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Vol. 27 SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, MARCH 17, 1917 No. 36 '
: ! ,m I I An Independent Paper Published Under :: the Management of T. L. Holman :: EDITORIALS B Y JUDGE C. C. GOOD WIN The Storm and The Strike ttITH the heaviest storm of the winter JL suddenly coming upon us, and a general m railroad strike called for today, the signs are mi anything but propitious. Surely it would seem m that starvation must follow in the wake of the B storm and the strike, unless immediate relief m comes from some unexpected source. - K Our situation is not pleasant to contemplate. B It looks as though the railroad brotherhoods mean BkJ business this time. The government cannot be m expected to control the weather; it has made a E miserable failure of its attempt to control the B railroad situation; it has been unable to control B the high cost of living; and the fact is that it B doesn't even seem able to control itself. To whom B then are we to turn for relief? B "We are at the mercy of the elements and of human agencies over which we appear to have JMi "o dominion, and only a stroke of rare good F ' i fortune can save the situation and preserve peace B and order among the people. BL The Awakening of the Bear B S"TT'T uas always been predicted that the time B ,JL would come when Russia would awaken B& from her sleep of centuries, shake off the shackles V of ignorance and superstition, and take up the :B long-contemplated march for a "place in the H" That time has come. The bear is wide awake, iBfr but the situation is vastly different from what B men anticipated. Think of it: An imperial ukase jflk ignored by the duma at a time when the whole Bp nation was under arms and the czar at the head B of his army. Then in swift succession came the fl revolution, the mutiny of the soldiers, the flight F' of the royal family, the abdication of the czar, He and the reorganization of the government all K this happened within the short space of a few E days. It is too early to discuss the details in- B vdlved with any degree of accuracy. The avail- B able dispatches simply tell of the bare facts sur- jE rounding the overthrow of the bureaucracy. Hr Does this shake-up mean that Russia has fln- Bp ally liberated herself for all time to come; Who 2M " knows but what she has at last found her "place IB in the sun," not by having her hordes overrun Wt lier noJBnljormS nations on an expedition of con- !k quest, but by providing within her own vast do- B main for the complete emancipation of her mil- ,R lions of down-trodden people? K , To Meet Submarines BL. .T"TS wo expected, President Wilson has discov- E !CJL ered that he has the constitutional right to ! issue permits for American private ship owners Bk to arm their vessels. It is like a chief peace of- !BF fleer giving a citizen the right to carry a revolver Hffi, when his way home, on dark nights, makes it ! r necessary for him to go through a dark alley where toughs congregate. Of all the silly excite ments, that aroused over the power of the presi dent, in a recess of congress, to permit the arm ing of merchant ships for self protection, is about the silliest. But the other morning we had the picture of one of our admirals who does not believe that the arming of merchant ships is the best way to stand off the submarines. The wonder of the world to us is the uncon cealed agitation of both Great Britain and the United States over this subject of submarines. All there is to them is that through their peri scopes they see a ship near; then they rise to the surface, get their bearings, discharge a torpedo, and if their aim is accurate the ship in all prob ability will sink. But all this maneuvering re quires considerable time. In that time a destroyer, if near, could hurl a dozen shots at the prowler; and American gunners on our ships have a bet ter reputation for accuracy than those of any other power. Why not send cargoes in squadrons and send with them destroyers enough to sink any submar ine 'that rises to the ocean surface near them? After a few lessons of that kind, the confident submarines would, be bound to lose some of their confidence. Submarines are not built for fighting,, or at least for defensive fighting. One shot .that strikes them is sufficient for all practical pur poses. Our belief is that American crews on de stroyers, in their talk at the mess tables, are saying: "Why does not the government give us a chance?" For one nation to sing: "Britannia Rules the Wave," and for another to sing: "Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean," and then for both to appar ently stand helpless before a little sea assassin, which has no power of defense, is a marvel to us. A floating mine at sea is a most dangerous de vice. But that a little craft, that depends upon its quick work to save it from destruction, should paralyze the navies of the earth and place the commerce fleets of the world in constant terror, is something which we are unable to understand. Especially so when the rule still holds that to sub due one force it is but necessary to meet it with a swifter and greater force. She "Hears Voices" rHAT if the peasant girl Perchaud should Vly prove to be a second Joan of Arc. Would it not give the French soldiers a new enthusiasm? She "hears voices," even as did the wonderful Joan of five hundred years ago; and why should she not, with irrepressible longings, soon hear a call, as did Joan, for her to lead the way to vic tory? There are more school houses in Franco than there were five hundred years ago; but human ' nature has not much changed. IFrance was in sore distress when Joan appeared. The English were threatening to make her's a subject people, but the inspiration of her coming turned the tide of battle; and though, later, she was betrayed, , arrested and turned over to the English for ex- ecution, her work was accomplished and the roll- M ing centuries have brought her saintship and im- -M mortality. M It is time for a great religious movement to M start somewhere. The groat war has proved to M millions of people that men, no matter how wise M and accomplished, are, after all, impotent to rulo M the world without Divine aid; that after all a M Divine hand sets the stage and calls the acts in M this world, and that human wisdom cannot set aside the inevitable or change the plans for tho M world's guidance. M We look for a mighty change before the sum- M mer is over. The nations cannot bear the pres- H ent tension much longer. M Who knows but that the simple peasant girl H who "hears voices" is yet to be tho instrument to M make a rift in the clouds, and lead the way to M victory and to peace? H Pending Horrors H irE have for months been urging the wisdom vJL of inviting the, neutral nations to send dele- gates to a peace congress to consider the changes H necessary in the international laws which are H supposed to govern all civilized nations. This, in the hope that something might bo accomplished M that would be acceptible to the warring nations M of the old world as a basis of settlement, and a M guarantee of lasting peace among all the nations. H We have expressed the belief that, as our's H is the greatest of tho neutral powers, the propo- H sition should come from President Wilson, offer- H ing a place for the meeting but not insisting that H it should be held on our soil. Moreover, that H such invitation should be likewise extended to H the Pope, inasmuch as so many millions of his H faith are involved in the death struggle .now go- H ing on in the old world. H What such a congress might have accom- H plished by this time is hard to estimate, but that M its united action would have made a profound im- H pression upon tho belligerents there can be no H doubt. It would at least have consolidated tho H opinions of all the powers not directly involved H in the war, and tho people in the warring coun- H tries would have heard of tho deliberations and H millions of them would have accepted the find- H ings of the congress as the right thing to do. H But what wo have been urging as a wise ex- H pedient has now become, as wo see things, a H necessity. It is clear from tho cables that Rus- H sia, Great Britain (or at least England), France jJ and Germany are even now almost upon the brink H of starvation. Wo do not count upon the spring H campaigns accomplishing any decisive results, M and when they shall have spent their force and H another winter falls, what then? H What can prevent a break down, a universal H crash, and then a cry for bread from millions of jH starving men, women and little children? B The horrors of the battlefields have shocked H the world. What is imminent now, if realized, H will intensify those horrors until those experi- M enced to date will seem but trifles by comparison M with those to be realized later. For if they come B