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H BY "SHBPHERD BOY."
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- ATTACHED INSTANTANEOUSLY
aaaaaaf, Wiw Mal Arfdrcss. Numbered if Desired.
LMIPAMM fer PeMltry, Plcaoim, Turkeys
B iJJjT LAKMT AMP 66. Salt Lake, Utah.
THE NEW WAY.
M. E. Sherman.
The "horse doctor" formerly was
a quack. lie picked up a smattering
around the stables of the racing men.
The knowledge he lacked he made
up by bravado. By the time he was
gray headed he learned a few things
that it was not well to do. He was
rained like some people by the ex
pensive school of experience, at the
cost of much suffering on part of the
animals and expense to the owner.
He always charged all the people
would pay. Today we have a noble
class of men in the ranks of veteri
nary mediciinc, recognized as full
fledged members of the regular pro
fession of medicine and surgery, af
filiated closely with the scientific men
of the medical profession.
The old idea was that a sick animal
was to be left alone to die or get well
with possibly the aid of some dose de
vised by the wild imagination of the
stable boys. A favorite dose used to
be boiled peach leaves' for colic. By
the time the leaves were gathered
and boiled down to a pulp the horse
was well or dead. If he was alive
the dose w"as drenched down him and
he was "cured."
How To Give Medicines.
The drenching of a horse is often
attempted by unskillful hands and the
animals receives a portion into his
lungs; after a few days of suffering,
dies. I had a man that knew abso
lutely nothing about horses -and in
one of our abscnocs from home at
tempted to drench a four-year-old
draft horse; when the horse resisted
he had him thrown down .and drench
ed him through the nose. When wc
came home an hour or so afterwards
he told of it. IFc felt abused when
wc told him the chances were against
the horse, for St was not proper to
drench a horse through the nose,
Sure enough the poor creature had
received enough of the drcjich into
the lungs to die within ai few days.
Today the scirncc of veterinary
medicine has advanced to the point
of making the regular doctor's outfit
nearly as extensive as the instruments
used by the reguhir attendant of the
human family. The pop gun that
shoots the ball of medicine down the
throat of the adrjenished horse Is
one that is in common use. It often
alarms the patient so greatly that it
is weeks before he will open his mouth
for the bit without a struggle. There
is now a long list of hypodermic medi
cines for the horse. These arc put up
in neat cases with syringe and full di
rcctions. These arc first vfo rather
than for dispensing with the vctcrin
ary surgeon. While I never hesitate
to give a hypodermic to a horse with
acute pain, still I send at once for a
veterinarian; the prompt use of mor
phJa often saves a rupture of the bow
els. Old Horses.
It is safe to say that nearly every
old horsc that dies while still useful,
dies from stomach or bowel troubles.
I sometimes think that the horses on
the ranch would live forever if sud
den colic did not carry them off.
Now these faithful old friends need
to be more carefully fed than the
younger horses. They need to be
watched; a little oil cake and bran
mixed with dampened rolled barley
will keep them thrifty for a long time.
The old horse has a value from train
ing in vineyard work that adds to his
work greatly. lie never tramps vines
and any kind of ai two-legged biped
can handle him. ITc often is far wiser
than his driver and more careful. Save
the old horse for the slow, careful
work and push the young one into
doing the heaivy or fast work.
"Floating" the Teeth.
The old horse, and, indeed, many
young ones, have rough irregular
teeth; these sharp edges wound the
sides of the mouth and the food is
bolted instead of chewed carefully.
The veterinary dentist uses a broad
file after pinching off the sharp point
to make the mouth level once more
In the West we often feed foxtail
hay. The sharp points run into the
miouth and often -a mass is found un
dcr the tongue. Once a day the hands
hould be put into the horses mouth
and all these pulled out. It is com
mon to find horses that have breath
so offensive from the rotten mass in
their mouth that it is noticeable as
you pass them tied along the racks-.
Many young horses bolt their food
too rapidly for perfect chewing. There
arc corrugated iron boxes to prevent I
this as well as several other patents. I
The cobbles from the washes large
enough for the horse not to be able to I
swallow make the cleanest things to I
use in the feed box. Three of these fl
will allow the feed to drop between I
them, and the horse's nose must be I
pushed down to nibble up his grain. I
A mixed diet often helps the young
horse as well as the older ones.
Chopped up pumpkins or beets or
carrots, five or six pounds once or
twice a week, will take the place of
green grass. Where a family horse
is kept, if the cook will be careful to
keep the tops of beets and outside '
leaves of lettuce and cabbage clean
and free from grease, the horse wi'l
be greatly obliged to the hands that
kindly add them to his food.
The only fears that come to the
horse owner should be the fear of not
watching his health. A little extra
care will make a horse live a long
time and keep well. Every stable
should have a half barrel to give a
horse a foot bath when necessary. It
should also have -a three-yard Jersey
bandage to be used on the leg that
' swells or stocks. The bandage is p;l
on beginning at the hoof and after it
is well wrapped, it is wet, then a pajit
leg or anything to keep it warm is
slipped over it. This is the only wat
er that should ever touch a horscs
leg. Keep the hose off him and watch
his teeth. Do not overwork or over
load him. He will then serve you
twenty or more years. I am driving
a marc eighteen years old that has
never lost a day from work by sick
ness since she was put into harness
fifteen years ago. She is sleek and
active as a well fed cat. Today she
will out-race any colt in the pasture
for the fun of going. Yes. Good old
Morgan blood. Pity there arc no
more of them. They arc spirited, but
gentle, intelligent and loving to their
owners. Nearer, perhaps, to the der
scription of the Arab horse that lrviecl
in his master's tent with the children
than any horse we have had in the
WANTED. A first-class, reliable (
man for my farm. Married or single. f
Will furnish house. Prefer 3 to S
year contract. We raise stone fruits,
peaches, cherries and apricots on
a, commercial basis; also poultry,
heavily. Will pay liberally for the
right kind of a man.
W. S. RAMER,
503 Atlas Block. Salt Lake City.