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I 10 GOODWIN'S WEEKLY
1 THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE STATE H The present generation in the H United States is revising its theories IH of the proper limits of state inter- M ference with private affairs. Within B a decade we have witnessed the es- H iabllshmont of regulation of the rail- H toads and other public utilities, and H in the field of social legislation there H has been an increasing assumption H of control over the individual. This H modification of the strict doctrine of H laissez faire is the most marked char- B acteristic of the drift in our political H and social life, and as the tendency H seems rather to accelerate tlian to abate thero is no topic which it be hooves the thinking American to pon der more than this says the Chicago Tribune. Thero is no doubt that the natural policy of special privilege to seize upon the laissoz faire dootrine in self defense has discredited what was and is a highly idealistic theory of hu man relations. It is difficult for this generation, which is waking sharply to the defects of laissoz faire and to the human evils which wore permitted to grow up under it, to do justice to it. The power that misuse liberty are the worst enemies of liberty, and while selfish and shortsighted ogot- I I BECKER'S BEER, j H If The cooling, satisfying draught; II H thirst-quenching, refreshing, a V H body, nerve and brain builder, m I H I The pure ingredients, m I H t The skillful brewing. Mil H The proper ageing. Mi 1 H The sanitary plant, MM m H I All contribute to JfJH I H J make Beckers Beer ustL I H a true health food JfJBL I H beverage. m Kk I H "Write lor or .FH H order direct from .fifljHI H Utah- jjbb 1 ism is exploiting humanity and de veloping social disease Under the" holy name of freedom, it is not easy to bo just. So perhaps today wo are already in clined to neglect What is good in the individualist point of view and to brush aside the wholesome fear our forefathers felt of the interference of the state in iprivate affairs. What we need is clear thinking to avoid a hasty acceptance of plausible extensions of public control and at the same time a sane refusal to be balked of real social betterments by academic theor ies of individual rights or vague fears of "paternalism." An excellent discussion of principles underlying the relations of the state to the individual is that of the distin guished English sociologist, Prof. Hob house, in the concluding lecture of a series delivered at Columbia last year and now published under the title, "Social Evolution and Political Theory." Prof. Hobhouse is better able to clarify our thought about the vexed claims of the social meliorlst and put us in harmony with the beat social effort of the day than individu alists like the late Prof. Sumner or his BritiBh predecessors of the heyday of laissez faire. Especially timely is the reminder that the assumed anthithesis between the rights of the individual and the welfare of the state, 'between liberty and restraint, is a false anthithesis. If liberty is a social conception, there can be no liberty without social re straint. If all restraints are removed one person may enjoy absolute lib erty. But his liberty will work some other person's restraint. ' Exces3 of liberty contradicts Itself," says Prof. Hobhouse; "there is only liberty for one and restraint for another." To establish liberty, therefore, is a prob lem of organizing restraints. If American judges of the laissez faire school had grasped this truth wo should not have had some of the remarkable decisions upon the "life, liberty, and property" clause of the fourteenth amendment, decisions which have bred the profound distrust and hostility to courts now manifest in the United States. We should not have had a solemn -judicial declara tion that a statute prohibiting wo men from working more hours than normal strength and well being al low, was a denial of their "liberty." A3 to the sphere of the state, Prof. Hobhouse defines it as to secure "those common ends in which uni formity or, more generally, concerted action is necessary." On the other hand, he holds that "purposes which can be secured without compelling the adhesion of those who do not ac cept them fall naturally within the sphere of individual enterprise and voluntary co-operation." Space is not available to summarize thU suggestive essay which, with the others in the volume, it is hoped will be widely read. But one further quo tation is indulged in as admirably stat in? th wise social and politioal tend ency of our day. The value of liberty, Prof Hubhouse finely says, "is to build up the life of the mind, while the (Continued on Pago 11 ) PRACTICAL , EXPERIENCE ' shows the great benefits accruing from regular weekly deposits in the Bank. Start an account now with the Continental National iBank and adopt this plan. 4 PER CENT PAID ON SAVINGS ACCOUNTS. SERVICE Our customer can at all times command our whole-hearted, un stinted efforts in his behalf. National Copper Bank The Wonderful AUERBACH REMOVAL SALE is Sweeping On Entire $500,000 Stocks AT A LOSS Rather Than Move Them To Our New Building. Every Day New and Startling Bargain Surprises.