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Goodwin's weekly : a thinking paper for thinking people. [volume] (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1902-1919, February 27, 1909, Image 1

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S Goodwin's Weekly. 1
Vol. XIV SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, FEBRUARY 27, 1909. No. 17 ! I
:
The Unemployed
MR. GOMPERS says there are 2,000,000 men
of the labor unions who were employed
(i two years ago, who are now walking the
i streets. We think that Is a mistake. Wo
think quite half that number went to Eu
rope when the depression and crash came
a year and a half ago; but whether that is true
or not, there are too many idle men in this coun-
try, and that fact ought to be a concernment to
the Federal government and every "state govern
nient, for enforced idleness is the most dangerous
menace to free institutions. When a man is will
ing to work and cannot get work, if long enough
Continued the man, according to his nature be-
'r comes either an enemy of society or, his fibre
& broken down, a willing mendicant. Let a proud
man be forced to beg for a few months and he is
wont to conclude, his pride being broken, that it
Is easier to beg than to work, or, in shame and
desperation, he is liable to assume that justice is
dead, and that it is right for man to prey upon
his fellow man. The government of course is
only expected to clear obstructions from the path
of the citizen, but in times of great depression,
when the "great" financiers, through their manip
ulations, have brought panic and stagnation to
1 . business, then the thought of how the destitute
ones can be provided foi !s, or should be, the
foremost question of the government. There is
plenty of work to be done which is needed. The
nation's defenses are not nearly perfect; there
are millions of acres of swamp lands which engi
neers say could easily be converted into fruitful
fields; there are rivers which should be canalized
and made navigable to relieve railroads from
their overburden of freight, and to reduce the
cost of transportation, and these needed works
should be rushed now while poor mjen need em
ployment. If necessary, the money to meet the
cost should be raised by issuing bonds. Let the
bonds draw 2 per cent and make them of the size
, of a gold note, to be redeemed In gold twenty
years hence, and let them pass from hand to
hand as money. The people would be glad to ac
cept them.
The tendency of the land is for the
money interests to run to combines, to make each
combine a rolling snowball to gather all the snow
' near, and the very poor have no chance. When
these rolling snowballs become avalanches then
8 devastation follows, and the poor are stranded.
s The thing to do is to increase general taxation,
to establish an income tax and make it progres-
sive, light on a thousand dollars, heavy on a mil
lion, and keep the men who are willing to work
employed.
We hear much about conserving natural re
sources, is there any resource so sacred and so
rich as the labor of strong arms? Is there any
other one thing so necessary as to keep every
J strong arm possible in productive work?
'U And speaking of labor and those who need
work, there is another class which does not work,
I but which ought to.
' Wo refer to the idle rich, to those who not
i being driven on by necessity, spend their days in
Idleness, and the pursuit of pleasure. This idle
ness is a most serious loss to the country and
the world, for the lives -of such p'eople amount
lo little more to the world, than the lives of pet
animals.
Longfellow and Emerson might have lived in
Idleness, had a good time and by this time would
have been forgotten. They would have missed
the fame that is now theirs, but they would have
missed also the joys which came of their work,
compared with which all the pleasures that wealth
can buy, are but Dead Sea apples. The loss to
the country would have been measureless. Take
away the inspiration and the incentive to try
which these writings have given and will for all
time to come give to the youth of this country,
and who can measure the loss.
Grant and Sherman had each tried business
and both had failed. When the war came on one
was a clerk in a tannery, the other teaching a
military school. Both were at work, but neither
was doing his best. The war brought to them
the necessity of doing their best and 10, the re
sult! We suspeot they both gave up their mill
lary studies when they left West Point, but then
neither of them craved any military honors savo
in defense of their country. If they had we
should have heard of them in some foreign land.
Von Motke got leave of absence, went to Turkey
and organized and put in fighting form the army
of the sultan. He was there a dozen years. In
thai time he had reduced war to an exact science,
so when under him the Prussian army struck first
Schleswig-Holstein, and again Austria, I triumphed
In a few week In the first war, in a day in the
second, and was already for the war with France.
We see all around us men who are not doing
their best, and the loss to themselves and the
country cannot be estimated. Gray wrote:
"Perhaps in this neglected spot is laid
Some heart once pregnant with celestial fire;
Hands that the rod of empire might have
swayed,
Or waked to ecstacy the living lyre."
