was formed, by natural selection
he was the captain. He was, moreover a woods
man; he knew all the habits of the wild game, and
further back, the habits of the wild savage.
So when a French-Indian war came on, and
Great Britain sent an accomplished officer with a
command to down the trouble, Washington went
along with his militia and, when approaching a
dangerous point, near where Pittsburg now is, he
ventured to say to the English general that the
appearances of things ahead were bad, that he
should not venture further without first sending
out some scouts to reconnoiter, and that educated
fool, disdaining to receive adivce from the back
woodsman, threw his men into what proved to he
an ambuscade and he and many of his soldiers
were killed.
In that moment the spirit of George Washing
ton shown out. He was everywhere in the fight,
he had five horses shot from under him, he saved
' the remnant of the command. So that when the
time was ripe for this nation to be born, Instinc
tively congress turned to him for a leader and for
the coming seven years, against all hardships and
against all dangers, he guided the shabby army
and wrought out deliverance to the land.
Then he was made President when he might
have been made king. He served eight years as
Ift President, served until the constitution was
formed and a free government fully established,
., and when he was called the whole world was
thrilled with sorrow, and the great CorsJcan, who
was then in the height of his power in France,
ordered a state mourning and that all his officers
should wear crape for thirty days.
The secret of it all was the character of the
(man. He was a man among men, he looked out
sharply for his own interests, but above all other
men aiound him, what was good for native land
r was what he determined to have, and so profound
were his convictions on this subject that fine
s scholars acknowledged his power, men in every
walk of life acknowledged his power; he was the
strongest character of his day; the influence he
left behind his country still retains and the flag
which was first baptized in blood over him has be
i come the symbol of liberty the world round.
Next Tuesday wherever there is an American
colony there will be memorial services, whereever
an American ship is tossing on the sea a solemn
salute will be fired in his memory. When he be
gan his work the settlements of our country con
sisted of a little fringe along the shore of the At
lantic; today 90,000,000 of Americans over the
whole continent, will hail his name in remember-
ance, and it will be so to the end of time with
every return of his birthday. The men of the
United States will send all halls to his memory
k and that memory will be an inspiration to every
real American on sea or on land. No American
army and no American fleet will ever go into
i battle without calling on his name.
t
I
From nothing, by his character he won immor
tality, a distinct place in the list of great men,
and one of the chief secrets of all his life was
that he loved his country better than himself, and
from boyhood up he held his fortune, his honor,
his life itself, as but belonging to his country and
subject every moment to his country's commands.
Schools of Patriotism
IN A RECENT bpeech Secretary Root expressed
a fear that our country was growing so grea" ,
and filling with so many conflicting interests,
that bye and bye it would break of its own weight.
The thought of some has been that to reconcile in
terests where states conflict, the power of the Fed
eral government should be increased. The presi
dent has advocated this in messages and speeches.
And that there is doubt where state authority
should stop and Federal authority should be para
mount, has often been seen of late, in the de
cisions of the higher state courts and the supreme
court of the United States. And! often decisions
are rendered by a bare majority of the bench, a
pronounced minority dissenting. This is evidence
of great unrest in the highest Bpheres, as though
men most capable of declaring the law were In
grave doubt. Secretary Root seems to think there
should be more careful work on the part of state
legislators, higher work; that only the ablest
men should be given places in state leg
islatures. If this could be done we do not
see how it could cure any present wrong, for
that would but give a more pronounced tone to
state; prejudices. A strong man, who' is a gifted
lawyer and an old legislator, has made all the
rumpus in the California legislature during the
last month. Ho has been the voice both of the
more 'timid conservatives and of the solid ele
ment; of the men who dread the coming of .Hla
tics because of the menace their coming in great
numbers would be, and of the other class whose
minds are filled with the spirit of boycott and
violence.
Our thought Is that a higher patriotism is the
one thing needed. How can that be fostered?
The states give all the children free schools;
free public schools, and in some of the states
free high schools are added. Minors are sup
plied with free school rooms, books and teachers,
these pupils accept as their right, and in these
schools as a rule, there is very little patriotism
taught, and few of the studies' are Calculated
to give children any special knowledge of the
great, benign government above them, or how it
is different from the governments of other coun
tries. We believe the generosity of the governments,
state and national should go a little further, but
as It advances there should be a change of tlie
rules. We believe the high schools should be re
served for such as in the public schools show
their worthiness to go higher, and that in those
schools a new text book should be added, in which
by questions and answers, the principles o our
government should be made clear and the dif
ference between our own and every other gov
ernment shown.
Then, we think, every state should have a
state university into which students could only
enter on merit. That it should be as free or ex
pe' , to the students as the public schools, but
that every student would fsel Jhat he or she was
t
l ' v
there as rqward for honest work in the lower fll
schools, and feel that they are wards of the state 111
and that not to do their best would be a disgrace ill
to them and a wrong to the government that jjll
gave them the oportunity to advance. Students ril
for this school should be nominated by the gov- 1
ornor on the recommendation of the state and II
county and city school superintendents. To l
graduate from such a school would make any 111
young man a patriot. In the same way the gen- II
eral government should have a university; its l
students in the same way to be selected from all fil
the states, not by congressional appointment, but II
on merit alone. The influence that would go out II
from these universities would, after twenty years, II
hold the country together and make the SI
men of every state; feel that to bo an American II
citizen was greater than to be a king.
The Fleet and Its Lesson jfl
THE FLEET Is in touch with native land by I
wireless, nnd if all goes well, before the H
present week is over the big ahlps will be
in port or close off the coast, H
When they pulled away from Gibraltar, the cor- H
respondents said that the ships -were in better ,H
order than when they left Hampton Roads, and H
that the discipline, or at least the efficiency, of jH
the crews was correspondingly greatly Improved. ,H
If anything was needed they were ready at the lfl
j
sound of a gong to spring to their places and to .H
promptly and swiftly perform any duty. In! that H
respect the navy of the United States is a model jH
for the schools and for business men in the con- jH
duct of their affairs, to imitate. It is good for the :H
people generally to imitate for it has behind it jH
simply the idea that every man should do his very 'H
best that followed by the people for a genera- H
tlon, would make of the American people the H
foremost among the races of men. There is so jH
much time lost in idleness; so many men are sat- H
isfled with indifferent work; so many thousands H
of men do not try to bring out the best that is H
in them. Boys shirk in school, men shirk at their M
work; thousands assume that they can shirk lM
and still obtain the reward which is only honestly H
due to perfect performance, and when there is j
shirking then there is a resort to a pretense that H
the thing Is well done, which is a cheat. lM
More than half the people live their lives M
through and pass on, when half of what was M
good in them and which by honest work they might M
have brought forth, dies with them. The work of jH
the navy is good for such men to imitate. M
Admiral Evans, who took the fleet around JH
South America to San Francisco, in a speech at IJ
the annual banquet of the Geographic society, jfl
his theme being the navy, among other things H
said: H
"My education in life has been along the lines I'M
of doing what I am told to do without answering jH
back. Therefore, when the Preslden ordered the 9
Atlantic fleet to go to California, I did not ask him jH
why he wanted it to go. I doubt if he would have JH
given me a satisfactory answer if I had."
In that sentence the key of tlio navy's effi- (S
clency can be found. Continuing the admiral fl
after saying the ships were In perfect order, said: H
"Now, about your men. The men we are get- jJ
ting now from the middle western states are the SH
best' material that ever put on a blue shirt, and jH
the best material that ever put on a blue shirt H
-H

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