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Goodwin's weekly : a thinking paper for thinking people. [volume] (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1902-1919, March 24, 1917, Image 1

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li f o H
9
Goodwins Weekly
W Vo- 27 SALT LAKECITY, UTAH, MARCH 24, 1917 No 37 I
i yli Independent Paper Published Under
jf :: tfze Management of T. L. Holman ::
J ' EDITORIALS B Y JUDGE C. C. GOOD WIN
'
A Momentous Decision
HE decision of the Supreme Court on the
f V constitutionality, or more, perhaps, on the
I proper construction of the Adamson law, is a re-
minder of the great John Marshall's work while
he was chief Justice. Me found, in the original
constitution and laws, a rude framework imper-
fectly braced against storm or earthquake and ex-
posed on every side to the elements which, in de-
i praved hearts, would, if posible, prey upon and
f subvert any government founded on justice and
' the inalienable rights of a free people.
f Chief Justice Marshall took that structure,
f strengthened its foundations, straightened and
p" braced its framework, and then covered it with
I a fire and storm-proof covering, leaving it the
L most glorious example of the wisdom and power
p that ever came from the angels of Justice, Mercy
I and Freedom to mankind.
j The Adamson law was an expedient which,
' when framed, represented nothing except to post-
r pone a vexatious question, and to minister to the
L success of an Individual and party election. It
paid to a class of workmen, already better paid
than any other working men of the same class in
" the world, an additional stipend of $60,000,000 per
annum.
I I One of their spokesmen justified this on the
b ground that the roads were making vast profits,
t while the cost of living to the workers had in
t, creased 40 per cent; a most plausible story to
I those who look upon railroads as owned by a few
men who delight to grind the public.
If But when the late E. H. Harriman was at the
F height of his power and influence, he met that
? same argument by a simple question, which was:
Are not the eight hundred thousand (800,000)
stockholders in the roads under my control en-
titled to some interest on their investment?"
f $ But this is a diversion. Tho Supreme Court
took up this law for consideration, and the final
conclusion awards the increased pay to tho em
ployees; but it does not stop with that. It holds
that interstate railroads are quasi public institu-
' tions, on which the country leans for protection
'. against extreme want, and as a means of de-
, fenso in time of danger; that therefore, employees
t , of these roads, for the salaries they receive, sur-
render their original right to strike and bring con-
t ' fusion and loss and panic to the public.
It is an all-embracing decision. By it the men
f who last summer thought to gain more money,
, j and in a critical time were bold enough to deliver
lb $r an ultimatum to the government; who a week ago
T threatened, unless their demands were acceded
1 to, that they would do something which in effect
I would paralyze business everywhere and bring on
t bread 'am the great cities; these men are
6 served i a notice that, after all, the govern-
l ment is supremo and does not rest upon the
whims of a few labor leaders. They are warned
also that there are means to control them and
to make It impossible for them to jeopardize the
peace and safety of the nation.
It makes more clear than anything else that -has
developed in twenty years that free govern
ments possess the power of self-protection a sov
ereignty more impregnable than ever hedged
about an earthly throne.
The republic takes on a new majesty because
of it.
The Revolution In Russia
HE revolution in Russia, which in a week
V-X overthrew the ancient rule of the 'Romanoffs
and converted Hussia into a free state, 'bewilders
the world. So long and so absolute was that
rule, so unyielding and despotic; the Czar, tho
head of the church and the state, and so absolute
in control, that to be overthrown by an almost
bloodless revolution is a wonder and amazement.
It is said it started in bread riots, for Russia,
while completing through lines of transportation
had neglected to make her railroad lines cohesive
at home; the riots extended, expanded into a revo
lution that in a single week consummated into
such a cataclysm to the government as a gelog
ical period la to the physical world.
It was not the! war that brought It about, for
the command of the new government to tho armies
in the Held is to press on against the enemy. It is
in answer to the prayers that for a century have
been rising to a just God from Siberian prisons.
