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H & THE DESERET FARMER Saturday, July as, igo&
I SUOfR BEETS 1 PROBLEMS OF BEET CULTURE H IRRIGATION. H Jr , H ,, , By Jesse H. Buffum. Lm . H H Even when grappling with the ru- H alimentary principles of irrigation, wc H arc dealing with nn art and an agri H cultural principle upon the applica- H tion of which swing vast successes or H unlimited failures. Scarcely ican you Hj name a more potent factor in the pro- H grcss of American agriculture than H this gigantic industry whose progress H and almost universal application has H been so marked within the last dc- H cade or two. Wc tare rapidly gaining H a conception of the possibilities of H water artificially applied, and while H present-day accomplishment has fully H justified the loftiest expectations of H earlier dreams, most welcome of all H is the unquestioned development yet H to come. Out of the practical acumen H of the past is to grow a wider prac H ticc of the general principles of irri- H gation, and I derive greater satisfac- H tion from the promise that farms and H fields of small proportions arc soon H to recognize and utilize these peculiar H advantages, than from any other as- H pc,ct of our progress. H It is decidedly surprising that right H in -the face of the repeatedly demon- H sfratcd practicability of irrigation ttn- H clcr all sorts of conditions affected by H special environment that the majority H of, farmers throughout the land are H ignoring the virtues of some sort of H system of applying waicr at will. "VVe H know that many a farm possesses H small streams or other available water H supply that probably runs to waste, H JI9SC application to the field or gar- H c5fr might baffle some severe drought, HI that othenvise would work the dc- Hh struction of crops. I surmise that H thtl gigantic scale on which this mctli- Hj od'of watering is done in the West H has blinded the average farmer, cast H atul west, to the advantages and pos- M sibilities of individual irrigation on M a small scale. It is quite out of my M intended way to point out the specific M directions' whereby individual farm- m er may establish irrigation systems m ofthcir own, as- the problem .in hand m is to discuss the relation of irrigation H to the sugar beet industry, but I can- H not pass this pjiase of the subject by m without reference ' to ' the rpo5HiBlHTics" in the small farmer's direction as yet untried. We shall witness greater advancement in this special line with in the next twenty years than that shown in the whole general history of irrigation on this continent. I care not how ample the rainfall, or what natural conditions render your locali ty superior to many others, there is scarcely a region in the United States that do.es not need, and that will not have, within the next decade perhaps, successful irrigation sytcms of its own, for Irrigation must be universal ly regarded as a method of soil im provement rather than a remedy for impoverished conditions, before ap- proximate success can crown the ef forts of the irrigator in whatever clinic. It is highly significant, and the fact is witnessed to in every direction, that irrigation and sugar beets go hand in hand. The two seem almost inseparable, yet they arc not, or should not be. But any adequate dis cussion of the sugar beet industry that comprehends all phases of meth od and culture would be far from complete without an exhaustive con sideration of applied water to this valuable crop. I suppose the real reason why the two development have come (concurrently lies in the fact that irrigation impels intensive agriculture, and if there is any one crop abov'c all others- Unit is essen tially synonymous with the intensive idea, the sugar beet is that crop. Ir rigation put in force demands that nothing short of the greatest pos sible profit can warrant its introduc tion. Let us be bold enough to say that no gcncrnl crop produced can be made to pay as well as sugar beets, and wherever they do not maintain this standard, notliing but the grower or the conditions under his control is at fault. It is one and the same thing intensive practice that scares the indolent farmer and encourages and inspires the progressive and am bitious agriculturist. So, largely, to irrigation wc owe the great advance ment of sugar beets as a successful agricultural product, at least in many regions where without this artificial moisture, always on tap, the best crop in all the continent could not possibly, be missed. And wc owe it to quJ ivesWd tb fhq rnMuflargeHS understand as fully as may be pos sible the exact relation that irrigation should bear to the production of beets. Why do wc irrigate? Is it to gir the plants a drink, or do wc act on the desire to keep the soil in fit phy sical condition? While wc arc at '.t let us acknowledge that in practice it is lamentable to admit that we are prompted usually by the apparent suf fering of the plant; wherein wc make the one fatal mistake and abuse the intended benefits of irrigation. This is passing. Let us first get down in to the soil, for it is impossible, to my mind, to get anywhere near a rea sonable understanding of such a sub ject without first attaining sQnm knowledge of the principles involved. Why wc irrigate, is the most im portant question of all, so wc nuut at the outset determine what becomes of our water and what it is going to perform, else wc work at random when wc turn water onto our soil. Wc are going to discover that unintel ligent application of water works de struction as often tie it results in good. Soil is a groat water retainer. It will absorb and temporarily hoM moisture to a surprising degree, clay, for example, being an absorbtut al- FOR SALE. One Thoroughbred Holstein-Frissian Bull, 3JA years old, Registered. Bread by Wm. O. Jack son, South Bend, Indiana. For fur ther particulars write to JAMES DAY, Fillmore, Utah. "Cheapest Ever" wtmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm mm Berry Cups and Fruit Box Material at Chas. F. Grout 352 24TH ST., ODGEN M. CHR1ST0PHERS0N, Mgr. 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