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I b THE DES,ERET .FARMER Saturday, july n, 1908.
I f DAIRYING H; I DEHORNING. B Dr. A. S. Condon Gives His Views . sB 1 To the Editor: Some one has sent H to mc a copy of THE DESERET M FARMER and for all of which I here m express due thanks. Hastily running m through the many interesting article M I, chanced on one entitled "horns a B detriment in the feed lot" and I ven- IH' turc a few words of observation m m thereon. The mam point sought to M be established half way down the sH X col 11 mn is set forth as follows, namc- j ly; "Indeed, from our obscrvatioi r of the operation of the behaviour ot fl animals while undergoing it '(dehorn m ing) we arc of the opinion that the M pain attending it is very much ex- m I aggcratcd in the popular mind." In M j deed, it is not exaggerated, nor is it m , possible for any combination ot K! wrds to exaggerate it. From an .in. j diistrial standpoint it may be defend 1 if ' cd. perhaps, but never from the as- m p.cct of trivial pain. I do not care 1 who the writer an The Wisconsin ssTl H ' Farmer is, I dare 'state 'without fear B of being questioned by competent B authority that the operation of dc- m horning a well developed and mature H bullock is productive of agony un- H .spcakablc,, and that animals suffer pr less by castcration, terrible as that Hj suffering is. . .' H, fel ,nm not writiifg this in opposition H to dehorning cattle, but the operator H should not be taught a false thcoty H; and seek to defend himself by the Hi v H words of a false teacher; he should H realize exactly the effect of liis acts H oh dumb onimals and continue to de- H horn them intelligently, if he thinks the interests of the herd require it. if The inner structure of the horn is afdense ganglion of nerve tissue rich H ly, supplied with blood channels and H all surrounded by a horny (keratin) feamc to I)rotcct thorn. So great is H the pain during the process of de Hi horning that I have seen nuimnls fall H to their knees in a faint and the bcl- H y H lowing die away for a moment to a H lv moan. H H iOi course all that Aickaniog Uel- H living, and the frantic plunging; to H Ufcak away, is a manifestation of H pleasure and a freak of the mimal H to amuse the spectators and add to H the hilarity of the occasion, or else 1 who docs the creature plunge anM bellow? v ( It is impossible for a human be ing,.! care not how emotionless and strong of nerve fiber he may be, to look on the scene of dehorning and say that it will be posstiblc for him to cvcr forget it. No man ever gets used to doing the operation and he always approaches the day therefor with dread. Many a mam has told mc this. Even butchers whose whole . lives arc spent in the shambles of blood and violence shrinks from the work of.dchorning cattle. I know, of miy own knowledge, two men, one is Weber and the other in Morgan county, who have been over come by manifestations of agony in the brute becing dehorned, and have fallen dead. I knew both men well and they were no mollycodles as t good many who will read this will certify, for .they will readily remem ber who I mean. How many more have fallen dead from heart shock on these occasions of whom I never heard, ofof course I cannot testify to, but there must be a large num ber; it would be singular -if such tragedy were confined solely to tliis little valley. Let the rancher gp right 'along aiu.1 continue to dehorn his, cattle, and let "the Dcscrct Farmer, arfd the Wiscon sin Farmer continue to teach the wis dom) and utility of doing it, but kt no one attempt to teach the doctrine that the dehorning of animals is a painless operation to the animals." THE PASTURE. ; i a. V Prof. H. R. Smith. i There is a great deal of current talk among farmers to the effect thai when land reaches a certain valua tion, sny $100 per acre, one can not afford to keep it in grass for pasture purposes. With pastures such as we often find on some farms, I am frank to say that the returns in beef would hardly pay a fair rate of interest on the investment. We know, how trtr, that it is possible to have on good rich land a growth of grais during an average season that will return net profit quite as great as the same land in grain crops. Eng lish farmers have a large part of their HHsVsHHHHsHHHHHHHsl land in grass, and land there com mands .a figure fully two or three limes as high as the best land in this country. If such a pasture as they have, which is the very best, docs not return a fair income on the invest ment, they certainly would not have so much grass. We have a pasture now on the university farm .which will easily produce 250 pounds of beef per acre without grain each season. Two hundred pounds per acre would be a very conservative estimate of what might be produced on any farm if a good stand of the right kind of grass es is secured. At 4 cents a pound thij would mean $8 per acre, which wouW pay interest and taxes on a valuation above $100 per acre. With a mixture of alfalfa and bromc grass much more beef than this could be made each year from one acre of ground. The trouble with many of our pastures in the state is that the right kind of grasses arc often not used, manure is seldom put upon them, and in many instances the fields aro ovcrpasturcd. Wc know very well that beef can be produced cheaper with grain on good grass than any other way. There is nothing that would furnish as much good feed to the acre as al falfa, but the danger from bloat is so great that there is almost too much risk in pasturing it. It is claimed, however, by a large number who have made the experiment that a mixture of bromc grass and alfalfa is a per fectly safe pasture, especially when .some discretion is used in turning on cattle. In fact, I find a large number of farmers make a practice of turn ing cattle on pure alfalfa. In several instances, however, they report soon er or later losses from bloat. I would recommend giving it a trial, as I am sure the returns would please. A GOOD WAY FOR FARMERS TO START A BANK ACCOUNT! Get a lot of good cows and a hand separator. Write to the ELGIN DAIRY, Salt Lake City and they will send you some ELGIN RED CANS. Fill the cans with cream; ship to the ELGIN. Keep on sending every week; then on the 10th of the follow ing month the ELGIN will send you pay for all the crm you delivered the previous month; then start your bank account, but keep on shipping cream as long as you have any ue for money! FOR SALE. Two Purc-brcd Hol stein Bulls, one four months old, the other about a year and a half. For further particulars write, NELSON BROTHERS, Richmond, Utah. THE COW PEA. One of Salt Lake's dailies last week advocated the use of the cow pea by Utah farmers, but the writer of the article confessed that he didn't know much about it. The confession was not necessary. Cow peas, arc as the writer said a leguminous crop and therefore a soil renovator; in other words it plays the same important role in gathering nitrogen that clover docs in Wisconsin or luccrn in Utah. Cow peas arc especially well adapted to the south and wc believe would succeed in the St. George country without question. It is more of a bean in its botanical relations 'than a pei, being closely identified with the lima beans of our gardens. Wc do not hesitate to say that lu ccrn makes a better forage crop for Utah than cow peas and the wise farmer will leave the testing of cow peas and other untried crops to the Experiment Station until they know that they arc on safe ground. w PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE. A number of young men graduates of our Agricultural College will enter eastern colleges and universities this fall to better equip themselves for usefulness in our homlc school. Prof. Stewart goes away to take up ad vanced work in agricultural chemis try; Prof. Greaves has just returned from Illinois State University with his M. S. degree; Prof. E. G. Peter son goes away for a year or two for work in Bacteriology; Mr. Harris for work in Agronomy; Mr. Jensen for work in Physiological Botany, and next year a number have announced their intention of going away for ad vanced work. In preparing these young men for these responsibilities Dr. Widtsoe is showing a determination to plact the Agricultural Collet ripht in the front ranks. He h not r.nly giving these young men leave of abfftnce ior vtudy but if, giving thcut every euco.i .u meut, and we can tee In this m' mem a faculty thn i" 1 ftw -' will make r . - U - .i-'t rA College the pride of evi nion of tin int. mountain 1 nuntty SMSSSMBWWMMIlwitMMniMiiMTiiaMTiiinMiiMiMfiniiiHiHiiii i