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Deseret farmer. (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, July 11, 1908, Image 8

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2010218520/1908-07-11/ed-1/seq-8/

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I b THE DES,ERET .FARMER Saturday, july n, 1908.
B Dr. A. S. Condon Gives His Views .
1 To the Editor: Some one has sent
H to mc a copy of THE DESERET
M FARMER and for all of which I here
m express due thanks. Hastily running
m through the many interesting article
M I, chanced on one entitled "horns a
B detriment in the feed lot" and I ven-
IH' turc a few words of observation
m thereon. The mam point sought to
M be established half way down the
sH X
col 11 mn is set forth as follows, namc-
j ly; "Indeed, from our obscrvatioi
r of the operation of the behaviour ot
fl animals while undergoing it '(dehorn
m ing) we arc of the opinion that the
M pain attending it is very much ex-
m I aggcratcd in the popular mind." In
M j deed, it is not exaggerated, nor is it
m , possible for any combination ot
K! wrds to exaggerate it. From an .in.
j diistrial standpoint it may be defend
1 if
' cd. perhaps, but never from the as-
m p.cct of trivial pain. I do not care
1 who the writer an The Wisconsin
H ' Farmer is, I dare 'state 'without fear
B of being questioned by competent
B authority that the operation of dc-
m horning a well developed and mature
H bullock is productive of agony un-
H .spcakablc,, and that animals suffer
pr less by castcration, terrible as that
Hj suffering is. . .'
H, fel ,nm not writiifg this in opposition
H to dehorning cattle, but the operator
H should not be taught a false thcoty
H; and seek to defend himself by the
Hi v
H words of a false teacher; he should
H realize exactly the effect of liis acts
H oh dumb onimals and continue to de-
H horn them intelligently, if he thinks
the interests of the herd require it.
if The inner structure of the horn is
afdense ganglion of nerve tissue rich
H ly, supplied with blood channels and
H all surrounded by a horny (keratin)
feamc to I)rotcct thorn. So great is
H the pain during the process of de
Hi horning that I have seen nuimnls fall
H to their knees in a faint and the bcl-
H y
H lowing die away for a moment to a
H lv moan.
H iOi course all that Aickaniog Uel-
H living, and the frantic plunging; to
H Ufcak away, is a manifestation of
H pleasure and a freak of the mimal
H to amuse the spectators and add to
H the hilarity of the occasion, or else
who docs the creature plunge anM
( It is impossible for a human be
ing,.! care not how emotionless and
strong of nerve fiber he may be, to
look on the scene of dehorning and
say that it will be posstiblc for him
to cvcr forget it. No man ever gets
used to doing the operation and he
always approaches the day therefor
with dread. Many a mam has told
mc this. Even butchers whose whole
. lives arc spent in the shambles of
blood and violence shrinks from the
work of.dchorning cattle.
I know, of miy own knowledge, two
men, one is Weber and the other in
Morgan county, who have been over
come by manifestations of agony in
the brute becing dehorned, and have
fallen dead. I knew both men well
and they were no mollycodles as t
good many who will read this will
certify, for .they will readily remem
ber who I mean. How many more
have fallen dead from heart shock
on these occasions of whom I never
heard, ofof course I cannot testify
to, but there must be a large num
ber; it would be singular -if such
tragedy were confined solely to tliis
little valley.
Let the rancher gp right 'along aiu.1
continue to dehorn his, cattle, and let
"the Dcscrct Farmer, arfd the Wiscon
sin Farmer continue to teach the wis
dom) and utility of doing it, but kt
no one attempt to teach the doctrine
that the dehorning of animals is a
painless operation to the animals."