But though he was a marvelous scholar In his
own and half a dozen other tongues, all he left
as a claim to ommirtal memory were a couple of
fahort poems. "He died with more than half his
sweetness In him."
Contrast him with Milton, his eye sight gone,
but still in his darkness dictating Paradise Lost!
"Suppose all Americans wore doing their very
best, what a land and race ours would be.
The Fleet Did Not Forget
THAT WAS a superb home-coming of the fleet
on Monday last. They were all in perfect
form and when the thousands of tens of
thousands of their countrymen shouted their wel
comes, in solemn majesty their great guns re
turned the welcomes as though the thrill of tho
home coming had infected those steel war engines
and given a new splendor to their "all halls!"
But one incident of the day has not been enough
dwelt upon. When the guns were roaring, bands
playing; when the flags were being dipped and
the acclaims of thousands of voices were rending
the air, suddenly as the noon hour struck, for a
moment silence fell, then out of the hush, from
every one of the great ships came the solemn
salute of twenty-one guns to the memory of the
first great president. What an answer to his
words: "In time of peace prepare for war." Each
gun answered affirming its preparedness; each
ship was an object lesson to show that, at least
In part, his words had been heeded, and that the
Great Republic Is alert and stronger than ever
before; that a reverence deeper than ever goes
out to the fla.g whose first baptism under a battle
canopy was carried by him.
i
For a hundred and ten years the dust of him, I H
who In life was George Washington, has been j H
resting In the simple sarcophagus at Mount Ver- nil
non, but never a vessel' passes up or down the
Potomac that its bell is not tolled when passing II
that spot, and on Monday last when the festivities HI
were at their height In the lower Chesapeake HI
bay; all were stopped to follow the rule which 1
is the rule of all American warships, that the
president's twenty-one guns might be fired from I H
each vessel and the flags dipped in honor of tho H
natal day of the father of his country. We know
of nothing just like that in history. The char- H
acter of a man grown so strong, as it is studied,
that after he has been asleep in the grave for a
hundred and ten years; a matchless, exultant j M
fleet, while receiving the welcomes of thousands, M
suddenly, when the noon hour strikes, remem- fl
bers that the day is the anniversary of the birth lfl
of its first Commander in Chief, and pr '' " 'n
its celebration, opens all its solemn guns an s
its flags to the immortal memory. iM
It is a lesson for every American boy; every
American boy should, so soon as possible, go to JA
Mount Vernon to learn, while looking at the sim- '
pie sepulchre there, that it is possible for every M
earnest American boy to earn for himself immor- M
tality, if ho but possesses the brain, the heart, M
the courage, the integrity and patriotism, to win M
The "Intelligent Juror" I
THE TRIAL now going on in Nashville for tho M
killing of ex-Senator Carmack has one fea-
ture which looks almost like a travesty on M
the assumed sacredness of a jury trial. It re- M
quired more than three weeks to select the jury, H
and when that duty was completed, behold tho
outcome. Four men on the jury are absolutely 11-
literate, two others can barely read; the entire M
twelve declared that they had read no newspaper
since the shooting and some said they had not M
read a newspaper in ten years. Much comment M
is being indulged in by the eastern press over M
that "intelligent jury," and it does seem strange M
that such a jury could be picked up In any one M
county in the United States. fl
And still who knows? M
We, In the United States, get our reverence M
for tho "right of trial by jury" from England.
When that was established, how many men in fl
England could read? Juries are supposed in a M
trial to judge the facts. It is a clear case that fl
this Tennessee jury have no theories that they jH
have picked up through reading newspapers and
trashy books, to distract their attention from tho H
facts as they are given on this trial. The only M
danger from them is that, no matter what facts
may be established, their verdict will uncon- H
sclously, perhaps reflect merely the unwritten B
code which very often governs in Tennessee and
other states. But would a knowledge of how to H
read and write, change the verdict? Again the H
fact that they have no knowledge as knowledge H
is esteemed by the world, is no proof that they
have no wisdom. When the great war was at its !H
height, a man who could neither read nor write, S
said to this writer: "If you could only write '
what I think, we could settle this business in 'H
half an hour." That showed at least that ho was l
thinking and had his own opinions. That awak-
ens another query, What is an "intelligent" jury?
What constitutes that array of twelve men, which
lawyers and newspapers delight in calling an
m

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