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Deseret farmer. [volume] (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, August 15, 1908, Image 10

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H 10 Til DK1KRET FARMER Saturday, august x5 1908.
I 1 ORNITHOLOGY
A NEW GULL FOR UTAH.
, ! . ' i
S. H. Goodwin.
fl Written Jor the Dcscrct Farmer. f ,
1 The well known story of the enck-
m cts and the gdlls, with its naive and
fl interesting embellishments, and the
H positive service rendered by the scv-
m -cral members of the family Laridac
M already within our borders, make the
M tadvent of another gull worthy of
M more than a passing notice. And the
m grace -and exquisite beauty of the
1 stranger give it an interest that it
M quite independent of that which at-
B fcacheg to other members of the genus.
H I have called this "a new gull for
H Utah." If the bird docs not belong
H m this category it is because record of
m its earlier appearance has escaped the
notice, not only of "he present writer,
1 but that of other students of the bird
H life of Utah as well. The bird which
H is here given the distinction of being
H new to Utah is the Franklin Gull
H (Larus franklinii), But before giv-
H ing the particulars oi the taking of
H, the first specimens of this species in
H, the state, a brief reference to a cur-
H! ious situation in connection with the
H common Utah Gull (Larus californi-
H cits), may not be without value.
H For some reason, not apparent,
H several writers have referred to the
gull which comes to us in such num
4 bens in the spring, end not a few of'
which pass the winter with us, as the
Franklin. A misplaced note on the
habits of the California , Gull in
Bailey's "Handbook of Birds of the
Western United States," may .have
been responsible, i-n part, for the er
ror (For correction of the same by
tine present writer, and acknowledge
ment by Prof. Bailey, sec "The Con
dor," Vol. 3, p. 99, and Vol. 7, p. 82).
But that so careful an authority as
Dr. A. K. Fisher, should be misled
into naming the Utah bird the Frank
lin, is occasion for .surprise. Quoting.
Dr. Fisher, and, apparently, without
verifying the identification, Frof. Ed
ward Howe Forbush ornithologist to
Massachusetts State Board of Agri
culture in his recently .published and
most valuable book' "Useful Birds
and their Protection," connects the
Franklin Gull with the destruction "of
the crickets in pioneer days. To make
the (incident more real to his readers,
Prof. Forbush has inserted a picture
(page 66) of the destruction of the
crickets. The gulls of this picture
arc 'black-headed, every one, and some
of them even show the distinctive
white eyelids of Frankliniill That
ought to be convincing proofl But in
spite of this, the fact remains that the
Franklin Gull had not been taken in
H
I lHiiLL DAN HANS0N
I SyB ELSINORE, UTAH
Utah till the present soaison, or if
taken earlier, not reported.
The circumstances connected with
,thc taking of this bird are as follows.
Two, years ago the writer, in com
pany with Dr. Ball, now Director of
the Utah Experiment Station, and W.
O. Kuudson, of Brigham, spent the
larger part of three days an the Bear
River "slues" -the extensive marshes
and numerous channels through which
the waters of that nvcr find their way
into the Groat Salt Lake. On. that
occasion a single black-headed gull
was seen, but it was out of range
before the gun could be brought into
service, and it was called the Bona
port Gull (Larcus Philadelphia), as
that species had been taken in the
state. Several hours of that, our last
day there, were spent in an attempt
to find other black-headed gulls, but
without success. The opportunity to
pay another visit to that particular
region diet not present itself till the
present season. On June 2, and again
in company with Mr. Knudson, with
headquarters at the Knudson club
house, the search for black-hcad'cd
gulls was resumed. And into whnta
water-bird paradise we came. Every
where about us were Grebes, and
Gulls, and Terns, end Cormorants,
and White Pelicans great hosts of
these huge creatures lined up along
the shore of the small bay and
Ducks of ten or twelve species, and
Geese with their trumpct-likc, blood
stirring "honk, honk, honk," and
White-faced Ibis, and Heron of three
species, and Rail of two kinds, and
Avoccts and Stilts with their meag
rely built nests sown on the mud flats
in the most reckless profusion all of
these and others, to say nothing of
the swarms of Blackbirds of four
kinds, and Wrens, and Ycllowthroats
and Swallows of five species, and
many, many others. The bird man
.vas fairly beside himself with de
light. Our labors on the first day
brought many returns, but not the
bird we sought On the following
morning we set out early, picked up
an additional boatma-n to aid in the
search, and were so.m hard at work.
Rain came in sheets part of the time,
but neither the birds nor the bird
hunters minded it in the lccist. The
forenoon had passed, the lunch had
been disposed of, and we were just
pushing our boats out into one of the
shallow "slues," when the excited cry:
"A- black-headed gull'1 brought two
gunls from the boats in double quick
time and before the bird could get
out of range, the true aim of the old
duck hunter sent him whirling to the
mud flat. As the writer picked up this
beautiful bird and the delicate rose
tint of the body and white eyelids
contrasting sharply with the soot
black head proclaimed it frainklinii,
not Philadelphia his pleasure may be
imagined but not described. To make
the acquaintance of .1 bird new to one,
and at the same t'mc add it to the
bird life ol a state, is an experience
that docs not occur often enough to
become commonplace. The report of
the gun brought other gulls about us,
including some sixtocn or eighteen of
the Franklin; of these we secured six,
and on the following day one enough
to establish the record beyond ques
tion. Thcne have been not a few "red
letter (Pays" in the bird experience of
the writer, but none that has afforded
greater pleasure than that upon which
he beheld for the first time a Frank- .
tin Gull, and had hc satisfaction of
knowing that a new member had been
added to the bird family of Utah.
o
BLACKHEAD IN TURKEYS.
Editor Dcserct Farmer: From the
description given in the "Farm Paper"
June 20, 1908, page 10, we lirxvc the
blackhead among our turkeys. Can
you give us any remedy thnit will
chock this terrible disease? About s
ten days ago we bad 140 small tur
keys that would average about two
pounds each, and now we can't count
75.WALTER ROBERTS, Monroe,
Utah.
. .
Answer by C. S. Gorline, Poultry
Editor.
Your case is most urgent and only
quick action will save balance of your
poults. Put a tcaspoonful of Calomel
in oi gallon of water, add a tablespoon
ful of Tincture of Aconite and clean
up premises. Give no other drinking
water than above. Feed boiled corn
mical mixed with stiff sour milk curds,
two parts or measures of the curds
to one part of the corn meal. Sprin
kle air Fkickcd lime and' ashe n and
around roosting quarters. Perfect
sanitary conditions and quick action
alone may do some good. The dis
ease is caused by filth and improper
diet whiohj results in fermentation in
tlvccrop causing' indigestion VQSiUting

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