i a. V Prof. H. R. Smith. i
There is a great deal of current
talk among farmers to the effect thai
when land reaches a certain valua
tion, sny $100 per acre, one can not
afford to keep it in grass for pasture
purposes. With pastures such as we
often find on some farms, I am frank
to say that the returns in beef would
hardly pay a fair rate of interest on
the investment. We know, how
trtr, that it is possible to have on
good rich land a growth of grais
during an average season that will
return net profit quite as great as
the same land in grain crops. Eng
lish farmers have a large part of their
land in grass, and land there com
mands .a figure fully two or three
limes as high as the best land in this
country. If such a pasture as they
have, which is the very best, docs not
return a fair income on the invest
ment, they certainly would not have
so much grass. We have a pasture
now on the university farm .which will
easily produce 250 pounds of beef per
acre without grain each season. Two
hundred pounds per acre would be a
very conservative estimate of what
might be produced on any farm if a
good stand of the right kind of grass
es is secured. At 4 cents a pound thij
would mean $8 per acre, which wouW
pay interest and taxes on a valuation
above $100 per acre. With a mixture
of alfalfa and bromc grass much more
beef than this could be made each
year from one acre of ground. The
trouble with many of our pastures in
the state is that the right kind of
grasses arc often not used, manure is
seldom put upon them, and in many
instances the fields aro ovcrpasturcd.
Wc know very well that beef can be
produced cheaper with grain on good
grass than any other way.
There is nothing that would furnish
as much good feed to the acre as al
falfa, but the danger from bloat is so
great that there is almost too much
risk in pasturing it. It is claimed,
however, by a large number who have
made the experiment that a mixture
of bromc grass and alfalfa is a per
fectly safe pasture, especially when
.some discretion is used in turning on
cattle. In fact, I find a large number
of farmers make a practice of turn
ing cattle on pure alfalfa. In several
instances, however, they report soon
er or later losses from bloat. I would
recommend giving it a trial, as I am
sure the returns would please.
Get a lot of good cows and a hand
separator. Write to the ELGIN
DAIRY, Salt Lake City and they will
send you some ELGIN RED CANS.
Fill the cans with cream; ship to the
ELGIN. Keep on sending every
week; then on the 10th of the follow
ing month the ELGIN will send you
pay for all the crm you delivered
the previous month; then start your
bank account, but keep on shipping
cream as long as you have any ue
for money!
FOR SALE. Two Purc-brcd Hol
stein Bulls, one four months old, the
other about a year and a half. For
further particulars write,
Richmond, Utah.
One of Salt Lake's dailies last week
advocated the use of the cow pea by
Utah farmers, but the writer of the
article confessed that he didn't know
much about it. The confession was
not necessary. Cow peas, arc as the
writer said a leguminous crop and
therefore a soil renovator; in other
words it plays the same important
role in gathering nitrogen that clover
docs in Wisconsin or luccrn in Utah.
Cow peas arc especially well adapted
to the south and wc believe would
succeed in the St. George country
without question. It is more of a
bean in its botanical relations 'than
a pei, being closely identified with
the lima beans of our gardens.
Wc do not hesitate to say that lu
ccrn makes a better forage crop for
Utah than cow peas and the wise
farmer will leave the testing of cow
peas and other untried crops to the
Experiment Station until they know
that they arc on safe ground.
A number of young men graduates
of our Agricultural College will enter
eastern colleges and universities this
fall to better equip themselves for
usefulness in our homlc school. Prof.
Stewart goes away to take up ad
vanced work in agricultural chemis
try; Prof. Greaves has just returned
from Illinois State University with
his M. S. degree; Prof. E. G. Peter
son goes away for a year or two for
work in Bacteriology; Mr. Harris for
work in Agronomy; Mr. Jensen for
work in Physiological Botany, and
next year a number have announced
their intention of going away for ad
vanced work.
In preparing these young men for
these responsibilities Dr. Widtsoe is
showing a determination to plact the
Agricultural Collet ripht in the front
ranks. He h not r.nly giving these
young men leave of abfftnce ior vtudy
but if, giving thcut every euco.i .u
meut, and we can tee In this m'
mem a faculty thn i" 1 ftw -'
will make r . - U - .i-'t rA College
the pride of evi nion of tin int.
mountain 1 nuntty
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