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I 4 THE DESERET FARMER Saturday, july 25, 1908.
If THE DESERET FARMER II (THAT BIG FARM PAPER.) I Combined With "Rocky Mountain I Farming." I Established 1904. I Official Organ of the I Utah State Poultry Association. II Utah Horticultural Society. I! Utah State Dairymen's Association. ' Utah State Bee Keepers' Association. I; Bear River Valley Farmers Protec- tivc and Commercial Association. I' Utah Arid Farming Association. Hi l Issued every Saturday by the Dcs- crct Farmer Pub. Co., Salt Lake Sc- I curity & Trust Building, Salt Lake I City, Utah. Entered as second class matter Dec. ! 27, 1905, at the PostofTicc at Salt I I Lake City, Utah. I All communications, whether relat- ing to subscriptions, advertising or I containing matter for publication I should be addressed to "The Dcscrct I Farmer," Salt Lake Security & Trust Building, Salt Lake City, Utah. I ft inscription price $1.00 per year Hi (Strictly in Advance.) l Advertising rates made known upon I application. The right is reserved to I reject questionable advertising. I All remittances should be made to "The Dcscrct Farmer," Salt Lake Sc- curity & Trust Building, Salt Lake City, Utah. I, Lewis A. Merrill Editor ' P. G. Peterson Asst Editor J. H. Harper Business Mgr. I Salt Lake City, Utah, I Saturday, July 25, 1508. I Next issue will complete volume .f. I In the Inst issue wc will print an in- dex of volume 4 at the request and I for the convenience of a uumbor of lj subscribers. lj An old student of the Editor I writes: HI love the Dcscrct armct I, and believe that it is the greatest I factor within the State today for the 1 upbuilding of Utah agriculture." 1 O' - The "Granny" who writes "feow I! pea" editorials for the Descrot News I boasts of his appreciation of tho work I of the Experiment Station. Dollars I to doughnuts, he has never visited 1 mt cxporimontal farm and hasn't the I slightest idea of what an "expert- I' ment" would look like. I, The hot dry weather has taught I, our dry farmers the valuable lgon j that if the moisture be properly cgn- H served thorc is no crop fniluro on the dry farms. The "rotation of crops" H idea may be alright for the Washing H ton theorists, but don't work out in practice or the Utah dry farm. TTft Utnli Fruit crop this year will be the largest in quantity hC best in quality of any time in its history. Fruit growing is going to rival min ing in importance, in this .grate within the next few years. ... .n . - While sojourning in Southern Utah at this season of the year isn't the most delightful experience in the world, yet "Ye Editor" finds so many interesting agricultural problems that the discomforts arc easily forgotten. o "Ye Editor" is spending the week in company with Director. Ball of tlu Experiment Station, inspecting the State Arid Farms in Iron and Wash ington counties. The trip there at this time of the year u'sn't exactly a summer vacation. Four counties, Weber, Boxcldcr, Morgan and Davis will unite in hold ing an agricultural and horticultural exhibit just prior to the State Fair It is a commendable undertaking and the Dcscrct Farmer will aid in every way within its power. The permanent and stable growth of Utah is due to the wisdom of Utah's great pioneer leader, who in structed his followers in the art of agriculture. Brigham Young did not believe in "chasing the pot of gold," at the foot of the rainbow, 1 "U - ' k Wc can promise our readers and supporters that Volume V Willi excel any previous volumes of the Dcscrct Farmer. The oxperts at the Agricul tural College arc to conduct various departments, thus insuring our rcauy, ers the best agricultural information obtainable, ' o ' TURKEY RED WHEAT. From a notice appearing in another pjirt of this issue, it seems 'that the Inter-Mountain Milling Company are making an effort to get the farmers to grow Turkey Red wheat. This is a very commendable effort as the Turkey Red wheat is proving to be ou load'or on the various Experimental arid. farms. The wheat stands at the hood of the list in yielding qualities, and in a recent bulletin issued by the Utah Experiment Station, it is phueod at the head of the list in .milling quali ties. Since the Turkey Red wlwat has been grown successfully in this state on the various experimental arid frms, it is desirable now that the farmers get together and make this wheat the leading one for this region. It has long been recognized that the wheat from Kansas makes' the yory best flour, .and as a mat tar of fact flour from that section has- bocn shipped into this state for a number of years. If the Utah farmers will co-operate in growing this wheat in sufficient quantities, wc tare assured that the importation of flour from other sections can be stopped, a con summation certainly to be desired. u Prof. E. G. Titus, Entomologist of" the Utah Experiment Station was called to California during the week to investigate a new pest of the Cali fornia beet growers. Prof. Titus has been in this section several times be fore this season, and as his work be comes better known, there is a great er appreciation on the part of the beet growers there. The professor is cer tainly a diligent and able worker, and the Utah Station is extremely fdrtuu tc in having his services. It is ex tremely fortunate that our Station is manned by such a competent, capable staff, and they arc doing a great amount of good, not only for the farmers of Utah but for the entire western country. THE NEPHI HIGH SCHOOL. A circular has recently been issued fromi the Trustees of the Ncphi School District descriptive of the work r f tlve Ncphi- High School. This ' School has for several years now maintained courses in Agriculture and Domestic SciencQ and the people there feel a pride in the results. The dignity, beauty and importance cf farm and home work is emphasized and the boys and girls of Nephi are realizing a greater- love for nature and farm life then ever before. They are acquiring facts and principles that will be a direct and lasting benefit to them all their lives. The kind of n education the young people of Ncphi arc receiving has proved a sure load to commercial de velopment and greatly increased wealth. The tremendously productive results which have already come from the work of agricultural colleges and experiment stations may be multiplied a hundred fold b the method fol lowed by tlto JSeplil people thst of teaching the definite and systematic truths of agriculture and domestic science to the young people of the high school. The people of Ncphi have for several years now had very successful experience in this work ' and it seems to us that they have set a very worthy example to be followed by the people of other localities. Mr. R. F. Homer, "a graduate of the State Agricultural College is the efficient and popular principal. n COVER CROPS. So far, there has been in Utah, very few farmers or fruit growers who have resorted to the use of cover crops in any extensive way. Wc be lieve that this method should be more generally employed'. The Experiment Station authorities and practical or chardists unite in advocating the seeding of orchards down to some nitrogenous cover crop along in July or August. Mammoth clover, vetch, or crimson clover, all have been used, with success in this state for this purpose. Until July or August the orchard should be given thorough cultivation. Wc know of one practical horti culturist in Salt Lake county who has his orchard seeded to grass, and who keeps- hogs among the trees con stantly. Wc do not believe, however, that this method is generally prac ticed, audi as far as wc can sec it has no merits that could commend it to onchardists who desire to secure best results. It seems to us that it is ab solutely essential that the orchard should be given tillage for at least a part of the year. Tn no otjicr way can the plant food in the soil be made available. Then there is the prime object of conserving moisture, though where irrigation is practiced, it is contended that this is not so essen tial, j Orchards in full bearing draw hcav- I ily upon the plant food in the soil, ajid certainly where the returns from the orchards are so ample as are found in Utah orchards, there is no justification for tuny man attempting , to grow -a crop of fruit and a crop of hogs from the same land. Where manure is scarce, a crop of any leg ume will assist very materially in rendering available the plant food al- ' ready there, and in addition of QQursc, 1 some nitrogen will be secured from j i 1 1 ;