In Russia for generations, first the Czar, the
absolute ruler; then an autocracy, the most aus
tere in all Europe; then the higher class of Com
moners, whose sons have been banished for more
than a century for crying out against the tyranny
of the ruler over them; then the peasants who up
to sixty years ago were serfs; and lastly, the Cos
sacks, those nomads, wild riders and fighters, who
have made the; moving arm of the Russian army.
Did the more generous of the aristocracy join
with the more advanced of tho Commoners to
produce tho upheaval, or is there a Cromwell in
Russia?
The revolution and its results are surely a
world wonder.
Russia has suffered an appalling loss of lives
in tho war; more than any other power, save
Franco and Germany. The deaths are counted
by the millions
By the Danube and the Dnieper
The Cossack hero sleeps.
By the Volga and the Don
Tho Cossack mother weeps.
But this did not cause the uprising, and those
who 'believe that Germany will gain by It are
mistaken. Napoleon discovered that it was pos
sible to scatter Russian armies and capture her
capital, but that it meant final destruction to the
invader.
Then, too, there are the old antagonisms; an
tagonisms of race and creed and centuries of hate
the Slav against the Goth and behind all, the
old Asiatio fatalism, cruelty and love of conquest.
As tho revolution fills the world with wonder,
it ought likewise to fill the hearts of kings with
apprehension of evil to them, and at least stop
their claims to a Divine Right to rule. M
The Present Outlook H
yiHE advances ibeing made on the west M
KmS front in France by the Allies do not indl-
cato so many successes by the Allies as they do M
tho withdrawal, with as little loss as possible, fl
of tho Germans to a new line of defense. This M
new line has been made as nearly impregnable M
as possible, and behind it a new great army is M
being trained for the summer's work.
Wjhon assembled on tho new line, the Ger-
mans will wait in the hope that tho Allies will M
attempt to storm their strengthened position, and M
that in doing so the enemy will suffer fearful
losses. This is by way of preparing for a final fl
offensive of their own, an overwhelming advance
of their army, accompanied with renewed activ-
ity of their sea and air craft, a gigantic move
In unison of all the forces she can muster In
tho last desperate attempt to compel England
to consider peace terms. No doubt the military
authorities of France and England are fully M
aware of this, and are making such, preparations
as they are able to meet It. H
In the meantime, the advance or General
Haig's army, and of the Russian army, in Asia fl
toward Constantinople, if slow, seems to foe sure.
While it is filled with menace to the Turks, it M
likewise forebodes the taking of one more source
of food supply from the' Teutons. Then what M
is happening in Russia must be a source of vast
disquietude to the German emperor and his Im-
mediate advisers. What seemed impossible has M
happened there, and the suddenness of it, and
the almost bloodless overthrow of a four hundred
year dynasty, as it were, in a day, is such an M
example of what a united people can do, as must
have been a mighty shock to those who believe
in the Divine iRight of kings and the subjection M
of the people thereby. In the meantime, tho M
distress throughout Germany, tho distress and M
sorrow of the present, and tho anticipation of M
more sorrows to come, must be fearful. And the M
Allies are not much be v off. This is the time M
that the neutral nation should have been united H
and in a position to urge a settlement on all the H
powers at war. H
The farmers should plant all the acreage pos- M
sible this spring, for while we may speculate on H
probable results, the fact that half the civilized M
world will bo in a state of at least semi-starva- H
tion when the autumn comes seems already es- H
tablished. H
Nothing in history compares with tho present H
situation. To mankind, it has a look as though H
it were the beginning of chaos. H
Government Ownership Of Railroads M
HFTER tho old Central Pacific, the Southern M
Pacific and the Chesapeake & Ohio railroads H
were built, C. P. Huntington, who had been H
through all tho trouble of building and oper- H
ating those roads from tho first, expressed the H
belief that eventually the ownership of the rail- H
roads of the country would have to be assumed H
by the government of the republic. H

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